Sale 1261 — The Magnolia Collection of U.S. Mail in China and Japan: Part 3
Sale Date — Wednesday, 29 June, 2022
Category — 1861 to 1873 Bank Note Issues (including Stampless and French)
VERY FINE. ONLY FIVE COVERS WITH 1861-68 ISSUE STAMPS PAYING THE 10-CENT RATE FROM THE U.S. POST OFFICE IN CHINA TO JAPAN ARE RECORDED. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED USE OF THE "20" IN CIRCLE CANCEL ON A COVER TO JAPAN.
Letters between U.S. post offices in China and Japan were carried under the blanket 10c rate until the 6c interconsular rate was introduced. Based on archival correspondence, the rate is thought to have been implemented in mid-April 1870 (see Laurence 10c 1869 book, p. 281).
There are five recorded interconsular covers from Shanghai to Japan with the 10c 1861 or 1868 Grilled Issue paying this rate. In addition, there are five 1869 Pictorial covers (at 10c or 6c rates) and a number of Bank Note Issue covers.
The "20" in circle (negative mirror-image of numeral) has been described in the past as having been used exclusively on mail prepared for the March 20, 1869, trip of the PMSS Costa Rica. However, as this cover proves, it was made days earlier and used on the March 16 trip of the PMSS New York, which carried this cover to Yokohama. The confusion probably started with a past description of the cancel on this cover as "16", but it is most definitely the "20" cancel.
Ex Ishikawa. With 1981 P.F. certificate.
VERY FINE. ONE OF FIVE RECORDED COVERS WITH 1869 PICTORIAL ISSUE STAMPS PAYING THE RATE FROM THE UNITED STATES POST OFFICE IN SHANGHAI TO JAPAN, OF WHICH ONLY ONE HAS THE 12-CENT ADRIATIC STAMP. THIS IS ALSO ONE OF ONLY TWO 12-CENT 1869 COVERS USED FROM CHINA--ONLY ONE IS KNOWN USED FROM JAPAN.
Letters between U.S. post offices in China and Japan were carried under the blanket 10c rate until the 6c interconsular rate was introduced. Based on archival correspendence, the rate is thought to have been implemented in mid-April 1870 (see Laurence 10c 1869 book, p. 281). The earliest use of the 6c rate in either direction between Shanghai and Japan is a cover from Nagasaki to Shanghai dated May 12, 1870. The cover offered here is a double 6c rate.
There are five recorded interconsular covers from Shanghai to Japan with 1869 Pictorial stamps: one with a 10c (April 1, 1870, at 10c rate), one with a 6c (Sale 1248, lot 2061), one with a 3c pair, one with a 2c strip of three (Sale 1248, lot 2060) and the cover with a 12c offered here (ex Brett). In addition, there are three 1869 interconsular covers from Japan to Shanghai, as well as 1869 covers between U.S. post offices in Japan. Only two 12c 1869 covers from China are known (the cover to the U.S. is offered in lot 572). One 12c 1869 cover from Japan is recorded (offered in lot 754).
The PMSS New York was used to carry mail between Shanghai and Japan if the mail was not connecting with a PMSS steamer at Yokohama for outbound eastbound trips. For all connecting mail, the PMSS Great Republic was used (Frajola-Perlman-Scamp, p. 106).
VERY FINE. A COLORFUL INTERCONSULAR COVER FROM SHANGHAI TO YOKOHAMA WITH TWO 6-CENT 1870 NATIONAL BANK NOTE ISSUE STAMPS PAYING THE DOUBLE RATE.
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A BEAUTIFUL DOUBLE-RATE INTERCONSULAR COVER FROM SHANGHAI TO YOKOHAMA WITH THE 6-CENT 1870 NATIONAL BANK NOTE COMPANY ISSUE.
Ex Ishikawa and Spicer.
VERY FINE. A TRULY REMARKABLE MIXED-FRANKING COVER--ORIGINATING IN GERMANY WITH THE 1872 LARGE SHIELD ISSUE PAYING POSTAGE TO SHANGHAI VIA MARSEILLES, AND SENT FROM U.S. POSTAL AGENCY IN SHANGHAI TO NAGASAKI WITH A 6-CENT BANK NOTE ISSUE STAMP PAYING THE INTERCONSULAR RATE. THIS COVER IS WITHOUT QUESTION ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT AND IMPRESSIVE ARTIFACTS OF THE POSTAL HISTORY OF CHINA AND JAPAN.
This cover from Germany to Nagasaki, Japan, was mailed in 1874, the last year of the foreign post offices in Japan. Beginning January 1, 1875, the new Japanese Foreign Postal Service took over international mails, and the U.S. post offices in Yokohama, Nagasaki, Hiogo and Hakodate closed.
Once this cover reached Marseilles, it entered the French postal system and was transported to the French post office in Shanghai. Since France had no postal service from Shanghai to Nagasaki in 1874, the correspondent's agent in Shanghai gave the cover to the United States Postal Agency, and an additional 6c for the interconsular rate was paid with a Bank Note stamp. The German 16 groschen paid double the 8-groschen per 10 grams rate to Japan. There is one other similar cover from the same correspondence, which was sold in Magnolia Part 1 (Sale 1248, lot 2062). They are the only German-U.S. mixed frankings through the U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai known to us.
Illustrated in Frajola-Perlman-Scamp book (p. 123) and Hansmichael Krug, "Postverkehr mit Australien und Japan." Ex Gibson, Burrus and Ichida.