VERY FINE. THE ONLY COMPLETE COVER BEARING ONE OF TWO RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE "J J" PHILADELPHIA CARRIER STAMP AND THE ONLY COMBINATION USE WITH THE 1847 ISSUE. ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT CARRIER COVERS IN EXISTENCE, AS WELL AS AN OUTSTANDING 1847 ISSUE USE.
The "J J" stamp is the only one of the Philadelphia U.S.P.O. stamps with initials that precisely match the name of a carrier, John Johnson. Existence of the "J J" stamp was first reported by Eugene Klein in 1911, when the other known example was discovered used on a cover-front dated June 17, 1849. This 1847 combination cover with the "J J" stamp has a cost notation on back "Power. Cost $1150.00", believed to be in Caspary's hand and referring to the dealer, Eustace Power. The two "J J" items made their first auction appearance in the 1957 Caspary sale. The June 17 front was later acquired by Ambassador J. William Middendorf II for his famous Carriers & Locals collection, and the 1847 combination cover was later sold to Josiah K. Lilly, whose collection of Carriers & Locals was sold through the Siegel firm in 1967 (Sale 321). The 1847 cover was acquired by John R. Boker Jr. and then by David Golden. It was last offered at auction in our 1999 sale of the Golden collection, where it was acquired by Dr. Vernon R. Morris, Jr.
USPCS census no. 11037. Ex Caspary, Lilly, Boker, Golden and Dr. Morris. Backstamped "RHW Co." (Raymond H. Weill Co.) With 1999 P.F. certificate. Scott value (stating "unique") $60,000.00
VERY FINE. ONE OF THREE RECORDED COVERS BEARING THE PHILADELPHIA VERMILION CARRIER STAMP AND 1847 ISSUE, AND THE ONLY ONE WITH THE 5-CENT ORANGE BROWN SHADE. AN OUTSTANDING CLASSIC RARITY.
A total of 20 to 22 covers with Scott 7LB8 are reported in the Lyons census (The Penny Post, July 2006), but several covers he lists have stamps that did not originate, and one of his 1847 combination entries ("w/ #1a 4-3-51") duplicates another entry ("3-8-51") due to a misreading of the postmark date. The true number of 7LB8 covers is probably closer to 15.
There are only three 7LB8 covers with 1847 Issue stamps listed in the USPCS census, each with a single 5c. The other two both bear the 5c Dark Brown (Scott 1a) and were sold in our auctions of the David Golden collection (Sale 817, lot 368) and the William H. Gross collection (Sale 1041, lot 249, also addressed to Griswold & Claiborne). This is the only one of the three to bear the desirable Orange Brown shade of the 5c 1847.
USPCS census no. 10935. Ex Hessel, Golden and Dr. Morris. With 1999 P.F. certificate. Scott value $21,000.00
EXTREMELY FINE GEM. THIS IS WITHOUT QUESTION THE FINEST CORNER-MARGIN COPY OF THE 10-CENT 1847 ISSUE ON COVER. FROM A RELATIVELY RECENT DISCOVERY, WHICH WAS OFFERED TO THE MARKET FOR THE FIRST TIME IN OUR 2006 RARITIES SALE.
In his extensive census of the 10c 1847 issue with corner sheet margins, Philip T. Wall records a total of sixteen used stamps on or off cover (another three or four covers have since been recorded). Others can be plated as corner margin positions but do not show significant sheet margins. Many of these have faults, the most common being creases in the selvage.
This cover was part of a find of eleven 5c and 10c 1847 covers, which were discovered in 2004 in Geneva, New York. Nine of the eleven are addressed to Samuel Baldwin.
USPCS census no. 7910. With 2006 P.F. certificate.
VERY FINE. A VERY EARLY EXAMPLE OF WHAT CAN RIGHTLY BE CALLED AN ILLUSTRATED ADVERTISING DESIGN ON A 10-CENT 1847 ISSUE COVER.
Powers & Weightman, who employed the writer of this letter and used the Valerian plant in its chemical compounds, was founded by William Weightman (1813-1904). Weightman was a prominent chemical manufacturer and one of the largest landowners in the United States during the mid-1800's. He was nicknamed the "Quinine King" and invented a synthetic form of the drug. The company merged in the 1920's with the pharmaceutical giant Merck & Co.
USPCS census no. 11820. Accompanied by a transcription of the letter. With 1990 P.S.E. certificate
EXTREMELY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL 10-CENT 1847 PAIR ON COVER TO PHILADELPHIA.
USPCS census no. 4851. Ex Moody, Rust and Haub ("Erivan"). With 2019 P.F. certificate
EXTREMELY FINE APPEARANCE. A SPECTACULAR SHEET-MARGIN EXAMPLE OF THE 10-CENT 1847 ISSUE USED ON AN UNUSUAL TURNED COVER FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK CITY, THEN FORWARDED TO MONTREAL, CANADA -- ADDING TO THE MIX IS THE PRESENCE OF THE "6" IN CIRCLE SHIP-LETTER RATE MARKING USED AS A CANCELLATION.
USPCS census no. 8142. Ex Boker and Gross
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE USE OF TWO 5-CENT 1847 STAMPS ON A COVER ORIGINATING IN CANADA. ONLY SIX COVERS ARE KNOWN WITH THE 5-CENT USED WITH THE "PAID AT QUEBEC" CROWNED-CIRCLE HANDSTAMP.
The two 5c stamps were applied in Canada but were cancelled on arrival in New York. The "Paid at Quebec" crowned-circle handstamp was used at British colonial post offices as acknowledgement of cash payment for postage. Quebec was the only Canadian city to use this marking, because the main branch of the colonial post office was located there.
The USPCS census records only seven covers with the "Paid at Quebec" marking used with the 5c 1847 Issue (none is known with the 10c). Six bear two stamps and are from the Kennedy correspondence. A seventh is known with a single 5c used to Boston. Similar covers from the Kennedy correspondence are illustrated in Boggs The Postage Stamps and Postal History of Canada (pp. 72-73). The cover offered here was illustrated and described in an article in Chronicle 218 (copy accompanies).
USPCS census no. 294. Ex Mirsky. With 1989 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE. A RARE EXAMPLE OF THE 10-CENT 1847 ISSUE USED ON A COVER FROM CANADA TO THE UNITED STATES. THIS COVER WAS ACCEPTED AS FULLY PREPAID IN NEW YORK, EVEN THOUGH IT WAS UNDERPAID FOR THE DOUBLE WEIGHT CLASS. THE ONLY SUCH USE RECORDED IN THE USPCS CENSUS.
The manuscript "9" pence marking and letter content listing several enclosures indicate that this originally weighed more than the half-ounce single-rate limit. The correct U.S. postage from the border should have been 20c for a letter weighing between one-half and one ounce, sent over 300 miles. However, New York accepted this as fully prepaid and cancelled the stamp on arrival. This is the only double-rate use recorded in the USPCS census.
USPCS census no. 275. Illustrated and described in an article in Chronicle 222 (copy accompanies). Ex Ackerman and Mirksy.
EXTREMELY FINE. AN OUTSTANDING 1847 ISSUE COVER, SHOWING ACCEPTANCE OF THE UNITED STATES 5-CENT STAMP ON MAIL FROM CANADA MONTHS AFTER THE ISSUE WAS DEMONETIZED. THIS REMARKABLE COVER FIRST CAME TO LIGHT IN 1989 AND RANKS AMONG THE MOST STRIKING EXAMPLES OF THE 1847 ISSUE USED FROM CANADA EXTANT.
The U.S.-Canada postal treaty of April 1851 provided for prepayment of full postage from the country of origin to the destination, eliminating the need for "paid to the lines" part prepayment and collection. The 6p rate in Canada and the 10c rate in the United States are the standard April 1851 treaty rates. After the 1847 Issue was demonetized on July 1, 1851, post offices in Canada continued to accept the old issue on mail to the U.S., as evidenced by several covers with 1847 stamps used in Canada well after demonetization. These were also considered fully paid on arrival in the U.S. The cover offered here was mailed in December 1851, months after demonetization, and the postmaster at Chippawa cancelled the stamp. The red "Paid 10 Cts" marking was applied in Canada to indicate that the postage was prepaid, half by the U.S. stamp and presumably half in coin. There are no U.S. due markings, so the Canadian "Paid" was apparently sufficient.
USPCS census no. 229. Illustrated in Alexander 1847 Census book (p. 24). Ex Boker and Gross. With 2013 P.F. certificate
THE UNIQUE CANADA AND UNITED STATES FIRST ISSUES MIXED-FRANKING COVER WITH THE 1851 3-PENCE “BEAVER” AND A STRIP OF FIVE OF THE 5-CENT 1847 ISSUE -- LONG REGARDED AS ONE OF THE TOP FIVE MOST IMPORTANT COVERS OF THE UNITED STATES AND, BY VIRTUE OF ITS DUAL-COUNTRY FIRST ISSUE FRANKING, ONE OF THE MOST OUTSTANDING COVERS IN ALL OF CLASSIC WORLDWIDE PHILATELY.
USPCS census no. 310. Illustrated or discussed in Bakers’ U.S. Classics (p. 147), United States Postage Stamps of the 19th Century (Vol. I, noted on p. 25), “Covers with Three or More 1847 Stamps” (Chronicle 254, May 2017), Encyclopedia of British Empire Postage Stamps (Vol. V, noted on p. 150), Classic United States Imperforate Stamps (p. 12) and Alexander 1847 Census book (p. 34). Exhibited at World Stamp Show 2016 Court of Honor. Ex Rep. Ernest R. Ackerman, Henry C. Gibson, Ezra D. Cole, Philip G. Rust, Ryohei Ishikawa, Guido Craveri, Joseph Hackmey and William H. Gross. With 1993 P.F. certificate
Go to https://siegelauctions.com//2021/1239/518commentary.pdf for History and commentary on lot 518
VERY FINE. A "TRIPLE THREAT" COVER SHOWING USE OF A SHEET-MARGIN PAIR OF THE 5-CENT 1847 ISSUE FROM THE FIRST PRINTING (RARE ON OR OFF COVER), PAYING THE 10-CENT OVER-300 MILES RATE ON BRITISH PACKET MAIL TO FRANCE (RARE--ONLY SIX 5-CENT 1847 MULTIPLES ON COVERS TO FRANCE ARE RECORDED BY WALSKE), AND, FINALLY, SENT FROM NEW ORLEANS TO MOBILE AS MARKED "WAY" MAIL. WITHOUT QUESTION, THIS ONE OF THE GREAT 1847 ISSUE TRANSATLANTIC COVERS.
Steven C. Walske, collector and noted authority on U.S.-French mails, published a comprehensive article on 1847 Issue covers to France in Chronicle 234, in which he states that only six covers to France have multiples of the 5c 1847 Issue. The reason for this is that the under-and-over-300 miles domestic rates applied only for a brief time before the uniform 5c British Open Mail rate was applied to British Packet mail to France. Walske writes: "When the U.S. 1847 stamps first came into use, the principal route between the United States and France was by the British-operated Cunard line to England and then by Dover packet and railroads within England and France. The United States had no postal treaties with either England or France, so letters could not be fully prepaid to their destination. Within the United States, inland postage to the departure port was required to be prepaid. Rates on the entire route were governed by the U.S. postal act of 1 July 1845 (5c per half ounce for less than 300 miles, 10c for over 300 miles) and by the France-England postal treaty of 1 June 1843. This treaty set English transit and sea postage of 10 decimes (equivalent to 20c U.S.) per 7.5 grams (0.2646 ounces) to be debited from England to France and indicated by a 'Colonies &c. Art. 13' marking applied in London. French inland rates, also set out in the 1843 treaty, varied according to distance. Thus, a recipient in France would be charged the French inland postage from the Channel port of entry (typically Boulogne during this period) plus the English transit and sea charges."
USPCS census no. 35. Ex Knapp, Krug (Siegel Sale 210), Eno, Pope, Boker and Gross. Signed Ashbrook who notes "A rare way cover". With 1985 P.F. certificate.
FINE. A REMARKABLE AND RARE RETALIATORY RATE COVER FROM BOSTON TO NOVA SCOTIA VIA NEW YORK. ONLY TEN RETALIATORY RATE COVERS BEARING U.S. STAMPS ARE RECORDED, AND THIS IS ONE OF ONLY TWO TO BRITISH NORTH AMERICA.
The full history of the Retaliatory Rate period is told in our catalogue for the famous Rush cover, available at http://www.siegelauctions.com/2006/912/912.pdf . The so-called Retaliatory Period resulted from Great Britain's effort to maintain its monopoly on transatlantic mail carriage through the subsidized Cunard steamship line, which operated without competition from 1840 through 1846. In response to the emergence of subsidized American packets in 1847 (the Ocean Line), the British issued an order (effective June 9, 1847) authorizing its receiving offices to collect the usual British packet postage on letters carried to England by American subsidized steamers. This effectively allowed England to collect 24c packet charges for every inbound letter, whether or not any service had been performed.
The United States vehemently protested the British order through diplomatic channels, but efforts to persuade the government to rescind the anti-American postal tariff were unsuccessful. In December 1847, U.S. Postmaster General Cave Johnson petitioned Congress for power to levy like charges on mail carried by British steamers to or from the United States, but he was not authorized to do so until June 1848. On all Cunard sailings from June 24, 1848 (the Caledonia from Liverpool) through December 31, 1848 (the Europa arriving at New York), American packet postage was required on all inbound and outbound mail to England whether or not one of the American vessels was used, creating the so-called Retaliatory Rate. Beginning with the departure of the Europa from New York on January 10, 1849, earlier rates were restored, and soon after the new U.S.-British treaty rate was effected.
This cover to Nova Scotia reflects the dispute between Great Britain and the United States. The 10c strip of three pays the 5c rate for internal U.S. postage from Boston to New York, plus a 1c overpayment of the 24c Retaliatory Rate. The letter was carried aboard the Cunarder America, which departed New York on August 16 and stopped at Halifax on its way to Liverpool. The 1sh 8p due from recipient represents the one-shilling charge for British packet postage, plus 8 pence for internal postage for distance of 101 to 200 miles for delivery to Pictou (9 pence in local currency).
USPCS census no. 12904. Ex Pope, Dr. Robertson and Mirsky. With 1985 P.F. certificate