Sale 1261 — The Magnolia Collection of U.S. Mail in China and Japan: Part 3

Sale Date — Wednesday, 29 June, 2022

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*A buyer’s premium of 18% of the winning bid was added as part of the total purchase price on all lots in this sale. Buyers were responsible for applicable sales tax, customs duty and any other prescribed charges. By placing a bid, bidders agreed to the terms and conditions in effect at the time of the sale.

Category — 1861-66 and 1868 Grilled Issues

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
522
c
Sale 1261, Lot 522, 1861-66 and 1868 Grilled Issues3c Rose (65). Block of fifteen, bright color, cancelled by unusual open grids on back of cover addressed to J. C. A. Wingate, U.S. Consul at Swatow, China, sender's directive "Overland via Southampton" and "Stamps on the other side P.M. Paid", bold "Bristol N.H. Aug. 23" (1865) circular datestamp, red "Boston Am. Pkt. 24 Paid 24 Aug." 24c credit datestamp struck on front and back--probably carried on the Inman Line Etna--red "London Paid MC 5 SP 65" circular datestamp, matching "1d" British Colonial credit handstamp (and red crayon), "Hong Kong C NO 15 65" receiving backstamp also ties block, one stamp small piece out prior to use, few perf faults from placement near edge of cover, opened for display, Fine and truly spectacular, an unusual franking (to say the least) to pay the 45c rate, ex Mitchell

Sale 1261, Lot 522, 1861-66 and 1868 Grilled Issues
Image 2
E. 1,500-2,000
4,500
523
c
Sale 1261, Lot 523, 1861-66 and 1868 Grilled Issues10c Dark Green, First Design (62B). Deep rich color, used with 5c Brown Yellow (67a) and 30c Orange (71), 5c brilliant yellowish shade, 30c bright early shade, tied by two strikes of "Salem Mass. Oct. 1, 1861" circular datestamp on cover to Capt. William J. Cherer, care of Augustine Heard & Co., Shanghai, China, sender's directive "via Marseilles", red "Boston Br. Pkt 40 Oct. 2" 40c credit datestamp on front and back--carried on the Cunarder Europa, departing Boston October 2, 1861, and arriving Queenstown October 12, then by Peninsular & Oriental route from Marseilles to Shanghai--red "London Paid HF OC 14 61" datestamp, red crayon "1" British Colonial credit, "Hong Kong C DE 13 61" transit backstamp

VERY FINE. A SPECTACULAR THREE-COLOR COMBINATION OF 1861 ISSUES IN EARLY SHADES, INCLUDING THE 10-CENT FIRST DESIGN, USED TO PAY THE 45-CENT RATE TO CHINA BY BRITISH MAIL VIA MARSEILLES.

After the increase in the rate to China via Southampton from 33c to 45c, effective September 1, 1861, the postage on this cover could have prepaid the rate for either route, Marseilles or Southampton. The route analysis in the Frajola-Perlman-Scamp book (this cover is shown on p. 19) states "arrived in Marseilles in time to catch the P&O line departure of the steamer Valetta on October 28."

Ex Gibson (with Ward sale backstamp). Partly erased Stanley B. Ashbrook signature.

E. 5,000-7,500
5,250
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524
c
Sale 1261, Lot 524, 1861-66 and 1868 Grilled Issues10c Dark Green, First Design (62B). Intense shade, used with 5c Brown Yellow (67a) and 30c Orange (71), 5c bright shade, tied by grid cancels, partly clear strike of red "N. York Am. Pkt. Oct. 12" (1861) circular datestamp and red "Forwarded by Goodhue & Co. New York" oval handstamp on back of cover to Capt. T. C. Stoddard, care of Augustine Heard & Co., Hong Kong, China, sender's directive "pr 'Fulton'", magenta manuscript "24" credit--carried on the Inman Line Edinburgh, departing New York October 12, 1861, and arriving Queenstown October 23--red "London Paid DP OC 25 61" datestamp, red manuscript "1" British Colonial credit, "Hong Kong C DE 13 61" receiving backstamp, horizontal fold clear of stamps, Very Fine, ex Myerson

E. 3,000-4,000
2,100
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525
c
Sale 1261, Lot 525, 1861-66 and 1868 Grilled Issues12c Black (69). Three singles, used with strip of three 3c Rose (65), bottom right corner torn off before use and strip affixed with mucilage, tied by grid cancels, "Exeter N.H. Mar. 3" (1866) double-circle datestamp on cover to J. C. A. Wingate, U.S. Consul, Swatow, China, sender's directive "Overland via Southampton", red "N. York Br. Pkt. Paid Mar. 7" circular datestamp and "40" credit handstamp--carried on Cunarder Cuba, departing New York Mar. 7, 1866, arriving Liverpool Mar. 18--red "London Paid 19 MR 66" circular datestamp, red "1d" British Colonial credit handstamp, "Hong-Kong C MY 8 66" transit backstamp, Fine, rare franking for 45c rate

E. 750-1,000
900
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526
c
Sale 1261, Lot 526, 1861-66 and 1868 Grilled Issues24c Gray (78). Straight edge at right, used with 1c Blue (63) and three 5c Brown (76), tied by grid cancels, red "N. York Br. Pkt. Paid Jul. 15" (1863) circular datestamp on buff cover to John M. Nixon, care of Blain, Tate & Co. in Shanghai, China, sender's directive "Via Marseilles", magenta manuscript "40" credit--carried on Cunarder China from New York July 16, 1863, arriving Queenstown July 25--red "London Paid EG JY 27 63" datestamp, "INSUFFY.STAMPED/VIA MARSEILLES" two-line handstamp, red "1d" British Colonial credit handstamp, blue "Hong Kong C SP 23 63" and "Shanghae C SP 30 63" receiving backstamps, refolded at right where stamps were folded over edge and creased, Fine appearance, an extremely unusual combination of stamps to pay the 45c rate to Marseilles, which was raised to 53c in June 1863, so this went by Southampton, ex Spicer

E. 750-1,000
1,300
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527
c
Sale 1261, Lot 527, 1861-66 and 1868 Grilled Issues30c Orange (71). Used with 5c Brown (76) and 10c Green (68), tied by grid cancels, red "N. York Am. Pkt. Paid Jul. 18" (1863) circular datestamp on cover to John M. Nixon, care of Blain, Tate & Co. in Shanghai, China, sender's directive "Via Southampton", magenta manuscript "24" credit--carried on Inman Line City of Washington from New York July 18, 1863, arriving Queenstown July 28--red "London Paid CJ JY 30 63" datestamp and "1d" British Colonial credit handstamp, blue "Hong-Kong C SP 23 63" and "Shanghae C SP 30 63" receiving backstamps, slight staining on lower half of cover, otherwise Fine, signed Ashbrook

E. 500-750
350
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528
c
Sale 1261, Lot 528, 1861-66 and 1868 Grilled Issues24c Grayish Lilac (78a). Two, dark shade, used with 5c Brown (76), straight edge at left, tied by three strikes of New York Foreign Mail Star in Circle fancy cancel, red "N. York Br. Pkt. Paid Aug. 2" (1864) circular datestamp on blue folded cover to Smith, Archer & Co., Hong Kong, China, sender's directive "Overland Mail via Marseilles", magenta "48" manuscript credit--carried on Cunarder Europa, departing Boston Aug. 3, 1864, arriving Queenstown Aug. 15, then by P&O route--red "London Paid MM AU 16 64" datestamp, red crayon "1" British Colonial credit, blue "Hong-Kong C OC 4 64" receiving backstamp, 24c stamps slightly creased when affixed, otherwise Very Fine

E. 500-750
275
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529
c
Sale 1261, Lot 529, 1861-66 and 1868 Grilled Issues24c Grayish Lilac (78a). Two, used with 5c Brown (76), intense shade, rounded corner, tied by three strikes of New York Foreign Mail Star in Circle fancy cancel, red "N. York Br. Pkt. Paid Jan. 25" (1865) circular datestamp on grayish folded letter to Augustine Heard & Co., Hong Kong, China, "Cary & Co. New-York" oval backstamp, sender's directive "P. Steamer 'China' & overland via Marseilles", magenta "48" manuscript credit--carried on Cunarder China, departing New York Jan. 25, 1865, arriving Queenstown Feb. 4, then by P&O route--red "London Paid CM FE 6 65" datestamp, red "1d" British Colonial credit handstamp, blue "Hong-Kong C MR25 65" receiving backstamp, refolded at bottom, Very Fine and attractive 53c rate cover to Hong Kong via Marseilles

E. 1,000-1,500
1,800
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530
c
Sale 1261, Lot 530, 1861-66 and 1868 Grilled Issues30c Orange (71). Choice centering, used with three 5c Brown (76), one with some trimmed perfs at top, tied by three strikes of circle of wedges cancel, red "Boston Br. Pkt. Paid Feb. 3" (1864) circular datestamp on back of folded letter to Augustine Heard & Co. in Shanghai, China, Hardy & Co. oval backstamp, red crayon "40" credit--carried on Cunarder Canada, departing Boston Feb. 3, 1864, arriving Queenstown Feb. 15, then by P&O route--red "London Paid KC FE 16 64" datestamp, red "1d" British Colonial credit handstamp, blue "Hong-Kong C AP 11 64" receiving backstamp, horizontal fold at bottom, Very Fine, a rare and spectacular franking for a 45c rate, ex Caspary

E. 1,000-1,500
1,600
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531
c
Sale 1261, Lot 531, 1861-66 and 1868 Grilled Issues30c Orange (71). Pair and single, beautiful rich color, used with 24c Brownish Lilac (70a), crisp shade and impression, tied by grid cancels, red "N. York Br. Pkt. Paid Nov. 11" (1862) circular datestamp on folded letter to Augustine Heard & Co. in Shanghai, China, sender's directive "Via Marseilles", magenta manuscript "1.04" credit--carried on Cunarder Arabia, departing Boston Nov. 12, 1862, arriving Queenstown Nov. 22, then by P&O route--red "London Paid X NO 24 62" datestamp, red crayon "2" British Colonial credit, "Hong Kong C JA 7 63" receiving backstamp, horizontal file fold, Very Fine, a rare double 57c rate cover to Hong Kong via Marseilles--this would make the perfect companion to a cover with the same rate paid by 90c and 24c 1861 stamps--this cover ex Dr. LeBow

E. 2,000-3,000
2,500
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532
c
Sale 1261, Lot 532, 1861-66 and 1868 Grilled Issues30c Orange (71). Used with 3c Rose (65) and pair of 10c Green (68), tied by "Albany N.Y. Jun. 26, 1865" double-circle datestamp and 4-bar cork grid cancels with red "PAID" handstamp on cover to Commander Robert Townsend aboard the U.S.S. Wachusett in Macau, China, sender's directive "Via Marseilles", red "N. York Br. Pkt. Paid Jun 28" circular datestamp, red "48" credit handstamp--carried on Cunarder Scotia, departing New York June 28, 1865, arriving Queenstown July 7, then by P&O route--red "London Paid JD JY 81 65" datestamp, red "1d" British Colonial credit handstamp, "Hong-Kong C AU 19 65" transit backstamp, a few perfs creased along top where overlapping edge, backflap removed

VERY FINE. AN EXTRAORDINARILY ATTRACTIVE COVER TO MACAU WITH THREE DIFFERENT 1861 ISSUES PAYING THE 53-CENT RATE VIA MARSEILLES.

The Wachusett sailed in March 1865 to pursue the Confederate raider Shenandoah--in August, during a mission to track down pirates in China, Commander Townsend sailed up the Yangtze River and died of heat stroke.

Ex Canman.

E. 3,000-4,000
6,500
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533
c
Sale 1261, Lot 533, 1861-66 and 1868 Grilled Issues90c Blue (72). Deep shade, trivial pulled perf at bottom, invisibly sealed tear at top (neither mentioned on certificate), tied by 4-bar cork cancel, red "Boston Br. Pkt. Paid Mar. 25" (1865) circular datestamp on folded letter to Warren Delano Jr., care of Russell & Co., Hong Kong, China, sender's routing "French Mail Via Marseilles" and "P Overland Mail", red crayon "81/3" credit (triple 27c)--carried on the Inman Line City of Washington, departing New York March 25, 1865, and arriving Queenstown April 4, and Liverpool the following day--sent in closed mail bag to Marseilles, "Etats-Unis Serv. Br. A.C. D 6 Avril 65" French arrival datestamp, large framed "P.D." with three additional strikes of small framed "PD" handstamp, Marseilles (Apr. 7) and blue "Hong Kong C MY 21 65" backstamps, file fold clear of stamp, minor splitting along folds (some reinforced with document repair tape)

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. ONLY FOUR 90-CENT 1861 ISSUE COVERS TO CHINA ARE RECORDED WITH A SINGLE FRANKING. THIS IS THE ONLY FRENCH MAIL RATE TO CHINA AMONG ALL RECORDED 90-CENT 1861 COVERS. A FOREIGN-MAIL USAGE OF THE GREATEST ORDER OF RARITY, ADDRESSED TO THE MATERNAL GRANDFATHER OF FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT.

The addressee, Warren Delano Jr. (1809-98), was the maternal grandfather of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, to whom this cover passed in family correspondence.

Ex Franklin Delano Roosevelt (H. R. Harmer sale handstamp on back), J. King Horner and Dr. Alfred S. Martin.

Herzog-Starnes census no. 20 ("Cover Usages of the 90c 1861 and 1868 Issues", Chronicle 140).

With 1982 P.F. certificate.

E. 20,000-30,000
15,500
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534
c
Sale 1261, Lot 534, 1861-66 and 1868 Grilled Issues2c Black (73). Interpane margin at right, used with four 10c Dark Green (68a) and 3c Rose (65), 10c strip with trimmed perfs at right and single with tear at bottom, tied by multiple strikes of thin-ring target cancel, "Sterling Valley N.Y. Dec. 1" (1866) circular datestamp on narrow cover to Rev. Leonard W. Kip in Amoy, China, sender's directive "Via Southampton", red "N. York Br. Pkt. Paid Dec. 4" circular datestamp and matching "40" credit handstamp--carried on Cunarder Africa, departing Boston Dec. 5, 1866, arriving Queenstown Dec. 15--red "London Paid" datestamp, red crayon "1" British Colonial credit, "Hong Kong C FE 8 67" transit backstamp, receipt docketing dated Feb. 13, 1867, 10c strip slightly bent from placement over top edge of cover, Fine, rare Black Jack cover to Amoy, ex Fosdyke-Ray

E. 750-1,000
1,300
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535
c
Sale 1261, Lot 535, 1861-66 and 1868 Grilled Issues2c Black (73). Used with 3c Rose (65), 10c Green (68) and 30c Orange (71), tied by faint strikes of "Syracuse N.Y. Jan. 8" (1866) duplex datestamp and target cancels on cover to Commander Robert Townsend aboard the U.S.S. Wachusett in Macau, China, sender's directive "Via Southampton", red "N. York Br. Pkt. 10 Jan." circular datestamp and matching "40" credit handstamp--carried on Cunarder Australasian, departing New York Jan. 10, 1866, arriving Queenstown Jan 20--red "London Paid A 22 JA 66" datestamp, red "1d" British Colonial credit handstamp, "Hong-Kong C MR 31 66" transit backstamp, backflap removed, 30c creased and all stamps faulty from placement along top edge, a rare Black Jack cover to Macau, the Wachusett sailed in March 1865 to pursue the Confederate raider Shenandoah--in August, during a mission to track down pirates in China, Commander Townsend sailed up the Yangtze River and died of heat stroke

E. 1,000-1,500
1,500
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536
c
Sale 1261, Lot 536, 1861-66 and 1868 Grilled Issues15c Black (77). Intense shade, used with 3c Rose (65) and 24c Gray Lilac (78a), tied by quartered cork cancels, "Portsmouth N.H. Feb. 11" (1868) circular datestamp on narrow cover to Oliver B. Bradford, U.S. Consulate, Shanghai, China, sender's directive "Via Marseilles", red "New York Paid All Br. Transit Feb. 12" circular datestamp, matching "32" credit handstamp, red "London Paid FA 24 FE 68" circular datestamp, red crayon "1" British Colonial credit, "Shanghae A AP 11 68" receiving backstamp, 3c torn prior to use

VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE AND UNUSUAL COMBINATION OF 1861-66 ISSUE STAMPS TO PAY THE 42-CENT RATE TO CHINA BY BRITISH MAIL VIA MARSEILLES.

Ex Vogel.

E. 3,000-4,000
2,500
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537
c
Sale 1261, Lot 537, 1861-66 and 1868 Grilled Issues15c Black, E. Grill (91). Horizontal pair, used with 12c Black, F. Grill (97), tied by segmented cork cancel with "Fairhaven Ct. May 17" (1869) circular datestamp on cover to Dr. V. D. Collins, Hong Kong, China, sender's directive "Via Marseilles", red "New York Paid All Br. Transit May 13" backstamp, red "32" credit handstamps (one struck over "26"), red "London Paid MC 28 MY 69" circular datestamp and "1d" British Colonial credit handstamp, "Hong-Kong Marine-Sorter Singapore-to Hong-Kong, JY -/15 69" backstamp (Webb Ty. B-2), pencil receipt docketing "Recd in Hong Kong June 30, 1869"

VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE 1868 GRILLED ISSUE FRANKING TO HONG KONG, SENT BY BRITISH MAIL VIA MARSEILLES AND BEARING THE HONG KONG MARINE SORTER BACKSTAMP.

According to the Webb book, the sorting of mail on board ship was first tried in 1857 and was found to speed the delivery of the mails on arrival in Hong Kong. The Governor of Hong Kong petitioned to make this a permanent position, but the scheme was not implemented. Seven years later, after the GPO decided that Hong Kong should assume greater responsibilities, the sorting plan was green-lighted. An official from the Hong Kong post office would meet the P&O steamer in Singapore and sort the mails during the trip to Hong Kong. The mails could then be delivered immediately on arrival or forwarded faster to their final destination outside of Hong Kong. The new service started with the arrival of mails at the end of July 1868. Mails were sorted between Singapore and Hong Kong, and another line was also established to sort mails between Hong Kong and Shanghai.

Ex Gross.

Sale 1261, Lot 537, 1861-66 and 1868 Grilled Issues
Image 2
E. 3,000-4,000
2,500
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