Sale 1242 — The Gordon Eubanks Collection: United States 1851 to 1856 Imperforate Issue
Sale Date — Tuesday-Wednesday, 12-13 October, 2021
Category — One-Cent: Plate One Late (Scott 7, 9)
THE LARGEST EXISTING MULTIPLE FROM THE LEFT PANE OF PLATE ONE LATE, WITH A SUPERB PLATE BLOCK OF EIGHT. A SPECTACULAR ONE-CENT 1851 ISSUE ARTIFACT.
In its early state, before 199 of the 200 subjects were recut, there was no imprint on Plate 1. At the time of reworking the plate, the Toppan, Carpenter, Casilear & Co. imprint with the plate number ("No. 1”) was added at the sides, which makes this the first plate number in United States stamp production. This is the largest recorded multiple from the left pane of Plate 1 Late and contains probably the finest plate block of the issue as well. The only 1c 1851 multiple that exceeds this in size is the unique complete pane of 100 from the right pane of Plate 1 Late (ex Richey, Neinken, Ishikawa, Cipolla, Gross and Middendorf). The complete pane of 100 from Plate 2 (including the Position 99R2 Type III) was broken up after the 1980 Ishikawa sale.
Ex Hind, Michaels, Neinken, Ishikawa and Cunliffe, and from our 1990 Rarities sale.
EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A MASSIVE ONE-CENT 1851 TYPE IV FROM THE LATE STATE OF PLATE ONE LATE--SHOWING A BREAK IN THE BOTTOM LINE--A TYPE IIIa CHARACTERISTIC.
Only a few positions on Plate 1 Late show a break in the bottom line on late impressions. Position 89R1L is the original one recognized and described by Ashbrook (see Neinken book, page 129). This example with Jumbo margins is very desirable.
Ex Ishikawa. With 1978 P.F. certificate. Accompanied by another 1c from Position 89R1L showing complete outer lines (earlier state of the plate)
EXTREMELY FINE APPEARANCE. A BEAUTIFUL USED BLOCK OF NINE OF THE 1851 ONE-CENT TYPE IV IMPERFORATE WITH THE THREE TRIPLE TRANSFER/ONE INVERTED POSITIONS.
Ex Stephen D. Brown and Frelinghuysen. With 2014 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE. THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF THE ONE-CENT 1851 ISSUE PRINTED ON BOTH SIDES. A PHENOMENAL RARITY.
Engraved stamps printed on both sides usually have a poor impression on one side and a second, complete impression on the other. They probably occurred when a sheet was printed without proper moistening, which prevented the paper from picking up the ink in the recessed lines of the engraved plate. If the sheet was turned 180 degrees before being put on the press a second time, the two impressions will be inverted in relation to each other. The variety is known on the three denominations issued in 1851--1c, 3c and 12c--but not on the imperforate stamps issued in 1855 (10c) and 1856 (5c). This is the only recorded example of the 1c 1851 design printed on both sides.
Ex Wagshal and "Natalee Grace". With 1977 P.F. certificate.
VERY FINE. THIS IS ONE OF THE MOST FAMOUS AND EXTRAORDINARY OF ALL AMERICAN HAND-DRAWN COVERS, ORIGINATING FROM THE FAMOUS PATTEE CORRESPONDENCE. ONE OF ONLY TWO PATTEE COVERS EXECUTED IN COLOR, BOTH OF WHICH DEPICT WASHINGTON AND FRANKLIN IN HUMOROUS CARTOONS.
The partnership of Pattee & Macfarlane, dealers in hardware and cutlery, was announced on February 1, 1855, in the New York Evening Post. The partnership announcement allows us to narrow the date range in which this cover was mailed to February 1855-57. We are aware of approximately eight to ten covers from the Pattee correspondence. Five of these were offered in the Matthies sale (Siegel Sale 353, May 20-21, 1969), at the same time as the majority of covers from the famous Angell correspondence of Union Patriotics to Europe. Of the Pattee covers, two stand out from the rest--the cover offered here, and one of Washington and Franklin seated at a table (ex Grunin). These are the only two drawn in color.
Ex Matthies and Vogel
EXTREMELY FINE. A MAGNIFICENT BARNABAS BATES "CHEAP INLAND AND OCEAN POSTAGE" PROPAGANDA COVER AND BELIEVED TO THE ONLY EXAMPLE KNOWN WITH THE ONE-CENT 1851 ISSUE.
Barnabas Bates (1785-1853) was born in England and came to the United States as a child. He became a Baptist preacher in Rhode Island, where he was also for some time collector of the port of Bristol under President Adams. Bates became a Unitarian and established in New York in 1825 a weekly paper called the Christian Inquirer. During the administration of Andrew Jackson he received an appointment in the New York post office and was for some time acting postmaster. He became a reform advocate for cheap land and ocean postage, founding the New York Cheap Postage Association, which published this envelope in 1851.
Ex Knapp, Fleckenstein, Baker and Vogel. With 2021 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE. ONE OF FIVE RECORDED ILLUSTRATED SAN FRANCISCO NEWSLETTERS WITH THE ONE-CENT 1851 ISSUE.
The San Francisco News Letter was published by Frederick Marriott and served to advance his intertwining financial and political interests, to level attacks against his foes, and to extort money from public figures who he threatened with the prospect of scandalous news reports. Each publication date was tied to an outbound Pacific Mail Steam Ship Company sailing to Panama and was sold by all Wells, Fargo & Co. agents throughout California.
If the printed circular had a written message, the 10c transcontinental rate applied; if not, 1c was sufficient for the printed matter rate. Five examples of the illustrated lettersheet have 1c 1851 stamps (see Scott R. Trepel, "The San Francisco News Letter 1856-1858,” Western Express 266, December 2017).
VERY FINE. A PHENOMENAL COVER WITH THE IMPERFORATE ONE-CENT TYPE IV 1851 ISSUE PLACED PERFECTLY INSIDE A BLUE STAMP COLLAR ADVERTISEMENT FOR PRINTING MATERIALS AND PAPER. THIS IS ONE OF THE MOST BEAUTIFUL DROP-RATE COVERS WE HAVE EVER ENCOUNTERED.
Ex Grunin, Gabriel, Rogers, Hackmey, Gross and Kramer. With 1968 and 2002 P.F. certificates.
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. THIS WRAPPER WITH A PAIR OF THE "PAID" PRECANCEL AND ENCLOSURE SOLVED THE MYSTERY OF WHERE THIS RARE PRECANCEL ORIGINATED. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF THIS CLEVELAND PRECANCEL ON A WRAPPER.
Little is known about the "Paid" precancels on the 1c 1851 Issue. The Ashbrook 1c book illustrates several varieties of actual and supposed precancels, including a pair similar to that offered here. Ashbrook surmises that "the markings...were printed from newspaper type. In all probability the overprinting was done in a newspaper printing plant..." In fact, the same font is used for the precancel and in the newspaper.
From our 2004 Rarities sale, where it was first offered publicly after its discovery. With 2004 P.F. certificate.
VERY FINE EXAMPLE OF A CIRCULAR SENT BY STEAMBOAT FROM NEW ORLEANS TO INDIANAPOLIS ON THE MISSISSIPPI AND OHIO RIVERS VIA EVANSVILLE, INDIANA.
There were two steamers named Reindeer that were destroyed in catastrophic incidents in the early 1850s, each of which involved considerable loss of life. The first operated on the Albany-New York Hudson River route and exploded in September 1852. The second, which carried this cover, was a Mississippi and Ohio River steamer that was destroyed when its boiler exploded on the Ohio River between Cannelton, Indiana, and Hawesville, on March 13, 1854, resulting in 38 deaths.
Ex Newbury, Grunin and Bailar.
VERY FINE. A MOST UNUSUAL 1851 ISSUE COVER CARRIED BY NON-CONTRACT VESSEL INTO BALTIMORE AND THEN TO U.S. COAST SURVEY MEMBER AT JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.
The origin of this intriguing cover is unknown, but it might have originated at Annapolis, which was on the Eastern Steamboat Co. route. It was received from the Hugh Jenkins as a non-contract ship letter at the Baltimore post office, with 6c postage for a double-weight letter. The 2c ship fee was collected from the addressee.
Ex Krug, Ishikawa and Cipolla, and from our 2006 Rarities sale. Described in Ashbrook’s Special Service (No. 276) and with his notes on back. With 2002 P.F. certificate.
VERY FINE AND RARE USE OF THE ONE-CENT 1851 ISSUE ON A CONJUNCTIVE CALIFORNIA EXPRESS COVER WITH SERVICE BY ADAMS & CO. AND CRAM, ROGERS & CO.
Adams & Co. picked up this cover in Petaluma and applied their oval handstamp and the "Paid" marking. Adams carried it to Shasta and passed it to Cram, Rogers & Co. for carriage to Weatherville. Cram, Rogers cancelled the stamps with their oval, but the cover never entered the U.S. mails.
Ex Kutz. With 1996 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE. AN OUTSTANDING COMBINATION OF A SCARCE USE OF FIVE ONE-CENT 1851 STAMPS FOR THE SHORE-TO-SHIP RATE ON TRANSATLANTIC MAIL, AS WELL AS A STRIP OF THREE SHOWING ALL THREE TRIPLE TRANSFER/ONE INVERTED POSITIONS ON PLATE ONE LATE.
The inverted transfers on Positions 71L, 81L and 91L were made after the top row of the right pane of Plate 1 Early was entered from the Type I single-relief transfer roll. According to Richard Celler's theory, the three inverted transfers were made from a Type I design 3-relief transfer roll as a sort of trial after the top row entries had been made and the plate was turned around 180 degrees. When another plate ("Plate 0") had to be discarded, the siderographer returned to Plate 1 and erased the three inverted transfers before completing the plate with entries surrounding 3R to 10R. On Plate 1 Early, Positions 71L and 81L are double transfers. Position 91L was entered a total of three times, so it is a triple transfer, one inverted. When the plate was reworked in 1852, 71L and 81L were re-entered (but not 91L), making them all triple transfers, one inverted.
Ex Emerson, Cipolla and Cunliffe
VERY FINE. A RARE 4-CENT NEWSPAPER RATE CIRCULAR TO BELGIUM. THERE ARE FEWER THAN FIVE RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THIS RATE TO BELGIUM.
The 4c newspaper rate applied until April 1853. This is the only example located with Power Search, and we estimate no more than five 1851 Issue covers are known to Belgium with this 4c rate.
VERY FINE. A RARE 1851 ISSUE COVER TO SWEDEN, CARRIED ON THE WINTER ROUTE AT THE END OF 1853.
Prior to the catastrophic crop failures and famine of 1867-1869, which drove Swedish farming families to leave their country, there was only a small population of Swedes living in the United States. Consequently, mail volume was low, and covers from the 1840s and 1850s are rare. This cover, franked for the 5c shore-to-ship rate, was carried from New York on the Cunarder Asia, arriving Liverpool Nov. 13. From there it traveled along the winter route via Aachen to Cologne, Hamburg, Kiel, Kosor, Copenhagen, Helsingborg, Gothenburg and Stockholm.
Ex Neinken and Wagshal. Accompanied by a letter from Richard Winter discussing the rates and routing and also by Winter's Chronicle article (No. 189, pp. 39-65) on U.S.-Sweden mail--which sheds additional light on this use
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE EARLY USE OF UNITED STATES STAMPS FOR BRITISH OPEN MAIL TO RUSSIA.
William Winans arrived in Russia with his brother in 1843, as part of a $3 million contract to supply railroad locomotives and cars for the new railroad between St. Petersburg and Moscow, which was completed in 1851. From 1852, William was the chief manager of the Russian operation, which had a lucrative contract for making and maintaining running stock for the growing Russian railroad network--it was reported their contracted fees were 17 times higher than in any other country in Europe. During the Crimean War the firm's operations expanded, and Winans acted as the U.S. vice-consul in St. Petersburg. The contract expired in 1862, and Winans left Russia a millionaire.
Ex Piller, Giamporcaro ("Tito"), Hackmey and Gross. With 1993 P.F. certificate.