VERY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL AND RARE HORIZONTAL STRIP OF FIVE OF THE 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE USED ON A SIX-TIMES RATE COVER TO MEXICO.
Ex Brooks, Knapp, Shierson, Hindes, Rust, Klein and Wagshal, and from our 1987 Rarities sale. Plated and signed by Ashbrook. With 1988 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE 1851 ISSUE FRANKING TO PAY THE 45-CENT BRITISH MAIL RATE TO BUENOS AIRES VIA SOUTHAMPTON.
This is a very rare franking and a fascinating round-trip transatlantic cover from the U.S. to Argentina via Great Britain. A similar cover, with three 12c stamps placed at left and three 3c at right was offered in our 2019 sale of the William H. Gross collection (Sale 1211, lot 277).
VERY FINE. AN OUTSTANDING 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE COVER TO CHILE. COVERS TO SOUTH AMERICA WITH CLASSIC IMPERFORATE ISSUES ARE EXTREMELY RARE.
The 48c rate (Oct. 1853 to Dec. 1856) applied to letters carried by American Packet, then by British Packet via Panama. Examples of this rate are extremely rare.
Ex de Wasserman, "Sevenoaks" and Giamporcaro ("Tito"), and from our 1995 Rarities sale. With 1999 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE AND RARE USE OF THE 12-CENT AND 10-CENT 1851-55 ISSUES ON A COVER TO PERU. COVERS TO SOUTH AMERICA WITH CLASSIC IMPERFORATE ISSUES ARE EXTREMELY RARE.
There are reported to be only six 1851 Issue covers to Peru. Ex Giamporcaro ("Tito") and Hackmey. With 1999 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE USE OF THE 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE ON A TRANSATLANTIC COVER FROM SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH TERRITORY.
This was carried on the Central Overland route to Fort Leavenworth via Fort Laramie and Fort Kearney after being held up by winter snows. The delay caused the mail to wait until the March 12, 1856, sailing of the Cunarder America from Boston, arriving Liverpool March 27.
VERY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL COMBINATION OF THE 1851 3-CENT ORANGE BROWN STRIP OF THREE AND 12-CENT 1851 ON A COVER TO FRANCE VIA AMERICAN PACKET DIRECT.
The 21c franking on this Payen correspondence cover was sufficient for carriage via England and represents a 1c overpayment of the direct American Packet route. Correspondents sometimes intentionally overpaid the 20c rate even when directing the letter via American Packet in order to ensure carriage on either steamship.
EXTREMELY FINE. AN OUTSTANDING COVER TO FRANCE, PREPAID FOR THE 21-CENT SECOND RETALIATORY RATE WITH 12-CENT AND 3-CENT 1851 ISSUE STAMPS. FEWER THAN FIVE SECOND RETALIATORY RATE COVERS ARE RECORDED PREPAID BY STAMPS.
The U.S. Post Office Department, unaware that the continued discriminatory rates charged on American Packet mail to France after the 1848 treaty were rescinded in September 1851, briefly charged retaliatory packet postage of 16c (plus the normal 5c) on mail to France via British Packets. This lasted only from Jan. 24 to Feb. 9, 1853. On Feb. 10 the Post Office Department issued a notice rescinding the extra sea charge and restoring the 5c Open Mail rate for letters sent to France via British Packet. This cover was posted at Philadelphia four days after the notice was issued. The sender was unaware of the Restored Rate and prepaid the full, but now obsolete, 21c Retaliatory Rate. The cover was then carried on the Cunarder Canada from Boston on Feb. 16 and arriving Liverpool Feb. 28--first sailing of the Restored Rate period.
Ex Grunin and Walske
FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE USE OF FIVE 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE STAMPS FROM NEW MEXICO TERRITORY TO GERMANY, PAYING THE DOUBLE 30-CENT PRUSSIAN CLOSED MAIL RATE.
In 1846 the United States declared war on Mexico, and by 1848 the U.S. officially gained control over New Mexico through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. On July 1, 1852--one month after this was sent--a treaty was signed with the Apache where the tribe agreed to be governed by the laws of the United States. Very little mail, especially to foreign destinations, is known from this early period. The Birkinbine collection contained a pair of 12c Black (17) used from Fort Defiance to France in 1858, six years after the cover offered here was sent. A cover with three 10c stamps from Fernando de Taos to Germany is also known, used circa 1857. We have been unable to locate any covers from New Mexico to a foreign destination that predate the one offered here.
Ex Shipley and Giamporcaro ("Tito"). With 2004 P.F. certificate
EXTREMELY FINE. ONE OF THE MOST BEAUTIFUL 1851-56 ISSUE IMPERFORATE COVERS EXTANT, WITH A PERFECT SHEET-MARGIN BLOCK OF FIVE OF THE 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE PAYING THE DOUBLE RATE TO WURTTEMBERG VIA THE PRUSSIAN CLOSED MAIL ROUTE.
Collectors are acutely aware of the rarity of blocks and large multiples of the imperforate stamps issued from 1847 through 1857, when perforated issues replaced them. The rarity increases significantly for blocks used on cover. We are currently aware of six blocks of the 12c 1851 Imperforate on cover. The largest is a block of six in the Charles A. Hirzel collection at the Swiss Museum of Communications in Berne, Switzerland. There is also a strip of six on cover in the James Allen collection. The block of five on the cover offered here is the second largest on cover and regarded by specialists as the finest in terms of quality.
No record of this cover has been located prior to 1983, when it was acquired from a European source by Duane B. Garrett and certified by The Philatelic Foundation. First offered in Christie’s Robson Lowe sale, Oct. 30, 1986, lot 329, to Zoellner; ex Robert Zoellner, Sale 804, Oct. 8-10, 1998, lot 92, to Gross; William H. Gross, Sale 1188, Oct. 3, 2018, lot 42, to Mr. Eubanks; exhibited at ANPHILEX 1996 Invited Exhibits (Zoellner).
With 1983 P.F. certificate. Small red "ALCURI” backstamps (Paul J. Alcuri, Great Britain).
VERY FINE. A RARE USE OF THE 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE STRIP TO PAY DOUBLE THE 21-CENT RATE VIA AMERICAN PACKET TO PRUSSIA.
Ex Gibson, Piller and "J & J" collection. With 2006 P.F. certificate
FRESH AND VERY FINE. A RARE USE OF THE 1851 ISSUE TO GREECE, PAYING THE 42-CENT RATE VIA PRUSSIAN CLOSED MAIL.
The U.S. post office handled very little mail addressed to Greece. The Reverend Hill correspondence is not only the earliest significant group, it is in the 1851 period the only correspondence available to collectors seeking this very rare foreign destination. Perhaps three or four 1851 Issue covers are known used to Greece.
Ex Piller. With 2003 P.F. certificate.
VERY FINE. A RARE 1851 ISSUE COVER TO RUSSIA PAYING THE 37-CENT RATE VIA PRUSSIAN CLOSED MAIL.
William Winans arrived in Russia with his brother in 1843, as part of a $3 million contract to supply railroad locomotives and cars for the new railroad between St. Petersburg and Moscow, which was completed in 1851. From 1852, William was the chief manager of the Russian operation, which had a lucrative contract for making and maintaining running stock for the growing Russian railroad network--it was reported their contracted fees were 17 times higher than in any other country in Europe. During the Crimean War the firm's operations expanded, and Winans acted as the U.S. vice-consul in St. Petersburg. The contract expired in 1862, and Winans left Russia a millionaire.
VERY FINE. AN OUTSTANDING 1851 ISSUE FOREIGN MAIL COVER WITH A FRANKING THAT IS RARE, BECAUSE IT OVERPAID THE PREVAILING 33-CENT RATE TO AUSTRALIA.
James W. Messler traveled to Australia in search of gold and found success. His activities are noted in an account of Joshua Rogers Gray's life in Australia at http://www.thetreeofus.net/8/273960.htm . It includes this colorful description:
During the time I was partners with Messler and some years after he left I usually bought from 100 to 150 ounces of gold per week. The gold bought at Wedderburn had to be taken either to Sandhurst Maryborough or Ballarat for sale. The profit on the gold was from 2/- to 3/- per ounce but the risk to life and property was very great and I have very little doubt but I would have been nobbled and in all probability killed had it not been generally known that I always went armed and that I was not likely to part with life or treasure without a struggle.
Ex Michaels, Haas, Grunin, Ishikawa, Hackmey and Gross. With 2019 P.F. certificate