(Montreal to Quebec, ca. 1770s). Neat red manuscript “M 5-8” of Montreal on folded cover to George Allsopp in Quebec, rated “5-8” indicating 5dwt, 8gr (double rate), “1/10” applied upon arrival in Quebec, splitting along folds, some reinforcement with tape, otherwise Very Fine and rare “M” for “Montreal” marking, the dual use of troy silver and currency was only done from 1771 to 1775, ex Sanderson
(Montreal to Quebec, May 2, 1772). Neat red manuscript “Montrl. Paid 2.16” of Montreal on folded letter to Quebec, rated “2.16” (2dwt, 16gr), with fascinating contents in French regarding shipments of wine, brandy, ball and shot, gunpowder, rifles, etc. going by canoe to Detroit, along with list of accompanying traders and guides, cover with splitting along folds, couple reinforced with tape, otherwise Fine and rare, one of the earliest fully prepaid internal Canadian covers known, ex Sanderson
(Three Rivers to Quebec, Jun. 8, 1772). Small manuscript “June 8, 1772, J. Lacroix” docketing on bottom flap of folded cover to seminary in Quebec, rated “8d” and “2dwt” paying the 61-100 miles rate, cover with reinforced folds, Fine, at this point there were only four Post Offices in Canada--Berthier, Montreal, Three Rivers and Quebec--the first two can be eliminated due to distance, which leaves only Three Rivers as the origin for this cover, ex de Riviere and Sanderson
(Prairie du Chien to Saurelle, May 2, 1774). Folded letter in French datelined “de la prairie du chien ce 2 mai 1774” and addressed to “Monsieur Paule Cournoy...a la paroisse (parish) de Sourelle”, carried privately, cover with light overall soiling and reinforced folds, Fine, a scarce and early Wisconsin area letter written less than a year before the Revolutionary War, Wisconsin was not part of the U.S. until after the war in 1783, ex Sanderson
(Fort Lyman/Edward to Fort “Pointe au Chevelure”, ca. 1770s). Folded letter in French without dateline but mentions Fort Lyman (Fort Edward) and addressed to “for(t) a la pointe au Chevleur” referring to “Point a la Chevelure” in Crown Point N.Y., without postal markings and carried privately, minor internal faults, Fine inter-New York mail during British occupation, ex Sanderson
(Quebec to Montreal, Aug. 19, 1776). Clear red manuscript “Q(uebec) paid 8d” on folded letter to Jean Dumas Saint-Martin in Montreal, 8p for 101-200 miles rate, cover with some severe splitting along folds, otherwise Fine and rare, few covers used during 1776 are known, this cover narrowly missed the Continental Army arriving just months later in November 1776, this is thought to be the earliest available Quebec Paid marking, ex Sanderson
(Quebec to Montreal, Nov. 17, 1777 and May 11, 1778). Two similar folded letters dated Nov. 1777 and May 1778 from Quebec to Montreal, each with manuscript “8” (8p Sterling) and “9” (9p Currency) split currency markings, first cover with brownish red markings, second in black, covers with minor splits and reinforced folds, Very Fine pair of covers used during the Revolutionary War period, ex Sanderson
(Quebec to Montreal, Aug. 13 and Sept. 14, 1778). Two folded letters from the same correspondence, first datelined Aug. 13, 1778 with manuscript “8” and “9” (Sterling and Currency), second datelined Sept. 14, 1778 with manuscript “2/” and “2N3” (Sterling and Currency) paying the triple domestic rate, latter with minor reinforcement, Very Fine, the triple rate is quite scarce, ex Sanderson
(“River Deloupe” to Montreal, Apr. 11, 1780). Folded letter datelined “River Deloupe 11th April 1780” (Riviere-du-Loup) and addressed to Montreal, manuscript rated “6” and “7” (Sterling and Currency), postage charge indicates this was carried privately and mailed from Three Rivers, some splitting, reinforced folds and minor edge tears, otherwise Fine and scarce use during the Revolutionary War, ex Sanderson
(Quebec? to St. Johns [Iberville] near Montreal, Feb. 8, 1782). Folded cover with manuscript “Friday the 8th February 1782” docketing on flap and addressed to St. Johns, presumably sent from Quebec with the “Paid 9” paying the 101-200 miles rate to Montreal, with manuscript “please to forward it by the St. John Courrire” and “to pay 1” denoting the special 1p courier fee, splitting along folds, couple reinforced, otherwise Fine, St. Johns (Iberville) is located just outside Montreal, ex de Riviere and Sanderson
(Quebec to Montreal, Feb. 16, 1780s). Clear “QUEBEC” straightline with perfectly struck “16/FE” Bishop mark on back on folded cover to Montreal, matching boxed “PAID” handstamp and manuscript “9” for 101-200 miles rate, Very Fine, a rare use of handstamps, even more so as fully paid covers are seldom encountered in this period, ex Sanderson
(Kamouraska to Quebec, Mar. 29, 1785). Folded letter datelined “CaMouraska le 29 mars 1785” and addressed to Quebec, red “1/4” and “K.4” split currency marking at top, vertical file fold of little consequence, Very Fine, split currency markings are rarely seen after 1781, especially on covers from small towns such as this, ex Glassco and Sanderson
(Quebec to Halifax, Nova Scotia via New York, Jan. 2, 1788). Manuscript “Quebec Jan 2 1788” at top left of folded cover addressed to John Wentworth in Halifax, Nova Scotia, lightly struck “Montreal JANy 7” two-line datestamp on back, “AMERICAN PORT” and “PAID*” handstamps applied in Montreal, rated “2N1” in red paying the rate for inland and packet postage thru Montreal and New York, interior with message signed “J Wentworth”, likely written upon receipt, cover missing top flap
VERY FINE. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF THE “AMERICAN PORT” BRITISH PACKET DIRECTIVE MARKING, WHICH WAS APPLIED IN MONTREAL. THIS COVER WAS SENT FROM NEW YORK ON THE FALMOUTH PACKET, STOPPING AT NOVA SCOTIA. AN IMPORTANT EARLY CROSS-BORDER AND TRANSATLANTIC MAIL ARTIFACT.
This cover, dated at Quebec on January 2, 1788, was postmarked at Montreal on January 7 with the special “AMERICAN PORT” handstamp, indicating it was intended to depart on a British packet vessel from an American port. It was carried on the Lake Champlain and Hudson River water route to New York City, and from there it was carried on the next Falmouth Packet sailing--the Grantham on February 20, 1788--which stopped at Halifax on the eastbound transatlantic trip to England (sailing information from John S. Olenkiewicz, Frajola website).
The addressee, Sir John Wentworth, was the Surveyor General of the King’s Woods at this time. He eventually went on to become the first civilian Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia in 1791 and was knighted in 1795.
(Quebec to Berthier, Mar. 12, 1793). “Quebec” and “12/MR” Bishop mark in double-circle handstamp with triangle on flap of folded cover to James Cuthbert in Berthier, rated “9” at top left, cover was turned and used by addressee for message dated Sep. 23, 1793 and signed “J. Cuthbert”, splitting along folds, couple reinforced with tape, otherwise Fine, a late use of this datestamp which was put in use around 1772, James Cuthbert (ca. 1719-1798) was an army officer, merchant and seigneur having amassed a large amount of property along the St. Lawrence river, ex Sanderson
(Quebec to Montreal, Apr. 15, (ca. 1795). Bold “Quebec, Canada” split-circle handstamp with “15/AV” Bishop mark clearly struck on top flap of ca. 1795 folded cover to Montreal, rated “9” at top right, minor tape reinforced folds, Very Fine, ex Sanderson
(Quebec to Montreal, Mar. 19, 1798). Clearly struck “Quebec, Canada” rimless circular datestamp with split “1798” yeardate and “19/MR” Bishop mark on side flap of folded “Schedule of papers” for a Royal Artillery Sergeant to notary in Montreal, rated “9” at top right, Very Fine, a choice strike of this rare marking, which was in use for only one year, ex Sanderson
(Quebec to Chambly, Oct. 31, 1799). Clear “QUEBEC/OCT. 31 99” two-line datestamp on top flap of folded letter “To Mr. John McCutchson Esq., Company at Chambly”, endorsed “From a Sergeant 26th Regiment” with “1d” soldier’s one-penny concession rate, signed “(Lord) Elphinstone” at bottom, contents regarding being unable to avoid a transfer back to England and having to leave behind his wife and children in Canada, some minor splitting along folds, some reinforced
FINE AND INCREDIBLY RARE ONE-PENNY SOLDIER’S CONCESSION RATE FROM CANADA. THIS IS THE EARLIEST RECORDED EXAMPLE KNOWN IN PRIVATE HANDS.
Chambly is located just outside of Montreal and likely would have required an 11p rate. An important item for any early Canada or military postal historian. Ex Sattin and Sanderson