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Sale 1225 — Civil War Postal History, featuring the 'Ambassador' Collection

Sale Date — Wednesday, 9 September, 2020

Category — Flag-of-Truce Mail

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
314
c
Sale Number 1225, Lot Number 314, Flag-of-Truce MailRickersville Hospital, Charleston S.C, Rickersville Hospital, Charleston S.CRickersville Hospital, Charleston S.C. Buff prisoner-of-war inner cover endorsed "JS Hammell Lt. Col. 66th Regt. NY Vol. Prisoner of Warr Charleston S.C.", addressed to Hammell's regiment "via Washington", magenta manuscript "Soldiers Letter WT Bennett Lt. Col. & Agt. Exd" and magenta "Ex & Appd. TVK Jr." examiner's marking at right, entered U.S. mails with "Port Royal S.C. Nov. 15, 1864" double-circle datestamp and "Due 3" handstamp, answer docketing of Nov. 26, original letter enclosure datelined "1st S.C. Hospital Oct. 13, 1864" confirming that this is from Rickersville (where the 1st S.C. Hospital was located), interesting health and war-related content, minor edgewear

VERY FINE. A RAR PRISONER-OF-WAR COVER FROM RICKERSVILLE HOSPITAL S.C., SENT BY FLAG-OF-TRUCE VIA THE POCOTALIGO AND PORT ROYAL EXCHANGE ROUTE. ONLY FIVE COVERS ARE KNOWN FROM THIS HOSPITAL.

The four Rickersville Hospital covers listed in the Harrison book are all from Lt. Oliver R. McNary, a member of Co. E of the 12th Pa. Volunteers (see Siegel Sale 988, lot 212). This is a fifth cover which is tied to Rickersville by the dateline in the letter.

Ex Dr. Agre. Accompanied by prisoner's biography. With 1995 C.S.A. certificate

E. 1,000-1,500
1,400
315
c
Sale Number 1225, Lot Number 315, Flag-of-Truce MailCharleston S.C, Charleston S.CCharleston S.C. Buff prisoner-of-war inner cover to Litchfield Conn., most likely originated in a Charleston S.C. prison (similar known from Roper Hospital), manuscript "Exd" censor's mark and endorsed "Soldiers letter, Stewart L. Woodford Lt. Col. 127 NYR, agent of exchange" (at Hilton Head S.C.), entered U.S. mails with "Port Royal S.C. Sep. 30, 1864" double-circle datestamp and "Due 3" handstamp, slightly reduced at right, fresh and Very Fine, a very scarce flag-of-truce cover sent via Pocotaligo and Port Royal -- from July 1864 until February 1865, Union P.O.W. mail from Charleston, Savannah and Florence prisons was carried from Pocotaligo S.C. (on the Charleston & Savannah R.R. line) to Union-held Port Royal, the route was closed by the Federal capture of Pocotaligo on January 14, 1865 -- flag-of-truce mail via South Carolina is considerably rarer than flag-of-truce mail via Virginia, the "agent of exchange" Lt. Col. Woodford who signed this was the subject of an interesting article by Frank Crown in the Jan-Feb. 1978 Confederate Philatelist, he apparently had no authority to act as an agent of exchange

E. 500-750
425
Back to Top
316
c
Sale Number 1225, Lot Number 316, Flag-of-Truce MailCamp Sorghum, Columbia S.C, Camp Sorghum, Columbia S.CCamp Sorghum, Columbia S.C. Oatmeal prisoner-of-war inner cover endorsed by Lt. C.W. Carr of the 4th Vt. Volunteers with "By Flag of Truce via Hilton Head", addressed to Washington D.C., back with bold manuscript censor marking "Lt ES Williams" (32nd Georgia Infantry), entered U.S. mails with "Old Point Comfort Va. Dec. 14" double-circle datestamp, original letter datelined "Camp Federal Prisoners, Columbia S.C. Oct. 20, 1864" and also noted by flag-of-truce via Hilton Head, some minor wrinkling, still Very Fine, Camp Sorghum was established in October 1864, but its entire prison population was moved to nearby Camp Asylum on December 12, 1864 for security reasons -- after this cover was sent but before it entered the mails at Old Point Comfort -- the Richland Jail and the College Hospital in Columbia were also used to hold P.O.W.s until the fall of Columbia on February 17, 1865, only approximately 20 covers are recorded from Camp Sorghum

E. 500-750
325
Back to Top
317
c
Sale Number 1225, Lot Number 317, Flag-of-Truce MailFlorence Prison, Florence S.C, Florence Prison, Florence S.CFlorence Prison, Florence S.C. Small folded letter from prisoner-of-war to his wife in Philadelphia Pa., datelined "Florence Prison S. Carolina Oct 12 1864", endorsed "From James Moody, Co K 7th Regt Prisoner of War Camp Florence SC", bold manuscript "Examined", mixed franking with C.S.A. postage paid by 10c Blue, Die B (12) and U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65), both tied by "Port Royal Nov (?) '64" double-circle datestamp, letter states "I have been a prisoner since the 5th of May...We are all in a very destitute condition. I have been very sick for some time but I am something better at present.", edges restored from prior adhesive stains, stamps with couple minor faults

VERY FINE APPEARING AND EXTREMELY RARE PRISONER-OF-WAR COVER FROM FLORENCE PRISON, SENT BY FLAG-OF-TRUCE VIA POCOTALIGO AND PORT ROYAL. FEWER THAN TEN ARE KNOWN.

According to Wikipedia: "The Florence Stockade was built and became operational in September 1864, and was in use during the final fall and winter of the war. During its time of operation, anywhere from 15,000 to 18,000 captives were held there. The need for additional prisons became imperative after General Sherman captured Atlanta on September 1, 1864. Andersonville prison in south Georgia was thought to be in the path of Sherman and the Confederate prison authorities determined to relocate the approximately 30,000 Union prisoners then at Andersonville. Because Florence had three railroads, and was thought to be secure, it was chosen as a site for a newly constructed prison. To keep the Union soldiers in order during relocation, they were told that they were to be paroled. Many of those who were unable to walk or not stable enough to travel were left behind in Andersonville. Of the total number of prisoners that passed through the Florence Stockade, 2,802 Union soldiers died there and most were buried in unmarked trenches in what would become the Florence National Cemetery after the war."

Ex Walske. Illustrated in Special Routes (p. 242)

E. 1,500-2,000
2,100
Back to Top
318
c
Sale Number 1225, Lot Number 318, Flag-of-Truce MailDead Letter Office P.O. Dept, Dead Letter Office P.O. DeptDead Letter Office P.O. Dept. Dateless double oval handstamp struck on flap of 1863 cover from Richmond Va. to Litiz Pa., an attempted flag-of-truce use with manuscript directive as such but sent during the September 1862 -- July 1863 period when flag-of-truce mail was suspended (see Walske-Trepel Special Routes book, Chapter 5), a 10c Frameline (10) was affixed to pay the Confederate postage, tied by Richmond circular datestamp (appears to be March), the stamp peeled off at the exchange point, the sender also attempted to pay the U.S. postage by affixing a half-dime at the top left, the imprint of which is clearly visible (a replacement coin accompanies), none of this was effective for the sender as the cover was sent to the Dead Letter Office, "Washington D.C. Apr. ?" double-circle datestamp struck upon release along with bold "DUE 6cts" for unpaid postage, some minor soiling and edge nick, still Fine and fascinating attempted through-the-lines use, this must have been an incredible appearing cover when it was mailed

E. 750-1,000
750
Back to Top
319
c
Sale Number 1225, Lot Number 319, Flag-of-Truce MailDead Letter Office P.O. Dept. Received Oct. 10, 1862, Dead Letter Office P.O. Dept. Received Oct. 10, 1862Dead Letter Office P.O. Dept. Received Oct. 10, 1862. Clear strike of oval datestamp ties 3c Rose (65) on embossed corner card cover from Harrisburg Pa. to Libby Prison in Richmond Va., an attempted flag-of-truce use but mailed during the September 1862 -- July 1863 period when flag-of-truce mail was suspended (see Walske-Trepel Special Routes book, Chapter 5), entered mails with "Harrisburg Pa. Sep. 18, 1862" double-circle datestamp, some minor edgewear, still Very Fine and scarce

E. 500-750
3,750
Back to Top
320
c
Sale Number 1225, Lot Number 320, Flag-of-Truce MailDead Letter Office P.O. Dept, Dead Letter Office P.O. DeptDead Letter Office P.O. Dept. Bold strike of oval datestamp with "DUE 6 cts." straightline on diminutive cover from Robertville S.C. to Hamilton N.Y., an attempted flag-of-truce use, though not accepted as such and sent to the Dead Letter Office, original letter enclosure datelined from Robertville on Mar. 27, 1863, receipt docketing of June 17, no attempt at paying either Confederate or U.S. postage is apparent so this might have been an inner letter sent under cover with other letters, Very Fine and unusual

E. 400-500
400
Back to Top
321
c
Sale Number 1225, Lot Number 321, Flag-of-Truce MailU.S.D.L.O Jun. 26, 1865, U.S.D.L.O Jun. 26, 1865U.S.D.L.O Jun. 26, 1865. Double-circle datestamp struck on narrow cover with original letter from Plano Ill. to care of U.S. Provost Marshal in Vicksburg Miss., 3c Rose (65) tied by blue "Plano Il. Apr. 17" circular datestamp with second strike below, blue manuscript "$3" which may have been enclosed, interesting contents including discussion of the "calamity of the death of Mr. Lincoln", recipient not found and struck with "ADVERTISED" straightline, "Vicksburg Ms. May 8, 1865" double-circle datestamp and sent back north to Dead Letter Office with Vicksburg June 8 backstamp, "C" handstamp with manuscript file number, small envelope slits at bottom from opening, stamp with couple minor perf faults, otherwise Fine and interesting series of markings for a north-to-south letter sent just after Lee's surrender, with content related to the assassination of President Lincoln

E. 400-500
1,600
Back to Top
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