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Sale 1242 — The Gordon Eubanks Collection: United States 1851 to 1856 Imperforate Issue

Sale Date — Tuesday-Wednesday, 12-13 October, 2021

Category — Three-Cent: Private Perforations

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
182
c
Sale Number 1242, Lot Number 182, Three-Cent: Private Perforations3c Dull Red, Type I, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11 var), 3c Dull Red, Type I, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11 var)3c Dull Red, Type I, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11 var). Complete and well-formed unofficial perforations all around, tied by "Fort Des Moines Iowa Jun. 19" circular datestamp on cover to New York City, backflap tear just extends to front at top

VERY FINE. ONE OF ONLY FOUR KNOWN 3-CENT CHICAGO PERF COVERS WHICH ORIGINATE FROM OUTSIDE OF CHICAGO.

The origin of the Chicago perforation was revealed in an article published by Jerome S. Wagshal in Chronicle 130 (May 1986). To briefly summarize his research, the inventor of the machine used to create the Chicago Perf stamps was Dr. Elijah W. Hadley, a Chicago dentist. He probably constructed the machine in 1854. Over a two-year period, beginning in November 1854, Dr. Hadley's device was offered for sale to the Post Office Department through R. K. Swift, a prominent Chicago banker and businessman. The distinctive 12.5-gauge Chicago Perf was applied to sheets of the 1c (Plates 1 Late and 2) and 3c 1851 Issue, the 1c being considerably rarer (see lot 126 for an example of the 1c).

Des Moines is approximately 330 miles west of Chicago. Like the few other known covers which were mailed from outside of Chicago, this stamp was likely carried to Des Moines from Chicago by a traveler. Wilson Hulme recorded only two such covers in his 1997 Chronicle articles about the Chicago Perfs--one from Rosedale Wis. (Sale 1224, lot 57) and one from New York (Sale 996, lot 3186). The cover offered here and the cover from Boston in lot 183 are additions to the census.

With 2012 P.F. certificate. Scott value $8,000.00

E. 4,000-5,000
4,250
183
c
Sale Number 1242, Lot Number 183, Three-Cent: Private Perforations3c Dull Red, Type I, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11 var), 3c Dull Red, Type I, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11 var)3c Dull Red, Type I, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11 var). Unofficial perforations all around which are scissors-separated at sides, slightly blunting some perfs, tied by large "PAID" grid with red "Boston Mass. 21 Jul." (1856) circular datestamp on folded letter to Fisherville Ten., contents include "I wrote you from Chicago"

VERY FINE. ONE OF ONLY FOUR KNOWN 3-CENT CHICAGO PERF COVERS WHICH ORIGINATE FROM OUTSIDE OF CHICAGO.

The origin of the Chicago perforation was revealed in an article published by Jerome S. Wagshal in Chronicle 130 (May 1986). To briefly summarize his research, the inventor of the machine used to create the Chicago Perf stamps was Dr. Elijah W. Hadley, a Chicago dentist. He probably constructed the machine in 1854. Over a two-year period, beginning in November 1854, Dr. Hadley's device was offered for sale to the Post Office Department through R. K. Swift, a prominent Chicago banker and businessman. The distinctive 12.5-gauge Chicago Perf was applied to sheets of the 1c (Plates 1 Late and 2) and 3c 1851 Issue, the 1c being considerably rarer (see lot 126 for an example of the 1c).

The stamp on this letter was carried by a traveler from Chicago to Boston, a fact established by the contents. Wilson Hulme recorded only two such covers in his 1997 Chronicle articles about the Chicago Perfs--one from Rosedale Wis. (Sale 1224, lot 57) and one from New York (Sale 996, lot 3186). The cover offered here and the cover from Fort Des Moines, Iowa, in lot 182 are additions to the census.

With 2008 P.F. certificate. Scott value $8,000.00

E. 3,000-4,000
2,500
Back to Top
184
c
Sale Number 1242, Lot Number 184, Three-Cent: Private Perforations3c Claret, Type I, Bergen N.Y. Sawtooth Perforations (11 var), 3c Claret, Type I, Bergen N.Y. Sawtooth Perforations (11 var)3c Claret, Type I, Bergen N.Y. Sawtooth Perforations (11 var). Position 91L7, sawtooth perforations on all sides which gauge approximately 9-10, tied by bold "Bergen N.Y. Apr. 30" circular datestamp on buff cover to Andover Conn., missing backflap

VERY FINE. A CHOICE AND RARE EXAMPLE OF THE BERGEN, NEW YORK, SAWTOOTH PERFORATION ON COVER. ONLY NINE EXAMPLES ARE RECORDED IN THE HULME CENSUS, OF WHICH FIVE ARE ON COVER.

In the 1851 Sesquicentennial book, Wilson Hulme opines that these were created in either 1856 or 1857, and he reproduces an account from a later postmaster of Bergen, who had noted "About 1856, a shoemaker was postmaster of Bergen. Sheets of stamps then were not perforated and had to be cut apart with shears. He took the little wheel with a handle that cobblers and dressmakers used to make patterns, placed a stick across a sheet of stamps and drew his tool across, thus providing the first perforated stamp sheets." Five are recorded on cover in the Hulme census.

With 2013 P.F. certificate

E. 2,000-3,000
8,000
Back to Top
185
 
Sale Number 1242, Lot Number 185, Three-Cent: Private Perforations3c Dull Red, Type II, Private Roulette Perforation (11A var), 3c Dull Red, Type II, Private Roulette Perforation (11A var)3c Dull Red, Type II, Private Roulette Perforation (11A var). Positions 49-50L2L, horizontal pair, long sawtooth perforations at bottom and straight edge other sides including huge interpane margin at right with centerline, "Washington D.C. Dec. 11" circular datestamp, tiny tear at top left, Very Fine appearance, very little is known about this private perforation, it was originally part of a horizontal strip of four, illustrated in Chronicle (May 1975, p. 80), ex Alexander and "Lake Shore", 2002 P.F. certificate declining opinion no longer accompanies

E. 400-500
550
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