FINE APPEARING AND SCARCE DOUBLE-RATE FRANKING WITH A PAIR OF THE ATHENS PROVISIONAL.
Ex Powell. With 2015 P.F. certificate
FINE. ONE OF ONLY TWELVE RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE ATHENS 5-CENT RED PROVISIONAL.
Our census contains one half-cover and seven genuine covers with the 5c Red. This count accords with the Crown census. All genuine examples are dated in March or April 1862. In addition, we record three used off-cover examples and the original-gum example from the Sharrer collection (Siegel Sale 1035, lot 6).
Ex Ferrary and with his trefoil backstamp, ex Felton and from our 1995 Rarities sale. With 1989 C.S.A. certificate
EXTREMELY FINE APPEARANCE. ONE OF THE FINEST OF THE SEVEN RECORDED COVERS BEARING THE RARE ATHENS 5-CENT RED PROVISIONAL STAMP AND THE ONLY EXAMPLE ON AN INTACT UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA CORNER CARD COVER.
Our census contains one half-cover and seven genuine covers with the 5c Red, which accords with the Crown census. All genuine examples are dated in March or April 1862. Based on margins, overall condition and the University of Georgia corner card, this cover ranks among the two finest in our opinion. In addition, we record three used off-cover examples and an original-gum example of the 5c Red.
Ex Caspary, where it was the most prominently featured 5X2 cover among the four examples he owned (three full covers and one half cover) and ex Dr. Graves and Wishnietsky. From our 1982 Rarities sale. Weill backstamp. Scott value as a normal cover without premium for the corner card
VERY FINE. FEWER THAN A DOZEN PATRIOTIC COVERS ARE KNOWN WITH THE ATLANTA PROVISIONAL HANDSTAMP. THE COVER OFFERED HERE -- DATED ON JULY 4 WITH A MATCHING LETTERHEAD AND SOLDIER'S LETTER -- IS AN OUTSTANDING EXAMPLE.
Ex MacBride (with his pencil note on back) and Dr. Brandon.
VERY FINE AND CHOICE COVER. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF THE DISTINCTIVE POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL STAR-IN-CIRCLE HANDSTAMP OF AUTAUGAVILLE, ALABAMA. ONE OF THE GREAT RARITIES OF CONFEDERATE PROVISIONALS.
Autaugaville, situated on the Alabama River about 25 miles west of Montgomery, had a Civil War population of less than 1,500. Its postmaster, Albert William McNeel, seized all U.S. Post Office Dept. property and turned it over to the Confederacy. During the provisional period, Postmaster McNeel used two different handstamps to make provisional envelopes and both are among the great rarities of Confederate philately. The earlier type is this fancy Star in Circle handstamp and this cover is the only recorded example. The second type is a brass handstamp with negative design similar to the appearance of the Athens adhesive provisional, of which only four examples are recorded (Scott 10XU1, see our Dr. Brandon Sale 1073, lot 211).
Ex Walcott, Caspary, Lilly, Gallagher and Dr. Agre. Scott value for both Nos. 10XU1 and 10XU2 is $20,000.00, despite the unique nature of 10XU2
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. ONE OF ONLY SIX RECORDED BATON ROUGE PROVISIONAL COVERS WITH THE PRINTED RETURN CARD OF GEORGE A.PIKE, BELIEVED TO BE THE PRINTER OF THE STAMPS. THIS IS THE ONLY ONE OF THE SIX PRINTED IN STAMP-MATCHING GREEN AND CARMINE COLORS AND IN A STYLE THAT MIMICS THE STAMP -- AS WELL AS THE ONLY PIKE STATIONERY PROVISIONAL COVER ACCOMPANIED BY A SIGNED PIKE LETTER. AN OUTSTANDING ARTIFACT OF CIVIL WAR POSTAL HISTORY.
George A. Pike was the publisher of the local Baton Rouge newspaper Daily Gazette and Comet. He was also a job printer and is believed to have printed the Baton Rouge provisionals. A biography of Pike is available at the Library of Congress “Chronicling America” website (http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88083120 ):
“In December 1856, George A. Pike’s Morning Comet and George C. McWhorter’s Baton Rouge Daily Gazette were consolidated to form the Daily Gazette and Comet, which Pike edited with Rev. William H. Crenshaw. The brother of prominent Baton Rouge landowner and businessman William S. Pike, George Pike had been an outspoken member of the anti-Catholic, nativist Know-Nothing Party, which he promoted as editor of the Morning Comet and its predecessor the Daily Comet. By 1856 the party had split over the issue of slavery, whereupon Pike, now editor of the Daily Gazette and Comet, shifted his focus to the growing sectional crisis between North and South.
“Pike opposed southern secession and called for compromise on the issue of slavery. In the presidential election of 1860, he supported Constitutional Union Party candidate John Bell of Tennessee and his running mate Edward Everett of Massachusetts. However, he also spoke favorably of pro-Union Democrat Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois. Louisiana secessionists whom Pike criticized included Senator John Slidell and Governor Thomas Overton Moore. In the months leading up to the election, the Daily Gazette and Comet reported on the activities of Unionists in and around Baton Rouge and on meetings of Bell and Douglas clubs. (The city ultimately cast the majority of its votes for Bell.) After the election, the paper reported local and regional responses to Lincoln’s victory. Pike himself disagreed with Republican ideology in regard to slavery but considered Lincoln to have been fairly elected and encouraged southerners to adopt a "wait and see" attitude.
“Published Tuesday through Saturday in four pages, the Daily Gazette and Comet consisted primarily of advertisements and thus helps document Baton Rouge’s commercial life on the eve of the Civil War. Although the city’s population was then only about 5,500, it was one of the most important shipping centers on the lower Mississippi River and had served as Louisiana’s capital for eleven years. In addition to business news, Pike reported on sessions of the state legislature. Also of interest is news related to other local institutions, including the Louisiana Institution for the Deaf, Dumb and Blind and the newly founded Louisiana Historical Society, which Pike served as secretary.
“Publication of the Daily Gazette and Comet was suspended for about two months during the Civil War and appears to have ceased entirely by war’s end in favor of a weekly edition with which it had been published concurrently since 1856.”
There are six recorded Baton Rouge Provisional covers with the George A. Pike printed return card. Each of the others is printed in blue and in a style that more closely resembles the enclosed letter with this cover. This return card is printed in stamp-matching green and carmine and also has a machine-turned design similar in style to the design in the stamps. This is the only recorded Pike return card Baton Rouge Provisional with this stamp-mimicking design, and is especially desirable with the Pike signed letter.
EXTREMELY FINE EXAMPLE OF THE 5-CENT BATON ROUGE PROVISIONAL WITH MALTESE CROSS BORDER. ONE OF THE FINEST ON-COVER EXAMPLES WE HAVE ENCOUNTERED.
The addressee, Jeanie Mort Walker, authored a book on the Civil War with the catchy title, Life of Capt. Joseph Fry, the Cuban Martyr: Being a faithful record of his remarkable career from childhood to the time of his heroic death at the hands of Spanish executioners; recounting his experience as an officer in the U.S. and Confederate navies, and revealing much of the inner history and secret marine service of the late civil war in America.
Ex Emerson, Caspary, Freeland, Dr. Graves and "D.K." collection. With 2012 P.F. certificate
EXTREMELY FINE. A PARTICULARLY CHOICE EXAMPLE OF THE BATON ROUGE 5-CENT PROVISIONAL WITH MALTESE CROSS BORDER ON A FRESH COVER.
Position 5 -- the top right position from the sheet of ten -- yields the only Type C border alignment position on the Baton Rouge 5c plate.
From our 1987 Rarities sale. With 2007 C.S.A. certificate.
VERY FINE. AN ATTRACTIVE COVER WITH A FOUR-MARGIN EXAMPLE OF THE BATON ROUGE 5-CENT PROVISIONAL WITH MALTESE CROSS BORDER.
The addressee, Capt. Henry M. Favrot, was born in West Baton Rouge parish in 1826 and died there in 1887. He served as a member of the Louisiana legislature in the 1850's and was opposed to secession. However, with the outbreak of the Civil War he joined the Confederate Army and became captain of the "Delta Rifles," 4th Louisiana Infantry, and served throughout the entire war. Capt. Favrot participated in the Battle of Shiloh, was stricken with typhoid fever at Corinth and later returned to New Orleans. After his recovery he was sent to northern Virginia with rank of colonel to gather all the records of the Army of Northern Virginia. He remained on active duty until the close of the war, when he returned home on mule-back, bringing with him the army records he was sent to compile.
Ex Dr. Brandon
EXTREMELY FINE. ONE OF THE TWO OR THREE FINEST OF THE TWELVE RECORDED BEAUMONT 10-CENT PINK PROVISIONAL COVERS -- AND ONE OF ONLY FOUR TIED EXAMPLES OF ANY BEAUMONT PROVISIONAL.
According to Jim Wheat's Postmasters & Post Offices of Texas, 1846-1930, the following men served as postmaster of Beaumont, Texas, from 1860 to 1866: John J. Herring, appointed Aug. 17, 1860 (resigned); Wilson A. Junker, Aug 5., 1861 (CSA) (resigned); P. H. Glaze, Nov. 12, 1861 (CSA); Rev. Alexander Hinkle, Dec. 5, 1863 (CSA); Thomas Snow, Feb. 22, 1865 (CSA); John J. Herring, Apr. 6, 1866; and George L. Ewing, Jul. 19, 1866.
Since all recorded examples of the Beaumont provisional stamps are dated in 1864, they were probably issued by Reverend Alexander Hinkle, a Methodist pastor who settled in Beaumont around this time and was appointed postmaster on December 5, 1863.
The stamps were typeset and printed from three different settings: one printed on Pink paper (Scott 12X2), and two on Yellow paper (12X1 and 12X3). A setting of four subjects (two by two) has been reconstructed from the Pink singles (there are no recorded multiples). Each subject has a different arrangement of long and short frame pieces. The printings on Yellow paper were made from two entirely different settings: one slightly smaller than the Pink stamps, and the other much taller with the words "Texas" and "Postage" added to the design.
Only 21 of any kind are recorded, including the unique Large 10c on Yellow (on cover), five of the Small 10c on Yellow (each on cover), and 15 of the Small 10c on Pink (12 covers, 3 off cover). Most of the recorded covers are faulty, and only four have postmarks of any kind tying the stamps.
Of the Pink paper stamps on cover, perhaps two others may be considered on a par with this cover -- the July 16 use with a corner-margin stamp, cover restored around edges, ex Hill (2005 Rarities Sale 896, lot 738) and the October 25 cover bearing a stamp with smaller margins and not tied but fresh and sound condition, ex "Camina" (Sale 757, lot 610). By virtue of this stamp's margins, the tying cancel and sound condition, this cover is easily one of the finest extant. The condition of the other nine 10c Pink covers is generally quite poor, with stamps repaired or torn into the design, and several with stamps cut out and reattached to the envelope.
Ex Hind, Caspary, Hill, Kilbourne and Gross
VERY FINE. A RARE PAIR OF THE 2-CENT AND 10-CENT CHARLESTON S.C. PROVISIONAL DESIGNS.
Little is known about these designs, except that they are printed on the same paper as the issued 5c stamps. The Calhoun book notes it seems likely the postmaster originally considered the idea of 2c, 5c and 10c stamps and that the 2c and 10c were likely discarded due to the cost of printing. Other experts have classified these as fantasy products created years after the 1861 provisionals.
Ex Caspary and Calhoun. Illustrated in the Calhoun book on p. 125.
FINE-VERY FINE. A RARE AND DESIRABLE RECONSTRUCTION OF THE FIFTEEN DIFFERENT TRANSFER TYPES IN THE ARRANGEMENT USED TO MAKE THE LITHOGRAPHIC PRINTING STONE FOR THE CHARLESTON POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL. ESPECIALLY DESIRABLE IN UNUSED CONDITION, CLEARLY SHOWING ALL OF THE TYPE CHARACTERISTICS.
Sheets of the Charleston provisional stamp were printed from a lithographic printing stone of 90 subjects, built up from six repetitions of a 15-subject transfer group. Due to a lack of multiples, the 90 subjects cannot be definitively identified by position. Only the arrangement of the transfer group is known.
Ex Calhoun and illustrated in his Charleston book on p. 66. Three with certificates. Scott value $21,000.00
THE CELEBRATED AND UNIQUE BLOCK OF FIFTEEN OF THE 5-CENT CHARLESTON POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL ISSUE. DISCOVERED IN A SOUTHERN ESTATE IN 1979, THIS IS BY FAR THE LARGEST RECORDED MULTIPLE OF THIS PROVISIONAL, AND ITS EXISTENCE CONFIRMS THE RELATIVE POSITIONS OF THE TRANSFER TYPES. A PHENOMENAL SHOWPIECE -- THE NEXT LARGEST MULTIPLE IS A PAIR. ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT PHILATELIC ITEMS IN CONFEDERATE STATES.
Rick Calhoun and others started plating this issue in 1976, and fifteen distinct types were identified. Plating was difficult due to the lack of multiples -- only one unused pair (previously the only recorded unused multiple, see Sale 1065, lot 542) and two used pairs were available to the students for their plating study.
The students determined the lithographic printing plate was made from a transfer group of fifteen types, five across and three high, repeated several times. However, the arrangement of the types in the transfer group could not be firmly established until this remarkable multiple was found in a Southern estate in 1979.
Based on copies examined by Rick Calhoun and taking into consideration the spacing between adjacent stamps, his theory is that the printing stone comprised 90 positions (six repetitions of the 15-subject transfer group). As this multiple clearly demonstrates, the spacing between positions varies widely, even within the transfer unit.
Ex Calhoun and illustrated and described in his Charleston book on pp. 63-65.
VERY FINE. A RARE PAIR OF THE CHARLESTON POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL ON COVER. ONLY FOUR PAIRS ON COVER ARE RECORDED IN THE CALHOUN CENSUS.
The census of Charleston provisional covers includes one vertical and three horizontal pairs. Three covers are also known with two singles.
Ex Calhoun and illustrated in his Charleston book on p. 106.
VERY FINE. THIS IS THE EARLIEST REPORTED USE OF A MULTIPLE OF THE 5-CENT ADHESIVE CHARLESTON POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL, AND THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED VERTICAL PAIR.
The Calhoun census contains one vertical pair (offered here) and three horizontal pairs. Three covers are also known bearing two singles to make up the 10c rate.
VERY FINE. THIS IS THE LATEST REPORTED USE OF THE 5-CENT TYPOGRAPHED PROVISIONAL ENVELOPES.
The earliest reported use of the 5c provisional envelopes is August 16, 1861; an estimated 5,000 were prepared. By November 1861 the supply was exhausted. No more were printed because the government-issued stamps were expected shortly and the adhesive provisionals were still available. This is the latest reported use.
Ex Calhoun and illustrated in his Charleston book on p. 48.
FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE EXAMPLE OF THE 5-CENT CHARLESTON POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL WITH A "PAID 5" MARKING USED TO CREATE A 10-CENT ENTIRE. THIS IS THE FINER OF THE TWO RECORDED EXAMPLES.
The 10c Palmetto Tree Charleston Provisional (Scott 16XU6) is unique, and was used in July 1862 during a shortage of General Issues. The press-printed typographic provisional envelopes were issued in the summer of 1861, probably close to the earliest known date of August 16 (Calhoun census). The lithographed adhesive provisional stamp followed in early September 1861. During the period when this was used there were no adhesive stamps available to make up the 10c double rate, so the "Paid 5" handstamp was used. The other recorded example is seriously defective. None of the regular 5c entires or adhesive provisional covers have the "Paid 5" in circle; therefore, it is certain that it was used on this entire as a means of uprating the postage.
Ex Calhoun and illustrated in his Charleston book on p. 121.
VERY FINE. ONE OF TWO RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE CHARLESTON POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL ENTIRE ORIGINATING OUTSIDE OF CHARLESTON, AND THE ONLY EXAMPLE ADDRESSED TO CHARLESTON.
The Postmasters' Provisionals were intended for use at the issuing post office. The "Paid 5" marking on this entire can be interpreted either as indicating the Walterborough postmaster accepted the prepaid envelope, or that he did not recognize it and collected postage at the time of mailing. Only two such stationery uses are recorded -- the example offered here and one used from Adams Run S.C. to Aiken S.C. (offered in Sale 1065, lot 669). The recipient, Dr. Maynard E. Carrere, was a volunteer at the Confederate hospital in Charleston.
Ex Calhoun and illustrated in his Charleston book on p. 49.