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Sale 1230 — U.S. and Hawaii Stamps and Postal History

Sale Date — Tuesday-Friday, 15-18 December, 2020

Category — Civil War Prisoner-of-War Mail

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
1599
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1599, Civil War Prisoner-of-War MailCamp Chase, Columbus O, Camp Chase, Columbus OCamp Chase, Columbus O. Clear strike of examiner's circular handstamp on orange-buff buff cover to Covington Ga., 3c Rose (65) tied by target and by "Columbus O. Nov. 10" double-circle datestamp, used with 10c Blue, Die A (11), huge margins and affixed with large piece of sheet margin (creating a hinge), tied by "Richmond Va. Jan. 13" circular datestamp, manuscript routing instructions "By flag of Truce via Fortress Monroe Va." at bottom, backflap missing, tear at top into markings but clear of stamp, 10c stamp soiled, otherwise Fine, ex Walske, with 2000 P.S.E. certificate calling the 10c "faulty"

E. 400-500
300
1600
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1600, Civil War Prisoner-of-War MailCamp Douglas, Ill, Camp Douglas, IllCamp Douglas, Ill. Mostly clear strike of oval examiner's handstamp on yellow cover to Rutherfordton N.C., 3c Rose (65), straight edge at left, tied by blue segmented cork cancel with matching "Chicago Ill. Nov. 2 '64" double-circle datestamp, used with 10c Blue, Die A (11), three large margins to in at bottom, poor impression, tied by "Richmond Va. Dec. 15" circular datestamp, with routing instructions "Via Fortress Monroe and City Point Va. by Flag of Truce", light stains and couple small edge tears at top, part of backflap removed, still Fine and attractive mixed franking, illustrated in Antrim, ex Walske, with 2000 P.S.E. certificate

E. 500-750
650
Back to Top
1601
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1601, Civil War Prisoner-of-War MailElmira N.Y, Elmira N.YElmira N.Y. Yellow prisoner-of-war cover to Petersburg Va., clear strike of "Prisoner's Letter Examined Elmira N.Y." censor's oval handstamp, mixed franking bearing 3c Rose (65) and 10c Blue, Die B (12), 3c tied by confounding "Elmira N.Y. Sep 19, 1865" double-circle datestamp, both stamps tied by "Richmond Va. Sep. 11" (1864) circular datestamp, manuscript "Flag of Truce via Fortress Monroe", tiny sealed tear at top edge of cover, Extremely Fine, an unusually fresh and choice mixed franking POW cover from Elmira Prison, the date in the Elmira town marking must be in error, but unusually the error seems to include both the year and the day -- as it both predates the Richmond marking and obviously cannot have gone through the CSA postal system in September 1865, research on the prisoner (included with lot) confirms that he was captured in June 1864 at Petersburg, sent to Elmira and exchanged in October 1864, with 1982 P.F. certificate not taking note of the date discrepancy

E. 1,000-1,500
1,600
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1602
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1602, Civil War Prisoner-of-War MailElmira Prison, N.Y, Elmira Prison, N.YElmira Prison, N.Y. Collection of 25 covers, all franked with U.S. No. 65 and five mixed frankings with Confederate stamps, including Nos. 11-12 and a pair of No. 7, mostly clear strikes of "Prisoners Letter Examined Elmira N.Y." oval handstamp, destinations include both North and South, some of the southbound with Confederate due markings, mixed condition with flaws to be expected (each of the dual-frankings would be individual lots in more choice condition and one is a rebacked front), still Fine and very rarely seen large group of prisoner-of-war covers from a single Union prison, see website PDF for complete scan

E. 2,000-3,000
4,500
Back to Top
1603
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1603, Civil War Prisoner-of-War MailFort Delaware, Delaware City, Fort Delaware, Delaware CityFort Delaware, Delaware City. Bright orange-buff cover addressed to Fayetteville N.C., clear strike of "Prisoner's Letter Examined, Fort Delaware Del." (Ty. I) oval handstamp, 3c Rose (65) with small corner crease tied by grid and by "Delaware City Del. Aug. 10" circular datestamp, used with 10c Blue, Die A (11), enormous margins to just in at lower right where separated roughly, tied by "Richmond Va. Aug. 21" circular datestamp and by the Delaware City datestamp, manuscript "By Flag Truce via Ft. Monroe" and "care of" notation at bottom, fresh and Very Fine, wonderfully choice quality for a mixed-franking flag-of-truce cover, with 2000 P.S.E. certificate

E. 750-1,000
2,200
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1604
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1604, Civil War Prisoner-of-War MailFort Delaware, Delaware City, Fort Delaware, Delaware CityFort Delaware, Delaware City. Orange-buff cover addressed to Fisherville Va., 3c Rose (65) cancelled by target and tied by partial strike of Richmond Va. circular datestamp, "Delaware City Del. Nov. 18" circular datestamp, used with 10c Dark Blue, Die B (12d), enormous margins to just in, tied by both the Richmond and Delaware City circular datestamps, manuscript "By Flag of Truce Boat via Fortress Monroe", fresh and Very Fine mixed-franking cover, choice quality, with 2002 C.S.A. certificate

E. 750-1,000
500
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1605
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1605, Civil War Prisoner-of-War MailFort Delaware, Delaware City, Fort Delaware, Delaware CityFort Delaware, Delaware City. Orange-buff cover addressed to Hayneville Ala., 3c Rose (65) torn at bottom, cancelled by target and tied by "Delaware City Del. Nov. 1" circular datestamp, used with 10c Blue, Die A (11), right sheet margin, other sides large to touched at top right where unevenly separated, tied by bold "Richmond Va. Jan. 21" circular datestamp, manuscript "Per Flag of Truce via Fortress Monroe", Very Fine appearance

E. 400-500
325
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1606
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1606, Civil War Prisoner-of-War MailFort Delaware, Delaware City, Fort Delaware, Delaware CityFort Delaware, Delaware City. Small cover addressed to a prisoner at Fort Delaware, based on the docketing on the cover offered in lot 1607 the town of origin was likely Hillsville Va., 3c Rose (65) and 10c Blue, Die B (12), tied together by segmented cork, 10c stamp has pre-use creases and is also cancelled by manuscript, "Old Point Comfort Va. Jan. 17" double-circle datestamp, manuscript "For Flag of Truce via City Point and Fortress Monroe" and "Exd" examiner's marking, receipt docketing of Jan. 25, 1865, slight soiling, Fine mixed franking on a prisoner-of-war cover

E. 400-500
300
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1607
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1607, Civil War Prisoner-of-War MailFort Delaware, Delaware City, Fort Delaware, Delaware CityFort Delaware, Delaware City. Small cover docketed "Hillsville Va. Oct. 7th 1864" and addressed to a prisoner at Fort Delaware, 3c Rose (65) and 10c Blue, Die B (12), tied together by cork and 10c by bold "Old Point Comfort Va. Oct. 20" double-circle datestamp, manuscript "For Flag of Truce via City Point and Fortress Monroe" pencil docketing of Oct. 26, both stamps with small faults from placement near edge of cover, Fine appearance, with 2001 C.S.A. certificate

E. 400-500
300
Back to Top
1608
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1608, Civil War Prisoner-of-War MailFort Delaware, Delaware City, Fort Delaware, Delaware CityFort Delaware, Delaware City. Clear strike of "Prisoner's Letter Examined, Fort Delaware Del." (Ty. I) oval handstamp on orange-buff cover from Capt. Dean of the 22nd S.C. Regiment to Spartanburg S.C., 3c Rose (65) with huge balanced margins, interpane margin at right with part of centerline, cancelled by target, "Delaware City Del. Sep. 27" circular datestamp, "Richmond Va. Oct. ??" circular datestamp also ties 3c, matching "DUE 10" handstamp at left for Confederate postage, manuscript "Per Flag of Truce" at top, Extremely Fine, very choice quality for a flag-of-truce cover

E. 400-500
250
Back to Top
1609
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1609, Civil War Prisoner-of-War MailGettysburg Pa., Letterman General Hospital, Gettysburg Pa., Letterman General HospitalGettysburg Pa., Letterman General Hospital. Buff prisoner-of-war cover from Lt. Col. Benjamin F. Little to his wife in Little's Mills N.C., directive "Through Comdg Officer at Fortress Monroe Va." at lower left, manuscript "Examined, R. Bell Capt. & Prov. Mar." censor's mark, U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65), tied by blue grid cancel, matching "Gettysburg Pa. 1863 Sep. 2" double-circle datestamp, Confederate postage paid by pair 5c Blue, Local (7), left stamp damaged at left, right stamp small tear, tied by "Richmond Va. Sep. 11, 1863" circular datestamp

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE MIXED-FRANKING COVER FROM THE PRISON HOSPITAL ESTABLISHED NEAR THE GETTYSBURG BATTLEFIELD AND SENT VIA FLAG-OF-TRUCE TO RICHMOND.

Benjamin Franklin Little was appointed captain in Company E, North Carolina 52nd Infantry Regiment, on April 28, 1862, and promoted to full lieutenant-colonel on July 3, 1863, the last day of the Battle of Gettysburg. During Pickett's Charge, Lt. Col. Little was severely wounded while leading his men and captured on the battlefield. After spending time at the Letterman Hospital at Gettysburg, he was transported on September 28 to West's Building Hospital in Baltimore, then to Ft. McHenry Prison on October 22, 1863. Records show he was mustered out on August 30, 1864, at Gettysburg.

The Little correspondence is well known, and some of it is preserved at the Greensboro Historical Archives. According to the archives' website: "Benjamin Franklin Little was a planter and in the late 1850s married the former Mary Jean 'Flax' Reid, daughter of influential planter and politician Rufus Reid of Iredell County, North Carolina. After the outbreak of the Civil War, Little was appointed captain in the North Carolina Troops in March 1862 and in August of that year received his commission, which placed the company he commanded in the 52nd Regiment. At the battle of Gettysburg, Little was severely wounded, then captured by Union forces and hospitalized. His wound would subsequently require the amputation of his left arm, after which he was sent to prison in Maryland. In March 1864 he was paroled at Point Lookout, Maryland, and shortly thereafter exchanged at City Point, Virginia. A month later he was appointed Lieutenant Colonel to the Field and Staff of the 52nd Regiment, but by July he submitted his resignation due to reasons associated with his disability. Upon his release from service, Little returned to the family home, called Carlisle, to farming and other business ventures. In the last year of the war he became active in state politics and later served as a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1876. He died at his residence in July 1879."

In the aftermath of the bloody battle of Gettysburg, approximately 22,000 soldiers of both armies required medical treatment, including thousands of wounded Confederate soldiers left behind as Lee began his retreat. Treatment of the wounded at Gettysburg was the responsibility of the Army of the Potomac. Dr. Jonathan Letterman, Medical Director for George G. Meade's Army issued orders on July 5, 1863, to establish a general hospital in the Gettysburg area and provide transportation and supplies to the site for treatment of the wounded. In his honor, the temporary hospital was named after him. The site chosen for the vast hospital camp was on the George Wolf Farm, roughly one and one-half miles east of Gettysburg on the York Pike. The hospital was ready by mid-July and staffed with a small army of surgeons, nurses, cooks, quartermaster and supply clerks while a detachment of infantry was detailed as camp guards to look after stores and hospitalized Confederate prisoners. Treated with equal care by the Union surgeons and nurses, the Confederate soldiers were later transported to northern prison camps before parole. Less than 100 patients remained at Camp Letterman by November 10 and it was officially closed a few weeks later. (from the National Park Service Gettysburg website at http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/letterman.htm ).

Ex Antrim (illustrated in his book on p. 58) and Kilbourne

E. 1,500-2,000
2,300
Back to Top
1610
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1610, Civil War Prisoner-of-War MailPoint Lookout, Md, Point Lookout, MdPoint Lookout, Md. Flag-of-truce cover addressed to Mr. Harvey Setzer of the "8th Division" at Point Lookout Md., 3c Rose (65) tied by segmented cork, used with 10c Blue, Die B (12), full to huge margins, tied by "Catawba Station N.C. Feb. 13" circular datestamp, exchanged through Fortress Monroe with clear "Old Point Comfort Va. Mar. 31" double circle datestamp and manuscript "G" examiner's mark, cover is unsealed with blue inner lining, Extremely Fine mixed-franking flag-of-truce cover to Point Lookout, an exceptionally choice example, ex Richey and Muzzy, with 2000 C.S.A. certificate

E. 1,000-1,500
750
Back to Top
1611
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1611, Civil War Prisoner-of-War MailPoint Lookout, Md, Point Lookout, MdPoint Lookout, Md. Clear strike of "Prisoner's Letter Examined" double-line octagonal handstamp on orange-buff cover to Nelson Station Va., 3c Rose (65) tied by target, used with 10c Blue, Die B (12), margins to in at top and tied by partly clear strike of Point Lookout circular datestamp and also by "Richmond Va. Aug. 18" circular datestamp (which also ties the 3c stamp), manuscript "By flag of Truce boat Via Fortress Monroe", tiny tear at top not worth mentioning but noted on accompanying certificate, Very Fine and attractive mixed-franking flag-of-truce cover, particularly nice when the U.S. and Confederate stamps are tied together and each cancelled by the opposing side's postal markings, with 2000 P.S.E. certificate

E. 750-1,000
475
Back to Top
1612
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1612, Civil War Prisoner-of-War MailPoint Lookout, Md, Point Lookout, MdPoint Lookout, Md. Oatmeal inner prisoner-of-war cover to Henry M. Cunningham at Point Lookout Md., franked and fully prepaid as an outer cover but no postmarks so clearly sent as an inner cover, 3c Rose (65) uncancelled but "tied" by a small spot of gum staining, used with 10c Blue, Die A (11), three large margins, couple small toned spots, tied by bold manuscript "19 Dec" docketing, magenta manuscript "Died 14th Jany 1865" at top, Fine and unusual fully-prepaid dual-franking cover sent as an inner cover, with the addressee having died before the cover reached him, with clear 2000 P.S.E. certificate

E. 400-500
300
Back to Top
1613
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1613, Civil War Prisoner-of-War MailRock Island Barracks, Ill, Rock Island Barracks, IllRock Island Barracks, Ill. Blue oval "Rock Island/Prisoner's Letter/Examined" handstamp on embossed Valentine cover addressed as incoming mail to Rock Island, 3c Rose (65) tied by bold geometric handstamp, "Old Point Comfort Va., Feb. 6" double-circle datestamp, some toning spots, file fold affects stamp at top, still a Very Fine appearing and very rare Valentine prison cover, with elaborate Valentine enclosure which appears contemporary but did not originate, illustrated on the cover of January-February 1979 issue of The Confederate Philatelist, with 1997 P.S.E. certificate

E. 400-500
425
Back to Top
1614
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1614, Civil War Prisoner-of-War MailRock Island Barracks, Ill, Rock Island Barracks, IllRock Island Barracks, Ill. Orange-buff cover to Edgefield District S.C., partly clear strike of large circular examiner's handstamp (Ty. Ib), 3c Rose (65) with wide margins, triple-tied by target cancel, "Rock Island Ill. Apr. 4 '64" double-circle datestamp and "Richmond Va. May 9" circular datestamp, "DUE 10" handstamp for Confederate postage, Very Fine

E. 300-400
275
Back to Top
1615
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1615, Civil War Prisoner-of-War MailRock Island Barracks, Ill, Rock Island Barracks, IllRock Island Barracks, Ill. 3c Rose (65) with selvage at top, tied by target cancel and "Rock Island Ill. Mar. 24, 1864" double-circle handstamp on homemade cover to Indianapolis Ind., clear strike of examiner's handstamp (Ty. Ib), Fine and scarce

E. 200-300
200
Back to Top
1616
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1616, Civil War Prisoner-of-War MailMorris Island, "Immortal 600", S.C, Morris Island, "Immortal 600", S.CMorris Island, "Immortal 600", S.C. 3c Rose (65) tied by "Allenville Ky. Oct. 2" (1864) circular datestamp with date in manuscript, addressed to Stephen Allensworth, a prisoner-of-war on Morris Island, endorsed via Port Royal, magenta pen docketing "Contains $111 Greenback", edge nicks and stamp with corner crease, Fine appearing and desirable "Immortal 600" cover, signed Ashbrook, in August 1864 approximately 600 Confederate prisoners were moved on the Crescent City to Morris Island near Charleston by Federal forces, arriving on the island on September 7, they were held in open barracks as "human shields" under direct shelling from Confederate forces in retaliation for Union prisoners being held in Charleston under shelling from U.S. forces, a continuation and escalation of the prior "50" prisoner incident, Allensowrth was one of Morgan's Raiders (1st Kentucky Cavalry), he was captured at Salineville O. in July 1863 during Morgan's Ohio raid, he was held in various Union prisons before being transferred to Morris Island and then Fort Pulsaski

E. 500-750
425
Back to Top
1617
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1617, Civil War Prisoner-of-War MailFort Pulaski, "Immortal 600", Ga, Fort Pulaski, "Immortal 600", GaFort Pulaski, "Immortal 600", Ga. Buff inner prisoner-of-war cover to Liberty Hill S.C., endorsed "W. E. Johnson, Prisoner of War, Ft. Pulaski Ga." and "By Flag of Truce", "Charleston S.C. Jan. 7 1865" circular datestamp and large "10" C.S.A. due handstamp, unsealed for censoring, routed via Port Royal and Charleston, Very Fine cover from the Johnson correspondence, covers are known from this prisoner originating on the U.S.S. Crescent City and on Morris Island prior to this Fort Pulaski origination, in late October 1864, the "Immortal 600" prisoners from Morris Island, who had been exposed to mortar fire from their own Confederate batteries in Charleston, were moved to Fort Pulaski at the mouth of the Savannah River, conditions were not much better there as they were forced to subsist on a near starvation diet, ex Kohn, with 2000 C.S.A. certificate

E. 750-1,000
1,400
Back to Top
1618
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1618, Civil War Prisoner-of-War MailUnion Prisons, Cover Balance, Union Prisons, Cover BalanceUnion Prisons, Cover Balance. 38 covers, extensive range of prisons, censor markings and destinations, most are franked with U.S. No. 65, also one dual franking with Confederate No. 11, plus a solo No. 11 on an inner southbound cover, prisons include Camp Douglas, Elmira, Point Lookout, Johnson's Island, Camp Chase, Fort Delaware, Fort Warren, Rock Island, Camp Morton (scarce), Old Capitol Prison, David's Island, Hart's Island, Ohio State Penitentiary, also Provost Marshal Military District of Washington, town, censor and due markings are generally clear and identifiable -- some are quite bold, mixed condition with cover or stamp flaws to be found, overall an extensive and desirable group, several P.F. or C.S.A. certificates accompany, see website PDF for complete scan

E. 4,000-5,000
6,500
Back to Top
1619
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1619, Civil War Prisoner-of-War MailDanville Prison, Danville Va, Danville Prison, Danville VaDanville Prison, Danville Va. Oatmeal prisoner-of-war cover addressed to Marietta Pa., 3c Rose (65) and 10c Blue, Die A (11) tied together by quartered cork cancel of Old Point Comfort Va., small portion of Old Point Comfort datestamp also ties 3c, prisoner endorsement at top and manuscript "Exd A.M.B" (A.M. Braxton) censor marking, directed to the care of Col. Ould, Commissioner of Exchange, slight toning including affecting the 10c stamp at bottom, otherwise Fine, this was probably written before but not mailed until after the fall of Appomattox and the end of operations of the Confederate Postal System, the "A.M.B." censor mark is listed in the Harrison book under Danville prison

E. 400-500
1,100
Back to Top
1620
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1620, Civil War Prisoner-of-War MailLiberty Va. Mar. 15 (1865), Liberty Va. Mar. 15 (1865)Liberty Va. Mar. 15 (1865). Clearly struck circular datestamp ties 10c Blue, Die A (11), full to large margins, used with 3c Rose (65), corner slightly clipped, tied by quartered cork with matching "Old Point Comfort Va. Mar. 24" double-circle datestamp on oatmeal cover to Knoxville Tenn. (under Federal occupation), endorsed "Per Flag of Truce via Fortress Monroe", stamps with small faults, slight overall toning and small reduction at top, still Fine and an intriguing use, the addressee, David A. Deadrick, had two sons in the Confederate army; one (Oakley) was captured in 1863 and held prisoner until the war's end; the other (Inslee), was probably the sender of this flag-of-truce letter, posted at Liberty Va. and exchanged via Fortress Monroe, with 2001 P.S.E. certificate

E. 400-500
375
Back to Top
1621
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1621, Civil War Prisoner-of-War MailSalisbury Prison, N.C, Salisbury Prison, N.CSalisbury Prison, N.C. Prisoner-of-war cover to Mountville Pa., 10c Blue, Die B (12), rough separation, tied by partly struck Salisbury N.C. circular datestamp, used with 3c Rose (65) tied by segmented cork and "Old Point Comfort Va. Jan. 18" (1864) circular datestamp, manuscript "By Flag of Truce", pencil "Examined", backflap removed and light soiling, stamps with a couple tiny flaws, appears Fine, mixed-franking covers from Salisbury Prison are rare, ex Gallagher, with 1998 P.S.E. certificate

E. 400-500
950
Back to Top
1622
c
Sale Number 1230, Lot Number 1622, Civil War Prisoner-of-War MailConfederate Prisons, Cover Balance, Confederate Prisons, Cover BalanceConfederate Prisons, Cover Balance. Valuable group of 22 covers, wide range of prisons represented including Danville Va., Richmond Va. with several Libby Prison, Ligon's Tobacco Warehouse, Belle Isle Prison and General Hospital, Charleston S.C., Salisbury S.C., Columbia S.C. (with defective 2c No. 8), Richland Jail S.C., Camp Sorghum S.C., Camp Oglethorpe Ga., several with either U.S. 3c or Confederate 10c stamp, appropriate examined markings, flag-of-truce notations and exchange point datestamps, mixed condition with some flaws to be expected and the choicest covers removed for individual lots, still Fine and very rarely seen large offering of Confederate prison covers, many of these had retail prices in the high hundreds of dollars when purchased by the late consignor, several certificates accompany, see website PDF for complete scan

E. 4,000-5,000
6,750
Back to Top
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