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Today in History


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On December 14 in history ..

  • 0644 - Osman ibn Affan appointed 3rd kalief of islam
  • 0867 - Adrian II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0872 - John VIII elected as Catholic Pope
  • 1124 - Theobald Buccapecus elected Pope Coelestinus II (he refuses)
  • 1287 - Zuider Zee seawall collapses with loss of 50,000 lives
  • 1490 - Anna van Bretagne marries a proxy Maximilian of Austria
  • 1575 - Polish Parliament selects István Báthory as king of Poland
  • 1582 - Zealand/Brabant Neth adopt Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is 12/25
  • 1600 - Olivier van Noort sinks Sp galleon San Diego at Bay of Manila, 350 die
  • 1656 - Artificial pearls 1st manufactured by M Jacquin in Paris made of gypsum pellets covered with fish scales
  • 1708 - Prosper Jolyot's "Electre," premieres in Paris
  • 1774 - Mass militiamen successfully attacked arsenal of Ft William & Mary
  • 1782 - Charleston, SC evacuated by British
  • 1793 - 1st state road authorized, Frankfort, Ky to Cincinnati
  • 1798 - David Wilkinson of Rhode Island patents a nut & bolt machine
  • 1819 - Alabama admitted as a state
  • 1819 - Alabama admitted to Union as 22nd state
  • 1825 - Decembrist uprising in Russia against Tsar Nicholas I begins
  • 1849 - 1st chamber music group in US gives their 1st concert (Boston)
  • 1863 - Battle of Bean's Station-Confederacy repulses Union in Tenn
  • 1882 - Henry Morton Stanley returns to Brussels from the Congo
  • 1889 - American Academy of Political & Social Science organized, Phila
  • 1894 - Day One 1st Test Cricket Aus v Eng Aust 5-346 (Giffen 161, Gregory 85)
  • 1894 - Test Cricket debut of Joe Darling, Ernie Jones, Archie MacLaren
  • 1901 - 1st table tennis tournament is held (London Royal Aquarium)
  • 1903 - Reg Foster completes 287 England v Australia on Test Cricket debut
  • 1911 - South Pole 1st reached, by Norwegian Roald Amundsen
  • 1913 - Greece formally takes possession of Crete
  • 1915 - Jack Johnson is 1st black world heavyweight boxing champion
  • 1917 - UFA, Universal Film AG, forms in Germany
  • 1918 - Giacomo Puccini's opera "Il Trittico," premieres in NYC
  • 1920 - Heavyweight Jack Dempsey KOs Bill Brennan in NYC
  • 1920 - Jack Dempsey KOs Bill Brennan in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 1923 - Gerard K "Simon" van het Reve, Dutch writer (Evenings)
  • 1924 - Chiang Kai-shek occupies Hankou
  • 1924 - Respighi's symphony "Pini di Roma," premieres in Paris
  • 1926 - Danish Madsen govt, forms
  • 1927 - Iraq gains independence from Britain, but British troops remain
  • 1928 - 2nd Test Cricket Australia v England starts with Bradman 12th man
  • 1929 - Alexander Zaimis elected pres of Greece
  • 1930 - NY Giants defeat Notre Dame 22-0 in a charity game
  • 1931 - 1st assembly of Anton Musserts NSB in Utrecht
  • 1932 - French govt of Herriot falls
  • 1933 - Josephine Baker performs in Amsterdam
  • 1934 - 1st streamlined steam locomotive introduced (Albany NY)
  • 1935 - Test Cricket debut of "Chuck" Fleetwood-Smith v S Africa, Durban
  • 1937 - Japanese troops conquer/plunder Nanjing
  • 1938 - AL permits Cleveland & Philadelphia to play night games
  • 1938 - Major leagues agrees on standard ball
  • 1938 - Major leagues disagree on increasing rosters from 23 to 25
  • 1938 - Will Harridge is elected to a 10-year-term as AL president
  • 1939 - Soviet Union attacks Finland-League of Nations drops Soviet Union
  • 1941 - 1st NFL division playoff, Bears beat Packers 33-14
  • 1941 - Premier Winston Churchill travels to US on board HMS Duke of York
  • 1941 - U-557 torpedoes British cruiser Galatea
  • 1944 - Begin(ning) Liese-Aktion: werving of labor force for Germany
  • 1944 - Congress establshes rank of General of Army (5-star General)
  • 1944 - German occupiers forbid use of electricity in parts of Holland
  • 1945 - Elmer Rice' "Dream Girl," premieres in NYC
  • 1946 - "Three to Make Ready" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 323 perfs
  • 1946 - Togo made a trusteeship territory of UN
  • 1946 - UN General Assembly votes to establish UN HQs in NYC
  • 1947 - Cleve Browns beat NY Yankees 14-3 in AAFC championship game
  • 1950 - "Bless You All" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 84 perfs
  • 1950 - Baseball owners choose Lou Perini (Braves), Phil Wrigley (Cubs), Del Webb (Yankees), & Ellis Ryan (Indians) to select new commissioner
  • 1950 - UN Gen Assembly establishes High Comm for Refugees (Nobel 1954)
  • 1952 - KROD (now KDBC) TV channel 4 in El Paso, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1952 - R H Shodhan scores 110 on Test Cricket debut v Pakistan, Calcutta
  • 1952 - Uprising of captives in Pongam South Korea, 82 die
  • 1953 - Brooklyn Dodgers sign pitcher Sandy Koufax
  • 1954 - WOAY TV channel 4 in Oak Hill-Beckley, WV (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1955 - Dutch Reformed Church condemns woman/wife as vicar
  • 1955 - Tappan Zee Bridge in NY opens to traffic
  • 1956 - Paul-Henri Spaak appointed secretary-general of NATO
  • 1957 - "Most Happy Fella" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 678 perfs
  • 1957 - "Rumple" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 45 performances
  • 1959 - Archbishop Makarios proclaimed president of Cyprus
  • 1959 - J B Jordan in F-104C sets world altitude record, 31,513m
  • 1960 - Australia v West Indies 1st Test Cricket at the Gabba ends in a tie
  • 1960 - Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development (OECD) forms
  • 1960 - Washington Senators joins American League
  • 1961 - Jimmy Dean's "Big Bad John" is 1st country song to get a gold record
  • 1962 - Mariner 2 makes 1st US fly-by of another planet (Venus)
  • 1962 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 - Verne Gagne beats The Crusher in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
  • 1964 - Michael Brown meets Rene Fladen, then writes "Walk Away Rene"
  • 1965 - "La Grusse Valise" opens at 54th St Theater NYC for 7 performances
  • 1967 - DNA created in a test tube
  • 1969 - "La Strada" opens/closes at Lunt Fontanne NYC for 1 performance
  • 1969 - Bishen Bedi takes 7-98 (career-best) v Australia at Calcutta
  • 1969 - Jackson Five made their 1st appearance on "Ed Sullivan Show"
  • 1971 - Golden Gate Bridge lights out all night due to power failure
  • 1971 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1972 - Eugene Cernan & Harrison Schmitt leave the Moon
  • 1972 - Willy Brandt re-elected West German chancellor
  • 1974 - Islander Glenn Resch's 1st shut-out opponent-Kings 3-0
  • 1974 - Viv Richards scores 1st Test Cricket ton 192 v India 20 fours 6 sixes
  • 1975 - "Treemonisha" closes at Uris Theater NYC after 64 performances
  • 1975 - 6 So Moluccan terrorists surrender, holding 23 hostages for 12 days
  • 1975 - WCPR (Bkln NY pirate radio station) begins broadcasting on 1620 AM
  • 1976 - Dutch 1st Chamber condemns Dutch Liberal/social dem abortion laws
  • 1977 - "Saturday Night Fever,"starring John Travolta, premieres in NYC
  • 1977 - Egypt & Israel reps gather in Cairo for 1st formal peace conference
  • 1977 - Red Sox trade Fergie Jenkins to Rangers for John Poloni & cash
  • 1977 - Test Cricket debut of Abdul Qadir, v England at Lahore
  • 1977 - War criminal Pieter Menten sentenced in Amsterdam to 15 years
  • 1978 - "Ballroom" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 116 performances
  • 1978 - China PR performs nuclear test at Lop Nor PRC
  • 1978 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1979 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1980 - "Onward Victoria" opens/closes at Martin Beck NYC for 1 performance
  • 1980 - Anders Kailur scores on 6th Islander penalty shot
  • 1980 - At 2 PM EST there is 10 minutes of silence in memory of John Lennon
  • 1980 - Minn Vikings pass for 456 yards against Cleve Browns, winning 28-24
  • 1980 - Nancy Lopez/Curtis Strange wins LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic
  • 1980 - New Orleans Saints end 14 game losing streak, beat NY Jets 21-20
  • 1980 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1981 - Israel annexes Golan Heights (seized from Syria in war of 1967)
  • 1982 - Marcel Dionne, LA, becomes 9th NHLer to score 500 goals
  • 1983 - "Peg" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC for 5 performances
  • 1984 - Howard Cosell retires from Monday Night Football
  • 1985 - US Foreign Minister George Shultz arrives in West Berlin
  • 1986 - Voyager, piloted by Dick Rutan & Jeana Yeager, took off from Edwards AFB, Calif on 1st non-stop, non-refueled flight around world
  • 1987 - Allan Border scores 205 v NZ to become Australia's top rungetter
  • 1987 - Chrysler pleads no contest to selling driven vehicles as new
  • 1988 - CBS' $1.1 B bid wins exclusive 1990-94 major-league baseball rights
  • 1988 - NBA's Miami Heat wins 1st game ever, 89-88 (Clippers), after 17 loses
  • 1988 - Spanish General strike to protest austerity measures
  • 1988 - US agrees to talk to Palestine Liberation Org (1st time in 13 yrs)
  • 1990 - Louis Jordan's revue "Five Guys Named Moe," premieres in London
  • 1990 - Right to Die case permits Nancy Cruzan to have her feeding tube removed, she dies 12 days later
  • 1991 - 57th Heisman Trophy Award: Desmond Howard, Michigan (WR)
  • 1991 - Ferry boat Salem Express sinks in Red Sea, 476 killed
  • 1992 - Lennox Lewis given WBC title, when Riddick Bowe refused to fight him
  • 1993 - Moslem fundamentalists murder 12 Kroates/Bosnians in Algeria
  • 1995 - "Les Miserables" opens at Cable Hall, Helsinki
  • 1995 - AIDS patient Jeff Getty recieves baboon bone marrow transplant
  • 1996 - 12th Soap Opera Digest Awards
  • 1996 - 62nd Heisman Trophy Award: Danny Wuerffel, Florida (QB)
  • 1997 - "View From the Bridge," opens at Criterion Theater NYC
  • 1997 - Diners Club Senior Golf Match
  • 1997 - Juli Inkster & Dottie Pepper win LPGA Diners Club Matches
  • 1997 - Phoenix Coyote Mike Gartner is 5th NHLer to score 700 goals

Famous birthdays on December 14 ..

  • 1363 - John Van [Jean C] Gerson, French theologist
  • 1503 - Nostradamus, [Michel de Nostre-Dam], French astrologist/prophet
  • 1546 - Tycho Brahe, Knudstrup Denmark, astronomer (Golden nose)
  • 1553 - Henri IV the Bourbon, king of Navarra (Henri III)/France
  • 1720 - Justus Möser, writer
  • 1730 - Capel Bond, composer
  • 1738 - Johann Antonin Kozeluch, composer
  • 1777 - Juan N Gallego, Spanish poet/interpreter (El dos the mayo)
  • 1779 - Mariano Rodriguiz de Ledesma, composer
  • 1780 - Karl Robert von Nesselrode, Germ/Russian minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1783 - Johann Christoph Kienlen, composer
  • 1789 - Maria Agata Szymanowska, composer
  • 1812 - Charles J Canning, English earl/1st viceroy of British-Indies
  • 1824 - Pierre C Puvis de Chavannes, French painter (Panthéon)
  • 1829 - John Mercer Langston, 1st black to hold US political office
  • 1830 - Allen Thomas, Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1907
  • 1832 - Daniel Harris Reynolds, Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1902
  • 1837 - William Wells, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
  • 1853 - Salvador Diaz Miron, Mexican poet (Los Cien Mejores Poemas)
  • 1862 - Alexander V Amfiteatrov, Russian/French/Italian writer [OS]
  • 1862 - John M Acket, Dutch literary (Grammatic Conceptions)
  • 1868 - Richard Batka, composer
  • 1870 - Dirk J de Geer, Dutch premier (1926-29, 39-40)
  • 1870 - Karl Renner, Austrian Chancellor/president (1918-20, 45-50)
  • 1873 - Marie-Alphonse-Nicolas-Joseph Jongen, composer
  • 1875 - Dobri Khristov, composer
  • 1877 - Lieven Duvosel, Flemish music writer/composer (Leiecyclys)
  • 1883 - Manolis Kalomiris, Greek opera composer
  • 1883 - Morihei Ueshiba, founder (Aikido)
  • 1884 - Regina Ullmann, writer
  • 1894 - Joaquin Zamacois Soler, composer
  • 1895 - George VI, king of England (1936-52)
  • 1895 - Paul Eluard, French communist/poet/resistance fighter (Le Phénix)
  • 1896 - James H Doolittle, USAF General (Raid on Tokyo 1942)
  • 1897 - Margaret Chase Smith, (Rep/Sen-R-Maine)
  • 1898 - Frederick Douglass Hall, composer
  • 1900 - Boyan Georgiev Ikonomov, composer
  • 1901 - Henri Cochet, tennis champ (US Open-1928)
  • 1901 - Paul I, King of Greece (1947-64)
  • 1902 - Frances Beauvier, actress (Aunt Bea-Andy Griffith Show)
  • 1905 - Sydney Lipton, bandleader/violin
  • 1906 - Helmut Bornefeld, composer
  • 1907 - Guy Middleton, Hove England, actor (Gentlemen Marrie Brunettes)
  • 1908 - Laurence Naismith, Surrey England, actor (Judge Fulton-Persuaders)
  • 1909 - Edward L Tatum, US, molecular geneticist (Nobel 1958)
  • 1909 - Phia [Sophia R] Berghout, harpist/founder Eduard of Beinumstichting
  • 1911 - Ota Adler, Czech/British fur trader/founder (Federal Trust)
  • 1911 - Spike Jones, Long Beach Calif, composer (In a Secluded Rendesvous)
  • 1912 - Morey Amsterdam, Chicago Ill, comedian (Buddy-Dick Van Dyke Show)
  • 1914 - Dan Dailey, NYC, dancer/actor (Gov Drinkwater-Governor & JJ)
  • 1914 - Karl Carstens, German (CDU)/pres Germany (1979-84)
  • 1914 - Rosalyn Tureck, Chicago Illinois, pianist (Bach & Rock)
  • 1915 - Clay Warnick, Tacoma Wash, choral director (Jimmie Rodgers Show)
  • 1917 - Elyse Knox, Hartford Ct, actress (Hit the Ice, Black Gold)
  • 1917 - Wilf Ferguson, cricket leg-spinner (West Indian of post-WWII years)
  • 1919 - Shirley Jackson, US, writer (Road Through the Wall)
  • 1920 - Albertus Meintser, office clerk/resistance fighter
  • 1920 - Quinton Hazell, businessman
  • 1922 - Charley Trippi, NFL halfback (Chicago Cardinals)
  • 1922 - Don Hewitt, NYC, CBS news executive producer (60 Minutes)
  • 1923 - Gerard K "Simon" van het Reve, Dutch writer (Evenings, Dear Guys)
  • 1923 - Leonardus S van Egeraat, Dutch travel expert
  • 1923 - Sully Boyar, NYC, actor (Car Wash)
  • 1924 - Marion Morgan, singer (Stop the Music)
  • 1924 - Siiri Rantanen, Finland, cross country skier (Olympic-gold-1956)
  • 1926 - Frank King, cricketer (WI fast bowler in 14 Tests in 50's, 29 wkts)
  • 1927 - Jacobus G Rietkerk, Dutch internal minister (VVD) (1982-86)
  • 1929 - Ron Nelson, composer
  • 1932 - Abbe Lane, Bkln, aka Mrs Xavier Cugat/singer (Xavier Cugat Show)
  • 1932 - Charlie "Silver Fox" Rich, Colt Ark, vocalist (Behind Closed Doors)
  • 1932 - George Furth, Chicago Ill, actor/dir (Tammy, Good Guys, Dumplings)
  • 1933 - Leo N Wright, US saxophonist (I left my heart in SF)
  • 1934 - Petrus van Doorne, Dutch industrialist
  • 1935 - Barbara Leigh-Hunt, Bath England, actress (Search for the Nile)
  • 1935 - David White, cricketer (Engld opening attack Brown & White v Pak 1961)
  • 1935 - Lee Remick, Quincy MA, actress (Days of Wine & Rose, Long Hot Summer)
  • 1935 - Lewis Arquette, Chicago IL, actor (Horror Show, Book of Love)
  • 1936 - Robert Alan Ridley Parker, NYC, PhD/astronaut (STS 9, STS 35)
  • 1938 - Charlie Griffith, cricketer (WI fast bowler (or did he chuck?))
  • 1938 - Hal Williams, Columbus Ohio, actor (Pvt Benjamin, 227, Sanford & Son)
  • 1938 - Janette Scott, actress (Day of the Triffids)
  • 1938 - Leonardo Boff, Italy, Brazilian Catholic theologian
  • 1939 - Ernest Davis, 1st black to win Heisman Trophy (1961)
  • 1939 - Marilyn Cooper, NYC, actress (Broadway Bound, Survivors)
  • 1941 - Barry Hadlee, cricketer (bro of Dayle & Richard, NZ World Cup 1975)
  • 1942 - David Band, banker
  • 1942 - Rex Thompson, NYC, actor (Young Bess, King & I, Her 12 Men)
  • 1943 - Frank Allen, rock vocalist (Searchers-Needles & Pins)
  • 1946 - Anthonius A M "Ton" Kors, Dutch writer (Hannie Schaft)
  • 1946 - Jackie McCauley, North Ireland, rock pianist (Them Coleraine)
  • 1946 - Jane Birkin, London England, actress (Mrs Don Juan, Dark Places, Dust)
  • 1946 - Joyce Vincent Wilson, Detroit Mich, singer (Tony Orlando & Dawn)
  • 1946 - Michael Ovitz, president (Walt Disney Co)
  • 1946 - Patty Duke, [Anna Marie], Elmhurst NY, actress (Miracle Worker)
  • 1946 - Ruth Fuchs, German DR, javelin thrower (Oly-2 gold-72, 76)
  • 1946 - Stanley R Smith, tennis champ (Wimbledon 1972, US Open-1971)
  • 1947 - Christopher Parkening, LA Calif, guitarist (transcribed sacred music)
  • 1948 - Boudewijn Buch, Dutch writer/TV host
  • 1949 - Bill Buckner, Calif, 1st baseman, error cost Red Sox 1986 world series
  • 1949 - Cliff Williams, Sydney Australia, rock bassist (AC/DC-Highway to Hell)
  • 1949 - Dee Wallace Stone, [Deanna Bowers], KC Mo, actress (Critters, 10, ET)
  • 1950 - Vicki Michelle, Essex England, actress (Virgin Witch, Allo Allo)
  • 1951 - Jan Timman, Dutch chess player
  • 1952 - Tamara Danz, singer
  • 1953 - Joe Toplyn, Boston, comedic writer (Late Night with David Letterman)
  • 1953 - Vijay Amritraj, India, tennis player/actor (Octopussy)
  • 1954 - Alan Kulwicki, Greenfield Wisc, NASCAR racer (Winston Cup)
  • 1954 - Eva Mattes, Tegernsee Germany, actress (Celeste, Man Like Eva)
  • 1954 - Hans William Schlegel, Oberlingen Germany, Astronaut (STS 55)
  • 1954 - Ib Anderson, Copenhagen, ballet dancer
  • 1954 - James Horean, actor (Loving)
  • 1954 - Steven Glenwood MacLean, Ottawa Ontario, astronaut (STS 52)
  • 1955 - Jane Crafter, Perth Australia, golfer (1987 JC Penney Mixed Teams)
  • 1956 - Hanni Wenzel, Liechtenstein, Slalom (Olympic-2 gold-1980)
  • 1956 - T K Carter, LA Calif, actor (Mike-Punky Brewster, Just our Luck)
  • 1958 - Jan Dijksma, Dutch bassist (Weekend at Waikiki)
  • 1958 - Mike Scott, Scottish rocker (Blues Inc, Waterboys-Rainbow Warrior)
  • 1958 - Spider Tracy, English rock vocalist (The Pogues)
  • 1958 - Steven Rock-Savage, Mellville Louisiana, (LSU), actor
  • 1959 - Franco Iglesia, Cuba, spanish singer
  • 1960 - Catherine G Coleman, Charleston SC, Phd/Capt USAF/astronaut (STS 73)
  • 1961 - Jeff Robinson, baseball player (Det, Balt)
  • 1962 - Bharat Arun, cricketer (Indian pace bowler late-80's)
  • 1962 - Chris Dahlquist, Fridley, NHL defenseman (Ottawa Senators)
  • 1963 - Cindy Gibb, Bennington Vt, actress (Search for Tomorrow, Youngblood)
  • 1964 - C[arl] J[eff] Snare, Wash DC, vocalist (Firehouse-Love of a Lifetime)
  • 1964 - Chelsea Noble, actress (Kate-Growing Pains)
  • 1965 - Christine Burton, Adelaide Aust, golfer (1990 T25 Victorian Open)
  • 1965 - Craig Biggio, Smithtown NY, infielder (Houston Astros)
  • 1965 - Ken Hill, Lynn MA, pitcher (Texas Rangers)
  • 1965 - Lawrence Clay-Bey, Hartford Ct, super heavyweight boxer (Olympics-96)
  • 1966 - Anthony Mason, NBA forward (NY Knicks, Charlotte Hornets)
  • 1966 - Bill Ranford, Brandon Man, NHL goalie (Team Canada, Boston)
  • 1966 - Carl Herrera, NBA forward (San Antonio Spurs)
  • 1967 - Ali Wood, Long Beach Ca, WPVA volleyballer (US Open-13th-1995)
  • 1967 - Eldridge Recasner, NBA guard (Atlanta Hawks, Houston Rockets)
  • 1967 - Noelle Beck, Baltimore, actress (Trisha-Loving, Fletch Lives)
  • 1968 - Cees Marbus, soccer player (Go Ahead Eagles)
  • 1968 - Jamie Crysdale, CFL corner (Calgary Stampeders)
  • 1969 - Arthur Numan, soccer player (PSV)
  • 1969 - Craig Jones, Nambour Australia, Canadian Tour golfer (NZ Open-1994)
  • 1969 - Dave Nilsson, Brisbane Australia, catcher (Milwaukee Brewers)
  • 1969 - Rogerick Green, NFL cornerback (Jacksonville Jaguars)
  • 1970 - Bradford Banta, NFL tight end (Indianapolis Colts)
  • 1971 - Chris Therien, Ottawa, NHL defenseman (Phila Flyers)
  • 1971 - Lisa-Marie Vizaniari, Australian discus/shot putter (Olympics-96)
  • 1972 - Johnny Mcwilliams, tight end (Arizona Cardinals)
  • 1973 - Eelco Wassenaar, Neth, US field hockey midfielder (Olympics-96)
  • 1974 - Billy Koch, Garden City NY, baseball pitcher (Olympics-bronze-96)
  • 1975 - Inga Drozdova, Latvia, playmate (Nov, 1997)
  • 1975 - James Cotton, NBA guard (Seattle Supersonics)
  • 1975 - Tamecka Dixon, WNBA guard (LA Sparks)
  • 1977 - Tisha Dabber, Shelbyville Indiana, actress (New Mickey Mouse Club)

Famous deaths on December 14 ..

  • 0872 - Adrian II, Italian Pope (867-72)/last married pope, dies at about 80
  • 1077 - Agnes of Poitou, German empress/wife of emperor Henry III, dies
  • 1136 - Harald IV, "Gylle Krist", king of Norway, murdered
  • 1417 - John Oldcastle, Lord Cobham, English nobleman, hanged & burned
  • 1542 - James, king of Scotland (1513-42), dies at 30
  • 1591 - Juan de la Cruz, [de Yepes], Spanish Carmelet/poet/saint, dies
  • 1732 - Johann Philipp Fortsch, composer, dies at 80
  • 1734 - Noël-Nicolas Coypel, French painter/cartoonist, dies at 44
  • 1754 - Mahmud I, sultan of Turkey, dies at 58
  • 1760 - Kacic Miosic, Croatian poet (Razgovar Ugodni Naroda Slovinskoga), dies
  • 1788 - Carl Phillip Emanuel Bach, German composer, dies at 74
  • 1788 - Carlos III, King of Naples/Spain (1759-88), dies at 72
  • 1799 - George Washington, 1st president USA (1789-97), dies at 66
  • 1823 - Vincenzo Cuoco, Italian historian (Naple revolution 1799), dies at 53
  • 1829 - Luigi Marchesi, composer, dies at 74
  • 1849 - Conradin Kreutzer, composer, dies at 69
  • 1861 - Albert, prince consort of Engld/husband of Queen Victoria, dies at 42
  • 1861 - George HG earl of Aberdeen, Engl min of Foreign affairs, dies at 76
  • 1861 - Heinrich August Marschner, composer, dies at 66
  • 1862 - George Dashiell Bayard, Union brig general, dies at 27
  • 1873 - J Louis R Agassiz, Swiss geologist/paleo-biologist), dies
  • 1886 - Antoni Wincenty Rutkowski, composer, dies at 27
  • 1893 - Karolina Pawlowa, writer, dies at 86
  • 1900 - Jean B A Kessler, director of oil on Dutch Indies, dies at 46
  • 1903 - William Ennis, 1st cop to die in electric chair
  • 1906 - John A C Oudemans, Dutch geographer/astronomer, dies at 78
  • 1909 - Leopold II, king of Belgium, dies
  • 1914 - Giovanni Sgambati, composer, dies at 73
  • 1918 - Sidonio Pais, prince of Portugal, murdered
  • 1923 - Giuseppi Gallignani, composer, dies at 72
  • 1926 - Theo van Rysselberghe, Belgian painter (pointillism), dies at 64
  • 1928 - Theodore Roberts, actor (Roaring Road, 10 Commandments), dies at 77
  • 1935 - Stanley G Weinbaum, US, sci-fi writer (Martian Odyssey), dies
  • 1938 - Marie FM Emmanuel, French composer/musicologist (Salamine), dies at 76
  • 1939 - Helene ELJ Kröller-Müller, Dutch museum founder, dies at 70
  • 1942 - Eduard C "Edo" Fimmen, Dutch trade union leader, dies at 61
  • 1945 - Constantino Gaito, composer, dies at 67
  • 1945 - Forrester Harvey, actor (Tarzan & Mate, Chump at Oxford), dies at 61
  • 1945 - Henry van Goudoever, Dutch lawyer/judge, dies on his 69th birthday
  • 1945 - Josef Kramer, known as "beast of Belsen," & 10 others, hanged
  • 1947 - Franz Zorell, German RC lexicographer, dies at 84
  • 1947 - Stanley Baldwin, English premier (1923, 24-29, 35-37), dies at 80
  • 1948 - Reginald Owen Morris, composer, dies at 62
  • 1950 - Albrecht Schaeffer, German writer (Heroische Fahrt), dies at 65
  • 1952 - Olav Fartein Vålen, Norwegian composer, dies at 65
  • 1959 - Maria EG "Lizzy" Ansingh, Dutch painter (Cast Off), dies at 84
  • 1960 - Gregory Ratoff, actor (Skyscraper Souls), dies of leukemia at 63
  • 1963 - Dinah Washington, singer, dies of sleeping pill overdose at 39
  • 1963 - Erich Ollenhauer, German politician (SPD), dies at 62
  • 1964 - William Bendix, actor (Life of Riley), dies at 58
  • 1965 - Hermann Sandby, composer, dies at 84
  • 1966 - Emma Dunn, actress (You Can't Fool Your Wife), dies at 91
  • 1966 - Richard Whorf, actor (Chain Lightning), dies of heart attack at 60
  • 1966 - Verna Felton, actress (Hilda-December Bride), dies at 76
  • 1973 - Yitzhak Edel, composer, dies at 77
  • 1974 - Walter Lippmann, US journalist (One of Dynasty), dies at 85
  • 1975 - Arthur Treacher, TV announcer (Merv Griffin Show), dies at 81
  • 1979 - Nirode Ranjan Chowdhury, cricketer (2 Tests for India, avg 205), dies
  • 1980 - Elston Howard, MVP catcher (NY Yankees), dies at 59
  • 1984 - Vicente Aleixandre, Spanish poet (Historia del corazón), dies at 86
  • 1985 - Roger Maris, HR hitter (61 in 61, NY Yankees), dies of cancer at 51
  • 1985 - Stanley G[rauman] Weinbaum, US, sci-fi author (Red Peri), dies at 85
  • 1987 - Paul Clinton Sundberg, actor (Belle of NY, Easter Parade), dies
  • 1989 - Andrei Sakharov, Russian physicist/dissident (Nobel 1975), dies at 68
  • 1989 - Jock Mahoney, actor (Dallas, Cow Town, Range Rider), dies at 70
  • 1989 - Lee Van Cleef, actor (Good Bad & Ugly, Sabata), dies at 64
  • 1990 - F Dürrenmatt, writer, dies at 69
  • 1990 - Hope Sansberry, actress (Rats are Coming), dies at 94
  • 1990 - Johannes von Thurn und Taxis, prince in Germany, dies at 64
  • 1991 - John Arlott, cricketer (the greatest of cricket commentators), dies
  • 1991 - Robert Eddison, British actor (Uncle Silas), dies at 83
  • 1993 - Myrna Loy, [Williams], US actress (Jazz Singer), dies at 88
  • 1994 - Mary Ann McCall, singer, dies at 75
  • 1994 - Petrus HJ van Doorne, bus manufacturer/owner (BOVA), dies at 58
  • 1995 - Don Anthony, bandleader/songwriter, dies at 85
  • 1995 - Eric Brown, architect, dies at 84
  • 1995 - Rob Harris, sky surfer, dies while skydiving at 28
  • 1996 - Alan Hargreaves, climber, dies at 92
  • 1996 - Norman Hackforth, broadcaster, dies at 88
  • 1997 - Owen Barfield, philosopher of language, dies at 99
  • 1997 - Robert Sutton, electronics engineer, dies at 82
  • 1997 - Stubby Kaye, actor (Guys & Dolls, Sweet Charity), dies at 79



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