Sale 1248 — The Magnolia Collection of U.S. Mail in China and Japan: Part 1

Sale Date — Thursday, 16 December, 2021

Category — Mail From China to U.S. Post Offices in Japan

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
2062
c
Sale 1248, Lot 2062, Mail From China to U.S. Post Offices in Japan6c Carmine (148). Two, deep rich color, used as forwarding postage with Germany 1872 1gr Rose, Large Shield (17) and three 5gr Bister, Large Shield (20), tied by "Bremen 23 4 74" (April 23, 1874) circular datestamps on cover to J. L. Ruyter Jr., a clerk in the firm of Schmidt, Westphal & Co., Nagasaki, Japan, sender's directive "Via Marseille", blue "Allemagne Paq. Paris 1E/25 Avril 74" arrival datestamp, red "P.D." handstamp, carried on the French postal route from Marseilles to Shanghai, "Shang-Hai Chine 6 Juin 74" French Post Office double-circle datestamp on back, the cover was handed to the U.S. Postal Agency, two U.S. stamps were affixed to pay the double 6c interconsular rate and tied by circle of wedges cancels, "U.S. Postal Ag'cy Shanghai Jun. 10" circular datestamp--carried on the Pacific Mail Steamship Co. branch-line steamer Golden Age, departing Shanghai June 10, 1874, and arriving Nagasaki days later--docketing on back indicates June 14 receipt date

EXTREMELY FINE. A TRULY REMARKABLE MIXED-FRANKING COVER--ORIGINATING IN GERMANY WITH THE 1872 LARGE SHIELD ISSUE PAYING POSTAGE TO SHANGHAI VIA MARSEILLES, AND SENT FROM U.S. POSTAL AGENCY IN SHANGHAI TO NAGASAKI WITH TWO 6-CENT BANK NOTE ISSUE STAMPS PAYING THE DOUBLE INTERCONSULAR RATE. THIS BEAUTIFUL COVER IS WITHOUT QUESTION ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT AND IMPRESSIVE ARTIFACTS OF THE POSTAL HISTORY OF CHINA AND JAPAN.

This cover from Germany to Nagasaki, Japan, was mailed in 1874, the last year of the foreign post offices in Japan. Beginning January 1, 1875, the new Japanese Foreign Postal Service took over international mails, and the U.S. post offices in Yokohama, Nagasaki, Hiogo and Hakodate closed.

Once this cover reached Marseilles, it entered the French postal system and was transported to the French post office in Shanghai. Since France had no postal service from Shanghai to Nagasaki in 1874, the correspondent's agent in Shanghai gave the cover to the United States Postal Agency, and an additional 12c for the double 6c interconsular rate was paid with the two Bank Note stamps--it must have weighed just over the half-ounce limit. The German 16 groschen postage was sufficient for the single rate. There is one other similar cover from the same correspondence. They are the only German-U.S. mixed frankings through the U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai known to us.

Illustrated in Frajola-Perlman-Scamp book (p. 123).

E. 30,000-40,000
25,000