Sale 1242 — The Gordon Eubanks Collection: United States 1851 to 1856 Imperforate Issue

Sale Date — Tuesday-Wednesday, 12-13 October, 2021

Category — Twelve-Cent: Foreign Mails (Scott 17)

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
431
c
Sale 1242, Lot 431, Twelve-Cent: Foreign Mails (Scott 17)12c Black (17). Positions 71-75R1, horizontal strip of five, huge margins to barely touched at one spot and including interpane margin with centerline at left, tied by "New Orleans La. Jun. 14" (1856) circular datestamps on folded letter to Vera Cruz, Mexico, bold "12" reales due marking

VERY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL AND RARE HORIZONTAL STRIP OF FIVE OF THE 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE USED ON A SIX-TIMES RATE COVER TO MEXICO.

Ex Brooks, Knapp, Shierson, Hindes, Rust, Klein and Wagshal, and from our 1987 Rarities sale. Plated and signed by Ashbrook. With 1988 P.F. certificate

E. 5,000-7,500
6,750
432
 
Sale 1242, Lot 432, Twelve-Cent: Foreign Mails (Scott 17)12c Black (17). Margins to just in, used with pair 1c Blue, Type IV (9) and two 3c Dull Red, Type II (11A), pair from Positions 51/61R1L with left sheet margin, one 3c also with top sheet margin, all tied by light strikes of blue "Charleston S.C. 3 Paid May 25" integral-rate circular datestamp on cover front only to "General James Gadsden, U.S. Minister, Mexico", "6" reales due handstamp and "VERA CRUZ/JUNIO 4" framed datestamp, carried by the steamer Texas, arriving June 4, Very Fine and colorful, a desirable "complete set" of the three stamps issued in 1851 used together to Mexico and paying the double 10c rate, James Gadsden was a prominent diplomat and soldier, after whom the Gadsden Purchase was named, he served as U.S. Minister to Mexico from 1853-56, ex Caspary, Rust and Klein, with 1991 P.F. certificate (calling the 1c stamps Type II No. 7),

E. 1,000-1,500
1,600
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433
c
Sale 1242, Lot 433, Twelve-Cent: Foreign Mails (Scott 17)12c Black (17). Horizontal strip of three, used with horizontal strip of three of 3c Dull Red, Type II (11A), neatly cancelled and tied together by grids, red "New-York Br. Pkt. Oct. 25" (1853) circular datestamp on blue folded letter to Buenos Aires, Argentina, endorsed "pr Steamer via England" and "pr Canada from Boston", carried on that Cunarder from Boston on Oct. 26, arriving Liverpool Nov. 6, red London transit datestamp, magenta manuscript "40" credit, slightly soiled horizontal file fold far from stamps

VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE 1851 ISSUE FRANKING TO PAY THE 45-CENT BRITISH MAIL RATE TO BUENOS AIRES VIA SOUTHAMPTON.

This is a very rare franking and a fascinating round-trip transatlantic cover from the U.S. to Argentina via Great Britain. A similar cover, with three 12c stamps placed at left and three 3c at right was offered in our 2019 sale of the William H. Gross collection (Sale 1211, lot 277).

Ex Freshwater

E. 3,000-4,000
8,000
Back to Top
434
c
Sale 1242, Lot 434, Twelve-Cent: Foreign Mails (Scott 17)12c Black (17). Two horizontal pairs, one with large margins, other with three large to huge margins, touched at top, intense shade, grid cancels, one pair tied by red "24" cents credit handstamp on buff cover to whaling ship captain at Talcahuano, Chile, "New Bedford Mass. Dec. 5" circular datestamp, second strike of "24" handstamp struck on cover and crossed out, re-rated with manuscript "25", no other transit or receiving marks, opening tears in flap and few small tears at top edge expertly sealed

VERY FINE. AN OUTSTANDING 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE COVER TO CHILE. COVERS TO SOUTH AMERICA WITH CLASSIC IMPERFORATE ISSUES ARE EXTREMELY RARE.

The 48c rate (Oct. 1853 to Dec. 1856) applied to letters carried by American Packet, then by British Packet via Panama. Examples of this rate are extremely rare.

Ex de Wasserman, "Sevenoaks" and Giamporcaro ("Tito"), and from our 1995 Rarities sale. With 1999 P.F. certificate

E. 4,000-5,000
7,500
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435
c
Sale 1242, Lot 435, Twelve-Cent: Foreign Mails (Scott 17)12c Black (17). Large margins to just in, used with two 10c Green, Type II (14), margins to cutting, both tied by bold strikes of "New Bedford Mass. Aug. 2" circular datestamp on cover to the master of the ship Nautilus at Paita, Peru, red "12" credit handstamp, cover with closed tear at top not affecting stamps, missing backflap

VERY FINE AND RARE USE OF THE 12-CENT AND 10-CENT 1851-55 ISSUES ON A COVER TO PERU. COVERS TO SOUTH AMERICA WITH CLASSIC IMPERFORATE ISSUES ARE EXTREMELY RARE.

There are reported to be only six 1851 Issue covers to Peru. Ex Giamporcaro ("Tito") and Hackmey. With 1999 P.F. certificate

E. 2,000-3,000
1,800
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436
c
Sale 1242, Lot 436, Twelve-Cent: Foreign Mails (Scott 17)12c Black (17). Horizontal pair, left stamp small corner nick and creased by file fold, tied by blue "Salt Lake City U.T. Dec. 1" (1855) territorial circular datestamp on cover to Ely, England, red "19" credit handstamp, red Liverpool and London transit datestamps (Mar. 27), the latter ties pair, blurry strike of green arrival datestamp

VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE USE OF THE 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE ON A TRANSATLANTIC COVER FROM SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH TERRITORY.

This was carried on the Central Overland route to Fort Leavenworth via Fort Laramie and Fort Kearney after being held up by winter snows. The delay caused the mail to wait until the March 12, 1856, sailing of the Cunarder America from Boston, arriving Liverpool March 27.

E. 2,000-3,000
1,600
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437
c
Sale 1242, Lot 437, Twelve-Cent: Foreign Mails (Scott 17)12c Black (17). Horizontal pair, large margins to just in, tied by Philadelphia circular datestamp and red Philadelphia exchange office datestamp (unclear dates, possibly May 1856) on cover with Artificial Leg Manufacturer's blue cameo corner card addressed to London, England, design notes "World's Exhibition Medal Awarded", Liverpool transit and receiving datestamp, Very Fine, prosthetic manufacturers' corner cards are rare--they are especially unusual before the Civil War, when business was a-boomin' due to field hospital amputations--ex Dr. LeBow, with 2005 and 2012 P.F. certificates

E. 750-1,000
1,100
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438
c
Sale 1242, Lot 438, Twelve-Cent: Foreign Mails (Scott 17)12c Black (17). Positions 49-50R1, horizontal pair, right stamp shows small part of the imprint at lower right, large margins to in at top left, tied by two strikes of "Richmond Va. Dec. 15, 1856" circular datestamp on buff cover to London, England, carried on the Collins Line Atlantic, departing New York Dec. 20 and arriving Liverpool Jan. 7, 1857, red "3" credit handstamp and red London "Paid" arrival datestamp (Jan. 2), part of name in address crossed out, Very Fine, one of only three recorded 12c 1851 Issue covers showing any part of the imprint

E. 1,000-1,500
550
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439
c
Sale 1242, Lot 439, Twelve-Cent: Foreign Mails (Scott 17)12c Black (17). Two, huge margins to clear including part of adjoining stamps, each with right interpane margin with centerline, tied by "St. Joseph Mo. May 23, 1857" circular datestamps on buff cover to Leeds, England, red "America Liverpool Paid JU 18, 57" transit datestamp also ties both stamps, red "3" credit handstamp, receiving backstamp, carried on the Collins Line Columbia, departing New York June 6 and arriving Liverpool June 17, cover refolded, Very Fine, a desirable cover with two centerline stamps

E. 500-750
550
Back to Top
440
c
Sale 1242, Lot 440, Twelve-Cent: Foreign Mails (Scott 17)12c Black (17). Vertical pair, huge margins to clear including part of adjoining stamp at bottom and top sheet margin, tied by light strikes of "Richmond Va. Nov. 2?, 1856" circular datestamp on cover to London, England, red "Paid 15 DEC 1856" transit datestamp, red "19" credit handstamp, carried on the Cunarder Niagara, departing Boston Dec. 3, 1856, and arriving Liverpool Dec. 15, fresh and Very Fine use carried by British Packet, with 1999 P.F. certificate

E. 400-500
750
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441
c
Sale 1242, Lot 441, Twelve-Cent: Foreign Mails (Scott 17)12c Black (17). Horizontal strip of four, plating note on back indicates Positions 96-99R1, large margins to touched or just in at end stamps, cancelled by black grids and tied by red "America Liverpool Paid SP 15, 1853" transit datestamp on cover to Liverpool, England, red "New-York 19 Sep. 7" credit datestamp with "19" overstruck by "38" credit handstamp, carried on the Cunarder Arabia, departing Sep. 7 and arriving Liverpool Sep. 17, some toning at edges not noted on certificate, Fine and scarce double-rate use carried by British Packet, with 1978 P.F. certificate

E. 1,000-1,500
1,100
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442
c
Sale 1242, Lot 442, Twelve-Cent: Foreign Mails (Scott 17)12c Black (17). Horizontal pair, ample to large margins, tied by bold grid cancels, matching "Brooklyn N.Y. Jul. 31" (1857) circular datestamp on cover to London, England, and forwarded to Matlock, England, red "3" credit handstamp, red "Paid 12 AU 1857" transit datestamp also ties pair, carried on the Collins Line Atlantic, departing Aug. 1 and arriving Liverpool Aug. 12, Great Britain 1856 1p Red, Plate 14 (20) affixed over pair and tied by "26" numeral cancel to pay forwarding postage, blue oval "Forwarded by Geo. Peabody & Co. London" backstamp, minor edgewear and slightly reduced at left, left stamp with small tear at top left, otherwise Very Fine and rare combination, ex Rose, with 1999 P.F. certificate

E. 1,000-1,500
1,800
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443
c
Sale 1242, Lot 443, Twelve-Cent: Foreign Mails (Scott 17)12c Black (17). Large margins to clear where visible, used with vertical strip of three and single of 3c Dull Red, Type III (26), old habits must die hard as perfs scissors-separated and either intact or trimmed, tied by large "Paid" grids, "Boston Br. Pkt. Aug. 12" (1857) circular datestamp on back of tissue cover to London, England and forwarded to Liverpool, red "Paid 24 AU 1857" transit datestamp also ties one 3c stamp, red "19" credit handstamp, carried on the Cunarder Europa, departing Boston Aug. 12 and arriving Liverpool Aug. 23, Great Britain 1856 1p Red (20) affixed over 12c and single 3c and tied by "43" numeral cancel to pay forwarding postage, blue oval "Forwarded by Geo. Peabody & Co. London" backstamp, fresh and Very Fine, an unusual franking combining the imperforate 12c and perforated 3c stamps, ex Stephen D. Brown, Piller and Giamporcaro ("Tito")

E. 1,000-1,500
2,100
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444
c
Sale 1242, Lot 444, Twelve-Cent: Foreign Mails (Scott 17)12c Black (17). Clear margins to just in, used with 3c Orange Brown, Type II (10A), Positions 8-10R5E, horizontal strip of three from the upper right corner of Plate 5 Early, both tied by neat red grid cancels, matching "New-York Aug. 23" (1851) circular datestamp on blue folded cover to Lyon, France, sent by New York & Havre Line Humboldt on Aug. 23 with ship-name directive at bottom left, arriving Le Havre Sep. 4, red "Outre-Mer Le Havre 4 Sept. '51" arrival datestamp, "6" decimes due, a few scattered age bleaching spots of little consequence

VERY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL COMBINATION OF THE 1851 3-CENT ORANGE BROWN STRIP OF THREE AND 12-CENT 1851 ON A COVER TO FRANCE VIA AMERICAN PACKET DIRECT.

The 21c franking on this Payen correspondence cover was sufficient for carriage via England and represents a 1c overpayment of the direct American Packet route. Correspondents sometimes intentionally overpaid the 20c rate even when directing the letter via American Packet in order to ensure carriage on either steamship.

Ex Walske

E. 5,000-7,500
7,000
Back to Top
445
c
Sale 1242, Lot 445, Twelve-Cent: Foreign Mails (Scott 17)12c Black (17). Full margins to clear, used with strip of three 3c Dull Red, Type II (11A), tied by three strikes of blue "Philadelphia Pa. Feb. 14" circular datestamp on 1853 folded letter to Paris, France, addressed to Charles Toppan of Toppan, Carpenter & Co. fame, the printers who engraved and produced the U.S. 1851-57 Issue, sender's directive "Pr Steamer Canada Feby 16th", red London transit datestamp, "BRITISH/PACKET" two-line handstamp, Calais arrival datestamp (Mar. 1) and "26" decimes due handstamp for double weight

EXTREMELY FINE. AN OUTSTANDING COVER TO FRANCE, PREPAID FOR THE 21-CENT SECOND RETALIATORY RATE WITH 12-CENT AND 3-CENT 1851 ISSUE STAMPS. FEWER THAN FIVE SECOND RETALIATORY RATE COVERS ARE RECORDED PREPAID BY STAMPS.

The U.S. Post Office Department, unaware that the continued discriminatory rates charged on American Packet mail to France after the 1848 treaty were rescinded in September 1851, briefly charged retaliatory packet postage of 16c (plus the normal 5c) on mail to France via British Packets. This lasted only from Jan. 24 to Feb. 9, 1853. On Feb. 10 the Post Office Department issued a notice rescinding the extra sea charge and restoring the 5c Open Mail rate for letters sent to France via British Packet. This cover was posted at Philadelphia four days after the notice was issued. The sender was unaware of the Restored Rate and prepaid the full, but now obsolete, 21c Retaliatory Rate. The cover was then carried on the Cunarder Canada from Boston on Feb. 16 and arriving Liverpool Feb. 28--first sailing of the Restored Rate period.

Ex Grunin and Walske

E. 4,000-5,000
3,250
Back to Top
446
c
Sale 1242, Lot 446, Twelve-Cent: Foreign Mails (Scott 17)12c Black (17). Vertical strip of three, mostly full to large margins including parts of adjoining stamps at right, touched at lower left, used with horizontal pair of 3c Dull Red, Type I (11), huge top margin with adjoining stamps, other sides touched to slightly in, tied by grid cancels and partly readable red New Orleans circular datestamp, red "New-York Am. Packet Nov. 28" (1855) circular datestamp on folded cover to Paris, France, sender's directive "p. United States Mail Steamer"--carried on the Collins Line Pacific, departing New York Nov. 28, 1855, and arriving Liverpool December 9--red Liverpool backstamp (Dec. 10), Calais arrival datestamp (Dec. 10), "16" decimes due handstamp, vertical file fold through 3c lightly cleaned, otherwise Very Fine, double 21c rate American Packet covers via England are very rare, and this franking with the strip of 12c 1851 stamps is extraordinary, ex Gibson, Hackmey and Gross, with 2019 P.F. certificate

E. 2,000-3,000
1,600
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447
c
Sale 1242, Lot 447, Twelve-Cent: Foreign Mails (Scott 17)12c Black (17). Two horizontal pairs and left sheet-margin single, margins to in, cancelled by manuscript "X", "Santa Fe N.M. June 1" (1852) circular datestamp on gray folded cover to Munich, Germany, carried by Waldo, Hall & Co. contract route 4888 from Santa Fe to Independence Mo., red "N. York Br. Pkt. Paid 14 Jun. 30" 14c credit datestamp, carried on the Cunarder Europa, departing New York June 30 and arriving Liverpool July 11, red "AACHEN 14/7 FRANCO" framed transit datestamp (Jul. 14), right stamp of top pair with small tear at right, right stamp of bottom pair small diagonal crease at bottom right

FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE USE OF FIVE 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE STAMPS FROM NEW MEXICO TERRITORY TO GERMANY, PAYING THE DOUBLE 30-CENT PRUSSIAN CLOSED MAIL RATE.

In 1846 the United States declared war on Mexico, and by 1848 the U.S. officially gained control over New Mexico through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. On July 1, 1852--one month after this was sent--a treaty was signed with the Apache where the tribe agreed to be governed by the laws of the United States. Very little mail, especially to foreign destinations, is known from this early period. The Birkinbine collection contained a pair of 12c Black (17) used from Fort Defiance to France in 1858, six years after the cover offered here was sent. A cover with three 10c stamps from Fernando de Taos to Germany is also known, used circa 1857. We have been unable to locate any covers from New Mexico to a foreign destination that predate the one offered here.

Ex Shipley and Giamporcaro ("Tito"). With 2004 P.F. certificate

E. 4,000-5,000
4,750
Back to Top
448
c
Sale 1242, Lot 448, Twelve-Cent: Foreign Mails (Scott 17)12c Black (17). Positions 71/81-82/91-92R1, block of five from the lower left corner of the right pane of Plate 1 with large part of interpane sheet margin at left, large to ample margins all around, intense shade and proof-like impression on bright white paper, lightly cancelled by grids and tied by "Wheeling Va. Feb. 4” (1857) circular datestamp on buff cover to Wurttemberg, Germany, addressed to the district court in Horb am Neckar, double 30c Prussian Closed Mail rate with sender’s route directive "Per Prussian Closed Mail”, red "N. York 14 Am. Pkt. Paid Feb. 7” 14c credit datestamp--carried on the New York & Havre Line Arago from New York on February 7, arriving in Southampton on February 20--entered Prussian mail system at Aachen with red "AACHEN 21/2 FRANCO” framed transit datestamp (February 21), back of cover with Stuttgart (February 23) and Horb (February 24) transit and receiving datestamps, additional part strike of German transit backstamp (February 23), small scissors-cut between stamps

EXTREMELY FINE. ONE OF THE MOST BEAUTIFUL 1851-56 ISSUE IMPERFORATE COVERS EXTANT, WITH A PERFECT SHEET-MARGIN BLOCK OF FIVE OF THE 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE PAYING THE DOUBLE RATE TO WURTTEMBERG VIA THE PRUSSIAN CLOSED MAIL ROUTE.

Collectors are acutely aware of the rarity of blocks and large multiples of the imperforate stamps issued from 1847 through 1857, when perforated issues replaced them. The rarity increases significantly for blocks used on cover. We are currently aware of six blocks of the 12c 1851 Imperforate on cover. The largest is a block of six in the Charles A. Hirzel collection at the Swiss Museum of Communications in Berne, Switzerland. There is also a strip of six on cover in the James Allen collection. The block of five on the cover offered here is the second largest on cover and regarded by specialists as the finest in terms of quality.

No record of this cover has been located prior to 1983, when it was acquired from a European source by Duane B. Garrett and certified by The Philatelic Foundation. First offered in Christie’s Robson Lowe sale, Oct. 30, 1986, lot 329, to Zoellner; ex Robert Zoellner, Sale 804, Oct. 8-10, 1998, lot 92, to Gross; William H. Gross, Sale 1188, Oct. 3, 2018, lot 42, to Mr. Eubanks; exhibited at ANPHILEX 1996 Invited Exhibits (Zoellner).

With 1983 P.F. certificate. Small red "ALCURI” backstamps (Paul J. Alcuri, Great Britain).

E. 30,000-40,000
62,500
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449
c
Sale 1242, Lot 449, Twelve-Cent: Foreign Mails (Scott 17)12c Black (17). Horizontal strip of three, large margins to clear including part of adjoining stamp at bottom left, used with vertical pair of 3c Yellowish Rose Red (11A var), large margins to just in, stamps tied by bold strikes of "Knoxville Ten. Jun. 19, 1856" circular datestamps on buff cover to Berlin, Prussia, red "New-York Am. Pkt. Jun. 28" transit datestamp, clear strike of "U. S. PKT." straightline handstamp, carried on the New York & Havre Line Arago, departing New York June 28, arriving Southampton July 10, red London and "Seebrief Per England Und Aachen" backstamps, bottom 3c small tear at left, left 12c small horizontal scissors-cut in margin, vertical scissors-cut between left 12c stamps, missing top flap, slightly reduced at top

VERY FINE. A RARE USE OF THE 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE STRIP TO PAY DOUBLE THE 21-CENT RATE VIA AMERICAN PACKET TO PRUSSIA.

Ex Gibson, Piller and "J & J" collection. With 2006 P.F. certificate

E. 2,000-3,000
2,000
Back to Top
450
c
Sale 1242, Lot 450, Twelve-Cent: Foreign Mails (Scott 17)12c Black (17). Horizontal pair, large to huge margins all around showing part of adjoining stamp at right, used with horizontal pair of 3c Dull Red, Type II (11A), margins to in, tied by bold blue "Cincinnati O. Mar. 23" (1855) circular datestamps on gray folded cover to Frankfurt am Main, Germany, sender's directive "Prussian Closed Mail via London & Ostende", Boston and receiving transit datestamps, bold red "7" credit handstamp, red "FRANCO" straightline also ties 3c pair, carried on the Cunarder Africa, departing Boston March 28 and arriving Liverpool April 7, file fold not affecting stamps, left 12c with a faint pre-use vertical crease at left, last name of address expertly changed, otherwise Very Fine, with 2003 P.F. certificate

E. 1,000-1,500
2,100
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451
c
Sale 1242, Lot 451, Twelve-Cent: Foreign Mails (Scott 17)12c Black (17). Horizontal pair, three full margins, just in at left, intense shade, tied by grids and by red "New-York Am. Pkt. Feb. 23" (1856) circular datestamp on gray folded letter to Rome, Italy, earlier strike of Feb. 20 New York 9c credit circular datestamp overstruck by red grid, carried on the Ocean Line Washington, departing New York Feb. 23 and arriving Southampton March 10, Havre transit datestamp, Paris and Rome backstamps, clear strike of red "VIA DI MARE" handstamp indicates routing by sea to the harbor of Civitavecchia, manuscript "38" bajocci due from recipient, left stamp light crease, pair with slight overall toning not mentioned on certificate, Very Fine, scarce use of the 12c to Italy, ex Giamporcaro ("Tito"), with 1999 P.F. certificate

E. 750-1,000
550
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452
c
Sale 1242, Lot 452, Twelve-Cent: Foreign Mails (Scott 17)12c Black (17). Horizontal pair, three clear to large margins, slightly in at left, used with 3c Dull Red, Type II (11A), one 12c with manuscript cancels, manuscript "1857" yeardate cancel on 3c, pair tied by bold orange-red "Antwerp O. Jun. 29" (1857) balloon-style circular datestamp, magenta manuscript "Paid 27" rate on bright buff cover addressed in European style handwriting to Thurgau, Switzerland, red "N. York U.S. Pkt. Paid Jul. 11" circular datestamp--carried on the Vanderbilt Line North Star, departing New York July 11, 1857, arriving Bremen July 25--blue "AMERICA/UBER BREMEN/FRANCO" handstamp, red crayon "f5" (paid 5 silbergroschen) crossed out and re-rated "2" silbergroschen for postage beyond GAPU, backstamped Frankfurt (July 27), Bern (July 29) and Sierre (July 30), Very Fine, extremely rare 1851 Issue franking for 27c rate to Switzerland by Bremen-Hamburg Direct Mail--covers showing this particular rate that were actually carried on the Bremen-Hamburg route are rare with any issue, but since the rate was introduced in 1857, the use of imperforate stamps occurred in a narrow period, and we have never seen another example--signed Ashbrook, ex Giamporcaro ("Tito"), Hackmey and Gross, with 1999 P.F. certificate

E. 2,000-3,000
2,100
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453
c
Sale 1242, Lot 453, Twelve-Cent: Foreign Mails (Scott 17)12c Black (17). Horizontal pair and single, mostly large margins around pair, single cut in, used with horizontal pair of 3c Dull Red, Type II (11), margins large to bit in, canceled by matching grids on 1854 cover to Athens, Greece, route directive "Prussian Closed Mail", red "New-York Am. Pkt. Nov. 11" (1854) circular datestamp, scarce italic-style "FRANCO" handstamp struck in red, Prussian blue manuscript "5-1/4" silbergroschen at left indicating postage paid beyond GAPU border, Aachen, Trieste and Athens backstamps

FRESH AND VERY FINE. A RARE USE OF THE 1851 ISSUE TO GREECE, PAYING THE 42-CENT RATE VIA PRUSSIAN CLOSED MAIL.

The U.S. post office handled very little mail addressed to Greece. The Reverend Hill correspondence is not only the earliest significant group, it is in the 1851 period the only correspondence available to collectors seeking this very rare foreign destination. Perhaps three or four 1851 Issue covers are known used to Greece.

Ex Piller. With 2003 P.F. certificate.

E. 3,000-4,000
2,500
Back to Top
454
c
Sale 1242, Lot 454, Twelve-Cent: Foreign Mails (Scott 17)12c Black (17). Three singles, mostly full margins, used with 1c Blue, Type IV (9), full margins to just in, tied by "Philadelphia Pa. Feb. 11" (1856) circular datestamps on blue folded letter to William Winans in St. Petersburg, Russia, red "New-York Br. Pkt. Feb. 12" backstamp, carried on the Cunarder Arabia, departing Boston Feb. 13 and arriving Liverpool Feb. 24, red "AACHEN 26/2 FRANCO" framed transit datestamp (Feb. 26), blue manuscript "f6" on back and "f3" on front indicating German and Russian transit fees had been paid, magenta "14" credit, left stamps with small bit of red wax seal to ensure stamps did not fall off causes slight buckling to the stamps, small cover edge tear

VERY FINE. A RARE 1851 ISSUE COVER TO RUSSIA PAYING THE 37-CENT RATE VIA PRUSSIAN CLOSED MAIL.

William Winans arrived in Russia with his brother in 1843, as part of a $3 million contract to supply railroad locomotives and cars for the new railroad between St. Petersburg and Moscow, which was completed in 1851. From 1852, William was the chief manager of the Russian operation, which had a lucrative contract for making and maintaining running stock for the growing Russian railroad network--it was reported their contracted fees were 17 times higher than in any other country in Europe. During the Crimean War the firm's operations expanded, and Winans acted as the U.S. vice-consul in St. Petersburg. The contract expired in 1862, and Winans left Russia a millionaire.

Ex Freshwater

E. 2,000-3,000
2,300
Back to Top
455
c
Sale 1242, Lot 455, Twelve-Cent: Foreign Mails (Scott 17)12c Black (17). Horizontal strip of three, mostly full to large margins except touched at top left, a few toned spots, used with 1c Blue, Type II (7), Position 71L2, large margins including parts of adjoining stamps at right and bottom, tied by grid cancels and "Oxford O. Jul. 20, 1857" circular datestamp on buff cover to Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, and forwarded to Mount Korong, addressed to James W. Messler and directed in another hand "By British Packet via England", prepaid 37c for a non-applicable rate but credited "12" cents for 33c British Mail via Southampton rate by American Packet--despite the directive, this was not carried on a British steamer; it was carried on the Inman Line City of Washington, departing New York on July 23, 1857, and arriving at Liverpool August 5--red "New-York Am. Packet Jul. 23" circular datestamp on back, red British transit datestamp (August 6), Melbourne rimless oval backstamp (October 15), another part strike of receiving backstamp applied at Victoria

VERY FINE. AN OUTSTANDING 1851 ISSUE FOREIGN MAIL COVER WITH A FRANKING THAT IS RARE, BECAUSE IT OVERPAID THE PREVAILING 33-CENT RATE TO AUSTRALIA.

James W. Messler traveled to Australia in search of gold and found success. His activities are noted in an account of Joshua Rogers Gray's life in Australia at http://www.thetreeofus.net/8/273960.htm . It includes this colorful description:

During the time I was partners with Messler and some years after he left I usually bought from 100 to 150 ounces of gold per week. The gold bought at Wedderburn had to be taken either to Sandhurst Maryborough or Ballarat for sale. The profit on the gold was from 2/- to 3/- per ounce but the risk to life and property was very great and I have very little doubt but I would have been nobbled and in all probability killed had it not been generally known that I always went armed and that I was not likely to part with life or treasure without a struggle.

Ex Michaels, Haas, Grunin, Ishikawa, Hackmey and Gross. With 2019 P.F. certificate

E. 5,000-7,500
9,000
Back to Top