VERY FINE AND CHOICE EXAMPLE OF SCOTT 594. ONE OF THE RAREST 20TH CENTURY STAMPS IN SOUND AND CENTERED CONDITION.
The 1c Green, Scott 594, is waste from a horizontal rotary printing used to make coils. At the beginning or end of a coil-stamp print run from the 170-subject rotary plates, some leading or trailing paper was produced that was too short for rolling into 500-stamp rolls. In 1919 the Bureau devised a plan to salvage this waste by perforating and cutting the sheets into panes. They were put through the 11-gauge flat plate perforator in use at the time, giving the sheets full perforations on all sides. The existence of Scott 594 was not reported until four months after the final sheets were delivered, and the 1c Rotary Perf 11 was soon recognized as one of the rarest United States stamps.
Our census of Scott 594, available at https://siegelauctions.com/census/us/scott/594 , contains 97 used singles, 6 stamps in 3 used pairs, and 6 stamps on 5 covers (one with a pair) for a total of 109 used stamps. Another 19 unused stamps are recorded. Many have perforations cutting in on one or more sides, or have faults.
Census no. 594-CAN-19. Ex Geisler. With 1973 and 1999 P.F. certificates as a pair on piece. With 1999 P.F. certificate as single off piece (piece accompanies).
VERY FINE APPEARING EXAMPLE OF SCOTT 596, WHICH IS ONE OF THE RAREST STAMPS IN ALL OF UNITED STATES PHILATELY. ONLY 15 ARE RECORDED, OF WHICH ONLY FOUR ARE CONFIRMED AS SOUND.
The discovery of the stamps that would eventually become Scott 596 and 544 was announced in a November 1936 article in the Bureau Specialist by Max Johl. A third rotary press rarity, the 2c Harding (Scott 613), would not be discovered for another two years. Scott 596 is a slightly taller design than both the flat plate printing and the rotary coil waste printing, or Scott 594, due to the direction it was rolled around the rotary press printing cylinder. The "tall stamp" was considered to be a variety of Scott 594, the “wide” Rotary Perf 11; it was given its own Scott number in 1963.
All three issues (Scott 544, 596 and 613) were rotary sheet waste perforated 11 in both directions on the flat plate perforating machine. It is unclear whether they were produced at the same time. Production quality and quantity were very low, due to the rotary press stamps' natural tendency to curl, and the use of the flat plate perforator for the slightly different-sized rotary printing.
Our census of Scott 596, available at https://siegelauctions.com/ census/us/scott/596 , contains 15 stamps, all used or precancelled. None are graded above 70. Only 5 of the 15 have postal cancels, and only one of these is completely sound (number 1, realized $190,000 hammer in our 2009 Whitman sale). Only three precancelled copies are confirmed as sound (numbers 10, 11 and 13). One has not been seen since 1969 (number 6) so its condition has not been verified. Therefore, only one postally cancelled and three precancelled copies are confirmed as sound. The example offered here has trivial unobtrusive flaws and better centering than most.
Census no. 596-CAN-07. Ex Ewing (1940 Harmer, Rooke sale) where described as "uncatalogued variety of 1c and the only known copy". With 1966 and 1998 P.F. certificates
FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE EXAMPLE OF THE 2-CENT HARDING ROTARY PERF 11, WITH THREE ENORMOUS MARGINS.
Warren G. Harding, the 29th President, died in San Francisco on August 2, 1923, during a cross-country "Voyage of Understanding". Several people suggested a Harding memorial stamp, printed in black, and it was rushed into production. The first flat plate printing (Scott 610) was issued on September 1, 1923, in his home town of Marion, Ohio, followed less than two weeks later by the normal Perf 10 rotary press printing (Scott 612) on September 12.
The 2c Harding Rotary Perf 11 stamp was discovered in 1938 by Leslie Lewis of the New York firm, Stanley Gibbons Inc. Gary Griffith presents his hypothesis in United States Stamps 1922-26 that rotary-printed sheets of 400 were first reduced to panes of 100 and then fed through the 11-gauge perforating machine normally used for flat plate sheets. This method explains the existence of a straight-edge on Scott 613. Production quality and quantity were very low, due to the rotary press stamps' natural tendency to curl, and the use of the flat plate perforator for the slightly different-sized rotary printing.
Our census of the 2c Harding Rotary Perf 11, available at https://siegelauctions.com/census/us/scott/613 , contains 45 used singles (one faintly cancelled, if at all), one used pair and the used strip of three, for a total of 50 stamps. Of the singles, 22 are confirmed as sound, but of these only six qualify for a grade of Very Fine or Extremely Fine.
Census no. 613-CAN-33. With 1994 P.F. certificate.
VERY FINE-EXTREMELY FINE. A PRISTINE AND BEAUTIFUL COMPLETE SET OF PANES OR SHEETS OF 100 OF THE 1938 PRESIDENTIAL ISSUE.
This is only the second complete Mint N.H. set we have offered since 2010. Scott value $13,712.00 as plate blocks and singles