Sale 1216 — The Ambassador J. William Middendorf II Collection
Sale Date — Tuesday, 25 February, 2020
Category — Hawaii: Kamehameha III Issues
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. MULTIPLES OF THE 5-CENT FIRST PRINTING ARE EXTREMELY RARE, AND NONE ARE KNOWN LARGER THAN A PAIR.
Ex Ostheimer, Honolulu Advertiser and Fekete. With 1954 P.F. certificate
A FINE COVER BEARING THE 1853 5-CENT KAMEHAMEHA III ISSUE.
This cover was carried on the schooner E. L. Frost, which departed Honolulu on October 4, 1854, and arrived in San Francisco on October 28. It was then carried to Panama on the John L. Stephens, which departed November 1.
Gregory census no. 5-5. Ex Golden.
VERY FINE. THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF A HAWAIIAN STAMP USED ON A UNITED STATES 10-CENT NESBITT ENTIRE.
This cover was carried on the brig Agate, which departed Honolulu on December 10, 1855, and arrived in San Francisco on December 27. It was postmarked in San Francisco on January 5 (1856) when the mail was bagged for Panama. The receipt docketing identifies the letter writer as D. C. Waterman, head of a prominent Honolulu shipping and commercial firm, and gives the letter date as December 11, 1855. This is one day after the Agate is reported cleared from Honolulu in published sailing records. This date sequence and the absence of a Honolulu postmark suggest two possibilities. The first is that Waterman handed his letter to someone boarding the ship and asked them to mail it in San Francisco (if this occurred, then the sailing date was actually Dec. 11). The other possibility is that the letter was posted on board the Agate and given to the ship purser to add to the mail. In either case, the 5c Hawaiian stamp was affixed but not cancelled in Honolulu. After arrival in San Francisco, the cover was sent to Panama on the Golden Gate, which departed on January 5, 1856.
The U.S. over-3,000 miles prepaid rate was raised from 6c to 10c, beginning on April 1, 1855 (and prepayment was made compulsory for letters posted in the U.S.). The Hawaiian stamp was intended to pay the rate for internal Hawaiian postage. Normally this letter would have been charged 2c for the ship captain’s fee plus the 10c for U.S. postage, but there is no indication of how the ship fee was paid.
Fred Gregory records a total of 40 examples of Scott No. 5 on cover. Only one is known used solely with a 10c stamp (Siegel 1999 Rarities sale, lot 60). This use on a 10c Nesbitt entire is the only recorded Hawaiian Kamehameha Issue mixed franking with a U.S. embossed envelope stamp.
Gregory census no. 5-16. Ex Seybold, Barkhausen, Krug and Golden. With 1964 and 2011 P.F. certificates
A SPECTACULAR RECONSTRUCTION OF THE 13-CENT KAMEHAMEHA III SHEET OF 20, FROM TWO BLOCKS--THE TOP BLOCK IS THE LARGEST RECORDED MULTIPLE AND ONE OF THREE, OR POSSIBLY FOUR, BLOCKS EXTANT. THE BOTTOM BLOCK WAS ORIGINALLY JOINED WITH THE TOP BLOCK IN THE SHEET.
These blocks of twelve and eight were cut from the same sheet and were seen together in the Ferrars H. Tows collection sold by Carl E. Pelander in October 1948. After the Tows auction, the blocks were sold to Alfred H. Caspary (block of eight) and Admiral Frederic R. Harris (block of twelve). When the Harris and Caspary collections were sold in 1954 and 1957, respectively, no one seized the opportunity to reunite the two. The larger block from the Harris sale went to Harold Leavitt, a California collector, and the small block from Caspary went to Josiah K. Lilly. After the Lilly collection was sold by our firm in 1967, the two blocks were finally reunited and acquired by Alfred J. Ostheimer III. Seen together again for the first time since the 1948 Tows sale, it was observed that someone, presumably Caspary, trimmed off a small part of the sheet margin of the smaller block.
Block of 12 ex Tows, Admiral Harris, Leavitt, Ostheimer, Honolulu Advertiser and Golden. Block of eight ex Tows, Caspary, Lilly, Ostheimer, Honolulu Advertiser and Golden. Mentioned in Meyer-Harris (p. 131)
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE RECONSTRUCTION OF THE SHEET OF 20 OF THE 1853 13-CENT KAMEHAMEHA III ISSUE.
Ex Ishikawa and Golden. Scott Retail as pairs and singles.
EXTREMELY FINE. AN EXCEEDNGLY RARE FRANKING COMBINING BOTH KAMEHAMEHA III ISSUES AFTER THE APRIL 1855 RATE CHANGE RENDERED OBSOLETE THE 13-CENT’S ORIGINAL PURPOSE. ONLY TWO COVERS FRANKED SOLELY BY THE TWO 1853 KAMEHAMEHA III STAMPS ARE RECORDED BY FRED GREGORY.
Following the United States rate change, effective April 1, 1855, the 13c Kamehameha III stamp could no longer prepay the full rate from Hawaii to the U.S. East Coast, which increased from 13c to 17c. In consequence the patrons of Hawaii’s postal system began using 5c stamps plus 12c U.S. stamps, or 13c stamps plus 4c cash, or, in this case, 5c and 13c stamps together. Although 13c stamps were sold for reduced rates in 1861 (the so-called “mute surcharge”), post office correspondence confirms that in 1855 and 1856 the 13c stamps were sold for 13c. If combined with a 5c for 18c Hawaiian postage, the sender incurred a loss of 1c. Surviving covers with such 5c/13c combinations--at least six of which are recorded (including two without any other stamps)--originate at Hilo, but other outlying offices might also have forwarded letters to Honolulu with similar frankings.
During the period starting in April 1855 it was already a regular practice to affix U.S. postage stamps to outbound letters on which the U.S. rate had been prepaid. This is a remarkable example of a fully-prepaid letter, to which no U.S. stamps were affixed. The San Francisco “PAID 12” handstamp confirms that the letter was prepaid without U.S. adhesive stamps. The other recorded cover, which is of lesser quality, was offered in our sale of the Twigg-Smith collection (Siegel Sale 931, lot 4022).
Gregory census no. 5-18. Ex Caspary, Krug and Golden. Signed Ashbrook.
EXTREMELY FINE. THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF THE 1853 13-CENT KAMEHAMEHA III ISSUE USED ON MAIL FROM THE UNITED STATES TO HAWAII.
Descendants of the Goodale and Thurston families have been associated with the Hawaiian islands ever since Lucy (Goodale) Thurston and the Revered Asa Thurston arrived with the Pioneer Company of Missionaries in April 1820. The Goodales were prominent residents of Marlborough (Marlboro), Massachusetts. The addressee, Warren Goodale, was the nephew of Lucy Thurston. He was born in Marlborough in 1825 and traveled to Hawaii in 1849. He became a tutor at the Royal School in Honolulu and subsequently was appointed Marshal of the Kingdom and Collector of Customs. He was one of two men present at Fort Honolulu when it was raided by the French in August 1849. Sometime after his wife, Ellen (Whitmore) Goodale, died in 1861 (see Sale 1009, lot 365), he moved his family back to Massachusetts and joined the Union Army in the Civil War. He subsequently resettled in Hawaii where he was involved in the sugar industry.
There is no year date on this cover, but since it is addressed to Warren Goodale in Honolulu, it must have been mailed prior to his resignation as Collector of Customs in December 1863. The “3” handstamp could be interpreted as 3c U.S. postage, which would mean that the cover was postmarked at Marlborough on Sep. 11, 1863, after the U.S. rate to California was reduced to 3c in July 1863. The 13c Hawaiian stamp would leave a balance of 10c to cover the 7c due in Hawaii (5c plus 2c ship fee). In any case, the absence of San Francisco and Honolulu postmarks is normal for a letter to Hawaii in this period.
The Hawaiian stamp was probably sent to or carried back to Massachusetts by a member of the Goodale family. Its use on mail to Hawaii appears to have been permitted by the Marlborough post office, either due to the “United States 8 Cts.” label on the stamp or out of respect to the Goodale family (or both). Once the letter entered the mail stream, it made its way to Honolulu via San Francisco.
Ex Juhring, Ishikawa and Golden. With 1979 H.P.S. and 2011 P.F. certificates. Scott Retail for single on cover $22,500.00
EXTREMELY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE EXAMPLE OF THE 1857 5-CENT ON 13-CENT PROVISIONAL SURCHARGE USED WITH UNITED STATES 1851-55 10-CENT AND 12-CENT STAMPS.
The 5c provisional surcharge was necessary due to a shortage of 5c stamps just after the transition from Postmaster Whitney to Postmaster Jackson. Most were made by Jackson’s clerk, Alvah Clark, around the start of 1857. New supplies of the 5c stamp (Scott No. 8) were received at the end of June 1857.
Ex Golden. With 1980 and 2011 P.F. certificates. Scott Retail as a used single with no premium for the other two stamps
A VERY FINE COVER WITH THE HAWAIIAN 1857 “5” ON 13-CENT KAMEHAMEHA III PROVISIONAL STAMP USED IN COMBINATION WITH THE UNITED STATES 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE. ONE OF ELEVEN SUCH COMBINATIONS RECORDED BY GREGORY.
The Gregory census lists 18 covers with the 5c on 13c surcharge (Volume III, Appendix II-F). Five were carried on this trip of the Vaquero, which stopped at Honolulu on its way from Australia and carried two bags of mail when it cleared Honolulu on June 27, 1857. She returned to safe harbor with a broken mast and left again on June 30 with additional mail, arriving in San Francisco on July 16. Mail to the east was postmarked in San Francisco on July 20 for the sailing of the PMSC John L. Stephens, which arrived in Panama City on August 3. At least some of the mail from the John L. Stephens missed the two sailings of USMSC steamers on August 3 (based on east coast postmarks on other No. 7 covers from the same Honolulu sailing). If this cover missed those sailings as well, then it was likely carried on the August 13 sailing of the Illinois, which arrived in New York September 3 after a stop at Havana.
No. 9 in the Gregory census and illustrated in Hawaiian Foreign Mail to 1870 (p. II-55). Ex Rohloff, Kramer (where erroneously described as carried on the Fanny Major) and Walske. With 2003 P.F. certificate. Scott Retail $45,000.00
FINE APPEARANCE. THIS IS THE LARGEST RECORDED MULTIPLE -- EITHER UNUSED OR USED -- OF THE 1857 5-CENT KAMEHAMEHA III SECOND PRINTING.
This is believed to be the only used strip of four extant. Pictured in Meyer-Harris (p. 130) on its original quadruple-rate cover, from which it was removed.
Ex Admiral Harris, Honolulu Advertiser and Golden. With 2011 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL AND UNUSUAL FRANKING AND ARRANGEMENT OF STAMPS PAYING THE 5-CENT HAWAIIAN POSTAGE PLUS 12-CENT U.S. POSTAGE FOR THE 10-CENT TRANSCONTINENTAL RATE AND 2-CENT SHIP CAPTAIN’S FEE.
Ex Admiral Harris, Krug, Honolulu Advertiser and Bailar. With 1996 P.F. certificate
10c Green, Ty. III (33), 12c large margins to just in at bottom right, 10c perfs scissors-separated at right, faint strike of red “Honolulu U.S. Postage Paid Feb. 18” (1858) circular datestamp on cover to Jonathan Brewster in Chicago Ill. and forwarded to Northampton Mass., all stamps tied by single strike of “San Francisco Cal. Mar. (20, 1858)” circular datestamp, red crayon “for 3” at left and manuscript “due 3 cts” below stamps, 10c scissors-trimmed perfs at right, cover stains and small erosion spot below stamps, U.S. stamps slightly toned
FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE DOUBLE-RATE MIXED-FRANKING COVER WITH A PAIR OF THE 1857 5-CENT KAMEHAMEHA III SECOND PRINTING USED WITH 1851 IMPERFORATE AND 1857 PERFORATED UNITED STATES STAMPS, PAYING THE CORRECT 22-CENT RATE. ONLY TWO COVERS ARE RECORDED WITH THIS COMBINATION OF STAMPS.
Although the dates in the postmarks are difficult to read, we believe this was carried on the bark Yankee, which departed Honolulu on February 27, 1858, and arrived in San Francisco on March 15 (datestamped March 20 for Panama sailing).
The Gregory census records two covers with a Hawaii No. 8 pair and U.S. Nos. 17 and 33. Ex Golden. With 1978 and 2011 P.F. certificates
VERY FINE. A SCARCE COMBINATION OF THE 1857 5-CENT KAMEHAMEHA III SECOND PRINTING AND UNITED STATES 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE AND ONE OF SIX RECORDED MIXED-FRANKING COVERS WITH “OVERLAND” ROUTE DIRECTIVE MARKING.
This cover was carried on the bark Yankee, which departed Honolulu on October 3, 1859, and arrived in San Francisco on October 21. It arrived one day too late for the regular twice-monthly sailing for Panama and was marked with the “OVERLAND” handstamp to indicate its late arrival and alternate routing on the next Butterfield stagecoach. The San Francisco October 24 postmark date corresponds with the regular Monday stagecoach departure. Michael Perlman records 14 covers from Hawaii with the “OVERLAND” handstamp, including six with U.S.-Hawaii mixed frankings (all 5c and 12c 1851). The addressee, Almira Lucilla Bartow, was the sister of Lahaina postmaster Cornelius S. Bartow.
Ex Seybold, Admiral Harris, Krug and Golden. Illustrated in Ashbrook’s book on the 1c (Volume 2, page 261). With 2011 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE. A RARE AND ATTRACTIVE MIXED-FRANKING COVER WITH THE 1857 5-CENT KAMEHAMEHA III SECOND PRINTING AND UNITED STATES 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE.
This cover was carried on the schooner Liholiho, which departed Honolulu on April 26, 1858, and arrived in San Francisco on May 21 (mail for the East Coast was datestamped on June 5).
Ex Juhring, Ishikawa (where mistakenly described as No. 5) and Golden. With 1981 Friedl certificate (as No. 5). With 2011 P.F. certificate as the correct No. 8. Signed Bloch in pencil.
VERY FINE. AN ATTRACTIVE AND RARE USE OF THE 1857 5-CENT KAMEHAMEHA III SECOND PRINTING ON COVER TO SAN FRANCISCO WITH “SHIP 5” DUE MARKING.
This cover was carried on the American whaling ship Harrison, which departed Honolulu on December 3, 1861, and arrived in San Francisco on December 18. Mail was postmarked at San Francisco on the following day. The addressee is believed to be the daughter of Joel Turrill, a prominent attorney and congressman from Oswego, New York. He had served as U.S. Consul to the Hawaiian Islands (1845-50). In the financial crisis of 1857 he lost all of his property, and he died in December 1859. This cover was addressed to her in care of D. P. Belknap, a prominent San Francisco resident. Belknap presumably paid the 5c incoming ship-letter postage.
Ex Golden. With 2011 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A SCARCE RECONSTRUCTED SHEET OF 20 OF THE 1861 5-CENT KAMEHAMEHA III THIRD PRINTING ON THIN BLUISH WOVE PAPER. THE TOP BLOCK OF TWELVE IS LARGEST RECORDED MULTIPLE OF THIS ISSUE.
Another block of twelve was offered in Honolulu Advertiser sale. Ex Golden. Scott Retail as three blocks of four and singles.
EXTREMELY FINE IN EVERY RESPECT. THE 5-CENT KAMEHAMEHA III 1861 THIRD PRINTING ON BLUISH PAPER IS SCARCE ON COVER. THIS CHOICE TIED EXAMPLE IS A RARE USE TO THE PORT OF SAN FRANCISCO WITH “DUE 6” RATE.
Fred Gregory reports 50 covers with the 5c Third Printing (Scott 9), but only 15 are covers with this stamp used alone (not in combination with United States stamps). Only one other is addressed to San Francisco, and the cover offered here is the only one with the “Due 6” straightline. It was carried on the Comet, departing Honolulu on January 21, 1864, arriving in San Francisco on February 9.
Letters from Hawaii to San Francisco showing the 1863 rates are discussed in the Gregory book (Volume II, pages 165-169). The San Francisco post office inconsistently applied the 4c and 6c collect rates. Six examples are recorded by Gregory.
Ex Honolulu Advertiser, Twigg-Smith and Walske. With 2007 P.F. certificate.
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A SPECTACULAR AND RARE FRANKING FROM HAWAII TO SAN FRANCISCO. ESPECIALLY RARE WITH THE ONE-CENT STAMP.
This cover is illustrated and discussed in the Gregory book (Volume II, page 175). According to Gregory, it was carried from Honolulu to San Francisco on the American bark Comet (cleared May 23, 1867, arrived June 6). After the Act of March 1863 effectively reduced the city delivery rate in San Francisco from 2c to 1c, the correct prepaid U.S. postage should have been 3c (1c for local delivery plus 2c ship captain’s fee). However, surviving covers show that there was much confusion over the correct amount to prepay.
Ex Knapp, Tows, Juhring, Honolulu Advertiser and Bailar. With 1996 P.F. certificate