Sale 1261 — The Magnolia Collection of U.S. Mail in China and Japan: Part 3

Sale Date — Wednesday, 29 June, 2022

Leave Absentee BidsLIVE INTERNET BIDDING
*A buyer’s premium of 18% of the winning bid was added as part of the total purchase price on all lots in this sale. Buyers were responsible for applicable sales tax, customs duty and any other prescribed charges. By placing a bid, bidders agreed to the terms and conditions in effect at the time of the sale.

Category — U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
557
c
Sale 1261, Lot 557, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)U.S. Consulate General Shanghai Nov. 27, 1867. Clear strike of double-circle datestamp with blue circle of wedges cork cancel tying 10c Green (68), indent at center from foreign matter under stamp, corner crease at bottom right, small tears at right, on blue cover to Mrs. Mary Leyenberger at Orford, Iowa, sender's directive "Via Panama", no other markings

VERY FINE. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED COVER WITH THE "U.S. CONSULATE GENERAL SHANGHAI" DOUBLE-CIRCLE DATESTAMP--WITHOUT THE "P.O.D." OR OTHER POSTAL DESIGNATION--USED AS A POSTMARK. THIS MARKING WAS REPLACED BY THE SHORT-LIVED DATESTAMP WITH "P.O.D." ADDED. THIS IS ALSO THE ONLY RECORDED COVER CARRIED ON THIS EARLY PACIFIC MAIL STEAMSHIP COMPANY CONTRACT MAIL SAILING FROM SHANGHAI.

The authorization to establish a postal agency in Shanghai was approved by both the Postmaster General and the State Department on June 10, 1867. This authorization was acknowledged in Shanghai on October 14, as the notification missed the next PMSS sailing and was not received in Shanghai until October. George Frederick Seward was appointed postmaster, continuing his role of facilitating the mails. The first eastbound trip after official notification was carried on the Costa Rica, which departed October 17. Three pieces of mail are known from that trip, and they are the earliest recorded use of U.S. stamps from Shanghai (one is an entire). They are cancelled by blue segmented corks. The entire has a blue "U.S. Consulate General" straightline handstamp. One has no Shanghai postal markings and is a circular. The third has a red "China and Japan Steam Service" handstamp. The next sailing was on November 27 and carried this cover. It is the only cover known from this trip, and also the only cover known with this style of consular double-circle datestamp used as a postmark.

This was carried from Shanghai to Yokohama on the PMSS branch-line steamer Costa Rica, departing November 27, 1867, and arriving December 5. From Yokohama it was carried on the first return voyage of the PMSS China, departing December 6 and arriving San Francisco December 31, 1867. No other markings were applied before it was sent by overland mail to New York. While mail is known from the Yokohama-San Francisco portion of this trip, this is the only example to originate in Shanghai.

Illustrated in 1945 Congress Book (p. 25). Illustrated in Frajola-Perlman-Scamp book (p. 91).

Ex Dennison, Fisher and Perlman.

E. 15,000-20,000
24,000
558
c
Sale 1261, Lot 558, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)U.S. Consulate General P.O.D. Shanghai 16 Jan. 68. Partly clear strike of blue double-circle datestamp with matching blue segmented circular cork cancel tying two 10c Dark Green (68a), right stamp horizontal crease, left stamp corner crease at bottom right, on cover to General Jos. F. Miller, Collector of Customs at San Francisco, initialed at lower left, light strike of red "China and Japan Steam Service" oval handstamp, "San Francisco Cal. Feb. 16" datestamp

VERY FINE. THIS IS ONE OF ONLY THREE RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE UNITED STATES CONSULATE DOUBLE-CIRCLE DATESTAMP WITH THE "P.O.D." DESIGNATION, REFLECTING THE CONSULATE'S NEW STATUS AS AN OFFICIAL UNITED STATES POSTAL AGENCY. THIS MARKING WAS REPLACED BY THE LONG-LIVED SINGLE-CIRCLE DATESTAMP.

This was carried from Shanghai to Yokohama on the PMSS branch-line steamer Costa Rica, departing January 17, 1868, and arriving January 24. From Yokohama it was carried on the PMSS Great Republic, departing January 26 and arriving San Francisco February 16.

There are only three recorded covers with the "U.S. Consulate General Shanghai" double-circle datestamp with the additional "P.O.D." designation for Post Office Department. The others are also dated January 16, 1868--one on a wrapper with a 2c Black Jack (offered in lot 559) and the other on a cover with one 10c 1861 stamp, but without the "China and Japan Steam Service" oval (Magnolia Part 1, Sale 1248, lot 2043). The single-circle datestamp that superseded this marking also has the "P.O.D." initials. Blue ink was replaced with black ink when the new device was implemented.

Ex Perlman.

E. 20,000-30,000
20,000
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559
c
Sale 1261, Lot 559, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)U.S. Consulate General P.O.D. Shanghai 16 Jan. 68. Full and readable strike of blue double-circle datestamp with matching blue segmented circular cork cancel tying 2c Black (73), on printed circular dated "Shanghae 15th January 1868" from Augustine Heard & Co. to Cheney Brothers in Hartford, Connecticut, with printed address, no other markings

VERY FINE. ONE OF ONLY THREE RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE UNITED STATES CONSULATE DOUBLE-CIRCLE DATESTAMP WITH THE "P.O.D." DESIGNATION, REFLECTING THE CONSULATE'S NEW STATUS AS AN OFFICIAL UNITED STATES POSTAL AGENCY, AND THE ONLY EXAMPLE ON A CIRCULAR OR WITH A BLACK JACK FRANKING. THIS MARKING WAS REPLACED BY THE LONG-LIVED SINGLE-CIRCLE DATESTAMP.

This was carried from Shanghai to Yokohama on the PMSS branch-line steamer Costa Rica, departing January 17, 1868, and arriving January 24. From Yokohama it was carried on the PMSS Great Republic, departing January 26 and arriving San Francisco February 16. No other markings were applied before it was sent by overland mail to Hartford.

There are only three recorded covers with the "U.S. Consulate General Shanghai" double-circle datestamp with the additional "P.O.D." designation for Post Office Department. The others are also dated January 16, 1868--one with a single 10c 1861 (Magnolia Part 1, Sale 1248, lot 2043) and the other on a cover with two 10c 1861 stamps and the "China and Japan Steam Service" oval (offered in lot 558). The single-circle datestamp that superseded this marking also has the "P.O.D." initials. Blue ink was replaced with black ink when the new device was implemented.

Ex Mizuhara.

E. 10,000-15,000
16,000
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560
c
Sale 1261, Lot 560, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)2c Black (73). Tied by "P.O.D. U.S. Con. Genl. Shanghai Oct. 17" (1869) circular datestamp and quartered cork cancel on wrapper with printed address to Cheney Brothers in Hartford, Connecticut, with original enclosure, an Augustine Heard & Co. Prices Current datelined "Shanghae, September 15th, 1868", the Shanghai datestamp has the wrong month ("Oct." instead of "Sep"), framed "Via PANAMA" handstamp applied by sender--carried on PMSS Costa Rica, departing Shanghai Sep. 18, 1869, arriving Yokohama Sep. 26, then by PMSS Japan, departing Yokohama Sep. 29, arriving San Francisco Oct. 20--Very Fine, rare use, this is the latest recorded use of this quartered cork cancel, illustrated in Frajola-Perlman-Scamp book (p. 96)

E. 2,000-3,000
3,250
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561
c
Sale 1261, Lot 561, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)10c Green, F. Grill (96). Tied by quartered cork cancel and remarkably clear strike of "P.O.D. U.S. Con. Genl. Shanghai Sep. 20" (1869) circular datestamp on cover to Mrs. J. V. Carney, Burlington, Vermont--carried on PMSS Costa Rica, departing Shanghai Aug. 20, 1869, arriving Yokohama Aug. 28, then by PMSS Great Republic, departing Yokohama Aug. 30, arriving San Francisco Sep. 18--extraordinarily sharp strike of red "China and Japan Steam Service" oval handstamp, "San Francisco Cal. Sep. 20" datestamp, Extremely Fine, a beautiful cover, this is the earliest reported use of this style of quartered cork cancel from Shanghai, which was in use for an extended period of time, illustrated in Frajola-Perlman-Scamp book (p. 101)

E. 1,500-2,000
4,500
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562
c
Sale 1261, Lot 562, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)10c Green (68). Horizontal pair, tied by target cancels, vertical file fold affects right stamp, which also has a slightly clipped corner, neat strike of "P.O.D. U.S. Con. Genl. Shanghai Apr. 17" (1868) circular datestamp on folded letter from Augustine Heard Co. to Lanman & Kemp in New York, sender's directive "Via Panama"--carried on PMSS Costa Rica, departing Shanghai Apr. 17, 1868, arriving Yokohama Apr. 24, then by PMSS New York, departing Yokohama Apr. 28, arriving San Francisco May 18--mostly clear strike of red "China and Japan Steam Service" oval handstamp, "San Francisco Cal. May 22" datestamp, Very Fine double-rate use and a beautiful cover, but the U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai never had a standard target device (see lot 563 for same date)--this pair is either a replacement or the stamps were uncancelled when they reached New York City and then cancelled there--if the P.F. determines the stamps did not originate, it may be returned

E. 1,000-1,500
850
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563
c
Sale 1261, Lot 563, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)10c Green (68). Horizontal pair, straight edge at right, stamps affected from placement over top edge, tied by large quartered cork cancel, remarkably clear strike of "P.O.D. U.S. Con. Genl. Shanghai Apr. 17" (1868) circular datestamp on blue cover to Messrs. Wyatt and McCarty, Pacific News Rooms, San Francisco--carried on PMSS Costa Rica, departing Shanghai Apr. 17, 1868, arriving Yokohama Apr. 24, then by PMSS New York, departing Yokohama Apr. 28, arriving San Francisco May 18--clear strike of red "China and Japan Steam Service" oval handstamp, "San Francisco Cal. May 18" datestamp, minor staining along left edge, still Very Fine and attractive double-rate use, illustrated in Frajola-Perlman-Scamp book (p. 94), ex Risvold

E. 2,000-3,000
1,800
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564
c
Sale 1261, Lot 564, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)10c Green (68). Four singles, tied by penstrokes cancel, clear strike of "P.O.D. U.S. Con. Genl. Shanghai Oct. 15" (1868) circular datestamp on gray legal-size "Consulate General of the United States, Shanghai, China" imprint cover to Miss Estelle Clement, care of Charles Goepp in New York City--carried on PMSS Costa Rica, departing Shanghai Oct. 15, 1868, arriving Yokohama Oct. 23, then by PMSS China, departing Yokohama Oct. 31, arriving San Francisco Nov. 22--clear strike of red "China and Japan Steam Service" oval handstamp ties one stamp as does "San Francisco Cal. Nov. 23" datestamp, top flap with albino strike of "U.S. Consulate General Shanghai Oct. 14, 1868" double-circle datestamp (same style as struck on lot 557), stamps soiled from gum which extends to the cover which is reduced at left with small piece out, still Very Fine, a rare quadruple-rate franking on a cover with a consular imprint, the backstamp is also rare, illustrated in Frajola-Perlman-Scamp book (p. 96), ex Canman and Bilden

E. 4,000-5,000
3,000
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565
c
Sale 1261, Lot 565, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)10c Green on Buff entire (U41). Cancelled by perfect strike of circle of wedges cancel, equally sharp strike of "P.O.D. U.S. Con. Genl. Shanghai Jun. 11" (1870) circular datestamp, addressed to Miss Julia C. Jewett in Columbus, Georgia--carried on PMSS Golden Age, departing Shanghai Jun. 11, 1870, arriving Yokohama Jun. 19, then by PMSS China, departing Yokohama Jun. 22, arriving San Francisco Jul. 13--"San Francisco Cal. Jul. 14" datestamp, slightly reduced at left, few edge tears including one into embossed stamp, otherwise Very Fine, scarce use of 10c entire in China, illustrated in Frajola-Perlman-Scamp book (p. 105)

E. 1,000-1,500
750
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566
c
Sale 1261, Lot 566, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)2c Black, D. Grill (84). Horizontal pair, grill count is 15 vertical rows, split grill (shifted top to bottom), used with 6c Carmine (148), cancelled by matching circle of wedges and tied between perfs, clear strike of "U.S. Postal Ag'cy Shanghai Jun. 16" (1875) circular datestamp on gray cover to Mrs. Mary A. Copson, South Topeka, Kansas--carried on PMSS Costa Rica, departing Shanghai Jun. 16, 1875, and arriving Yokohama Jun. 23, then by PMSS Great Republic, departing Yokohama Jun. 24, arriving San Francisco Jul. 15--"San Francisco Cal. Jul. 16" double-circle datestamp, pencil docketing "From Dr. Lord, Lucy's husband 1875" (Rev. Edward C. Lord), cover slightly reduced at left, tear between 2c and 6c sealed with hinge, some edgewear and small tears

FINE APPEARANCE. THE USE OF ANY BLACK JACK ISSUE FROM THE UNITED STATES POSTAL AGENCY IN CHINA IS EXTREMELY RARE, AND THE 1868 2-CENT D GRILL PAIR ON THIS COVER IS A GREAT PHILATELIC RARITY IN ITS OWN RIGHT--THE PRESENCE OF THE D GRILL PAIR ON A COVER FROM CHINA IS THE PRODUCT OF MIRACULOUS SERENDIPITY.

This cover is an extremely late use of the 2c D Grill--probably the latest extant--and it seems likely that the 2c stamps were taken to Shanghai by a traveling missionary or diplomat who supplied them to Reverend Lord.

Ex Dr. Rorke and Faust.

E. 10,000-15,000
10,000
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567
c
Sale 1261, Lot 567, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)10c Yellow (116). Fiery color, short perf and light crease, tied by bold strike of circle of wedges cancel, clearly struck "P.O.D. U.S. Con. Genl. Shanghai Jul. 12" (1870) circular datestamp on cover with printed "Per UNITED STATES MAIL" to Henry W. Nelson, Boston--carried on PMSS Costa Rica, departing Shanghai Jul. 12, 1870, arriving Yokohama Jul. 20, then by PMSS China, departing Yokohama Jul. 22, arriving San Francisco Aug. 12--"San Francisco Cal. Aug. 13" backstamp, company receiving backstamp (Aug. 22), Very Fine, ex Canman and Bilden

E. 1,000-1,500
800
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568
c
Sale 1261, Lot 568, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)10c Yellow (116). Vibrant color, tied by bold strike of circle of wedges cancel and "P.O.D. U.S. Con. Genl. Shanghai Feb. 12" (1871) circular datestamp on cover with printed address to Messrs. Eaton Cummings & Co., Boston, sender's directive "Via San Francisco"--carried on PMSS New York, departing Shanghai Feb. 12, 1870, arriving Yokohama Feb. 19, then by PMSS China, departing Yokohama Feb. 25, arriving San Francisco Mar. 19--"San Francisco Cal. Mar. 19" datestamp, some overall wear and missing small part of top flap, Very Fine and attractive, ex Eubanks

E. 1,000-1,500
950
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569
c
Sale 1261, Lot 569, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)10c Yellow (116). Bright color, long sealed tear in stamp, tied by circle of wedges cancel, partly clear strike of "P.O.D. U.S. Con. Genl. Shanghai Oct. 13" (1870) circular datestamp on cover with "United States Consulate at Foochow" imprint (Foochow in manuscript) to John H. Martin, Cheyenne, Wyoming--carried on PMSS Golden Age, departing Shanghai Oct. 13, 1870, arriving Yokohama Oct. 21, then by PMSS China, departing Yokohama Oct. 23, arriving San Francisco Nov. 17--"San Francisco Cal. Nov. 18" backstamp, neat receipt docketing, the cover itself is Very Fine, an extremely rare use of the 10c 1869 Pictorial on official mail originating at the U.S. Consulate in Foochow and sent via the consulate post office at Shanghai, illustrated in Laurence 10c 1869 book (p. 276), ex Coulter

E. 2,000-3,000
2,200
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570
c
Sale 1261, Lot 570, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)10c Yellow (116). Horizontal pair, straight edge at right, fiery color, cancelled by two strikes of circle of wedges cancel, clearly struck "P.O.D. U.S. Con. Genl. Shanghai Jul. 12" (1870) circular datestamp on cover to Mary A. Batchelder, Lynn, Massachusetts, sender's directive "Golden Age & Japan"--carried on PMSS Golden Age, departing Shanghai Jul. 12, 1870, arriving Yokohama Jul. 20, then by PMSS Japan, departing Yokohama Jul. 22, arriving San Francisco Aug. 12--"San Francisco Cal. Aug. 13" backstamp, slightly reduced at left, missing small part of top flap, Very Fine double-rate use, ex Mizuhara

E. 1,500-2,000
1,300
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571
c
Sale 1261, Lot 571, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)10c Yellow (116). Horizontal pair, centered to top and capturing part of the imprint at bottom, affixed over pencil notation and tied between perfs by two strikes of circle of wedges cancel, red "PAID" handstamp applied by Shanghai Local Post, light strike of "P.O.D. U.S. Con. Genl. Shanghai May 12" (1871) circular datestamp on cover with "CUSTOM HOUSE SHANGHAI" printed in blue on top flap, to Mrs. Rachel Jensen, Tuthill Town, New York--carried on PMSS New York, departing Shanghai May 12, 1871, arriving Yokohama May 20, then by PMSS China, departing Yokohama May 22, arriving San Francisco Jun. 12--well-struck "San Francisco Cal. Jun. 13" circular datestamp, some edge tears, slightly reduced at left

VERY FINE. A RARE 10-CENT 1869 PICTORIAL ISSUE COVER CARRIED BY THE SHANGHAI LOCAL POST, THEN MAILED AT THE UNITED STATES POSTAL AGENCY IN SHANGHAI. ONLY TWO SUCH USES ARE RECORDED.

According to the Laurence 10c book, the red "PAID" straightline handstamp was applied by the Shanghai Local Post, which was set up in 1864 to facilitate local correspondence. The local postage was paid by subscription rather than per letter. The Local Post carried this from the Customs House to the U.S. Consulate, where it entered the U.S. mails.

One other cover is known with the same red "PAID" straightline handstamp. It originated in Peking and was carried by the local post to Shanghai, where it was put into the U.S. mail. It was last offered in our Sale 869, lot 3112.

Illustrated in Laurence 10c 1869 book (p. 276). Ex Stollnitz.

Sale 1261, Lot 571, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)
Image 2
E. 4,000-5,000
18,000
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572
c
Sale 1261, Lot 572, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)12c Green (117). Deep shade, used with 6c Carmine (148) and 2c Red Brown (146), 6c straight edge at right, 2c and 6c stamps few minor toned perfs from gum, each stamp cancelled or tied by Hollow Star fancy cancel, readable strike of "U.S. Postal Ag'cy Shanghai May 12" (1873) circular datestamp on cover to Mrs. Charles Seabury, Stony Brook, New York, intact red wax seal on back with clear "A & Co." initials, blue "FORWARDED BY SMITH, ARCHER & CO., SHANGHAE" oval backstamp, sender's directive "Via San Francisco"--carried on PMSS Oregonian, departing Shanghai May 12, 1873, arriving Yokohama May 20, then by PMSS Alaska, departing Yokohama May 23, arriving San Francisco June 13--"San Francisco Cal. Jun. 16" double-circle datestamp on back, missing part of top flap, few edge tears

VERY FINE. A COLORFUL AND RARE MIXED-ISSUE FRANKING WITH THE 12-CENT 1869 PICTORIAL AND 6-CENT AND 2-CENT 1870 NATIONAL BANK NOTE ISSUES, PAYING DOUBLE THE 10-CENT RATE. THIS IS ONE OF TWO RECORDED 12-CENT 1869 PICTORIAL COVERS FROM CHINA, AND IT IS THE ONLY COVER TO THE UNITED STATES (THE OTHER IS ADDRESSED TO JAPAN).

The firm of Smith, Archer & Co. was first established as a tea trading company in 1861, then expanded to include other trading and investment banking.

The 12c 1869 Pictorial Issue is extremely rare used either to or from China, because it overpaid the 10c rate and there was no 8c stamp to make up the double rate. We have offered only two covers to China since keeping computerized records, both used with a 30c stamp to Hong Kong. The 1869 Census book does not list any from China. One other, from Shanghai to Japan, is offered as lot 722 in this sale.

Illustrated in Frajola-Perlman-Scamp book (p. 118).

Sale 1261, Lot 572, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)
Image 2
E. 7,500-10,000
7,500
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573
c
Sale 1261, Lot 573, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)10c Brown, H. Grill (139). Two clear vertical rows of grill points, tied by circle of wedges cancel, matching "P.O.D. U.S. Con. Genl. Shanghai Jun. 13" (1871) circular datestamp on cover to Mrs. Southard Hitchcock, Amenia Union, New York, sender's routing instructions "Per Am Mail Via San Francisco"--carried on PMSS Arizona, departing Shanghai Jun. 13, 1871, arriving Yokohama Jun. 21, then by PMSS America, departing Yokohama Jun. 23, arriving San Francisco Jul. 15--"San Francisco Cal. Jul. 16" datestamp, Very Fine, scarce use of a grilled stamp from China, ex Gibson and Drucker

E. 500-750
650
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574
c
Sale 1261, Lot 574, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)10c Brown (150). Rich color, few slightly toned perfs from gum, tied by small quartered cork cancel, two strikes of red "China and Japan Steam Service" oval handstamp, on blue cover to Samuel Hill, San Francisco, 1872 docketing on back, no origination datestamp but likely carried on PMSS Oregonian, departing Shanghai Apr. 12, 1872, arriving Yokohama Apr. 20, then by PMSS Japan departing Yokohama Apr. 23, arriving San Francisco May 15--"San Francisco Cal. May 15" circular datestamp which appears to be a duplex with the cancel tying stamp, Very Fine, a highly unusual use with two strikes of the "China and Japan Steam Service" handstamp and no origination datestamp

E. 500-750
900
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575
c
Sale 1261, Lot 575, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)10c Brown (150). Tied by two bold strikes of Hollow Star fancy cancel, matching "U.S. Postal Ag'cy Shanghai May 2" (1873) circular datestamp on cover with blue "PRESBY. MISSION PRESS. type foundry" printed on top flap, to Mrs. Hattie B. McCullough, Clarksville, Tennessee--carried on PMSS New York, departing Shanghai May 2, 1873, arriving Yokohama May 10, then by PMSS chartered steamer Quang Se, departing Yokohama May 10, arriving San Francisco May 30--"San Francisco Cal. Jun. 1" double-circle datestamp, slightly reduced at left, Very Fine, scarce cancellation, ex Drucker, illustrated in Frajola-Perlman-Scamp book (p. 117)

E. 750-1,000
500
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576
c
Sale 1261, Lot 576, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)10c Brown (150). Horizontal pair, crisp impression and choice centering, tied by bold strikes of Hollow Star fancy cancel, light but readable strike of "U.S. Postal Ag'cy Shanghai May 27" (1873) circular datestamp on cover to C. A. Loveth, Hingham, Massachusetts, blue "Forwarded by Russell & Co. Shanghai May 26, 1873" oval backstamp, sender's directive "Pacific Mail"--carried on PMSS Golden Age, departing Shanghai May 27, 1873, arriving Yokohama June 4, then by PMSS China, departing Yokohama June 7, arriving San Francisco June 27--"San Francisco Cal. Jun. 28" double-circle datestamp, missing part of top flap, Very Fine double-rate use, ex Gibson and Drucker

E. 750-1,000
850
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577
c
Sale 1261, Lot 577, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)10c Brown (150). Horizontal pair, tied by circle of wedges cancel, "U.S. Postal Ag'cy Shanghai Jul. 12" (1872) circular datestamp on grayish-blue folded letter datelined "Customs, Shanghai, 21 June 1872" from James Leonard to Thomas H. Condell in Chicago, mostly clear strike of red "Custom House * Shanghai * Paid, 29 June 1872" double-oval datestamp, second strike dated July 11, sender's directive "Per Pacific Mail Str."--carried on PMSS Costa Rica, departing Shanghai July 12, 1872, arriving Yokohama July 20, then by PMSS Japan, departing Yokohama July 22, arriving San Francisco August 14--"San Francisco Cal. Aug. 15" double-circle datestamp, "Carrier 5AM 21 Aug." backstamp applied at Chicago, forwarded from one street address to another, thin strip of selvage from Great Britain 1p Red used to seal letter, slight wear along folds reinforced with document repair tape causing slight staining

VERY FINE. A REMARKABLE FOLDED LETTER SENT BY AN EMPLOYEE OF THE CHINA CUSTOMS OFFICE TO CHICAGO VIA THE UNITED STATES POSTAL AGENCY IN SHANGHAI AND POSTMARKED WITH THE "CUSTOM HOUSE/SHANGHAI/PAID" OVAL. APPROXIMATELY 20 COVERS WITH THIS CUSTOMS POSTAL MARKING ARE RECORDED BY DR. JEFFREY S. SCHNEIDER, BUT ONLY TWO WERE HANDLED BY THE U.S. POSTAL AGENCY AND FRANKED WITH U.S. STAMPS.

The letter is written by James Weigh Leonard, a British citizen who served in the Customs office from 1859 to 1872 and retired as a commissioner. The June 29 oval datestamp was probably applied when the letter was posted for mailing, and the second date, July 11, is when it was turned over to the U.S. Postal Agency for the next Pacific Mail Steamship Co. sailing.

Illustrated in Frajola-Perlman-Scamp book (p. 114) where described as the only recorded cover with the "Custom House/Shanghai/Paid" oval sent via the U.S. Postal Agency, but there is at least one other known, struck in blue with reddish tinge (Interasia Sale 44, lot 6107).

E. 5,000-7,500
62,500
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578
c
Sale 1261, Lot 578, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)10c Brown (150). Used with 6c Carmine (148), tied by bold strikes of circle of wedges cancel, "U.S. Postal Ag'cy Shanghai Aug. 12" (1872) circular datestamp on light pink cover to Miss Graham, Walthamstow Forest, England, sender's Pacific Mail directive--carried on PMSS Costa Rica, departing Shanghai Aug. 12, 1872, arriving Yokohama Aug. 20, then by PMSS Great Republic, departing Yokohama Aug. 21, arriving San Francisco Sep. 12--magenta "San Francisco Sep. 13" backstamp, slight edgewear just affects stamps, small piece out of back, Very Fine, rare use of Bank Note Issue stamps to pay 10c and 6c treaty rates from China to England via U.S.

E. 1,500-2,000
1,700
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579
c
Sale 1261, Lot 579, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)6c Dull Pink (159). Cancelled by odd-shaped cogwheel cancel with matching "U.S. Postal Ag'cy Shanghai Jan. 19" (1876) circular datestamp on blue cover to Gerard Nicholson, Melbourne, Australia, and held for additional postage, uprated with vertical pair of 2c Brown (157), straight edge at left, few toned spots, tied by circle of wedges cancel, two matching bold strikes of "U.S. Postal Ag'cy Shanghai Apr. 14" (1876) circular datestamp, "San Francisco Cal. May 24" datestamp ties 6c stamp, "Melbourne JU 22 76" receiving backstamp, 6c stamp has pre-use faults, cover with some slight age spotting and small erosion spots at left, still Fine, a rare use from Shanghai to Australia via San Francisco, the "Held for Postage" aspect of this cover is subtle and very unusual, ex Landau

E. 1,000-1,500
1,200
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580
c
Sale 1261, Lot 580, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)6c Carmine (148). Two, each tied by crossroads cancel on blue folded letter with papermaker's watermark from China to J. Kelly & Co. in Mazatlan, Mexico, docketed "1872 Siemssen & Co. Hong Kong Feb. 17, R Apl. 27, A July", carried from Hong Kong to San Francisco outside of the mails, magenta "San Francisco Paid Apr. 11" (1872) circular datestamp at bottom left, bold strike of "1" reales due marking, cover with few age spots

VERY FINE. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED USE OF BANK NOTE ISSUE STAMPS FROM CHINA TO MEXICO VIA THE UNITED STATES.

One other cover from China to this recipient in Mexico is known, sent in 1868 and bearing a 10c Green (68).

E. 2,000-3,000
2,100
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581
c
Sale 1261, Lot 581, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)2c Brown (157). Rich color, tied by well-struck circle of wedges cancel on folded printed circular of Vogel, Hagedorn & Co.'s market report datelined "Shanghae 21st July 1874", to Messrs. Archer & Bull in New York, blue "Vogel, Hagedorn & Co. Shanghae 21 Jul. 74" backstamp, stamp with slight toning at top, Very Fine and attractive circular-rate use from Shanghai, China, the U.S. Postal Agency cancelled the stamp but did not bother applying a datestamp

Sale 1261, Lot 581, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)
Image 2
E. 400-500
225
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582
c
Sale 1261, Lot 582, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)10c Brown (157). Rich color, tied by bold strike of circle of wedges cancel, clear strike of "U.S. Postal Ag'cy Shanghai, Feb. 14 (1875)" circular datestamp on cover to Mrs. E. S. deKeofft, Wilmington, Delaware--carried on PMSS Nevada, departing Shanghai Feb. 15, 1875, arriving Yokohama Feb. 22, then by PMSS China, departing Yokohama Feb. 26, arriving San Francisco Mar. 24--"San Francisco Cal. Mar. 25" datestamp, receipt docketing at left, Very Fine cover, ex Bilden

E. 400-500
225
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583
c
Sale 1261, Lot 583, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)6c Dull Pink (159). Radiant color, cancelled by circle of wedges, readable strike of "U.S. Postal Ag'cy Shanghai Apr. 14" (1876) circular datestamp on cover with original enclosure datelined "Peking April 1st 1876" to James Porter, Chicago, San Francisco double-circle datestamp struck partly off bottom of cover, blue "Chicago Carrier 6AM May 28" backstamp, Very Fine, a scarce use overpaying the 5c GPU rate

E. 400-500
275
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584
c
Sale 1261, Lot 584, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)5c Blue (185). Tied by red grid cancel, blurry strike of red "U.S. Postal Ag'cy Shanghai Aug. 8" (1888) circular datestamp on tissue cover to W. K. B. Dowsley, Troy, New York, magenta "San Francisco Paid All Sep. 2" backstamp, purple "SPECIALLY HELD FOR DELIVERY" two-line handstamp, purple "Received, Troy, N.Y. Sep. 8, 1888" datestamp at left, cover with minor edgewear which affects stamp, still Very Fine, scarce red markings and unusual U.S. domestic handling

E. 400-500
200
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585
c
Sale 1261, Lot 585, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)5c Blue (185). Horizontal pair, rich color, few blunted perfs prior to use, tied by light strikes of circle of wedges cancel, clear strike of "U.S. Postal Ag'cy Shanghai May 3" (1882) circular datestamp on cover to Mrs. Almira Stockbridge, Vineland, New Jersey, with original multi-page enclosure datelined "Shanghai, China, April 22nd 1882", magenta "San Francisco Pd. All May 30" backstamp, barely reduced at right, Very Fine double-rate use, with 1979 P.F. certificate

E. 400-500
200
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586
c
Sale 1261, Lot 586, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)15c Red Orange (189). Used with 5c Chocolate (223), stamps defective, tied by two light strikes of "U.S. Postal Agency Shanghai Aug. 25 8AM 92" duplex datestamp and oval grid cancel on blue cover to Hamburg, Germany, sender's directive "Kobe Maru China", "San Francisco Cal. Paid All Sep. 16" and Hamburg (Oct. 10) backstamps, intact red wax seal, purple company handstamp from Siemssen & Co. in Shanghai on back, Fine appearance and an unusual mixed-issue franking

E. 500-750
275
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587
c
Sale 1261, Lot 587, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)30c Full Black (190). Horizontal strip of three, used with 5c Yellow Brown (205), stamps with faults including center 30c repaired, cancelled or tied by red grids, purple "U.S. Postal Agency * Shanghai * 24 Sep. 86" double-oval datestamp on large cover with printed address to China & Japan Trading Company in New York, part-printed directive with ship name "City of Peking" filled in, red "San Francisco Cal. Paid All Oct. 20" and New York (Oct. 26) backstamps, some light stains and wear

FINE APPEARANCE. AN EXTRAORDINARY MULTIPLE-RATE FRANKING FROM THE U.S. POSTAL AGENCY IN SHANGHAI, INCLUDING A STRIP OF THREE 30-CENT 1879 ISSUE STAMPS.

This franking pays 19-times the single 5c UPU rate. Given its weight and size, the condition issues are to be expected.

E. 2,000-3,000
1,100
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588
c
Sale 1261, Lot 588, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)5c Yellow Brown (205). Cancelled by red grid, matching strike of "U.S. Postal Ag'cy Shanghai Aug. 9" (1885) circular datestamp on cover to Mrs. Amos Robinson, Taunton, Massachusetts, magenta "San Francisco Paid All Sep. 3" datestamp and "Taunton Mass. Rec'd Sep. 11 8AM 1885" fresh and Very Fine, scarce and very attractive with the Shanghai markings in red

E. 500-750
275
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589
c
Sale 1261, Lot 589, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)5c Yellow Brown (205). Deep rich color, tied by red grid cancel, well-struck purple "U.S. Postal Agency * Shanghai * 5 Nov. 86" double-oval datestamp on cover with embossed Russell & Co. double oval on top flap to F. Bartel Esq., U.S. Vice Consul, in St. Hyacinthe, Quebec, Canada, magenta "San Francisco Paid All Nov. 30" and "St. Hyachinthe Que. AM DE 8 86" receiving datestamp on back, Very Fine, scarce with the red cancel

E. 400-500
225
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590
c
Sale 1261, Lot 590, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)5c Yellow Brown (205). Horizontal strip of five, tied by red grid cancels, matching "U.S. Postal Ag'cy Shanghai Dec. 9" circular datestamp on cover with "Mitsu Bishi Mail Steam Ship Company" imprint at bottom left, to Mrs. Wm. P. Aiken, Rutland, Vermont, magenta "San Francisco Paid All Jan. 8" datestamp on back, three stamps defective, missing bottom and right flaps and with significant repair at bottom right and small repair at bottom left, still presentable and an extremely rare usage, the steamship company imprint is highly desirable

E. 500-750
250
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591
c
Sale 1261, Lot 591, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)5c Yellow Brown (205). Rich color, used with 10c Brown (209), tied by black grid cancel, clear strike of "U.S. Postal Agency * Shanghai * 9 Dec. 87" double-oval datestamp on cover with embossed Russell & Co. double oval on top flap and similar red label with printed address to Messrs. Carter Macy & Co. in New York City, faint strike of magenta "San Francisco Paid All Jan. ?" and "P.O. N.Y. 1-14-88" receiving datestamp on back, fresh and Very Fine triple-rate use

E. 400-500
1,200
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592
c
Sale 1261, Lot 592, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)1c Ultramarine (212). Tied by bold strike of "U.S. Postal Agency Shanghai Jul. 15 1PM 92" duplex datestamp and oval grid cancel on wrapper with printed "BOOK POST" at top and with printed address to Johannes Esselborn in Hamburg, Germany, sender's directive "City of Rio de Janeiro", purple "Siemssen & Co. Shanghai, Jul. 15, 1892" backstamp, also printed "Otto Homberg/Shanghai/China" on back, opened a bit roughly at bottom as would be expected from a wrapper, stamp defective and repaired from placement partly over edge of wrapper, still Fine, a very unusual use paying the 1c printed matter rate to Germany

E. 400-500
225
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593
c
Sale 1261, Lot 593, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)2c Red Brown (210). Two horizontal pairs and single, bright shade, tied by red grid cancels, matching "U.S. Postal Ag'cy Shanghai Nov. 25" circular datestamp on cover to Mrs. Janette Nelson, Washington D.C., "Washington Rec'd Dec. 25 6PM 188?" and "Carrier Dec. 25 7PM" receiving datestamps on back, second stamp tiny perf tear, right stamp slightly affected from placement near edge of cover, still Very Fine, a highly unusual franking to pay double the 5c rate and scarce cancelled solely in red

E. 750-1,000
400
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594
c
Sale 1261, Lot 594, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)30c Orange (217). Used with two 10c Brown (209), cancelled by black grids, purple "U.S. Postal Agency * Shanghai * 13 Jul. 89" double-oval datestamp on large cover with printed address to China & Japan Trading Company in New York, part-printed directive with ship name "Arabic" filled in, "San Francisco Paid All Aug. 4" datestamp on back, three intact red wax seals on back, "Received Aug. 10 1889" company datestamp, some edgewear and flaws as would be expected for such a large cover

VERY FINE. A VERY UNUSUAL COVER SENT FROM THE U.S. POSTAL AGENCY IN SHANGHAI WITH 10-CENT AND 30-CENT 1888-89 BANK NOTE ISSUES PAYING 10-TIMES THE 5-CENT U.P.U. RATE.

Ex Drucker. With 2003 P.F. certificate.

E. 2,000-3,000
1,400
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595
c
Sale 1261, Lot 595, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)5c Chocolate (223). Horizontal pair, tied by bold strike of "U.S. Postal Agency Shanghai Jun. 17 12PM 93" duplex datestamp and oval grid cancel on blue cover with part-printed return address for U.S. Consulate with "Ningpo, China" added by hand, to Hon. M. C. Cook, Boston, virtually intact red wax seal on back from U.S. Consulate in Ningpo, "Boston Mass. Jul. 20 4-PM 1893" receiving datestamp on back, accompanied by 1875 U.S. silver dollar with Chinese chop marks, right stamp light crease at top right, Very Fine and scarce use from Ningpo, carried by consular courier to Shanghai, silver dollars were sent to China after the crash in prices of silver, Chinese merchants would add their chop marks after verifying their purity, ex Frajola

Sale 1261, Lot 595, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)
Image 2
E. 500-750
1,400
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596
c
Sale 1261, Lot 596, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)5c Chocolate, Columbian (234). Vertical pair, straight edge at top, tied by neat strike of "U.S. Postal Agency Shanghai Jul. 29 10:30AM 93" duplex datestamp and oval grid cancel on blue cover with part-printed return address for U.S. Consulate in Ningpo to C. W. Willis, Summerville, Mass., light strike of purple "United States Consulate Ningpo Jul. 2?, 1893" in serrated oval on back, San Francisco and receiving datestamps on back, slight edgewear, Very Fine, scarce with the Ningpo oval on back, carried by consular courier to Shanghai, ex Canman and Bilden

Sale 1261, Lot 596, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)
Image 2
E. 500-750
600
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597
c
Sale 1261, Lot 597, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)2c Pink, Ty. III (267a). Radiant color, tied by bold strike of "U.S. Postal Agency Shanghai Oct. 23 4PM 97" duplex datestamp and oval grid cancel on 2c Blue on Cream Postal Card (UX13) to Thiel, Germany, "San Francisco Cal. Nov. 17, 1897" datestamp at left partly overstruck by Thiel receiving circular datestamp, "New York, N.Y. Nov. 22 1-PM '97" datestamp on back, Very Fine, scarce use of a postal card from Shanghai to Germany

E. 750-1,000
500
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598
c
Sale 1261, Lot 598, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)5c Blue, Trans-Mississippi (288). Fresh color, tied by bold strike of "U.S. Postal Agency Shanghai Dec. 4 8AM 99" duplex datestamp and oval grid cancel on cover with return address at Nanyang College in Shanghai, to Mrs. J. H. Leavenworth, New Haven, Conn., "San Francisco, Cal. Paid All Dec. 29, 1899" datestamp and "Train Late Mail Delivery" oval handstamp on back, docketing at left indicates letter written on Nov. 19, barely reduced at right, Very Fine, scarce usage, ex Drucker

E. 300-400
160
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599
c
Sale 1261, Lot 599, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)2c Carmine (301). Radiant color, tied by "Shanghai China U.S. Post. Ag'cy. 23 Oct. 5PM 1903" duplex datestamp and oval grid cancel struck in blue on cover to Miss Julia M. Heartwell in Hastings, Nebraska, partly reduced at left affecting docketing which still reads "Hangkow, China", "Seattle, Wash. Nov. 11 9-AM 1903" machine cancel on back, cover with trivial edgewear

VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE EXAMPLE OF THE U.S. POSTAL AGENCY IN SHANGHAI DUPLEX DATESTAMP STRUCK IN BLUE.

This style of Shanghai marking is known used between August 1902 and January 1904, but examples in blue are exceedingly rare.

Ex Fisher (Frajola sale), where described as the only one known in blue. The Mizuhara collection had a cover with the same device used on the same day (Oct. 23, 1903), but struck in black.

E. 5,000-7,500
2,500
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600
c
Sale 1261, Lot 600, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)1c Blue Green (300). Two, each tied by perfect strike of blue "U.S. Postal Agency Shanghai China, Sep. 16, 1902" double-circle datestamp with yeardate changed in both cases to 1903 by hand, on picture postcard to Tsingtao, Extremely Fine and rare, ex Drucker

E. 500-750
325
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601
c
Sale 1261, Lot 601, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)U.S. Consulate General, Shanghai, China. Jan. 21, 1890. Blue double-circle datestamp on cover addressed to Central Hotel in Shanghai, carried solely by local post, blue "Shanghai Local Post F JA 24 90" circular datestamp with matching "8" in circle on back, fresh and Very Fine, scarce local post cover from U.S. Consulate to a hotel via Shanghai Local Post, ex Drucker

Sale 1261, Lot 601, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)
Image 2
E. 500-750
325
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602
c
Sale 1261, Lot 602, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)U.S. Postal Agency Shanghai China, May 15, 1894. Bold strike of blue double-circle datestamp with red "PAID" in circle handstamp on cover to the U.S.S. Monocacy in Nanking, China, clear strike of blue "Shanghai Local Post D MY 15 94" circular datestamp on back, fresh and Very Fine, sent from Shanghai to Nanking by Shanghai Local Post, ex Mizuhara

Sale 1261, Lot 602, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)
Image 2
E. 1,500-2,000
1,500
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603
c
Sale 1261, Lot 603, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)U.S. Postal Agency Shanghai China, Jul. 4, 1893. Well-struck blue double-circle datestamp on cover to Kiukiang, China, with printed "U.S. Consulate General Shanghai" imprint at top left, no additional markings but Chinese writing on back, Very Fine, scarce use from the U.S. Consulate in Shanghai to Kiukiang, ex Mizuhara

E. 1,000-1,500
700
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604
c
Sale 1261, Lot 604, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)7c Dark Green, State (O61). Deep shade, tied by purple quartered cork cancel, matching "Washington D.C. Jun. 13 6P.M. 1878" circular datestamp on legal-size cover with "United States Consulate General Shanghai" imprint and "U.S. Consulate General, Shanghai, China" two-line ribbon-marker backstamp, addressed to John G. Thompson, Sergeant-at-Arms in the House of Representatives, red "DEPARTMENT OF STATE" straightline handstamp, part of backflap removed (not affecting backstamp), minor stains and small piece out of top which has been crudely repaired (deserving of some minor but expert restoration)

AN EXTREMELY RARE USE OF AN OFFICIAL STAMP ON MAIL ORIGINATING FROM THE UNITED STATES CONSULATE IN SHANGHAI, CHINA.

The cover offered here was carried by diplomatic pouch from the U.S. Consulate General in Shanghai to the Department of State in Washington D.C., where it was posted to Thompson at the House of Representatives. The single rate for mail addressed within the city limits was 2c; therefore, this is evidently overpaid 1c for a triple rate (1 to 11/2 oz.). The purple Washington D.C. datestamp and small quartered cork cancel are found on other covers from this period in 1878.

Diplomatic mail from the U.S. Consulate General in Shanghai is rare in any form, but the use of an Official stamp--in this case, the 7c State Department--is truly remarkable. Three other Official stamps on covers from the U.S. Legation in Peking are reported in the Markovits sale catalogue; two are offered in this sale (lots 608 and 609).

Ex Starnes.

Sale 1261, Lot 604, U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai (after October 14, 1867)
Image 2
E. 7,500-10,000
5,750
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