Sale 1272 — United States Postal History

Sale Date — Wednesday-Thursday, 14-15 December, 2022

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Category — San Francisco: Eubanks Collection of California Penny Post

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
3027
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3027, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 2c Black entire (34LU1; Frajola Type 1A). Printed frank with instructions for users, 3c Brownish Carmine (11), ample to large margins including part of stamp at left, in at right, tied by bold "San Francisco Cal. 30 Aug." (1855) circular datestamp, on entire to Marysville street address, backstamped "DETAINED FOR POSTAGE" in large block letters and "San Francisco Cal. 30 Aug. 3 Paid" integral-rate circular datestamp, "Paid" straightline on front, docketed "1855 Oct. 17 Filed" on back, faint stains and vertical fold

VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE COMBINATION OF THE CALIFORNIA PENNY POST 2-CENT FRANK AND 3-CENT 1851 ISSUE. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE WITH THE SAN FRANCISCO "DETAINED FOR POSTAGE" HANSTAMP.

This inter-city express and local post operated for about one year in 1855 and 1856. Examples of its 2c printed envelopes, which paid the rate for delivery to the post office, are extremely rare (six reported in Lyons census in July 2005 Penny Post). In this instance, it appears that the letter was placed in the San Francisco post office without a 3c stamp, which was required on inter-city Penny Post mail. The post office marked the letter "Detained for Postage," and, on August 30, 1855, the 3c stamp was applied and cancelled. Another possibility is that the 3c stamp was not recognized by the San Francisco post office, which had an ongoing feud with Goodwin over his operation, and that the "3 Paid" integral-rate circular datestamp indicates additional payment was received in coin.

Ex Piller, Kuphal and Walske.

Bid on this lot

E. 3,000-4,000
Future Sale
3028
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3028, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 5c Black on 3c Red on Buff entire (34LU3a; Frajola Type 1B). Addressed to Messrs. Tandler & Co. San Francisco but uncancelled, bold strike of blue "Penny Post Co. Sacramento" circular handstamp, wrinkling and tear at right into embossed stamp, appears Very Fine, rare, ex Kramer, only three of the seven listed in the Frajola census bear the Sacramento circular handstamp

Bid on this lot

E. 1,000-1,500
Future Sale
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3029
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3029, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 5c Black on 3c Red on Buff entire (34LU3a; Frajola Type 1B). Addressed to San Francisco but uncancelled and presumably delivered outside the mails, Very Fine, ex Worthington

Bid on this lot

E. 500-750
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3030
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3030, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 7c Black on Buff entire (34LU14; Frajola Type 2B). Pristine condition, used with 1c Blue, Ty. IV (9), Plate 1L, large margins to just in, tied by "San Francisco Cal. 12 Aug." (1855) circular datestamp and addressed to William B. Wadsworth, secretary of Chamber of Commerce in San Francisco, interesting instructions on back penned in the same hand as address (believed to be Henry L. Goodwin's): "Mr. Weller will please notice the address on this letter and in delivering it establish a precedent from which he will not depart"

EXTREMELY FINE. AN OUTSTANDING USE OF THE CALIFORNIA PENNY POST COMPANY 7-CENT ENTIRE WITH A ONE-CENT 1851 STAMP PAYING THE LOCAL RATE. ONLY TWO SUCH COVERS ARE KNOWN.

The California Penny Post Company was established in June 1855 by Henry L. Goodwin (sometimes reported as "J. P." Goodwin). The Penny Post advertised service in several larger California towns and cities, offering to carry letters to and from the local post office, to bring letters to one post office and deliver them to the addressee from the receiving office, and to run an express service between towns after the government mails were closed for the day. A specific rate was charged for each service, and these rates are reflected in the stamps and entires issued by the Penny Post. For a relatively short-lived operation, the Penny Post produced a large variety of stamps and printed envelopes to facilitate prepayment and collect-on-delivery mail.

Almost immediately the Penny Post incurred the wrath of the San Francisco postmaster, and Goodwin became involved in protracted litigation trying to fight the government. Most writers have reported that the Penny Post closed down after twelve to eighteen months, but we have never seen source documentation to establish exactly when service ended. There is one June 1, 1856, Penny Post entire with the name of the post and "Penny Postage Paid 7" crossed out (Siegel Sale 773, lot 219), which might be evidence that the Penny Post closed before that date.

The printed franks are found on plain envelopes and U.S. 3c stamped envelopes. The rates correspond to the company's advertisements, but the application of these rates, patterns of use and certain enigmatic covers have yet to be fully explained. The most comprehensive study of this company's history and census of covers were recently self-published by Richard C. Frajola and can be found at his website: http://www.rfrajola.com/cpp/CP2.htm

This cover is #205 in the Frajola census. It is one of two 7c Frajola Type II entires with a 1c stamp, postmarked on consecutive days, August 11 and 12 (the other is ex Dale-Lichtenstein). Both have the same written notation on back. These two covers were addressed by Goodwin himself (including the notations) and mailed at the 1c city-letter rate.

Ex Emerson, Knapp, Jessup, Pearce, Haas, Grunin, Dr. Kapiloff and Bailar. Illustrated in the Ashbrook 1c book (Vol. 2, p. 309).

Bid on this lot

E. 15,000-20,000
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3031
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3031, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 7c Black on Buff entire (34LU14; Frajola Type 2B). Spelling error "Daguerreotpyes" in text, 3c Dull Red, Ty. I (11), ample margins to slightly in, couple stained spots, tied by "Stockton Cal. Feb. 27" (1856) circular datestamp on entire with printed "Box 5,005" custoimized box address for S. W. Collins, embossed seal on flap, backstamped with Stockton merchant's oval

VERY FINE. AN IMMACULATE EXAMPLE OF THE CALIFORNIA PENNY POST COMPANY 7-CENT INTER-CITY RATE ENTIRE WITH 3-CENT 1851 ISSUE. ONLY FOUR EXAMPLES ARE RECORDED WITH 3-CENT STAMPS, AND THIS IS THE ONLY EXAMPLE WITH THE PRINTED ADDRESS TEXT FROM THE STOCKTON MERCHANT S. W. COLLINS.

The Frajola census records only four examples of this entire used with 3c stamps, plus two used with 1c stamps. All three of the 3c show the spelling error; both of the 1c uses do not.

Ex Piller, Kuphal and Walske.

Bid on this lot

E. 3,000-4,000
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3032
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3032, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 7c Black on Buff entire (34LU14; Frajola Type 2B). Pristine condition, with the "Daguerreotpyes" spelling error, used with 3c Dull Red, Ty. I (11), large margins to barely in at upper left, tied by perfect strike of "Stockton Cal. Aug. 27" (1855) circular datestamp and addressed to the Agent of the Penny Post in San Francisco, few expert small repairs are barely noticeable

VERY FINE. A PHENOMENAL EXAMPLE OF THE CALIFORNIA PENNY POST COMPANY 7-CENT INTER-CITY RATE ENTIRE WITH 3-CENT 1851 ISSUE.

This was picked up by the Penny Post in Stockton and delivered to the post office. In San Francisco, this was picked up at the post office and the enclosed letter was then delivered to the recipient. The Frajola census records only four examples of this entire used with 3c stamps, plus two used with 1c stamps. This is the earliest use with a 3c.

Bid on this lot

E. 2,000-3,000
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3033
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3033, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 7c Black on 3c Red on Buff entire (34LU16; Frajola Type 2C). Neat strike of "Sacramento City Cal. 4 Apr." (1856) circular datestamp, addressed to J. R. Lewis, San Francisco

EXTREMELY FINE. ONE OF FOUR RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THIS CALIFORNIA PENNY POST COMPANY 7-CENT FRANK ON 3-CENT NESBITT ENTIRE.

There are four recorded examples of this 7c Type 2c envelope in the Frajola census, but only two are buff entires with this exact wording, both with Sacramento April 4 datestamps. Another printed on a white entire (with different wording) is offered in lot 3034, and one on buff is known with different wording (Sale 1103, lot 1527).

Ex Lichtenstein, Golden and Lyons. With 2000 P.F. certificate as 34LU15 var.

Bid on this lot

E. 2,000-3,000
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3034
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3034, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 7c Black on 3c Red on White entire (34LU15; Frajola Type 2C). Red "San Jose Cal. Sep. 13" (1855) circular datestamp, manuscript "Due 6 cts." and pen lines thru 3c embossed stamp, to San Francisco street address ("Sacramento" printed address crossed out), slight wear around edges

VERY FINE. ONE OF FOUR EXAMPLES OF THIS CALIFORNIA PENNY POST COMPANY PRINTED FRANK IN THE FRAJOLA CENSUS, AND THE ONLY ONE ON A WHITE 3-CENT NESBITT ENTIRE.

There are four examples of this "Paid 7" printed frank on 3c Nesbitt entires (one with different instructions at top--Sale 1103, lot 1527), but only this entire has the "Sacramento" city designation and is a white envelope. The postage due marking suggests it was not accepted at the San Francisco post office.

Ex Golden and Lyons. With 1978 P.F. certificate

Bid on this lot

E. 2,000-3,000
Future Sale
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3035
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3035, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 5c Black on Buff entire (34LU9; Frajola Type 3A). Printed frank with 10c Green, Ty. I (13) and 3c Dull Red, Ty. II (11A), ample margins to slightly in, both tied by "Saint Louis Mo. Mar. 1" (1856) circular datestamp, addressed to Henry Coad in San Francisco, pencil "Papin Feb 23/56" receipt docketing at left, some minor edgewear and stamps lightly soiled

VERY FINE. A REMARKABLE USE OF THE CALIFORNIA PENNY POST COMPANY FRANKED ENTIRE. EXAMPLES WITH ADHESIVE STAMPS FOR GOVERNMENT POSTAGE ARE RARE. THIS USE FROM ST. LOUIS SENT WESTWARD TO SAN FRANCISCO IS UNIQUE.

The California Penny Post Company was established in June 1855 by Henry L. Goodwin (sometimes reported as "J. P." Goodwin). The Penny Post advertised service in several larger California towns and cities, offering to carry letters to and from the local post office, to bring letters to one post office and deliver them to the addressee from the receiving office, and to run an express service between towns after the government mails were closed for the day. A specific rate was charged for each service, and these rates are reflected in the stamps and entires issued by the Penny Post. For a relatively short-lived operation, the Penny Post produced a large variety of stamps and printed envelopes to facilitate prepayment and collect-on-delivery mail.

Almost immediately the Penny Post incurred the wrath of the San Francisco postmaster, and Goodwin became involved in protracted litigation trying to fight the government. Most writers have reported that the Penny Post closed down after twelve to eighteen months, but we have never seen source documentation to establish exactly when service ended. There is one June 1, 1856, Penny Post entire with the name of the post and "Penny Postage Paid 7" crossed out (Sale 773, lot 219), which might be evidence that the Penny Post closed before that date.

The printed franks are found on plain envelopes and U.S. 3c stamped envelopes. The rates correspond to the company's advertisements, but the application of these rates, patterns of use and certain enigmatic covers have yet to be fully explained. The most comprehensive study of this company's history and census of covers were recently self-published by Richard C. Frajola and can be found at his website: http://www.rfrajola.com/cpp/CP2.htm

The cover offered here is a very rare use of the 5c frank on a plain envelope (34LU9; Frajola Type 3A) with U.S. postage paid by the 10c 1855 and 3c 1851 Issue. The 5c Penny Post rate covered delivery of the letter from the San Francisco office to the addressee. Very few Penny Post covers originating outside of California are known. The gap between the Feb. 23 origin date (indicated by the docketing) and the St. Louis Mar. 1 postmark date is intriguing. Perhaps the letter was written by someone travelling eastward from California, who carried with him a Penny Post entire and used it to mail the letter at Saint Louis. Another possibility is that the letter originated in the East, the entire (furnished by the California correspondent) was pre-stamped with the 10c for the transcontinental rate, then carried by a westward-bound traveler to Saint Louis and mailed from there. This latter scenario might explain the additional 3c stamp, possibly applied in response to a persnickety postal clerk who questioned the legitimacy of the 10c stamp.

Ex Dale-Lichtenstein and Lyons. With 2004 P.F. certificate.

Bid on this lot

E. 10,000-15,000
Future Sale
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3036
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3036, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 5c Black on Buff entire (34LU9; Frajola Type 3A). Printed frank on plain envelope to San Francisco street address with 3c Dull Red, Ty. I (11), mostly large margins including left interpane margin with guideline, just in at corner, tied by bold "Stockton Cal. Apr. 19" circular datestamp

VERY FINE. A REMARKABLY FRESH AND ATTRACTIVE EXAMPLE OF THIS RARE CALIFORNIA PENNY POST COMPANY ENTIRE WITH 3-CENT 1851 ISSUE FRANKING. CERTAINLY ONE OF THE FINEST EXTANT.

Only seven examples of this entire used with stamps are recorded in the Frajola census.

Ex Worthington, Piller, Kuphal and Walske.

Bid on this lot

E. 2,000-3,000
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3037
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3037, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 5c Black on Buff entire (34LU9; Frajola Type 3A). Mailed from Massachusetts with manuscript "Lunenburg Ms. Octo. 22, 1855" postmark and "Paid 10" transcontinental rate on entire to Morgan's Ranch Cal. in care of the San Francisco Penny Post, few small pinholes and wrinkles

VERY FINE. THIS IS THE ONLY EXAMPLE OF A CALIFORNIA PENNY POST COMPANY ENTIRE USED FROM THE EAST COAST RECORDED IN THE FRAJOLA CENSUS.

Illustrated in Nathan book and Coburn's Letters of Gold. Ex Jessup, Pearce, Haas, Edwards, Golden and Lyons.

Bid on this lot

E. 2,000-3,000
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3038
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3038, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 7c Black on Buff entire (34LU11; Frajola Type 3C). With two examples of 3c Dull Red, Ty. I (11), distinctly different shades, margins to in, affixed over the denomination of the printed frank and tied by "Camptonville Cal. Feb. 14" (1856) circular datestamp to San Francisco, some soiling at upper right, still Very Fine, only nine examples of this frank used with 3c stamps are recorded in the Frajola census, this is the only one used from Camptonville and one of only two used with more than one example of the 3c stamp

Bid on this lot

E. 2,000-3,000
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3039
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3039, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 7c Black on Buff entire (34LU11a; Frajola Type 3C). With uncancelled 3c Dull Red, Ty. II (11A), large margins to in, trivial wrinkle, addressed to corner of Wash and East, "on board store ship", with clear strike of Pacific Express Co. San Francisco Jun. 30" double-circle datestamp at left

VERY FINE. A RARE EXAMPLE OF THE CALIFORNIA PENNY POST PAYING THE 7-CENT FEE FOR SENDING BY EXPRESS AFTER THE MAILS WERE CLOSED.

The Frajola census records nine examples of this printed frank, all used with 3c stamps. Three are used with Penny Post datestamps (one from Sacramento). This is the only example used with the Pacific Express marking.

Bid on this lot

E. 1,500-2,000
Future Sale
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3040
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3040, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 7c Black on 3c Red on White entire (34LU10a; Frajola Type 3D). Clear strike of "Sacramento City Cal. 4 Apr." (1856) circular datestamp, to San Francisco street address, fresh and Extremely Fine, very scarce, only 16 are listed in the Frajola census and this is certainly one of the finest, ex Dale-Lichtenstein, Golden and Lyons, with 2000 P.F. certificate

Bid on this lot

E. 1,500-2,000
Future Sale
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3041
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3041, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 7c Black on 3c Red on Buff entire (34LU11a; Frajola Type 3D). Bold "Mokelumne Hill Cal. Nov. 6" (1855) circular datestamp and "Paid 3" handstamp on entire to J. W. Sullivan, Post Office Building, San Francisco, backstamped "From Cuthrie's Newspaper & Periodical Depot, Mokelumne Hill, Cal." oval, 1855 docketing and note on back by H. D. Loomis "Received this letter containing money from the Post Office Nov. 7th about 15 minutes after 8 A.M. 1855. HL", slight edge tear at top right

VERY FINE. THIS IS ONE OF TWO CALIFORNIA PENNY POST COMPANY ENTIRES FROM MOKELUMNE HILL RECORDED IN THE FRAJOLA CENSUS, AND IT IS THE ONLY EXAMPLE WITH THE CUTHRIE'S BACKSTAMP.

The addressee, J. W. Sullivan, was a well-known newsroom and letter-bag operator in San Francisco.

Ex Lyons. With 2015 P.F. certificate

Bid on this lot

E. 2,000-3,000
Future Sale
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3042
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3042, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 7c Black on 3c Red on Buff entire (34LU11a; Frajola Type 3D). Cancelled by well-struck "Mokelumne Hill Cal. Nov. 12" (1855) circular datestamp to office of the Evening Journal in San Francisco, some edgewear, still Very Fine and one of only two recorded uses from Mokelumne Hill

Bid on this lot

E. 1,000-1,500
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3043
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3043, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 7c Black on 3c Red on Buff entire (34LU11a; Frajola Type 3D). Manuscript cancel and "Mission San Jose Cal. Feb. 18" postmark, to San Francisco street address, fresh and Extremely Fine, very rare, ex Chapman and Chaloner

Bid on this lot

E. 1,000-1,500
Future Sale
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3044
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3044, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 7c Blue on 3c Red on Buff entire (34LU11a var; Frajola Type 3D). "Penny-Postage Paid, 7" and box printed in dark blue, two strikes of red "Wells, Fargo & Co. Express Sacramento" oval handstamp, on 3c Red on Buff Nesbitt entire (U10) to San Francisco street address, slight wear and soiling

VERY FINE. ONE OF THREE CALIFORNIA PENNY POST COMPANY ENTIRES IN BLUE RECORDED IN THE FRAJOLA CENSUS.

This is listed by Scott only in black. The Frajola census lists three examples of this frank printed in blue. This is also one of two genuine conjunctive uses between Wells Fargo and the Penny Post (the other is Frajoila census 308); fake Wells Fargo markings were applied to remaindered entires.

Ex Knapp, Barkhausen, Golden and Lyons. With 2000 P.F. certificate

Bid on this lot

E. 2,000-3,000
Future Sale
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3045
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3045, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 7c Blue on 3c Red on Buff entire (34LU11a var; Frajola Type 3D). "Penny-Postage Paid, 7" and box printed in dark blue, neat "Benicia Cal. May 12" (1856) circular datestamp, to San Francisco street address

EXTREMELY FINE. ONE OF ONLY THREE RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THIS CALIFORNIA PENNY POST COMPANY ENTIRE IN BLUE.

This is listed by Scott only in black. The Frajola census lists three examples of this frank printed in blue. The Scott Catalogue has not yet listed the 34LU11a in Blue, even though all three have been offered at auction during the past several years.

Ex Whitington.

Bid on this lot

E. 2,000-3,000
Future Sale
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3046
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3046, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 7c Black on 3c Red on Buff entire (34LU11B; Frajola Type 4A). Instructions for mailing and list of towns on back, "Penny Post Co. Stockton" double-line circular handstamp, "Stockton Cal. Nov. 8" (1855) circular datestamp, to local San Francisco street address, couple small stain spots

EXTREMELY FINE. AN UNUSUALLY CHOICE EXAMPLE OF THE CALIFORNIA PENNY POST COMPANY ENTIRE USED FROM STOCKTON TO SAN FRANCISCO WITH PRIVATE AND GOVERNMENT POSTAL MARKINGS.

This entire was delivered to the post office (for 2c) in Stockton, carried by government mail to San Francisco where delivered by the Penny Post Co. (for 5c, total 7c). Examples with the Penny Post Company handstamp and a post office datestamp are rare--the Frajola census lists only two of this Type 4A entire with private and government markings combined.

Ex Haas.

Bid on this lot

E. 2,000-3,000
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3047
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3047, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 7c Black on 3c Red on Buff entire (34LU11B; Frajola Type 4A). Instructions for mailing and list of towns on back, "Pleasant Springs Cal. Jun. 2" double-line circular datestamp and manuscript "X" cancel, to local San Francisco firm, vertical crease, Extremely Fine and scarce

Bid on this lot

E. 1,000-1,500
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3048
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3048, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 7c Black on 3c Red on Buff entire (34LU11B; Frajola Type 4A). Instructions for mailing and list of towns on back, addressed to San Francisco, "Stockton Cal. May 31" circular datestamp cancels embossed stamp, the date struck out by grid, second circular datestamp dated Jun. 1 at lower left, small opening tear at top, Very Fine, a most unusual use of this exceedingly rare entire

Bid on this lot

E. 1,000-1,500
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3049
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3049, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 7c Vermilion on 3c Red on Buff entire (34LU7; Frajola Type 5). Instructions and list of eight offices at left, indicia uncancelled and with "Penny Post Sacramento" handstamp at left, addressed to San Francisco, some slight wear, Very Fine, one of the finest of the eleven examples of this frank recorded in the Frajola census, ex Dale-Lichtenstein and Walske

Bid on this lot

E. 1,000-1,500
Future Sale
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3050
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3050, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 7c Vermilion on 3c Red on Buff entire (34LU7; Frajola Type 5). Instructions and list of eight offices at left, blue "Monterey Cal. Nov. 10" circular datestamp to San Francisco street address, indicia uncancelled, some edgewear including tear at top affecting Penny Post indicia, otherwise Very Fine and scarce, only eleven examples of this frank are recorded in the Frajola census

Bid on this lot

E. 1,000-1,500
Future Sale
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3051
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3051, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 5c Black entire (unlisted; Frajola Type 6B). "City Delivery. Penny Postage Paid. 5" printed frank across top, "Copy-Right Sccured" in small print below frank with misspelling of "Secured", San Francisco street address, manuscript "No. 6", Very Fine and extremely rare, an important California local-post use, this is the only example recorded in Frajola census, with 2009 P.F. certificate, unlisted in Scott

Bid on this lot

E. 2,000-3,000
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3052
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3052, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 5c Blue (34L4). Affixed at lower left and used with 3c Dull Red, Ty. II (11A), three large margins, touched at top, tied by "Penny Post Co. San Francisco" circular company handstamp on buff cover to J. W. Bauman, Sacramento City, cover slightly worn

VERY FINE. ONE OF ONLY SIX RECORDED INTACT COVERS BEARING THIS RARE SAN FRANCISCO LOCAL POST STAMP, THE ONLY COVER WITH A 3-CENT 1851 ISSUE STAMP AND THE ONLY EXAMPLE USED WITHIN CALIFORNIA--AN OUTSTANDING RARITY OF THE CALIFORNIA PENNY POST.

The Frajola census records only six covers with the 34L4 adhesive and only this cover with the 3c 1851 issue. (http://www.rfrajola.com/cpp/CP7.htm )

Ex Robson Lowe, Grunin and Walske.

Bid on this lot

E. 7,500-10,000
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3053
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3053, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny Post10c Green, Ty. II (14). Large margins, deep rich color and proof-like impression, tied by "San Francisco Cal. 30 Jun." (1855) circular datestamp on light buff cover to Mrs. E. S. Mulford in Patchogue, Long Island, N.Y., imprinted "Via Nicaragua" at top (prepared by the California Penny Post Co.) with manuscript "too late for Nicaragua" applied by company agent indicating this missed the Vanderbilt Line sailing via Nicaragua, California Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 5c Blue (34L4) affixed at left to prepay 5c rate for delivery to one of the Vanderbilt Line steamers, docketing on back confirms 1855 use, opened a bit irregularly at right and neatly sealed, 5c with tiny scuff in left denomination

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. THIS IS THE EARLIEST USE OF A 10-CENT 1855 ISSUE STAMP FROM CALIFORNIA. IT IS ALSO ONE OF THE FINEST OF THE FIVE RECORDED INTACT COVERS BEARING THIS RARE SAN FRANCISCO LOCAL POST STAMP, OF WHICH FOUR ARE USED WITH THE 10-CENT 1855 ISSUE.

This remarkable cover is the earliest recorded date of use of the 10c 1855 Issue from the West Coast. Depending on the date the first supply of 10c 1855 stamps arrived in San Francisco, this June 30 date might be the earliest possible use of the 10c on mail bound for the East Coast via Panama. An analysis of the stamp production dates and sailing data follows.

The date of issue of the 10c stamps has been reported as May 4, 1855 (Luff book) or May 10, 1855 (A Description of U.S. Stamps and Postal Cards, published by the Post Office Department). The Travers Papers indicate that the stamps were ready for delivery a few days after the intended May 1 issue date. The earliest reported use of the 10c stamp from any post office is May 12 (Type II) from Eastport, Maine. It would have taken 25 to 30 days for the first supply of the new stamps to make their way to the West Coast via Panama. There are two possible sailings.

The USMSC George Law sailed from New York on May 5, 1855, and arrived in Aspinwall on May 16. The PMSS Golden Gate left Panama around May 18 and arrived in San Francisco on May 30. If the stamps were available as early as May 31, then they could have been used on mail carried on two PMSS steamers from San Francisco: the John L. Stephens on June 2 and the Golden Gate on June 16; however, no 10c covers are recorded for those sailings.

It is more likely that the 10c stamps were on the May 21 sailing of the USMSC Illinois, which arrived in Aspinwall on May 30. The PMSS Sonora left Panama around June 1 and arrived in San Francisco on June 15. The stamps were probably not in circulation by the time the Golden Gate sailed on June 16.

The sender of this cover paid 5c for the California Penny Post Company to bring it to the wharf for mailing aboard the next outbound steamship on the Vanderbilt Line's route via Nicaragua. The manuscript notation "too late for Nicaragua" indicates that this missed the June 30 sailing of Vanderbilt's Cortes, which arrived in San Juan del Sur on July 13. This Nicaragua sailing would have left early in the day to beat the PMSS sailing via Panama. Had this cover been on the Cortes, it would have been postmarked on arrival at the New York City post office (Frajola census no. 702, lot 3054 in this sale, was carried on the Cortes). Instead, the Penny Post Co. brought the cover to the San Francisco post office, where it was postmarked on June 30, then bagged for the same-day departure of the PMSS Sonora, which arrived in Panama on July 15 after a stop in Acapulco. It was then carried from Aspinwall to New York on the USMSC George Law, which departed July 16 and arrived on July 25.

The California Penny Post Co. charged 2c for carrying a letter to the post office for an ocean-mail departure via Panama, which explains why a company agent wrote "too late for Nicaragua" on this cover. The Frajola census records only four covers with this combination of the 10c 1855 and 5c adhesive, plus one other 5c Penny Post adhesive cover with a 3c 1851 (http://www.rfrajola.com/cpp/cpp.htm ).

Illustrated in Neinken 10c book (p. 13). Ex Eno, Jessup, Pearce, Haas and Dr. Kapiloff.

Bid on this lot

E. 20,000-30,000
Future Sale
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3054
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3054, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 5c Blue (34L4). Affixed at top left, some erosion in the bottom half of the stamp, used with 10c Green, Ty. III (15), large margins, creases and nicked at left from datestamp, tied by partly clear strike of "New York Jul. 25" (1855) circular datestamp on cover to Wm. R. Field Esq., Bridgeport Conn., sender's directive "per. Cortes" at top

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. ONE OF ONLY SIX RECORDED INTACT COVERS BEARING THIS RARE SAN FRANCISCO LOCAL POST STAMP, OF WHICH FOUR ARE USED WITH THE 10-CENT 1855 ISSUE.

The Frajola census records only four covers with this combination of the 10c 1855 and 5c adhesive, plus one 5c Penny Post adhesive cover with a 3c 1851 (offered in lot 3052) and another missing an adhesive (http://www.rfrajola.com/cpp/CP7.htm )

This was carried on the Vanderbilt Independent Line Cortes which departed San Francisco on June 30, 1855. After crossing Nicaragua, the cover was carried on The Star of the North to New York, where it entered the mails on July 25.

Bid on this lot

E. 2,000-3,000
Future Sale
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3055
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3055, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny Post10c Green, Ty. II (14). Full margins to ample, rich color, cancelled by manuscript cross-hatches and tied by "San Francisco Cal. 20 Sep" circular datestamp, with extremely bold strike of "Penny Post Co., San Francisco" company circular handstamp, on cover to Fitchburg Mass., back with manuscript "Direct answers to Morgans Ranch, San Francisco", stamp with light creases, otherwise Very Fine and rare, very few 10c 1855 issue covers are known with the California Penny Post Co. circular handstamp, ex Emerson, Jessup and Haas, with 2012 P.F. certificate.

Bid on this lot

E. 1,500-2,000
Future Sale
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3056
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3056, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostPenny Post Co. San Francisco. Double-line circular handstamp clearly struck on blue folded cover to San Francisco with sender's directive "pr Northern Light", oval "Nicaragua Line/In Advance/of the Mail" handstamp applied in New York City, 1c Blue, Ty. IV (9) and three 3c Dull Red, Ty. II (11A), irregular margins large to cutting in, properly prepaying 10c transcontinental rate but uncancelled since this never entered the post office, docketed Aug. 20, 1855 on back (origin date), file fold thru 1c

FINE. A REMARKABLE USE COMBINING 1851 ISSUE STAMPS WITH THE RARE "NICARAGUA LINE" OVAL HANDSTAMP AND CALIFORNIA PENNY POST COMPANY CIRCLE FOR LOCAL DELIVERY IN SAN FRANCISCO.

This was carried by the Vanderbilt Line's Northern Light from New York to San Juan del Sud, then carried across Nicaragua to meet with a connecting vessel for passage to San Francisco. Upon arrival the letter was picked up by the Penny Post Co. and delivered locally.

Ex Kramer, Golden and Lyons.

Bid on this lot

E. 2,000-3,000
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3057
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3057, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 5c Black on Buff entire (34LU9; Frajola Type 3A). Possibly a sample envelope, addressed to Adams & Co. in San Francisco in the hand of H. L. Goodwin, "No. 7" notation at bottom left identical to numbering found on other covers, pen-cancelled 3c Dull Red, Ty. II (11A), Very Fine, since Adams & Co. collapsed prior to the start of the California Penny Post Co., it is surmised that this and similar envelopes were addressed as "demonstration" samples, the numbering at lower left is found on such samples and also on genuinely used covers, which we think proves they are "in period" examples, possibly assembled by Goodwin as evidence during his trial (perhaps he was trying to show the different types of franking formats he used), ex Geisler, with 2009 P.F. certificate

Bid on this lot

E. 300-400
Future Sale
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3058
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3058, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 7c Black on Buff entire (34LU11; Frajola Type 3C). Possibly a sample envelope, addressed to Adams & Co. in San Francisco in the hand of H. L. Goodwin, "No. 10" notation at bottom left identical to numbering found on other covers, pen-cancelled 3c Dull Red, Ty. II (11A), sheet margin at bottom, Very Fine, since Adams & Co. collapsed prior to the start of the California Penny Post Co., it is surmised that this and similar envelopes were addressed as "demonstration" samples, the numbering at lower left is found on such samples and also on genuinely used covers, which we think proves they are "in period" examples, possibly assembled by Goodwin as evidence during his trial (perhaps he was trying to show the different types of franking formats he used), ex Lyons

Bid on this lot

E. 300-400
Future Sale
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3059
c
Sale 1272, Lot 3059, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 7c Vermilion on 3c Red on Buff entire (34LU7; Frajola Type 5). Possibly a sample envelope, addressed to Adams & Co. in San Francisco in the hand of H. L. Goodwin, "No. 8" notation at bottom left identical to numbering found on other covers, 3c embossed stamp cancelled by San Francisco square grid used in this period, Very Fine, since Adams & Co. collapsed prior to the start of the California Penny Post Co., it is surmised that this and similar envelopes were addressed as "demonstration" samples, the numbering at lower left is found on such samples and also on genuinely used covers, which we think proves they are "in period" examples, possibly assembled by Goodwin as evidence during his trial (perhaps he was trying to show the different types of franking formats he used), ex Golden and Geisler, with 1967 and 2009 P.F. certificates

Bid on this lot

E. 300-400
Future Sale
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3060
 
Sale 1272, Lot 3060, San Francisco:  Eubanks Collection of California Penny PostCalifornia Penny Post Company. Outstanding selection of collateral items, including single-page printed notice from "Office of the Penny Post Co.", with H. L. Goodwin's name at bottom, discusses the ability to bring letters to the Penny Post Co. for cheaper rates than the expresses, "notwithstanding the numerous obstacles the Postmaster of San Francisco has thrown in our way...", tear thru top third of notice, also a 47-page booklet titled "A Memorial of the Penny Post Company of California" detailing the losses and legal arguments suffered by Goodwin when the local postmaster refused to deliver his mail, also small blue piece of paper with Penny Post rate chart, few contemporary newspaper clippings, also handbill relating to ocean Penny Postage movement, Very Fine and fascinating group

Bid on this lot

E. 400-500
Future Sale
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