Sale 1264 — The Stephen Rose Collection of 2c 1869 Pictorial Issue

Sale Date — Wednesday, 28 September, 2022

Category — Foreign Uses: China & Japan

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
378
c
Sale 1264, Lot 378, Foreign Uses: China & Japan6c Ultramarine (115). Used with 2c Brown (113), 15c Black, F. Grill (98) and 30c Orange, F. Grill (100), 15c is a re-use with very faint target cancel, all stamps tied by identical quartered cork cancel (lightly struck on 6c), partly clear "Batavia N.Y. Jul. 27" circular datestamp on small cover to Hong Kong, China, sender's routing "Via Marseilles" and prepaid for the obsolete 53c rate for British Mail via Marseilles, large magenta "Paid All" in circle applied at San Francisco, Hong Kong receiving backstamp (Oct. 6, 1869), small edge tear, 6c tiny perf faults

VERY FINE. A REMARKABLE FRANKING COMPRISING FOUR DIFFERENT STAMPS OF TWO DIFFERENT ISSUES FOR A TOTAL OF 53 CENTS, ALL BUT 10 CENTS OF WHICH WAS WASTED WHEN THE COVER WAS SENT VIA SAN FRANCISCO AT THE PREVAILING 10-CENT CONTRACT MAIL RATE TO CHINA.

The 53c rate to China for British Mail via Marseilles was reduced to 42c in January 1868. The 45c rate via Southampton was reduced to 34c at the same time, and both rates ran concurrently until January 1870, when they were further reduced to 28c via Southampton and 36c via Marseilles, reflecting the reduction in the U.S.-G.B. treaty rate from 12c to 6c. The 10c Pacific Mail Steamship Co. contract rate was also in effect, and in this instance the cover was directed to San Francisco, not New York, and sent to Hong Kong via a PMSS steamer.

Illustrated in color in the 1869 PRA Census book (p. 126). Ex Millard Mack and Ainsworth. With 1949 P.F. certificate.

E. 3,000-4,000
3,000
379
c
Sale 1264, Lot 379, Foreign Uses: China & Japan2c Brown (113). Used with 10c Green, F. Grill (96) and horizontal pair 15c Black, F. Grill (98), slightly overlapping, one 15c small tear at top and one with couple perfs affected by placement near edge, tied by grid cancels, "Jersey City N.J. Jun. 28" (1869) circular datestamp on yellow cover to Hong Kong, China, red "New York Paid All Jun. 29" circular datestamp struck on back and matching "32" credit handstamp, red London Paid datestamp (Jul. 9) and "1d" British Colonial credit backstamp, perfect strike of "Hong Kong Marine-Sorter Singapore-to-Hong Kong Au. 19/26 69" backstamp (Webb Ty. B-2), Aug. 25, 1869 receipt docketing on back

EXTREMELY FINE. AN OUTSTANDING 1868 GRILLED ISSUE AND 1869 PICTORIAL MIXED-FRANKING COVER TO HONG KONG, SENT BY BRITISH MAIL VIA MARSEILLES AND BEARING A PERFECT STRIKE OF THE HONG KONG MARINE SORTER BACKSTAMP.

According to the Webb book, the sorting of mail on board ship was first tried in 1857 and was found to speed the delivery of the mails on arrival in Hong Kong. The Governor of Hong Kong petitioned to make this a permanent position, but the scheme was not implemented. Seven years later, after the GPO decided that Hong Kong should assume greater responsibilities, the sorting plan was green-lighted. An official from the Hong Kong post office would meet the P&O steamer in Singapore and sort the mails during the trip to Hong Kong. The mails could then be delivered immediately on arrival or forwarded faster to their final destination outside of Hong Kong. The new service started with the arrival of mails at the end of July 1868. Mails were sorted between Singapore and Hong Kong, and another line was also established to sort mails between Hong Kong and Shanghai.

Ex Arch and Ainsworth.

E. 4,000-5,000
4,500
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380
c
Sale 1264, Lot 380, Foreign Uses: China & Japan2c Brown (113). Eight stamps including two vertical pairs, affixed overlapping and used with 24c Grayish Lilac (78), paying four-times 10c rate, tied by nine bold strikes of quartered cork cancel, well-struck "P.O.D. U.S. Con. Genl. Shanghai Oct. 21" (1869) circular datestamp on folded cover to New York City, neatly addressed with sender's directive "Ship Letter pr. Str. America from Yokohama", carried via branch-line steamer Costa Rica of the Pacific Mail Steamship Co. to Yokohama, arriving Oct. 28, then via main-line PMSS steamer Japan to San Francisco, departing Nov. 2 and arriving Nov. 22 (though sender endorsed for carriage on the America, the sailing of which the cover missed), one stamp with pre-use creases, two others affected by filing crease

ONE OF THE MOST OUTSTANDING 1869 PICTORIAL COVERS USED FROM CHINA OR JAPAN. A WONDERFUL MIXED-ISSUE FRANKING AND A SPECTACULAR EXHIBITION ITEM -- ALSO THE EARLIEST RECORDED 1869 ISSUE COVER FROM SHANGHAI.

Illustrated in PRA Census book (p. 10) and in Frajola-Perlman-Scamp, U.S. Post Offices in China and Japan (p. 102). Ex Ishikawa, Jonathan Rose and from our 2003 Rarities sale. With 1997 P.F. certificate

E. 10,000-15,000
11,500
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381
c
Sale 1264, Lot 381, Foreign Uses: China & Japan2c Brown (113). Horizontal pair and single, tied by quartered cork cancels on folded cover originating in Nagasaki, Japan, and addressed in French to Shanghai, China, docketed with Nagasaki Sep. 21, 1870 origin from Pignatel & Co. (one of the largest of the Western trading firms at the time), Pignatel & Co. oval backstamp, sender's manuscript directive for branch-line steamer "Per Oregonian", receipt docketing of Sep. 24 and answer Sep. 29

VERY FINE. THIS 6-CENT INTERCONSULAR-RATE COVER FROM NAGASAKI, JAPAN, TO SHANGHAI, CHINA, IS ONE OF ONLY TWO SUCH COVERS BEARING THE 2-CENT 1869 PICTORIAL ISSUE.

Letters between U.S. post offices in China and Japan were carried under the blanket 10c rate until the 6c interconsular rate was introduced. Based on archival correspondence, the rate is thought to have been implemented in mid-April 1870 (see Laurence 10c 1869 book, p. 281). Very few interconsular covers originating in Nagasaki are recorded, and all but one bearing 1869 Pictorial Issue stamps were prepaid 6c for the rate from Japan to Shanghai, China. This cover is one of only two known covers with this rate paid by the 2c 1869 Pictorial Issue. The other was offered in our sale of the William H. Gross collection (Sale 1211, lot 523, realized $15,500 hammer). These two covers are wonderful artifacts of U.S. postal services between Japan and China.

During this period, consular mails were carried by Pacific Mail Steamship Co. branch-line steamers from Shanghai, China, to Yokohama, Japan, with intermediate stops at Nagasaki and Hiogo, Japan (and the reverse). The entire trip took approximately eight days. This cover was carried on a westbound PMSS branch-line steamer that originated in Yokohama and stopped at Nagasaki on its journey to Shanghai. The table of PMSS Co. branch-line trips in the Frajola-Perlman-Scamp book is, by the authors' own admission, based on incomplete records. A sailing of the Oregonian or another branch-line steamer corresponding to the Sep. 21, 1870 Nagasaki docketing is not listed.

E. 5,000-7,500
5,250
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382
c
Sale 1264, Lot 382, Foreign Uses: China & Japan6c Ultramarine (115). Horizontal strip of three, used with 2c Brown (113), tied by four strikes of “X” chop cancel of Yokohama, Japan, on cover to Hilo, Hawaii, addressed to Miss Hattie Coan, “San Francisco Cal. May 19” (1870) circular datestamp, reduced part of right edge skillfully extended (not affecting stamps)

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. AN EXTRAORDINARY USE OF THE 1869 PICTORIAL ISSUE ON MAIL FROM JAPAN TO HAWAII VIA SAN FRANCISCO, PAYING TWO 10-CENT TRANS-PACIFIC MAIL RATES. WE KNOW OF NO OTHER COMPARABLE COVER.

This cover and the cover to England offered in lot 383 were both carried on the same trip of the Pacific Mail Steamship Co. steamer Japan, departing Yokohama April 20, 1870, and arriving San Francisco May 11. Once the Japan arrived in San Francisco, the two covers traveled different paths. The next steamship sailing was not until June 10, so this was placed on the American clipper ship Governor Morton, which cleared customs in San Francisco on May 19 and departed the following day, arriving in Honolulu on June 2. The cover to England was sent to New York by train and then by transatlantic steamer to England.

The 20c in United States postage was intended to pay two different rates. The first was the 10c rate from Japan to San Francisco, carried in the U.S. mail. The second was the 10c contract steamship rate from San Francisco to Honolulu, though it actually went by non-contract steamer.

Illustrated in the Gregory book (II-308). Ex Pietsch and Gross.

E. 7,500-10,000
7,000
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383
c
Sale 1264, Lot 383, Foreign Uses: China & Japan10c Yellow (116). Used with pair and single of 2c Brown (113), pair slightly misperfed vertically, all tied by "X" chop cancel of Yokohama, Japan, on cover to Huddersfield, England, sender's directive "Per Pacific Mail Via San Francisco & New York" and carried on the Pacific Mail Steamship Co. Japan from Yokohama on April 20, 1870, arriving San Francisco May 11, red "San Francisco Cal. Paid May 14" circular datestamp on back, red pencil "2" cents credit to Great Britain, Huddersfield (June 2) backstamps, stamps have some toning around perfs, one 2c rounded corner

VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE 1869 PICTORIAL ISSUE COVER FROM JAPAN TO ENGLAND, PREPAID AT THE 10-CENT TRANSPACIFIC AND 6-CENT TRANSATLANTIC RATES AND CANCELLED BY THE DISTINCTIVE JAPANESE "CHOP" CANCEL OF YOKOHAMA.

This cover and the cover to Hawaii offered in lot 382 were both carried on the same trip of the Pacific Mail Steamship Co. steamer Japan, departing Yokohama April 20, 1870, and arriving San Francisco May 11. Once the Japan arrived in San Francisco on May 11, 1870, the two covers traveled different paths. The Hawaii cover waited eight days for the sailing of the clipper ship Governor Morton to Honolulu and received the San Francisco May 19 circular datestamp when the mail was bagged for that ship sailing. The cover offered here entered the San Francisco foreign-mail office and was backstamped there on May 14 before transport by train to New York and then on to England.

With 2001 P.F. certificate.

E. 5,000-7,500
4,000
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384
c
Sale 1264, Lot 384, Foreign Uses: China & Japan2c Brown (113). Horizontal pair, cancelled by indistinct cork on folded shipping list and table of exports (from July 1, 1870 to current), printed in Hiogo, Japan and addressed to J. B. David in St. Etienne, France, sender's directive "via San Francisco & New York", blurry strike of red octagonal French arrival datestamp (Jan. 15?) and "15" centimes due handstamp, St. Etienne receiving backstamp (Jan. 21, 1871)

VERY FINE. A RARE USE OF THE 2-CENT 1869 PICTORIAL ISSUE ON PRINTED MATTER FROM JAPAN TO FRANCE VIA THE UNITED STATES.

This printed market and shipping report is one of several known pieces of mail sent to J. B. David in St. Etienne, France, through the U.S. or French post offices in Yokohama. The 4c rate was 2c for a circular to New York and 2c to the French frontier. The January 1871 arrival dates in France correspond to the sailing of the PMSS Japan, which departed on November 25, 1870, from Yokohama and arrived at San Francisco December 20. From New York it was likely carried by the French vessel Lafayette on January 4, 1871, arriving in Pauillac January 15 (diverted from normal arrival at port of Havre due to Franco-Prussian War).

Illustrated and discussed by George Hargest in Chronicle 64 (pp. 166-170). With 1983 P.F. certificate

E. 3,000-4,000
2,000
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385
c
Sale 1264, Lot 385, Foreign Uses: China & Japan2c Brown (113). Horizontal pair, used with two 3c Green (148) and tied by quartered cork cancels, "Auburn N.Y. Aug. 1" (1870) circular datestamp on cover to Yokohama, Japan, stamps barely affected from placement at edge of cover, Very Fine and scarce franking for the 10c rate, ex Dr. Heimburger

E. 500-750
275
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