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Sale 1242 — The Gordon Eubanks Collection: United States 1851 to 1856 Imperforate Issue

Sale Date — Tuesday-Wednesday, 12-13 October, 2021

Category — Three-Cent: Territorial and Western

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
238
c
Sale Number 1242, Lot Number 238, Three-Cent: Territorial and Western3c Dull Red, Type II (11A), 3c Dull Red, Type II (11A)3c Dull Red, Type II (11A). Margins to just in, tied by clear strike of "Fort Washita Ark. (Chickasaw Nation) Jan. 2" circular datestamp on buff cover to Peter Pitchlynn in Washington D.C., Very Fine and rare example of this postmark on an 1851 Issue cover, Pitchlynn later served as principal chief of the Choctaw Nation and was a prominent representative of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory -- during the Civil War he joined the Confederacy -- with 2007 P.F. certificate

E. 750-1,000
700
239
c
Sale Number 1242, Lot Number 239, Three-Cent: Territorial and Western3c Dull Red, Type II (11A), 3c Dull Red, Type II (11A)3c Dull Red, Type II (11A). Neat penstrokes cancel, manuscript "Fort Kearney N.T. Aug. 30" (1857) territorial postmark on cover to Concord N.H., back separated but complete, some minor edge mends, appears Very Fine, this was sent by a member of the troops who were dispatched to Salt Lake City by President Buchanan to put down a rumored Mormon insurrection in 1857, the Mormons destroyed Fort Bridger before the expedition arrived

E. 300-400
250
Back to Top
240
c
Sale Number 1242, Lot Number 240, Three-Cent: Territorial and Western3c Dull Red, Type II (11A), 3c Dull Red, Type II (11A)3c Dull Red, Type II (11A). Horizontal pair, margins to in on left stamp, couple small faults, tied by "Salt Lake City Utah Jan. 5" territorial circular datestamp on 3c Red on Buff Nesbitt entire (U10) to Hopewell N.J., manuscript directive "Via California" (see below for significance), slightly reduced at left and minor edge and corner wear

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A FASCINATING COVER SENT VIA THE OLD SPANISH TRAIL ON THE CHORPENNING ROUTE FROM UTAH TO CALIFORNIA AND THEN TO THE EAST COAST BY STEAMER. THIS ROUTE CAUSED THE SALT LAKE CITY POSTMASTER TO CHARGE A 9-CENT "PHANTOM" RATE.

This cover was carried from Salt Lake City to California via the Chorpenning route, probably over the Old Spanish Trail to San Pedro and San Diego, including carriage over the Sierra Nevadas by "Snowshoe Thompson", then by steamer to San Francisco. From San Francisco it was carried by the Pacific Mail Steamship Co. Golden Age to Panama. After crossing the Isthmus it was carried by the U.S. Mail Steamship Co. Illinois, arriving at New York on March 12.

There was no official 9c rate that could have applied to this cover. It can be logically speculated that the "Via California" notation caused the Mormon postmaster at Salt Lake City to charge what he thought appropriate for mail going east via California. He may have reasoned that since the letter could have gone overland east for only 3 cents, if the sender wanted it to go via California he should pay the 3c inland rate for under 3,000 miles to California plus the 6c rate for over 3,000 miles from California via Panama, for a total rate of 9c. Very few covers are known with this "Phantom" rate.

Illustrated and discussed in Chronicle 215 (p. 203). Ex Walske and Risvold

E. 2,000-3,000
5,500
Back to Top
241
c
Sale Number 1242, Lot Number 241, Three-Cent: Territorial and Western3c Claret, Type II (11A), 3c Claret, Type II (11A)3c Claret, Type II (11A). Position 32L3 noted next to stamp, large margins to just in at upper left, neat manuscript squiggle cancel and matching "Fort Bridger UT Feb. 2" territorial postmark on 1858 cover from Major Fitz John Porter to his wife in New York City, with "HEAD QUARTERS, DEPT. OF UTAH./Official business." imprint at top, tiny manuscript "18" at top left, cover expertly repaired around edges including sealed tear through imprint

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE DEPARTMENT OF UTAH TERRITORIAL IMPRINT COVER FROM FORT BRIDGER TO NEW YORK, SENT BY FUTURE UNION GENERAL FITZ JOHN PORTER WHILE ON THE EXPEDITION AGAINST MORMON SETTLERS IN 1857-58.

Major Fitz John Porter, future Civil War general and infamous from the Second Battle of Bull Run, served under future Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston in the expedition against the Mormons in 1857 and 1858. When the expedition arrived at the site of the destroyed Fort Bridger, they camped nearby in winter quarters and reopened a post office named for the Fort. The cover offered here was posted from there by Major Porter to his wife in New York. Mrs. Porter numbered her letters chronologically in order of receipt--number "18" in the upper left-hand corner of the envelope in this case. Since this was not "Official Business" as required by the printing on the envelope, Major Porter applied a stamp for the postage.

With 2001 P.F. certificate

E. 4,000-5,000
2,000
Back to Top
242
c
Sale Number 1242, Lot Number 242, Three-Cent: Territorial and Western3c Yellowish Rose Red, Type I (11 var), 3c Yellowish Rose Red, Type I (11 var)3c Yellowish Rose Red, Type I (11 var). Large even margins all around, brilliant color, tied by bold strike of "Shasta Cal. Jul. 22" circular datestamp on buff cover to San Francisco, Extremely Fine intra-California use, wonderful quality, ex Haas, Klein and J. R. Hill

E. 400-500
850
Back to Top
243
c
Sale Number 1242, Lot Number 243, Three-Cent: Territorial and Western3c Dull Red, Type I (11), 3c Dull Red, Type I (11)3c Dull Red, Type I (11). Margins to just in at bottom, tied by "Stockton Cal. Aug. 29" (1856) circular datestamp on blue folded letter to Sacramento, bold "DUE 3" handstamp probably applied in Sacramento for weight, file folds not affecting stamp, Very Fine intra-California use

E. 300-400
400
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244
c
Sale Number 1242, Lot Number 244, Three-Cent: Territorial and Western3c Dull Red, Type II (11A), 3c Dull Red, Type II (11A)3c Dull Red, Type II (11A). Two singles, left stamp small corner nick at top left, tied by "Philadelphia Pa. Jul. 3" circular datestamp on cover to an officer of the U.S. 3rd Artillery, care of Quartermaster at San Francisco, pencil "771" post office box notation partly erased, forwarded by military courier to Fort Yuma Cal. with magenta ink naming the fort and crossing out the original address, small cover nick at top, backflap torn and partly missing (Washington House Philadelphia) cameo return card on remaining part of flap, Very Fine appearance, only two covers are recorded carried by the military to Fort Yuma

E. 1,000-1,500
1,100
Back to Top
245
c
Sale Number 1242, Lot Number 245, Three-Cent: Territorial and Western3c Dull Red, Type II (11A), 3c Dull Red, Type II (11A)3c Dull Red, Type II (11A). Horizontal pair, ample margins to touched, tied by large "double-wide" checkerboard grid cancel (designed to cancel two 3c stamps at once) with "Weatherville Cal. Feby. 20" circular datestamp with month and day in magenta manuscript on buff cover to Boston Mass. with "Prospecters" illustrated scene of miners hiding from a grizzly bear, wonderful design depicting the bear rummaging through camp with men hiding behind and climbing trees, J. Hutchings, California imprint, "Anthony & Baker SC" engraver's imprint at right of design, minor edgewear and small stain at bottom of postmark

VERY FINE AND RARE 1851 ISSUE COVER WITH DESIGN OF MINERS HIDING FROM A GRIZZLY BEAR. ONE OF THE MOST DESIRABLE OF THE HUTCHINGS GOLD MINING DESIGNS.

Ken Kutz recorded only seven examples of this fascinating and amusing design in Gold Fever. Of those, only four have 1851 Issue stamps (three are stampless).

Ex Haas and Risvold.

E. 2,000-3,000
6,250
Back to Top
246
c
Sale Number 1242, Lot Number 246, Three-Cent: Territorial and Western3c Dull Red, Type II (11A), 3c Dull Red, Type II (11A)3c Dull Red, Type II (11A). Horizontal pair, margins to in, tiny nicked bottom left corner, tied by "San Francisco Cal. 10 Jul." circular datestamp with large "Due 10" handstamp on cover to North Scituate R.I., back with illustrated mining scene depicting miners operating a Long Tom sluice in the river gravel with mountains in background, "Copy right secured by the Pledge of the whole Mining Community" at top and F.C.M. Fenn San Francisco imprint at bottom, stain on front and design slightly affected by wax seal at tip of flap, still Very Fine appearance and extremely rare, Fenn is the only designer who printed his mining scenes on the back, Gold Fever records only one example of this design--this is a second unrecorded by Kutz--with 1989 P.F. certificate

Sale Number 1242, Lot Number 246, Three-Cent: Territorial and Western3c Dull Red, Type II (11A), 3c Dull Red, Type II (11A)
Image 2
E. 1,000-1,500
1,200
Back to Top
247
c
Sale Number 1242, Lot Number 247, Three-Cent: Territorial and Western3c Dull Red, Type II (11A), 3c Dull Red, Type II (11A)3c Dull Red, Type II (11A). Vertical pair, large margins to slightly in, bottom stamp crease, top stamp crease ending in a tear, tied by grid cancels with "Sonora Cal. Nov. 28" (1853) circular datestamp, with red "STEAMER/WINFIELD SCOTT." two-line handstamp clearly struck on light buff cover to Kalamazoo Mich., minor edgewear and small toned spot at top

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. ONE OF SEVEN COVERS KNOWN RECOVERED FROM THE WRECK OF THE PACIFIC MAIL STEAMSHIP COMPANY STEAMER WINFIELD SCOTT.

The Winfield Scott was a 1,291-ton steamer built in New York City in 1851, which was put into service along the Pacific Coast route in 1852. Her first trip as a Pacific Mail Steamship Co. contract vessel was on August 16, 1853. On December 1, 1853, she left San Francisco for Panama, but was stranded off Anacapa Island in the Santa Barbara Channel and lost. The mails, passengers and cargo were saved, and the recovered mail was transferred to the PMSS California, which left San Francisco on December 7 and arrived in Panama on December 24. The USMSC Illinois carried the mail from Aspinwall to New York (depart December 26, arrive January 5, 1854).

Our Levi records contain nine examples of the two-line handstamp, including seven recovered from the December 1 wreck. This example with 1851 Issue stamps is particularly desirable as several of the other recorded covers are stampless.

Ex Simmons

E. 2,000-3,000
2,500
Back to Top
248
c
Sale Number 1242, Lot Number 248, Three-Cent: Territorial and Western3c Dull Red, Type II (11A), 3c Dull Red, Type II (11A)3c Dull Red, Type II (11A). Horizontal pair, huge margins to just into frameline at bottom, tied by indistinct strike of San Francisco circular datestamp on small cover to East Haverhill N.H., manuscript "Steamer Golden Gate via Panama. Mail of the 1st March 1855", fresh and Very Fine small cover carried on the PMSS Golden Gate

E. 300-400
425
Back to Top
249
c
Sale Number 1242, Lot Number 249, Three-Cent: Territorial and Western3c Dull Red, Type II (11A), 3c Dull Red, Type II (11A)3c Dull Red, Type II (11A). Positions 36-37/46-47R1L, block of four, bright color, tied by bold "San Francisco Cal. 1 Aug" circular datestamp with additional tiny manuscript cancels on top pair on buff cover to Westfield Mass., Very Fine and scarce block of the 3c 1851 Issue on a transcontinental cover, paying double 6c over-3,000 miles rate, ex Baker and J. R. Hill, with 1999 P.F. certificate

E. 750-1,000
900
Back to Top
250
c
Sale Number 1242, Lot Number 250, Three-Cent: Territorial and Western3c Brownish Carmine, Type II (11A), 3c Brownish Carmine, Type II (11A)3c Brownish Carmine, Type II (11A). Positions 1-3L8, horizontal strip of three, middle stamp with gash on shoulder variety and pre-printing paperfold, huge margins to full at right including top left corner sheet margins and portions of adjoining stamps at bottom, tied by "Fiddletown Cal. Feb. 19" double-rim circular datestamp with manuscript "Paid 1" on buff cover to Scio N.Y., Extremely Fine Gem strip and an unusual 10c rate paid with 9c in stamps and 1c in cash, with 1993 P.F. certificate

E. 750-1,000
2,500
Back to Top
251
c
Sale Number 1242, Lot Number 251, Three-Cent: Territorial and Western3c Brownish Carmine, Type II (11A), 3c Brownish Carmine, Type II (11A)3c Brownish Carmine, Type II (11A). L-shaped strip of three, full margins to just in, slight color oxidation, used with 1c Blue, Type IV (9), recut at bottom, large margins to just in at top, neatly placed inside the strip to create a "block" of four, tied by two bold and clear strikes of "New York Mar. 20" Ocean Mail circular datestamp with integral grid on folded cover to San Francisco, small mended nick at bottom, bottom panel of folded lettersheet removed, Very Fine and striking use, ex Dick, Haas and Fox ("Renard"), with 2006 P.F. certificate

E. 750-1,000
800
Back to Top
252
c
Sale Number 1242, Lot Number 252, Three-Cent: Territorial and Western3c Dull Red, Type II (11A), 3c Dull Red, Type II (11A)3c Dull Red, Type II (11A). Single and pair, ample margins to slightly in, used with 1c Blue, Type IV (9), Position 60L1L, recut twice at top, once at bottom (only four such recuts on plate), affixed together as a "block" and tied by double "bounced" strike of "San Francisco Cal. 5 Nov." circular datestamp on buff cover to Boston ("U.S.A." indicating origin outside the country), lightly inked but mostly clear strike of red "C. H. Leland & Co. Post Office Arcade, San Francisco" ornately framed handstamp, cleaned and edges slightly improved, Fine appearance, Leland was a mail-bag operator in San Francisco--this Leland marking is extremely rare--ex Vogel

E. 750-1,000
550
Back to Top
253
c
Sale Number 1242, Lot Number 253, Three-Cent: Territorial and Western3c Dull Red, Type I (11), 3c Dull Red, Type I (11)3c Dull Red, Type I (11). Three singles, used with 1c Blue, Type IV (9), recut once at top and bottom, tied by two strikes of "San Francisco Cal. 5 Sep." circular datestamp on light buff cover to Bunker Hill Ill., back with "Mailed at Still's N.Y. Bookstore San Francisco Sep. 5" circular datestamp, couple stamp faults including left edge of 1c wrinkled from placement near edge of cover and right 3c crease, minor cover edgewear, still Very Fine, we have not encountered another example of this San Francisco bookstore handstamp and it is undoubtedly rare

Sale Number 1242, Lot Number 253, Three-Cent: Territorial and Western3c Dull Red, Type I (11), 3c Dull Red, Type I (11)
Image 2
E. 500-750
450
Back to Top
254
c
Sale Number 1242, Lot Number 254, Three-Cent: Territorial and Western3c Dull Red, Type II (11A), 3c Dull Red, Type II (11A)3c Dull Red, Type II (11A). Horizontal pair, mostly ample margins to slightly in, tied by "San Francisco Cal. Jul. 16" (1853) circular datestamp on buff cover with Adams & Co. printed frank (missing "f" of "California") at upper left, to Uniontown Ala., carried from San Francisco to Panama on PMSS Golden Gate (depart Jul. 16, arrive Jul. 29), then from Aspinwall to New York on USMSC Illinois (depart Aug. 1, arrive Aug. 10), small tear in cover at upper right

VERY FINE. ONE OF SEVEN RECORDED EXAMPLES OF ADAMS & COMPANY'S PRINTED FRANK, OF WHICH ONLY TWO HAVE ADHESIVE STAMPS. THIS IS THE FIRST PRINTED FRANK USED BY ANY OF THE WESTERN EXPRESS COMPANIES. A COVER OF GREAT HISTORICAL IMPORTANCE AND ESPECIALLY DESIRABLE WITH THE 3-CENT 1851 ISSUE.

Adams & Company set up its California and Oregon business in December 1849 under the direction of William B. Dinsmore of New York and Daniel H. Haskell of Boston, with Alvin Adams as a third partner. Dinsmore left shortly thereafter. In 1852 I. C. Woods joined the firm and two years later became a partner. Its business in the shipment of gold, merchandise, parcels and letters flourished, and its related banking operations established Adams & Co. as a major force in the economic development of the West. All of this figuratively turned to dust in February 1855 with the failure of Page, Bacon & Company, a prominent banking firm. Two days later Adams Express collapsed as depositors rushed to withdraw their gold from a concern that was already weakened by competition (source: Wiltsee, The Pioneer Mule and The Pack Mule Express).

The significance of Adams & Company's printed franks is two-fold: first, they were produced in 1853, making them the earliest franks actually printed on envelopes or stamped entires; and, second, their function "was to facilitate the deposit of mail in letter boxes after the normal business hours of the express. Much like a printed adhesive stamp, these could be used to prepare letters for mailing so that they could be deposited in a box and without having to wait in line if the express office was still open." (Frajola).

With the Dale-Lichtenstein dispersal, the number of recorded examples of the Adams & Co. frank rose to seven, including three slightly different formats on plain envelopes, both stamped and stampless, and the 3c Nesbitt entire. Only two covers have adhesive stamps; both are addressed to Sarah L. Davidson in Uniontown, Alabama, and each has a pair of the 3c 1851.

Ex Dale-Lichtenstein, Walske and "New Helvetia". With 2008 P.F. certificate

E. 3,000-4,000
2,700
Back to Top
255
c
Sale Number 1242, Lot Number 255, Three-Cent: Territorial and Western3c Dull Red, Type II (11A), 3c Dull Red, Type II (11A)3c Dull Red, Type II (11A). Horizontal pair, margins to in on left stamp, tied by light strike of "Sacramento City Cal. 14 Mar." circular datestamp on 6c Green Nesbitt entire (U14) with bold strike of blue "Rhodes & Cos Express Red Bluffs" oval express handstamp (Thomas RHC-100), addressed to Delevan Wis., minor soiling and edgewear, still Very Fine and extremely rare example of this express handstamp, the Thomas Western Express Companies book records only this single example (illustrated on p. 653), according to Thomas, James H. Rhodes purchased Hiram Lusk's interests in Rhodes & Lusk Express in February 1854, Rhodes & Cos. Express operated out of Sacramento, connected with Wells, Fargo & Co. and ran service north to Shasta, Weatherville and Yreka, ex Kutz, with 1978 P.F. certificate

E. 750-1,000
5,000
Back to Top
256
c
Sale Number 1242, Lot Number 256, Three-Cent: Territorial and Western3c Dull Red, Type II (11A), 3c Dull Red, Type II (11A)3c Dull Red, Type II (11A). Full margins to clear at top, "W.E.S. & Co." manuscript precancel, used with blue "W. E. Singer & Co's Feather River Express, Connecting with Wells, Fargo & Co." oval handstamp (Thomas SIN-100) on buff cover to Bidwell's Bar Cal., receipt docketing "Wells Fargo & Co. Mvlle March 23" (1855) on back, original enclosure datelined at Marysville Mar. 22, 1855, Very Fine, one of five expresses operated by the colorful Capt. William E. Singer over a seven-year period, all of which carried mail between the Feather River mining camps and the base town of Marysville, only two examples of the Singer & Co. precancel are reported, ex Walske and "New Helvetia", with 2015 P.F. certificate

E. 750-1,000
1,700
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