Sale 1248 — The Magnolia Collection of U.S. Mail in China and Japan: Part 1

Sale Date — Thursday, 16 December, 2021

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Category — Mail From China to U.S. Post Offices in Japan

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
2059
c
Sale Number 1248, Lot Number 2059, Mail From China to U.S. Post Offices in Japan10c Green (68), 10c Green (68)10c Green (68). Dark shade, tied by incredibly bold strike of segmented circular cork cancel, sharp strike of "P.O.D. U.S. Con. Genl. Shanghai Feb. 24" (1868) circular datestamp on blue folded cover to Bernard, Eccard & Raud in Yokohama, Japan, sender's directive "pr Costa Rica"--carried on the PMSS branch-line steamer Costa Rica, departing Shanghai February 24, 1868, and arriving Yokohama March 4--receipt docketing on inside panel, minor toning along file fold

EXTREMELY FINE. THE EARLIEST RECORDED USE OF THE UNITED STATES POSTAL AGENCY IN SHANGHAI SINGLE-CIRCLE DATESTAMP, WHICH REPLACED THE DOUBLE-CIRCLE CONSULATE DATESTAMPING DEVICE. ONLY FIVE COVERS WITH 1861-68 ISSUE STAMPS PAYING THE 10-CENT RATE FROM THE U.S. POST OFFICE IN CHINA TO JAPAN ARE RECORDED.

Letters between U.S. post offices in China and Japan were carried under the blanket 10c rate until the 6c interconsular rate was introduced. Based on archival correspendence, the rate is thought to have been implemented in mid-April 1870 (see Laurence 10c 1869 book, p. 281).

There are five recorded interconsular covers from Shanghai to Japan with the 10c 1861 or 1868 Grilled Issue paying this rate. In addition, there are four 1869 Pictorial covers (at 10c or 6c rates) and a number of Bank Note Issue covers.

The earliest recorded date the new single-circle datestamp was used is February 24, 1868. Two covers are recorded with this date: this interconsular cover with a 10c stamp and a wrapper to Hartford, Connecticut, with a 2c Black Jack stamp. Both covers are illustrated in the Frajola-Perlman-Scamp book (p. 93).

Ex Perlman.

Bid on this lot

E. 5,000-7,500
Future Sale
2060
c
Sale Number 1248, Lot Number 2060, Mail From China to U.S. Post Offices in Japan2c Brown (113), 2c Brown (113)2c Brown (113). Vertical strip of three tied at left by three bold strikes of circle of wedges cancel, heavily impressed by underinked strike of "P.O.D. U.S. Con. Genl. Shanghai Sep. 20" (1870) circular datestamp on blue folded letter datelined Shanghai, September 19, 1870, to Pignatel & Co. in Nagasaki, Japan, "L. Vrard & Co. Shanghai" blue oval handstamp, sender's directive "pr New York"--carried on the PMSS branch-line steamer New York, departing Shanghai September 20, 1870, and arriving Nagasaki about one day later--docketed with September 21 receipt date

VERY FINE. ONE OF FOUR RECORDED COVERS WITH 1869 PICTORIAL ISSUE STAMPS PAYING THE RATE FROM THE UNITED STATES POST OFFICE IN SHANGHAI TO JAPAN, OF WHICH ONLY ONE HAS THE 2-CENT POSTRIDER STAMP.

Letters between U.S. post offices in China and Japan were carried under the blanket 10c rate until the 6c interconsular rate was introduced. Based on archival correspendence, the rate is thought to have been implemented in mid-April 1870 (see Laurence 10c 1869 book, p. 281). The Frajola-Perlman-Scamp book illustrates this cover and reports it is the earliest use of the 6c interconsular rate from Shanghai (p. 106). The earliest use of this rate in either direction is a cover from Nagasaki to Shanghai dated May 12, 1870, with three 2c 1869 stamps (ex Gross, Sale 1211, lot 523).

There are four recorded interconsular covers from Shanghai to Japan with 1869 Pictorial stamps: one with a 10c (April 1, 1870, at 10c rate), one with a 6c (offered in lot 2061), one with a 3c pair, and this cover with a 2c strip of three. In addition, there are two 1869 Pictorial covers from Japan to Shanghai (one offered in lot 2094), as well as 1869 covers between U.S. post offices in Japan.

The PMSS New York was used to carry mail between Shanghai and Japan if the mail was not connecting with a PMSS steamer at Yokohama for outbound eastbound trips. For all connecting mail, the PMSS Great Republic was used (Frajola-Perlman-Scamp, p. 106).

Ex Riddell (illustrated in their pamphlet, p. 9) and Mizuhara.

Bid on this lot

E. 7,500-10,000
Future Sale
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2061
c
Sale Number 1248, Lot Number 2061, Mail From China to U.S. Post Offices in Japan6c Ultramarine (115), 6c Ultramarine (115)6c Ultramarine (115). Tied by bold strike of circle of wedges cancel, partly clear strike of "P.O.D. U.S. Con. Genl. Shanghai May 31" (1870) circular datestamp on blue folded letter datelined Shanghai, May 31, 1870, from Vrard & Co. to Pignatel & Co. in Nagasaki, Japan, sender's directive "per Str. 'Oregonian'"--carried on the PMSS branch-line steamer Oregonian, departing Shanghai May 31, 1870, and arriving Nagasaki about two days later--docketed with June 2 receipt date

VERY FINE. ONE OF FOUR RECORDED COVERS WITH 1869 PICTORIAL ISSUE STAMPS PAYING THE RATE FROM THE UNITED STATES POST OFFICE IN SHANGHAI TO JAPAN, OF WHICH ONLY ONE HAS THE 6-CENT STAMP.

Letters between U.S. post offices in China and Japan were carried under the blanket 10c rate until the 6c interconsular rate was introduced. Based on archival correspendence, the rate is thought to have been implemented in mid-April 1870 (see Laurence 10c 1869 book, p. 281). The earliest use of this rate in either direction is a cover from Nagasaki to Shanghai dated May 12, 1870, with three 2c 1869 stamps (ex Gross, Sale 1211, lot 523). The cover offered here is the second earliest.

There are four recorded interconsular covers from Shanghai to Japan with 1869 Pictorial stamps: one with a 10c (April 1, 1870, at 10c rate), this cover with a 6c, one with a 3c pair, and one with a 2c strip of three (offered in lot 2060). In addition, there are two 1869 Pictorial covers from Japan to Shanghai (one offered in lot 2094), as well as 1869 covers between U.S. post offices in Japan.

The PMSS Oregonian was used to carry mail between Shanghai and Japan if the mail was not connecting with a PMSS steamer at Yokohama for outbound eastbound trips. For all connecting mail, the PMSS Great Republic was used (Frajola-Perlman-Scamp, p. 106).

Illustrated in Rose 1869 book (p. 68).

Ex Ishikawa and Coulter.

Bid on this lot

E. 7,500-10,000
Future Sale
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2062
c
Sale Number 1248, Lot Number 2062, Mail From China to U.S. Post Offices in Japan6c Carmine (148), 6c Carmine (148)6c Carmine (148). Two, deep rich color, used as forwarding postage with Germany 1872 1gr Rose, Large Shield (17) and three 5gr Bister, Large Shield (20), tied by "Bremen 23 4 74" (April 23, 1874) circular datestamps on cover to J. L. Ruyter Jr., a clerk in the firm of Schmidt, Westphal & Co., Nagasaki, Japan, sender's directive "Via Marseille", blue "Allemagne Paq. Paris 1E/25 Avril 74" arrival datestamp, red "P.D." handstamp, carried on the French postal route from Marseilles to Shanghai, "Shang-Hai Chine 6 Juin 74" French Post Office double-circle datestamp on back, the cover was handed to the U.S. Postal Agency, two U.S. stamps were affixed to pay the double 6c interconsular rate and tied by circle of wedges cancels, "U.S. Postal Ag'cy Shanghai Jun. 10" circular datestamp--carried on the Pacific Mail Steamship Co. branch-line steamer Golden Age, departing Shanghai June 10, 1874, and arriving Nagasaki days later--docketing on back indicates June 14 receipt date

EXTREMELY FINE. A TRULY REMARKABLE MIXED-FRANKING COVER--ORIGINATING IN GERMANY WITH THE 1872 LARGE SHIELD ISSUE PAYING POSTAGE TO SHANGHAI VIA MARSEILLES, AND SENT FROM U.S. POSTAL AGENCY IN SHANGHAI TO NAGASAKI WITH TWO 6-CENT BANK NOTE ISSUE STAMPS PAYING THE DOUBLE INTERCONSULAR RATE. THIS BEAUTIFUL COVER IS WITHOUT QUESTION ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT AND IMPRESSIVE ARTIFACTS OF THE POSTAL HISTORY OF CHINA AND JAPAN.

This cover from Germany to Nagasaki, Japan, was mailed in 1874, the last year of the foreign post offices in Japan. Beginning January 1, 1875, the new Japanese Foreign Postal Service took over international mails, and the U.S. post offices in Yokohama, Nagasaki, Hiogo and Hakodate closed.

Once this cover reached Marseilles, it entered the French postal system and was transported to the French post office in Shanghai. Since France had no postal service from Shanghai to Nagasaki in 1874, the correspondent's agent in Shanghai gave the cover to the United States Postal Agency, and an additional 12c for the double 6c interconsular rate was paid with the two Bank Note stamps--it must have weighed just over the half-ounce limit. The German 16 groschen postage was sufficient for the single rate. There is one other similar cover from the same correspondence. They are the only German-U.S. mixed frankings through the U.S. Postal Agency in Shanghai known to us.

Illustrated in Frajola-Perlman-Scamp book (p. 123).

Bid on this lot

E. 30,000-40,000
Future Sale
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2063
c
Sale Number 1248, Lot Number 2063, Mail From China to U.S. Post Offices in Japan6c Dull Pink (159), 6c Dull Pink (159)6c Dull Pink (159). Used as forwarding postage with France 1871-72 25c Blue (58) pair and 80c Rose (63), tied by diamond of dots cancels, "Bordeaux Les Salinieres 4E/25 Juin 74" (June 25, 1874) double-circle datestamp on folded letter to Pignatel & Co., Nagasaki, Japan, sender's directive "Via Brindisi, outre Steamer", Paris June 25 and 26 backstamps, red "Paris a Modane 26 Juin 74" datestamp on back, black "P.D." (Paid to Destination) framed handstamp struck out with red "P.P." (Paid to Port) framed handstamp, carried on the French postal route via Brindisi to Shanghai, "Shang-Hai Chine 5 Auot 74" French Post Office double-circle datestamp on back, the cover was handed to the U.S. Postal Agency, a U.S. stamp was affixed to pay the 6c interconsular rate and tied by circle of wedges cancel, "U.S. Postal Ag'cy Shanghai Aug. 12" circular datestamp--carried on the Pacific Mail Steamship Co. branch-line steamer Golden Age, departing Shanghai August 12, 1874, and arriving Nagasaki days later--docketing on back indicates August 14 receipt date, small tear at top right, trivial gum stains around 6c

VERY FINE. AN OUTSTANDING MIXED-FRANKING COVER, ORIGINATING IN FRANCE WITH THE CERES ISSUE PAYING POSTAGE TO SHANGHAI VIA BRINDISI, AND SENT FROM U.S. POSTAL AGENCY IN SHANGHAI TO NAGASAKI WITH A 6-CENT BANK NOTE ISSUE STAMP PAYING THE INTERCONSULAR RATE. A COLORFUL COVER AND ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT ARTIFACTS OF THE POSTAL HISTORY OF CHINA AND JAPAN.

This cover from France to Nagasaki, Japan, was mailed in 1874, the last year of the foreign post offices in Japan. Beginning January 1, 1875, the new Japanese Foreign Postal Service took over international mails, and the U.S. post offices in Yokohama, Nagasaki, Hiogo and Hakodate closed.

It was transported to the French post office in Shanghai on the route via Brindisi. As France had no postal service from Shanghai to Nagasaki in 1874, the correspondent's agent in Shanghai gave the cover to the United States Postal Agency, and an additional 6c for the interconsular rate was paid by the Bank Note stamp.

We record five covers with French and United States stamps used together to pay postage to or from China and Japan. Four were sent through the U.S. office in Shanghai and have Bank Note stamps. One was sent through the office in Yokohama and has a 3c 1869 stamp (offered in lot 2095). In addition to the five covers from France, there are two covers from Germany to Nagasaki via Shanghai, each with German and U.S. Bank Note stamps (one is offered in lot 2062).

Illustrated in Frajola-Perlman-Scamp book (p. 124) and Matsumoto Jun Ichi, A History of The French Post Office of Yokohama (p. 196).

Small Calves and Roumet handstamps.

Bid on this lot

E. 20,000-30,000
Future Sale
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2064
c
Sale Number 1248, Lot Number 2064, Mail From China to U.S. Post Offices in Japan6c Carmine (148), 6c Carmine (148)6c Carmine (148). Horizontal pair, deep rich color, tied by two bold strikes of circle of wedges cancel, "U.S. Postal Ag'cy Shanghai Oct. 12" (1873) circular datestamp on cover to J. L. Ruyter Jr., a clerk in the firm of Schmidt, Westphal & Co., Nagasaki, Japan, blue "Forwarded by Russell & Co. Shanghai Oct. 11, 1873" double-oval ribbon-marker datestamp on back--carried on PMSS branch-line steamer Costa Rica, departing Shanghai October 12 and arriving in Nagasaki days later--docketing with October 14 receipt date, mended opening tear in backflap slightly affects forwarder's marking

VERY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL COVER WITH THE UNITED STATES 6-CENT 1870 NATIONAL BANK NOTE COMPANY ISSUE PAYING THE DOUBLE INTERCONSULAR RATE FROM SHANGHAI TO NAGASAKI.

Ex Dr. Spicer and Fisher.

Bid on this lot

Sale Number 1248, Lot Number 2064, Mail From China to U.S. Post Offices in Japan6c Carmine (148), 6c Carmine (148)
Image 2
E. 3,000-4,000
Future Sale
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