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Sale 1230 — U.S. and Hawaii Stamps and Postal History

Sale Date — Tuesday-Friday, 15-18 December, 2020

Category — Hawaii: Kamehameha Issues

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
1402
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1402, Hawaii: Kamehameha IssuesHAWAII, 1853, 5c Blue, Thick White Wove (5), HAWAII, 1853, 5c Blue, Thick White Wove (5)HAWAII, 1853, 5c Blue, Thick White Wove (5). Top sheet margin position with clear to large margins on two other sides, slightly in at bottom, beautiful color and impression, tied by vivid red “Honolulu * U.S. Postage Paid * May 1” circular datestamp on buff cover addressed in the hand of the Rev. Titus Coan from Hilo to his son, Titus Munson Coan, in New Bedford, Massachusetts, used with United States 1855 10c Green, Ty. III (15) and 1851 12c Black (17), 12c large margins to clear at bottom left, 10c has two margins, in at right and bottom, each stamp tied by “San Francisco Cal. 21 May” circular datestamp

VERY FINE. A REMARKABLE MIXED FRANKING, PRECISELY PREPAYING THE HAWAIIAN 5-CENT RATE, THE UNITED STATES 20-CENT DOUBLE RATE, AND THE 2-CENT SHIP CAPTAIN’S FEE.

There is evidence on this cover indicating that when it left the post office at Hilo, there was additional Hawaiian postage affixed, which was removed at Honolulu, and, in its place, the two United States stamps were affixed. Beneath the 10c and 12c stamps are scuffs in the envelope, of the size and shape that would result if other stamps were peeled off. The scuffs were not there when the address was written (the letter “n” of “Munson” is affected), but were there before the U.S. stamps were affixed and then cancelled at the San Francisco post office (the datestamps are impressed over the scuffs). The Honolulu “U.S. Postage Paid” marking confirms that the letter was fully prepaid at Hilo, probably with two 13c Kamehameha stamps, which, together with the 5c, would nearly cover the 32c postage (underpaid 1c or charged to sender). The use of 10c and 12c 1851-55 Issues on the same cover from Hawaii is rare -- in this case, they precisely paid the 22c U.S. postage (2 x 10c postage plus 2c ship captain’s fee).

This cover was carried on the American bark Yankee, which cleared Honolulu on May 3, 1856, and arrived in San Francisco on May 20. It was carried by the Pacific Mail Steamship Company’s John L. Stephens, departing on May 21 and arriving at Panama City on June 4. The mail was carried across the isthmus to Aspinwall, and from there it left on the U.S. Mail Steamship Company’s George Law, departing June 4, 1853, and arriving in New York on June 13. The George Law was renamed Central America in 1857, the year that she sank in a hurricane, claiming hundreds of lives and tons of gold.

Ex Atherton, Honolulu Academy of Arts, Honolulu Advertiser and Gross. Illustrated in Gregory book (page II- 81). With 1995 P.F. certificate

E. 10,000-15,000
14,500
1403
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1403, Hawaii: Kamehameha IssuesHAWAII, 1853, 5c Blue, Thick White Wove (5), HAWAII, 1853, 5c Blue, Thick White Wove (5)HAWAII, 1853, 5c Blue, Thick White Wove (5). Horizontal pair, close margins clearing framelines in places, tiny scissors-cut at top between stamps, uncancelled at Honolulu, clearly struck red “Honolulu * U.S. Postage Paid * Sept. 4” (1856) circular datestamp, used with horizontal pair of United States 1851 12c Black (17), margins clear to touching framelines, tied by “San Francisco Cal. 6 Oct.” circular datestamp on light buff cover to Mrs. Ann B. Archer at Port Gibson, Mississippi, red pencil “32c” crossed out, some minor spots of wear at edges

VERY FINE. THE ONLY RECORDED COVER BEARING A PAIR OR ANY MULTIPLE OF THE 1853 5-CENT KAMEHAMEHA III FIRST PRINTING. AN OUTSTANDING UNITED STATES AND HAWAII MIXED-FRANKING COVER.

This cover comes from the Archer correspondence, which includes the unique Missionary/Kamehameha mixed franking from our Honolulu Advertiser sale (now part of the Smithsonian National Postal Museum collection). The small red pencil “32c”, a Hawaiian post office notation, accurately reflects the necessary postage for a double-rate letter (2 x 5c Hawaiian and 2 x 10c U.S. plus the 2c ship captain’s fee). The pair of U.S. 12c 1851 stamps involved a 2c overpayment, but overpayments were not unusual.

This cover was carried on the American bark Yankee, which cleared Honolulu on September 4, 1856, and arrived in San Francisco on September 21. It was carried by the Pacific Mail Steamship Company’s Golden Gate, departing on October 6 and arriving at Panama City on October 20. The mail was carried across the isthmus to Aspinwall, and from there it probably caught the October 20 sailing of the U.S. Mail Steamship Company’s George Law, which arrived in New York on October 30. The George Law was renamed Central America in 1857, the year that she sank in a hurricane, claiming hundreds of lives and tons of gold.

Ex Gibson, Admiral Harris, Ostheimer, Honolulu Advertiser, “Sevenoaks” and Gross. Weill backstamp. Illustrated and discussed in Meyer-Harris (pages 36-37)

E. 10,000-15,000
9,000
Back to Top
1404
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1404, Hawaii: Kamehameha IssuesHAWAII, 1853, 13c Dark Red, Thick White Wove (6), HAWAII, 1853, 13c Dark Red, Thick White Wove (6)HAWAII, 1853, 13c Dark Red, Thick White Wove (6). Full to large margins, tiny scissors-cut at lower right, uncancelled at Honolulu where horizontal pair of United States 1851 3c Dull Red, Ty. II (11A) was affixed over the 13c stamp, left uncancelled in Hawaii, red “Honolulu * U.S. Postage Paid * Jul. 11” (1854) circular datestamp on buff cover to William Moore at Reed’s Ferry, Merrimack, New Hampshire, 3c pair has ample margins to slightly in a top, lifted to reveal 13c stamp and hinged in place, edgewear and a few small tears in cover, but the stamps are unaffected and sound

VERY FINE. AN OUTSTANDING AND VERY RARE “PASTE-OVER” MIXED FRANKING WITH THE 13-CENT KAMEHAMEHA III ISSUE PREPAYING POSTAGE AND THE 3-CENT 1851 ISSUE PAIR APPLIED BY THE HONOLULU POST OFFICE TO CREDIT THE UNITED STATES FOR ITS SHARE OF POSTAGE.

This cover was carried on the American schooner Restless, which cleared Honolulu on July 13, 1854, and arrived in San Francisco on August 9. From there it was carried by the Pacific Mail Steamship Company’s Oregon, departing on August 16 and arriving at Panama City on August 31 after a stop at Acapulco. The mail was carried across the isthmus to Aspinwall, and from there it was carried by U.S. Mail Steamship Company’s Empire City, departing on September 2 and arriving in New York on September 12.

The 13c stamp prepaid the 5c Hawaiian postage, 2c ship captain’s fee and 6c transcontinental rate. The short-lived practice of applying United States stamps (6c postage) over the 13c Hawaiian stamp was likely intended to avoid confusion over whether or not U.S. postage had been prepaid. The postmaster in Honolulu affixed the U.S. stamps to cover up the Hawaiian postage, and the letter was postmarked in San Francisco without applying a “Ship” or rate mark. The 2c ship captain’s fee was paid by the Honolulu post office.

Fred Gregory records eight such paste-over frankings (plus one earlier Missionary cover). There are two other covers from the Moore correspondence, one with a similar paste-up (Honolulu July 29) and the other with a 13c stamp (Honolulu July 12) and “Ship 22” double-rate due marking applied at San Francisco. All three were carried on the same vessels from San Francisco to New York via Panama.

Ex West, Admiral Harris, Rust, Pietsch and Gross. Illustrated in Meyer-Harris book (page 39). With 1988 P.F. certificate

E. 5,000-7,500
5,500
Back to Top
1405
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1405, Hawaii: Kamehameha IssuesHAWAII, 1853, 5c Blue, 13c Dark Red, Thick White Wove (5, 6), HAWAII, 1853, 5c Blue, 13c Dark Red, Thick White Wove (5, 6)HAWAII, 1853, 5c Blue, 13c Dark Red, Thick White Wove (5, 6). Each with large margins to just barely in, affixed at Hilo and left uncancelled on lady’s small embossed cover to Titus Munson Coan at Bridgeport, Connecticut, forwarded to New Haven, red “Honolulu * U.S. Postage Paid * Jul. 26” (1856) circular datestamp, used with United States 1851 12c Black (17), large top right corner sheet margins to slightly in at left, affixed in Honolulu and left uncancelled, 5c and 12c tied by “San Francisco Cal. 5 Sep.” circular datestamp, 12c partly lifted to show 13c underneath, tiny lightened stain spot at top edge of cover, beautiful and fresh condition

VERY FINE. A PETITE AND REMARKABLY ATTRACTIVE DECORATIVE COVER WITH THE HAWAIIAN 5-CENT AND 13-CENT 1853 KAMEHAMEHA III FIRST PRINTING AND UNITED STATES 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE, WHICH WAS AFFIXED AT HONOLULU OVER THE 13-CENT HAWAIIAN STAMP.

This cover was carried on the American bark Fanny Major, which cleared Honolulu on July 26, 1856, and arrived in San Francisco on August 25. From there it was carried on the Pacific Mail Steamship Company’s Golden Age, which departed September 5 and arrived in Panama City on September 18. After crossing the isthmus to Aspinwall, it was carried on the U.S. Mail Steamship Company’s Illinois, which departed on September 19 and arrived in New York on September 27.

Following the United States rate change, effective April 1, 1855, the 13c Kamehameha III stamp could no longer prepay the full rate from Hawaii to the U.S. East Coast, which increased from 13c to 17c. In consequence, the patrons of Hawaii’s postal system began using 5c stamps plus 12c U.S. stamps, or 13c stamps plus 4c cash, or, in this case, 5c and 13c stamps together, incurring a one-cent overpayment. During the period starting in April 1855, it was already a regular practice to affix U.S. postage stamps to outbound letters on which the U.S. rate had been prepaid.

Ex Krug, Middendorf, Rust, Pietsch and Gross. Illustrated in Gregory book (page II-49). Signed Ashbrook

E. 10,000-15,000
14,500
Back to Top
1406
ng
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1406, Hawaii: Kamehameha IssuesHAWAII, 1853, 13c Dark Red, Thick White Wove (6), HAWAII, 1853, 13c Dark Red, Thick White Wove (6)HAWAII, 1853, 13c Dark Red, Thick White Wove (6). Position 14, unused (no gum), full margins to clear, small thin spot at top right, Fine appearance

875
1,300
Back to Top
1407
og
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1407, Hawaii: Kamehameha IssuesHAWAII, 1857, 5c on 13c Dark Red (7), HAWAII, 1857, 5c on 13c Dark Red (7)HAWAII, 1857, 5c on 13c Dark Red (7). Type I (Clark) numeral with long flag, large part original gum, full margins to clear, radiant color

VERY FINE ORIGINAL-GUM EXAMPLE OF THE 1857 5-CENT ON 13-CENT PROVISIONAL SURCHARGE. EASILY ONE OF THE FINEST OF THE FEW KNOWN WITH ORIGINAL GUM.

The 5c provisional surcharge was necessary due to a shortage of 5c stamps just after the transition from Postmaster Whitney to Jackson. Most were made by Jackson's clerk, Alvah Clark, around the start of 1857. New supplies of the 5c stamp (Scott No. 8) were received at the end of June 1857.

Ex Adm. Harris and Golden. Colson backstamp. With 2011 P.F. certificate

7,000
8,500
Back to Top
1408
ng
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1408, Hawaii: Kamehameha IssuesHAWAII, 1857, 5c on 13c Dark Red (7), HAWAII, 1857, 5c on 13c Dark Red (7)HAWAII, 1857, 5c on 13c Dark Red (7). Type I (Clark) numeral, unused (no gum), clear to ample margins, radiant color, light vertical crease at left

VERY FINE. A RARE SOUND ORIGINAL-GUM EXAMPLE OF THE 1857 5-CENT ON 13-CENT PROVISIONAL SURCHARGE.

The 5c provisional surcharge was necessary due to a shortage of 5c stamps just after the transition from Postmaster Whitney to Jackson. Most were made by Jackson's clerk, Alvah Clark, around the start of 1857. New supplies of the 5c stamp (Scott No. 8) were received at the end of June 1857.

Ex J. C. Chapin, Mandel, Pietsch and Gross. Signed Diena. With 1979 Hawaiian Philatelic Society certificate and 1953 letter of authenticity from Billig & Rich. With 2016 P.F. certificate

7,000
4,500
Back to Top
1409
 
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1409, Hawaii: Kamehameha IssuesHAWAII, 1857, 5c on 13c Dark Red (7), HAWAII, 1857, 5c on 13c Dark Red (7)HAWAII, 1857, 5c on 13c Dark Red (7). Type II (Jackson) numeral, full margins in at bottom and with top right corner clipped, light strike of San Francisco circular datestamp, expertly repaired and rebacked, otherwise Fine example of this scarce issue, the Jackson numeral is scarcer than the Clark style

10,000
2,300
Back to Top
1410
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1410, Hawaii: Kamehameha IssuesHAWAII, 1857, 5c Blue, Thin White Wove (8), HAWAII, 1857, 5c Blue, Thin White Wove (8)HAWAII, 1857, 5c Blue, Thin White Wove (8). Ample margins to slightly in, uncancelled, used with United States 1851 12c Black (17), close margins to slightly in, 12c tied by red “Honolulu U.S. Postage Paid Nov. 16” (1859) circular datestamp, also tied by “San Francisco Cal. Dec. 12, 1859” circular datestamp on cover to Miss Almira L. Bartow (the sister of Lahaina postmaster, Cornelius S. Bartow), at Brooklyn N.Y. street address, bold strike of “OVERLAND” straightline handstamp (with small “R”) applied at San Francisco, tear at bottom, light staining

FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE MIXED-FRANKING COVER WITH THE 1857 5-CENT KAMEHAMEHA III ISSUE AND UNITED STATES 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE. ONLY A FEW ARE KNOWN WITH THE "OVERLAND" HANDSTAMP, WHICH WAS APPLIED IN SAN FRANCISCO TO INDICATE THE TRANSCONTINENTAL ROUTE.

This cover was carried on the American whaler Architect, which cleared Honolulu on November 17, 1859, and arrived in San Francisco on December 11. It was then carried by the Butterfield overland stage route to St. Louis (via Los Angeles and El Paso).

As explained by Richard C. Frajola and Michael Perlman in their important article on the California “Overland” mail directive markings (available at http://www.rfrajola.com/overland/overland.htm), there were two different, successive meanings of this handstamp. The first, when applied prior to January 23, 1860, was that the letter was received too late for the mail steamer departure from San Francisco, and that it would be sent by the Butterfield overland mail instead. After January 23, when the default for mail transportation was changed to the overland mail route, the “Overland” marking meant that the letter was received too late for the stagecoach departure from San Francisco, and that it would be sent by next overland mail instead. In San Francisco, two different versions of the "Overland" straightline were used. In the case of this cover, dated at San Francisco on December 12, 1859, the meaning of the “Overland” is “received too late for steamer.” The Perlman-Frajola census records 14 “Overland” marked covers from Hawaii.

Ex Knapp, Tows, Admiral Harris, Krug, Rust, Pietsch and Gross. Signed Ashbrook. Illustrated in Gregory book (page II-72)

E. 2,000-3,000
2,900
Back to Top
1411
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1411, Hawaii: Kamehameha IssuesHAWAII, 1857, 5c Blue, Thin White Wove (8), HAWAII, 1857, 5c Blue, Thin White Wove (8)HAWAII, 1857, 5c Blue, Thin White Wove (8). Two, each with three clear to large margins, more or less cut into on fourth side, bright and fresh, used with United States 1851 12c Black (17) and 1857 10c Green, Ty. III (33), 12c clear to ample margins, internal tear and slight toning, 10c deep rich color, few toned perfs, red “Honolulu U.S. Postage Paid Jan. 24” (1860) circular datestamp on cover to Mrs. Julia A. Byrne at Robbinston, Maine, two strikes of “San Francisco Cal. Feb. 13, 1860” circular datestamp tying one of the 5c Kamehameha III stamps, vertical fold clear of stamps, some light toning

A FINE APPEARING AND EXTREMELY RARE DOUBLE-RATE MIXED-FRANKING COVER WITH A COMBINATION OF IMPERFORATE 1851 AND PERFORATED 1857 ISSUES.

This cover was carried on the American bark Comet, which cleared Honolulu on January 24, 1860, and arrived in San Francisco on February 10. At this point the San Francisco post office began sending all mail by the Butterfield overland stage route to St. Louis (via Los Angeles and El Paso) unless the letter was specifically marked for steamship service via Panama.

The stamps on this cover correctly prepay double-rate postage: 10c Hawaiian, 20c U.S. and 2c ship captain’s fee. The Gregory census reports two covers with a Hawaii 5c 1857 pair and U.S. 12c 1851 and 10c 1857 Issues. The other cover was sold in our sale of the Golden collection. This cover is the finer of the two.

We record just five double-rate frankings with the 5c 1857 Second Printing on cover: 1) pair on doublerate cover with U.S. postage unpaid (offered in this sale, lot 33); 2) two 5c singles on double-rate cover to Robbinston Me. with U.S. 12c 1851 and 10c 1857, the cover offered here; 3) pair on double-rate cover to Chicago and forwarded, with U.S. 12c 1851 and 10c 1857 (ex Golden, Siegel Sale 1009, lot 297); 4) pair on double-rate 1861 cover with the 13c Kamehameha III stamp and U.S. postage (ex Golden, Siegel Sale 1009, lot 256); and 5) pair on double-rate 1861 cover with the 13c Kamehameha III stamp and U.S. postage, similar to number 5 on this list (U.S. stamps affixed over 5c pair).

Ex Honolulu Advertiser and Gross. With 1995 P.F. certificate

E. 5,000-7,500
5,750
Back to Top
1412
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1412, Hawaii: Kamehameha IssuesHAWAII, 1861, 5c Blue, Thin Bluish Wove (9), HAWAII, 1861, 5c Blue, Thin Bluish Wove (9)HAWAII, 1861, 5c Blue, Thin Bluish Wove (9). Three large margins, close at top, deep rich color and impression, square grid cancel of Hilo, used with United States 1861-63 2c Black, 3c Rose (65, 73), 2c s.e., 3c few clipped perfs, red “Honolulu U.S. Postage Paid Oct. 7” (1865) circular datestamp on buff cover to Terryville, Connecticut, “San Francisco Cal. Oct. 28, 1865” double-circle datestamp, matching cogwheel cancel on 3c and ties 2c, small opening tear and mended corner in cover at bottom left, the 5c has tiny crease and microscopic tear at top from placement near edge (not mentioned on certificate)

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE MIXED-FRANKING COVER WITH THE 1861 5-CENT KAMEHAMEHA III THIRD PRINTING AND UNITED STATES 1861-63 ISSUE, INCLUDING THE 2-CENT BLACK JACK.

This cover was carried on the American bark D. C. Murray, which cleared Honolulu on October 7, 1865, and arrived in San Francisco on October 27. From there it was carried on the overland mail route from California.

Ex West, Admiral Harris, Krug, Honolulu Advertiser and Gross. Illustrated in Gregory book (page II-191). Signed Ashbrook. With 1995 P.F. certificate

E. 2,000-3,000
4,750
Back to Top
1413
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1413, Hawaii: Kamehameha IssuesHAWAII, 1861, 5c Blue, Thin Bluish Wove (9), HAWAII, 1861, 5c Blue, Thin Bluish Wove (9)HAWAII, 1861, 5c Blue, Thin Bluish Wove (9). Horizontal pair, three huge margins including part of top sheet margin, in at bottom, square grid cancels, scissors-cut between stamps at bottom and small tear at bottom left, used with United States 1863 5c Brown (76), short perf, on buff cover to Miss C. Murdock at Brooklyn N.Y. street address, red “Honolulu U.S. Postage Paid Jun. 25” (1864) circular datestamp, bold “San Francisco Cal. Jul. 20, 1864” double-circle datestamp, grid cancel ties U.S. stamp over Honolulu datestamp, slightly reduced at left

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. ONE OF THREE RECORDED MULTIPLES OF THE 1861 5-CENT KAMEHAMEHA III THIRD PRINTING ON COVER AND THE ONLY ONE USED WITH UNITED STATES STAMPS.

This cover was carried on the American bark Young Hector, which cleared Honolulu on June 26, 1864, and arrived in San Francisco on July 19.

The Gregory census of 1861 5c Third Printing covers lists three with pairs (the largest size multiple known on cover). Of the three, only this cover is a mixed franking with United States stamps. The 5c Kamehameha III pair prepaid the U.S. and Hawaiian postage, and the U.S. stamp was affixed at the Honolulu post office. The practice of applying the U.S. stamp over the Honolulu marking is evidenced by a fair number of covers in this period.

Ex Ostheimer, Honolulu Advertiser and Gross. With 1995 P.F. certificate

E. 4,000-5,000
4,750
Back to Top
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