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Sale 1239 — 2021 Rarities of the World

Sale Date — Thursday, 24 June, 2021

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Category — 1847 Issue

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
509°
c
Sale Number 1239, Lot Number 509, 1847 Issue5c Red Brown (1), 5c Red Brown (1)5c Red Brown (1). Large margins, worn-plate impression, right side creased from file fold, tied by blue grid cancel, matching "Philada. Pa. 5 cts. Aug. 28" (1850) integral-rate circular datestamp and used with U.S.P.O., Philadelphia Pa., 1c Black on Rose, "J J" (7LB5), large top margin, traces of two other framelines, faint gum soaks, uncancelled on greenish blue folded letter to West Chester Pa., sender's endorsement "Paid"

VERY FINE. THE ONLY COMPLETE COVER BEARING ONE OF TWO RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE "J J" PHILADELPHIA CARRIER STAMP AND THE ONLY COMBINATION USE WITH THE 1847 ISSUE. ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT CARRIER COVERS IN EXISTENCE, AS WELL AS AN OUTSTANDING 1847 ISSUE USE.

The "J J" stamp is the only one of the Philadelphia U.S.P.O. stamps with initials that precisely match the name of a carrier, John Johnson. Existence of the "J J" stamp was first reported by Eugene Klein in 1911, when the other known example was discovered used on a cover-front dated June 17, 1849. This 1847 combination cover with the "J J" stamp has a cost notation on back "Power. Cost $1150.00", believed to be in Caspary's hand and referring to the dealer, Eustace Power. The two "J J" items made their first auction appearance in the 1957 Caspary sale. The June 17 front was later acquired by Ambassador J. William Middendorf II for his famous Carriers & Locals collection, and the 1847 combination cover was later sold to Josiah K. Lilly, whose collection of Carriers & Locals was sold through the Siegel firm in 1967 (Sale 321). The 1847 cover was acquired by John R. Boker Jr. and then by David Golden. It was last offered at auction in our 1999 sale of the Golden collection, where it was acquired by Dr. Vernon R. Morris, Jr.

USPCS census no. 11037. Ex Caspary, Lilly, Boker, Golden and Dr. Morris. Backstamped "RHW Co." (Raymond H. Weill Co.) With 1999 P.F. certificate. Scott value (stating "unique") $60,000.00

Bid on this lot

E. 20,000-30,000
Future Sale
510°
c
Sale Number 1239, Lot Number 510, 1847 Issue5c Orange Brown (1b), 5c Orange Brown (1b)5c Orange Brown (1b). Ample to full margins on three sides, just into frameline at right, worn-plate impression, tied by blue grid cancel and used with U.S.P.O., Philadelphia Pa., 1c Black on Vermilion Glazed (7LB8), large top margin, traces of three other framelines, uncancelled, blue "Philada. Pa. 5 cts. 7 Mar." (1850) integral-rate circular datestamp on blue folded letter to Richmond Va., sender's notation at top right "carrier 1 &/ postage 6", file folds, one at left passes under corner of carrier stamp but did not crease it

VERY FINE. ONE OF THREE RECORDED COVERS BEARING THE PHILADELPHIA VERMILION CARRIER STAMP AND 1847 ISSUE, AND THE ONLY ONE WITH THE 5-CENT ORANGE BROWN SHADE. AN OUTSTANDING CLASSIC RARITY.

A total of 20 to 22 covers with Scott 7LB8 are reported in the Lyons census (The Penny Post, July 2006), but several covers he lists have stamps that did not originate, and one of his 1847 combination entries ("w/ #1a 4-3-51") duplicates another entry ("3-8-51") due to a misreading of the postmark date. The true number of 7LB8 covers is probably closer to 15.

There are only three 7LB8 covers with 1847 Issue stamps listed in the USPCS census, each with a single 5c. The other two both bear the 5c Dark Brown (Scott 1a) and were sold in our auctions of the David Golden collection (Sale 817, lot 368) and the William H. Gross collection (Sale 1041, lot 249, also addressed to Griswold & Claiborne). This is the only one of the three to bear the desirable Orange Brown shade of the 5c 1847.

USPCS census no. 10935. Ex Hessel, Golden and Dr. Morris. With 1999 P.F. certificate. Scott value $21,000.00

Bid on this lot

E. 7,500-10,000
Future Sale
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511
c
Sale Number 1239, Lot Number 511, 1847 Issue10c Black (2), 10c Black (2)10c Black (2). Position 10L, huge margins all around including enormous top right corner margins, 3-4mm at right and 8mm at top, intense early impression, tied by red square grid, matching "New-York Aug. 25" (1847) circular datestamp on blue folded letter to Vienna N.Y.

EXTREMELY FINE GEM. THIS IS WITHOUT QUESTION THE FINEST CORNER-MARGIN COPY OF THE 10-CENT 1847 ISSUE ON COVER. FROM A RELATIVELY RECENT DISCOVERY, WHICH WAS OFFERED TO THE MARKET FOR THE FIRST TIME IN OUR 2006 RARITIES SALE.

In his extensive census of the 10c 1847 issue with corner sheet margins, Philip T. Wall records a total of sixteen used stamps on or off cover (another three or four covers have since been recorded). Others can be plated as corner margin positions but do not show significant sheet margins. Many of these have faults, the most common being creases in the selvage.

This cover was part of a find of eleven 5c and 10c 1847 covers, which were discovered in 2004 in Geneva, New York. Nine of the eleven are addressed to Samuel Baldwin.

USPCS census no. 7910. With 2006 P.F. certificate.

Bid on this lot

E. 20,000-30,000
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512°
c
Sale Number 1239, Lot Number 512, 1847 Issue10c Black (2), 10c Black (2)10c Black (2). Position 22R, large margins to full at upper left, tied by blurry strike of blue "Philada. Pa. 10 Nov. 5" (1849) 10c integral-rate circular datestamp with second strike at right on folded letter to "Color Maker Hamilton Print Works" in Lowell Mass., with dark blue illustration of the medicinal plant Valerian, letter is from Arthur Campbell, an employee of the pharmaceutical company Powers & Weightman, contains lengthy and interesting content on pharmaceutical manufacturing and also references "Per Blood's Despatch" in origination address

VERY FINE. A VERY EARLY EXAMPLE OF WHAT CAN RIGHTLY BE CALLED AN ILLUSTRATED ADVERTISING DESIGN ON A 10-CENT 1847 ISSUE COVER.

Powers & Weightman, who employed the writer of this letter and used the Valerian plant in its chemical compounds, was founded by William Weightman (1813-1904). Weightman was a prominent chemical manufacturer and one of the largest landowners in the United States during the mid-1800's. He was nicknamed the "Quinine King" and invented a synthetic form of the drug. The company merged in the 1920's with the pharmaceutical giant Merck & Co.

USPCS census no. 11820. Accompanied by a transcription of the letter. With 1990 P.S.E. certificate

Bid on this lot

E. 3,000-4,000
Future Sale
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513
c
Sale Number 1239, Lot Number 513, 1847 Issue10c Black (2), 10c Black (2)10c Black (2). Horizontal pair, large margins to ample at bottom right, proof-like impression, tied by red "St. Louis Mo. Jan. 29" (1851) circular datestamp with second strike at right on blue folded letter to Philadelphia Pa., Charnley & Whelen correspondence, fresh and outstanding condition

EXTREMELY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL 10-CENT 1847 PAIR ON COVER TO PHILADELPHIA.

USPCS census no. 4851. Ex Moody, Rust and Haub ("Erivan"). With 2019 P.F. certificate

Bid on this lot

E. 2,000-3,000
Future Sale
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514
c
Sale Number 1239, Lot Number 514, 1847 Issue10c Black (2), 10c Black (2)10c Black (2). Clear to large margins with huge bottom sheet margin, proof-like impression, used to forward a letter datelined at Savannah Ga., Dec. 22, 1848, to David Torrance in New York City, red "Savannah Ga. 10 Dec. 22" integral-rate circular datestamp, turned and re-addressed to Montreal, Canada, sender's routing "via Whitehall N.Y.", red "New-York Dec. 26" circular datestamp and matching "6" in circle handstamp used to cancel 10c stamp (well-tied), red Montreal receiving backstamp (Jan. 3, 1849), some splits along folds, repaired erosion along vertical file fold, stamp appears to have a very slight pressed crease

EXTREMELY FINE APPEARANCE. A SPECTACULAR SHEET-MARGIN EXAMPLE OF THE 10-CENT 1847 ISSUE USED ON AN UNUSUAL TURNED COVER FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK CITY, THEN FORWARDED TO MONTREAL, CANADA -- ADDING TO THE MIX IS THE PRESENCE OF THE "6" IN CIRCLE SHIP-LETTER RATE MARKING USED AS A CANCELLATION.

USPCS census no. 8142. Ex Boker and Gross

Bid on this lot

E. 2,000-3,000
Future Sale
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515
c
Sale Number 1239, Lot Number 515, 1847 Issue5c Red Brown (1), 5c Red Brown (1)5c Red Brown (1). Two singles, full margins to just in, intermediate impression, cancelled by blue manuscript on blue part-printed "Office of Quebec and Lake Superior Mining Association, Quebec, 20th April 1850" folded letter from Quebec, Canada to New York City, from the Kennedy correspondence, clear strike of red "Paid at Quebec L.C." crowned-circle handstamp, manuscript "11-1/2" for Canadian postage and sender's notation "Pd. to the lines", "Quebec L.C. AP 21, 1850" transit datestamp, Montreal Apr. 22 backstamp, light vertical file folds, one of which affects left stamp

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE USE OF TWO 5-CENT 1847 STAMPS ON A COVER ORIGINATING IN CANADA. ONLY SIX COVERS ARE KNOWN WITH THE 5-CENT USED WITH THE "PAID AT QUEBEC" CROWNED-CIRCLE HANDSTAMP.

The two 5c stamps were applied in Canada but were cancelled on arrival in New York. The "Paid at Quebec" crowned-circle handstamp was used at British colonial post offices as acknowledgement of cash payment for postage. Quebec was the only Canadian city to use this marking, because the main branch of the colonial post office was located there.

The USPCS census records only seven covers with the "Paid at Quebec" marking used with the 5c 1847 Issue (none is known with the 10c). Six bear two stamps and are from the Kennedy correspondence. A seventh is known with a single 5c used to Boston. Similar covers from the Kennedy correspondence are illustrated in Boggs The Postage Stamps and Postal History of Canada (pp. 72-73). The cover offered here was illustrated and described in an article in Chronicle 218 (copy accompanies).

USPCS census no. 294. Ex Mirsky. With 1989 P.F. certificate

Bid on this lot

E. 4,000-5,000
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516
c
Sale Number 1239, Lot Number 516, 1847 Issue10c Black (2), 10c Black (2)10c Black (2). Position 32R, large margins to in at bottom, tied by red grid cancels on blue folded letter datelined "Montreal 26th April 1850" and sent from Montreal, Canada, to New York City, from the Kennedy correspondence, bold strike of red "Montreal L.C. AP 26, 1850" circular datestamp with matching "Paid" handstamp, manuscript "9" for Canadian pence postage (double 4-1/2p rate)

VERY FINE. A RARE EXAMPLE OF THE 10-CENT 1847 ISSUE USED ON A COVER FROM CANADA TO THE UNITED STATES. THIS COVER WAS ACCEPTED AS FULLY PREPAID IN NEW YORK, EVEN THOUGH IT WAS UNDERPAID FOR THE DOUBLE WEIGHT CLASS. THE ONLY SUCH USE RECORDED IN THE USPCS CENSUS.

The manuscript "9" pence marking and letter content listing several enclosures indicate that this originally weighed more than the half-ounce single-rate limit. The correct U.S. postage from the border should have been 20c for a letter weighing between one-half and one ounce, sent over 300 miles. However, New York accepted this as fully prepaid and cancelled the stamp on arrival. This is the only double-rate use recorded in the USPCS census.

USPCS census no. 275. Illustrated and described in an article in Chronicle 222 (copy accompanies). Ex Ackerman and Mirksy.

Bid on this lot

E. 4,000-5,000
Future Sale
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517
c
Sale Number 1239, Lot Number 517, 1847 Issue5c Red Brown (1), 5c Red Brown (1)5c Red Brown (1). Three huge margins showing framelines of adjoining stamps, clear to ample at right, rich color on deeply blued paper, worn-plate impression, tied by Canadian 7-ring target cancel, "Chippawa U.C. DE 24 1851" circular datestamp, red "CANADA/PAID 10 Cts" two-line handstamp on folded letter from Oliver T. Macklem to Upjohn & Co. in New York City, Queenston backstamp, the letter concerns settlement of a debt which had been delayed due to suspension of banking in Canada at the time

EXTREMELY FINE. AN OUTSTANDING 1847 ISSUE COVER, SHOWING ACCEPTANCE OF THE UNITED STATES 5-CENT STAMP ON MAIL FROM CANADA MONTHS AFTER THE ISSUE WAS DEMONETIZED. THIS REMARKABLE COVER FIRST CAME TO LIGHT IN 1989 AND RANKS AMONG THE MOST STRIKING EXAMPLES OF THE 1847 ISSUE USED FROM CANADA EXTANT.

The U.S.-Canada postal treaty of April 1851 provided for prepayment of full postage from the country of origin to the destination, eliminating the need for "paid to the lines" part prepayment and collection. The 6p rate in Canada and the 10c rate in the United States are the standard April 1851 treaty rates. After the 1847 Issue was demonetized on July 1, 1851, post offices in Canada continued to accept the old issue on mail to the U.S., as evidenced by several covers with 1847 stamps used in Canada well after demonetization. These were also considered fully paid on arrival in the U.S. The cover offered here was mailed in December 1851, months after demonetization, and the postmaster at Chippawa cancelled the stamp. The red "Paid 10 Cts" marking was applied in Canada to indicate that the postage was prepaid, half by the U.S. stamp and presumably half in coin. There are no U.S. due markings, so the Canadian "Paid" was apparently sufficient.

USPCS census no. 229. Illustrated in Alexander 1847 Census book (p. 24). Ex Boker and Gross. With 2013 P.F. certificate

Bid on this lot

E. 15,000-20,000
Future Sale
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518°
c
Sale Number 1239, Lot Number 518, 1847 Issue5c Red Brown (1), 5c Red Brown (1)5c Red Brown (1). Horizontal strip of five, large to full margins, worn-plate impression, tied by multiple strikes of New York City red grid cancel, used with Canada, 1851, 3p Red, Laid Paper (1; SG 1), large margins all around, tied by 7-ring target cancel on envelope to Reverend Egerton Ryerson in London, England, sender’s directive “Via United States” and “By Steamer of 7th of May 1851” across top of envelope above the stamps--intended for the Cunard Line’s Asia, but carried by the Havre Line’s Humboldt on its maiden voyage--red “CANADA” in framed arc cross-border handstamp, the stamps are also tied by “3” credit handstamp applied in New York City foreign-mail office and by red “PAID OI 19MY19 1851” receiving datestamp applied in London, strip with light natural pre-printing paper folds and small margin tear at top of center stamp, the cover is immaculate

THE UNIQUE CANADA AND UNITED STATES FIRST ISSUES MIXED-FRANKING COVER WITH THE 1851 3-PENCE “BEAVER” AND A STRIP OF FIVE OF THE 5-CENT 1847 ISSUE -- LONG REGARDED AS ONE OF THE TOP FIVE MOST IMPORTANT COVERS OF THE UNITED STATES AND, BY VIRTUE OF ITS DUAL-COUNTRY FIRST ISSUE FRANKING, ONE OF THE MOST OUTSTANDING COVERS IN ALL OF CLASSIC WORLDWIDE PHILATELY.

USPCS census no. 310. Illustrated or discussed in Bakers’ U.S. Classics (p. 147), United States Postage Stamps of the 19th Century (Vol. I, noted on p. 25), “Covers with Three or More 1847 Stamps” (Chronicle 254, May 2017), Encyclopedia of British Empire Postage Stamps (Vol. V, noted on p. 150), Classic United States Imperforate Stamps (p. 12) and Alexander 1847 Census book (p. 34). Exhibited at World Stamp Show 2016 Court of Honor. Ex Rep. Ernest R. Ackerman, Henry C. Gibson, Ezra D. Cole, Philip G. Rust, Ryohei Ishikawa, Guido Craveri, Joseph Hackmey and William H. Gross. With 1993 P.F. certificate

Go to https://siegelauctions.com//2021/1239/518commentary.pdf for History and commentary on lot 518

Bid on this lot

E. 500,000-750,000
Future Sale
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519
c
Sale Number 1239, Lot Number 519, 1847 Issue5c Red Brown (1), 5c Red Brown (1)5c Red Brown (1). Horizontal pair, large margins including huge top sheet margin, slightly in at left, gorgeous dark shade and proof-like early impression, tied by two strikes of orange-red grid cancel, matching "Mobile Ala. Nov. 22" (1847) circular datestamp on blue folded printed circular from New Orleans to Bordeaux, France, via Mobile and Boston, letter attached to circular dated November 20, red crayon "Way" applied at Mobile, per sender's directive carried on the Cunarder Acadia, which departed Boston on December 1 and arrived at Liverpool on December 16, red London backstamp (Dec. 17), red "COLONIES/&c ART.13" Anglo-French accountancy handstamp also ties pair, faint red French transit datestamp at bottom (probably Boulogne), rated "20" decimes which is crossed out and re-rated "25" decimes for 15-20 grams weight category, Bordeaux receiving backstamp, lightly toned file fold away from stamps

VERY FINE. A "TRIPLE THREAT" COVER SHOWING USE OF A SHEET-MARGIN PAIR OF THE 5-CENT 1847 ISSUE FROM THE FIRST PRINTING (RARE ON OR OFF COVER), PAYING THE 10-CENT OVER-300 MILES RATE ON BRITISH PACKET MAIL TO FRANCE (RARE--ONLY SIX 5-CENT 1847 MULTIPLES ON COVERS TO FRANCE ARE RECORDED BY WALSKE), AND, FINALLY, SENT FROM NEW ORLEANS TO MOBILE AS MARKED "WAY" MAIL. WITHOUT QUESTION, THIS ONE OF THE GREAT 1847 ISSUE TRANSATLANTIC COVERS.

Steven C. Walske, collector and noted authority on U.S.-French mails, published a comprehensive article on 1847 Issue covers to France in Chronicle 234, in which he states that only six covers to France have multiples of the 5c 1847 Issue. The reason for this is that the under-and-over-300 miles domestic rates applied only for a brief time before the uniform 5c British Open Mail rate was applied to British Packet mail to France. Walske writes: "When the U.S. 1847 stamps first came into use, the principal route between the United States and France was by the British-operated Cunard line to England and then by Dover packet and railroads within England and France. The United States had no postal treaties with either England or France, so letters could not be fully prepaid to their destination. Within the United States, inland postage to the departure port was required to be prepaid. Rates on the entire route were governed by the U.S. postal act of 1 July 1845 (5c per half ounce for less than 300 miles, 10c for over 300 miles) and by the France-England postal treaty of 1 June 1843. This treaty set English transit and sea postage of 10 decimes (equivalent to 20c U.S.) per 7.5 grams (0.2646 ounces) to be debited from England to France and indicated by a 'Colonies &c. Art. 13' marking applied in London. French inland rates, also set out in the 1843 treaty, varied according to distance. Thus, a recipient in France would be charged the French inland postage from the Channel port of entry (typically Boulogne during this period) plus the English transit and sea charges."

USPCS census no. 35. Ex Knapp, Krug (Siegel Sale 210), Eno, Pope, Boker and Gross. Signed Ashbrook who notes "A rare way cover". With 1985 P.F. certificate.

Bid on this lot

E. 7,500-10,000
Future Sale
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520
c
Sale Number 1239, Lot Number 520, 1847 Issue10c Black (2), 10c Black (2)10c Black (2). Horizontal strip of three, large margins to slightly cut in, tied by red grid cancels, matching "U.S. Express Mail Boston Mass. Aug. 15" (1848) route agent's circular datestamp on blue folded letter to Pictou, Nova Scotia, sender's ship-name directive "pr America via New York" and carried aboard that Cunarder, which departed New York Aug. 16, manuscript "1/8" due marking, neat strikes of Halifax (Aug. 18) and Pictou (Aug. 20) backstamp, some slight edgewear and small ink erosion spot in address

FINE. A REMARKABLE AND RARE RETALIATORY RATE COVER FROM BOSTON TO NOVA SCOTIA VIA NEW YORK. ONLY TEN RETALIATORY RATE COVERS BEARING U.S. STAMPS ARE RECORDED, AND THIS IS ONE OF ONLY TWO TO BRITISH NORTH AMERICA.

The full history of the Retaliatory Rate period is told in our catalogue for the famous Rush cover, available at http://www.siegelauctions.com/2006/912/912.pdf . The so-called Retaliatory Period resulted from Great Britain's effort to maintain its monopoly on transatlantic mail carriage through the subsidized Cunard steamship line, which operated without competition from 1840 through 1846. In response to the emergence of subsidized American packets in 1847 (the Ocean Line), the British issued an order (effective June 9, 1847) authorizing its receiving offices to collect the usual British packet postage on letters carried to England by American subsidized steamers. This effectively allowed England to collect 24c packet charges for every inbound letter, whether or not any service had been performed.

The United States vehemently protested the British order through diplomatic channels, but efforts to persuade the government to rescind the anti-American postal tariff were unsuccessful. In December 1847, U.S. Postmaster General Cave Johnson petitioned Congress for power to levy like charges on mail carried by British steamers to or from the United States, but he was not authorized to do so until June 1848. On all Cunard sailings from June 24, 1848 (the Caledonia from Liverpool) through December 31, 1848 (the Europa arriving at New York), American packet postage was required on all inbound and outbound mail to England whether or not one of the American vessels was used, creating the so-called Retaliatory Rate. Beginning with the departure of the Europa from New York on January 10, 1849, earlier rates were restored, and soon after the new U.S.-British treaty rate was effected.

This cover to Nova Scotia reflects the dispute between Great Britain and the United States. The 10c strip of three pays the 5c rate for internal U.S. postage from Boston to New York, plus a 1c overpayment of the 24c Retaliatory Rate. The letter was carried aboard the Cunarder America, which departed New York on August 16 and stopped at Halifax on its way to Liverpool. The 1sh 8p due from recipient represents the one-shilling charge for British packet postage, plus 8 pence for internal postage for distance of 101 to 200 miles for delivery to Pictou (9 pence in local currency).

USPCS census no. 12904. Ex Pope, Dr. Robertson and Mirsky. With 1985 P.F. certificate

Bid on this lot

E. 20,000-30,000
Future Sale
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