Sale 1242 — The Gordon Eubanks Collection: United States 1851 to 1856 Imperforate Issue

Sale Date — Tuesday-Wednesday, 12-13 October, 2021

Category — One-Cent: Essays and Proofs

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
1
TC
Sale 1242, Lot 1, One-Cent: Essays and Proofs1c Black, Type I, Large Die Trial Color Proof on India (5TC1ae). 45 x 45mm with impression on India die sunk on card--the printed guidelines extend from edge of India onto card at top--sharp impression and bright fresh paper, small pencil "58" at lower right corner is probably a printer's archival inventory number

VERY FINE. ONE OF FIVE REPORTED PROOF IMPRESSIONS FROM THE ONE-CENT 1851 ISSUE DIE (TWO IN BLUE). THIS DIE WITH THE CANCELLATION DOT IN OVAL WAS PROBABLY USED DURING THE PRODUCTION PHASE OF THE 1875 REPRINT AND DISTRIBUTED CIRCA 1910.

This die impression shows the so-called cancellation dot in the oval at left, which was applied to the die in 1860 and reproduced on all subjects in Plates 11 and 12. It also shows two small dots below "C" of "Cents" and a strong horizontal layout line at upper left, which are not found on Plates 1 through 12, but are found on the 1875 Reprint plate. Neinken opined that this impression and the few others like it were pulled from a die prepared for the 1875 Reprint (see Neinken, page 19).

One of the two proofs in Blue is offered in the following lot. The other two examples in Black were offered in our Wagshal sale (Sale 994, lot 602) and in our 2015 sale of Essays and Proofs (Sale 1113, lot 2093). On one of the Black proofs there is further evidence of provenance, a pencil note on back "From J. E. Ralph. [signed] J. M. Bartels". J. E. Ralph of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing is known to have distributed die proofs in 1910.

Ex Ashbrook and illustrated in his 1c book (Vol. 1, p. 53) and in Neinken revision (p. 19). Listed but unpriced in Scott.

E. 2,000-3,000
2,500
2
P
Sale 1242, Lot 2, One-Cent: Essays and Proofs1c Blue, Type I, Large Die Proof on India (5P1). 32 x 40mm India on card, bright color, showing clear layout lines from the die

VERY FINE. ONE OF FIVE RECORDED PROOFS OF THE ONE-CENT 1851 ISSUE DIE, OF WHICH TWO ARE IN BLUE (THIS IS THE FINER). THIS DIE WITH THE CANCELLATION DOT IN OVAL WAS PROBABLY USED DURING THE PRODUCTION PHASE OF THE 1875 REPRINT AND DISTRIBUTED CIRCA 1910.

This die impression shows the so-called cancellation dot in the oval at left, which was applied to the die in 1860 and reproduced on all subjects in Plates 11 and 12. It also shows two small dots below "C" of "Cents" and a strong horizontal layout line at upper left, which are not found on Plates 1 through 12, but are found on the 1875 Reprint plate. Neinken opined that this impression and the few others like it were pulled from a die prepared for the 1875 Reprint (see Neinken, page 19).

The only other example of this die proof in Blue has a manuscript "X" across the design. There are three in Black. One is offered in the previous lot. The others were offered in our Wagshal sale (Sale 994, lot 602) and in our 2015 sale of Essays and Proofs (Sale 1113, lot 2093). On one of the Black proofs there is further evidence of provenance, a pencil note on back "From J. E. Ralph. [signed] J. M. Bartels". J. E. Ralph of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing is known to have distributed die proofs in 1910.

Ex Dr. Chase, Emerson, Finkelburg, Liberman and Merlin. Scott value $5,000.00

E. 3,000-4,000
3,250
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3
TC
Sale 1242, Lot 3, One-Cent: Essays and Proofs1c Black, Type II, Trial Color Plate Proof on Stamp Paper, Plate 1 Early (7TC5). Position 87L1E, full margins all around, tiny nick at bottom left corner and several tiny stained spots on back which are probably from original mounting in an archive book

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE BLACK TRIAL COLOR PROOF OF THE ONE-CENT 1851 ISSUE AND THE ONLY RECORDED PROOF FROM PLATE ONE EARLY, WHICH COULD ONLY HAVE BEEN PRODUCED PRIOR TO JUNE 1852.

A few similar plate proofs from Plate 2, printed in Black on regular paper with and without ruled lines, are believed to have been produced in 1856. This proof has been plated to Position 87 in the Left pane of Plate 1 Early, and therefore must have been produced before the plate was reworked sometime around June 1852. This proof was in the Brazer collection sold by our firm (Sale 726, Jun. 27-29, 1990), but was unrecognized at that time. It subsequently became part of the "Lake Shore" collection (sold by Siegel in 2005) and the Liberman collection (sold by Spink-Shreves in 2010), after which it was identified by Stanley M. Piller and Richard Celler as a proof from Plate 1E. This is the only plate proof recorded from Plate 1E and is therefore the only 1c plate proof from a plate that was prepared in 1851, contemporaneously with the stamp issue. No other 1851 Issue plate proof, in any denomination, has been identified as a true 1851 printing.

Featured in Chronicle 232 in an article by Stanley M. Piller (pp. 336-340). Ex Brazer, "Lake Shore" and Nathan Liberman (sold by Spink-Shreves in 2010). With 1991 and 2011 P.F. certificates. Scott value $3,750.00 for the 1c Black trial color proof from Plate 2, of which a few are known--this proof from Plate 1E is not specifically listed, but it should be.

E. 2,000-3,000
2,400
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4
P
Sale 1242, Lot 4, One-Cent: Essays and Proofs1c Blue, Type I, Panama-Pacific Small Die Proof on Wove (40P2a). Rich color, tiny pinholes framing the corner plumes, slight toning endemic to these proofs but visible essentially only on the back

VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE ONE-CENT 1851 DIE PROOF PREPARED FOR THE PANAMA-PACIFIC EXPOSITION IN 1915.

In 1915 a limited special printing of 413 different small die proofs was created for the Panama-Pacific Exposition. They were printed on yellowish wove paper, and it is believed that no more than five examples of each stamp were produced. We have sold only one other 1c 1851 Panama-Pacific proof, which was part of a complete set.

Scott value $2,500.00

E. 2,000-3,000
2,000
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5
E
Sale 1242, Lot 5, One-Cent: Essays and ProofsToppan, Carpenter, Casilier & Co., "Six Cents" Black, Die Essay on India (5-E2). Cut to shape as always, mounted on 75 x 127mm card with imitation die sinkage area, intense impression

VERY FINE. A RARE EXAMPLE OF THE "SIX CENTS" FRANKLIN ESSAY PREPARED BY TOPPAN, CARPENTER, CASILEAR & COMPANY FOR THE 1851 CONTRACT.

According to the Ashbrook book, a 6c stamp was contemplated to pay the letter rate for distances over 3,000 miles. It appears that the 6c was changed to 1c because of the greater need for this value (see Robert Hegland's article in 1851 Sesquicentennial book for a discussion of this essay). This essay is typically cut down to the shape of the design. In this case, it has been mounted inside a die-sunk area of a large card.

Ex Wagshal. Scott value $2,750.00.

E. 1,500-2,000
3,500
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