(New York to Montreal, Jul. 28, 1785). Partly struck “New York July 29” straightline datestamp on folded letter to Montreal, rated “2/6” (2dwt, 16 grains) which was crossed out and rated “To pay 2N” collect which was the full rate via Quebec, bold strike of “Quebec” double-circle with triangle and “19/IA” Bishop mark at center
VERY FINE. AN EARLY CROSS-BORDER POST-REVOLUTIONARY WAR LETTER FROM NEW YORK WITH CONTENTS REGARDING “CANADIAN CLAIMS” FROM THE WAR.
The letter states, “Congress have at length decided on the mode of adjusting and settling the Canadian claims...” On June 7, 1785, the U.S. Congress created a committee to hear Canadian Patriot claims for compensation for their efforts in the Revolutionary War. As the U.S. was land rich and cash poor, most compensation came in the form of land grants extended to certain individuals.
Ex Steinhart and Sanderson
(Saginaw, Michigan Territory, to Montreal via Detroit, Jan. 24, 1792). Folded letter written by Charles D. Le Pallier and datelined Jan. 24, 1792 with the message (translated from French) “From the house of Mr. Jonathan Schiffelin at Saginaw where I traveled on my own business”, addressed to his brother-in-law James Morrison in Montreal, he writes “by an express that leaves Detroit for Mr. Schiffelin”, with “Detroit * Feb :4” straightline datestamp, carried by express, rated “1N8” collect in red for inland Canadian postage at 601-700 miles rate
VERY FINE. THIS IS THE ONLY KNOWN PRIVATELY-OWNED EXAMPLE OF THE DETROIT STRAIGHTLINE USED DURING THE BRITISH OCCUPATION. THIS COVER ORIGINATED IN THE U.S. PORTION OF WHAT IS NOW MICHIGAN. ONE OF THE PARAMOUNT ITEMS OF EARLY CROSS-BORDER MAILS.
The sender, Charles Le Pallier, was a resident of Michilimackinac, but sent this from Saginaw. While part of the United States, Michigan did not become a territory until 1805. After the Revolutionary War, Detroit was maintained by the British as part of Canada. It was not until the Jay Treaty--signed on Nov. 19, 1794, and ratified on Feb. 26, 1796--that Detroit, along with other territory, was ceded to the United States, and the official border between the U.S. and Canada was established.
(Auburn N.Y. to Kingston, May 1, 1833). Lightly struck red “Auburn N.Y. May 1” oval datestamp with matching “Free” in scroll on folded cover to the postmaster at Kingston, entered Canadian mails with perfect strikes of olive green “Queenston U. Cana, MAY 6” circular datestamp and matching “British Postage/FREE” two-line handstamp, Very Fine, fully free-franked cross-border covers are very rare, especially in this choice condition
(Magnolia, Florida Territory, to Saint-Georges, Lower Canada, Dec. 16, 1835). Attractive strike of “MAGNOLIA FLA./DEc” two-line datestamp with manuscript “16” date and “Free, P. Sexias, PM” on folded letter to “St. George” (Saint-Georges), entered Canadian mails with red “Montreal L.C. JA 4, 1836” double-circle datestamp and red “La Prairie” rimless circle with “7 Jan. 36” arrival date, forwarded with “4-1/2 + 4-1/2/9d” for Canadian postage, Very Fine, an exceptionally rare Florida Territory cover, even more so to Canada, the letter was written by Angelina Sexias (the wife of postmaster Patrick Thompson Sexius) to her brother, ex Sanderson