Sale 1271 — The Magnolia Collection of U.S. Mail in China and Japan: Part 4
Sale Date — Tuesday, 13 December, 2022
Category — United States Post Offices in Japan: Yokohama
VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE USE OF THE 2-CENT 1869 PICTORIAL ISSUE ON PRINTED MATTER FROM JAPAN TO FRANCE VIA THE UNITED STATES.
This printed market and shipping report is one of several known pieces of mail sent to J. B. David in St. Etienne, France, through the U.S. or French post offices in Yokohama. The 8c postage combined the 4c printed matter rate from Japan to the U.S. and 4c to the French frontier. The internal shipping report and the November 9, 1869, arrival date in France point to the sailing of the PMSS America, departing Yokohama on September 29, 1869, and arriving San Francisco October 20. Since this was bundled with printed matter for transit through San Francisco and New York, no U.S. markings were applied. From New York it was carried either by the HAPAG City of Brussels or the NGL Hansa, both of which reached the British port of entry around November 8. The cancellations on the stamps could be one of the types used at the U.S. post offices in Hiogo or Yokohama, but New York City foreign-mail exchange office also used similar segmented cork devices.
Ex Ishikawa (where pictured with the cover folded in at bottom).
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. ONE OF FOUR RECORDED 30-CENT 1869 PICTORIAL ISSUE COVERS FROM CHINA OR JAPAN--ONLY TWO 30-CENT 1869 COVERS ORIGINATE IN JAPAN, AND BOTH ARE ADDRESSED TO FRANCE. ALSO ONE OF ONLY FIVE RECORDED COVERS CARRIED FROM THE UNITED STATES TO FRANCE ON THE SHORT-LIVED RUGER LINE.
Of the approximately 50 covers known with the 30c 1869, only four originated in China or Japan:
1) 30c pair, 10c No. 116, Shanghai, China, Jan. 14, 1871, to A. B. Bradford, Enon Valley Pa., ex Shierson, Dr. Riddell, Ishikawa, Dr. LeBow, Magnolia Part 1 (Sale 1248, lot 2051)
2) 30c pair, 10c No. 116, Shanghai, China, Feb. 12, 1871, to Boston Trading Co., Boston Mass., in restored condition, Robert G. Kaufmann sale, M. Laurence collection
3) 30c pair, 10c No. 116 pair on U40 entire, Yokohama, Japan, July 1, 1869, to Lyon, France, red "China and Japan Steam Service" oval, the so-called "Miro-Walske" cover, ex Walske, Magnolia Part 3 (Sale 1261, lot 755)
4) 30c single, Yokohama, Japan, Jan. 24, 1870, to Ernest Martin, Marseilles, France, the cover offered here
This cover is not recorded in the 1869 PRA Census or in any of the standard literature. It surfaced in 2015 in a Cherrystone auction. Prior to its emergence, the only recorded 30c 1869 cover from Japan was the "Miro-Walske" cover (Magnolia Part 3, Sale 1261, lot 755).
FINE. A REMARKABLE COVER, REPORTED TO BE THE THIRD EXAMPLE OF AN INNER ENVELOPE WITH JAPANESE ADDRESS AND POSTMARK TO CARRY IT TO THE U.S. POST OFFICE. MOST DOUBLE ENVELOPES WERE SEPARATE AND THE OUTER WAS DISCARDED.
One of the interesting facets of the Japanese postal system prior to 1875 was the "double envelope" practice, in which the envelope addressed to a foreign country would be conveyed to the foreign post office on Japanese soil inside another envelope, which had the address in Japanese, internal postal markings and postage. Since the outer envelope was usually discarded, combinations on the same envelope are extremely rare.