(Quebec to Montreal, Mar. 5, ca. 1694). Small folded letter datelined “5th Mars 1694(?)”, which is affected by wax seal and opening tear, neatly addressed to notary Antoine Adhemar dit St. Martin in Montreal, written by another notary, (Peter) Cabazier, who is thought to have resided in Quebec, Very Fine, New France covers dated prior to 1700 are exceptionally rare with only a small number in existence, the recipient, Antoine Adhemar dit St. Martin (ca. 1639-1714), arrived in New France as a member of the Carignan-Salieres Regiment sent to quell the local Native American conflicts, he was among the roughly 450 who remained behind to settle in New France, ex Sanderson
(Quebec? to Villemarie [Montreal], ca. 1710). Folded cover addressed to “Monsieur Raimbault Nottaire Royal en la maison, a villemarie”, couple tears and folds mended by tape, otherwise Fine, Pierre Raimbault (1671-1740) received his commission as King’s Attorney in 1706 and held this office until 1727, the use of “Villemarie” suggests an earlier use, as in 1705 the official name changed to Montreal, ex Sanderson
(Locally sent within Montreal, ca. 1690s). Letter folded in an unusual knot-shaped bow, without dateline but signed “Marie Chouar” and addressed to “Monsieur boucher”, letter is in regard to funds from a recent payment, Very Fine, according to online records, in 1695 there was a “Marie Chouart” who married a “Jean Bouchard” in Montreal--Chouart did not use her husband’s name in this address, suggesting that this cover predates their marriage, ex Sanderson
(Montreal, ca. 1715). Folded cover addressed to “Madame Jacque Vigé, veuve (widow) a montreal”, likely a local use cover, Very Fine and scarce, this cover dates between 1715 (year of Jacques Viger’s death) and 1726 (when addressee passed), various members of the Viger family went on to become politicians, including their great, great grandson, who became the first Mayor of Montreal in 1833, ex Sanderson
(Montreal to Pointe-aux-Trembles, Nov. 30, 1728). Folded letter datelined “montroyal le 30 du nbre 1728” and addressed to “Monsieur Scené, nottaire Royal a la pointe au tremble,” carried privately and likely by ship along the St. Lawrence River, signed by “de Repentigny”, mentions sending grain by the boat of “Jean Archambault”, Very Fine, ex Sanderson
(Quebec? to Jesus Island [near Montreal], May 2, 1736). Folded “le 2 may 1736” datelined letter addressed to “Monsieur Cotest a Lhille (L’ile) Jesus proche le Montrealle”, letter requests wheat to be sent by the boat of “Monsieur Fouville”, Very Fine and scarce, while there are no postal markings, this cover likely traveled along the postal roads between Quebec and Montreal, which opened in 1734 and were for both official and private use, ex Sanderson
(Quebec to Montreal and Montreal to Quebec, ca. 1750s). Two folded covers, both presumably from either Montreal or Quebec ca. 1750s, first addressed to “Monsieur pairaux, negosiant a quebet, a la baseville” which likely refers to the Perrault family, who were merchants in Quebec during the period, second addressed to “Monsieur Danré, Greffier a montreal” which refers to Louis-Claude Danre de Blanzy, who received his commission as clerk in 1744 and left for France around 1760, each with minor flap faults, otherwise Fine pair, ex Sanderson
(Quebec to Glasgow, Scotland, 1761). Folded letter without dateline though docketed “Quebek, Zacharias Macaulay, 1761” and addressed to Glasgow, Scotland, likely carried by British Naval ship to London where it entered the mails with “SR” in circle and “11/IY” Bishop mark handstamps, manuscript “6” and “2” rate markings (London to Edinburgh, Edinburgh to Glasgow), letter refers to leaving the military to take up trading goods, Very Fine and scarce, it was not until 1763, following the Treaty of Paris, which officially ceded Canada to Great Britain, that postal service between Quebec, Montreal and New York was established, only a small number of interim covers have been recorded, ex Bonar and Montgomery
(Quebec to Edinburgh Scotland, via Falmouth-New York Packet to London, Jan. 4, 1762). Reddish brown “NEW/YORK” two-line handstamp and manuscript “1N6” rate applied in New York on lengthy folded letter to Sir David Dalrymple in Edinburgh, Scotland, originating in Quebec with “Quebec Jany. 4th, 1762” dateline, carried by private ship to New York and then by New York-Falmouth Packet to London, with “19/IV” (Jun. 19) London Bishop mark applied in transit, minor wear along folds
VERY FINE. AN OUTSTANDING EARLY BRITISH QUEBEC TO SCOTLAND CROSS-BORDER COVER THROUGH NEW YORK, SENT DURING THE INTERIM PERIOD PRIOR TO THE ESTABLISHMENT OF BRITISH MAILS IN BRITISH NORTH AMERICA.
The enclosed letter is from Sir David Dalrymple’s brother, who was in the British army in Canada, and humorously starts the letter, “this sheet look liker a manifesto than a letter.” He goes on to describe British servicemen beginning to leave and describes the flora and fauna of Canada in great detail. His view of the local inhabitants is far less enthusiastic, about whom he writes, “The children curse and swear in English as currently the best Grenadiers in his Majesty’s Service, the men drink rum more readily than they did brandy formerly and like it better because it is stronger and the women I wo’nt say have acquired, at least have continued a practice with our troops...”
It was not until the 1763 Treaty of Paris ceded Canada to Great Britain that postal service between Quebec, Montreal and New York was established. The 1sh6p rate covered the 1sh rate to London and the 6p inland rate to Edinburgh. Only a small number of interim covers have been recorded.