(Quebec to Newport R.I., Jun. 25, 1772). Bold red “Quebec JU 25” first-type double-circle datestamp with triangle on backflap of folded letter to Aaron Lopez in Newport R.I., rated “8.16” (8dwt 16gr), contents regarding trade of wheat, timber, rum, sugar, etc., cover with some splitting along internal folds
EXTREMELY FINE STRIKE OF THIS RARE MARKING--THE FIRST CIRCULAR DATESTAMP USED IN QUEBEC. RECORDED EXAMPLES DATE FROM 1772 AND 1773, AND THIS IS THE EARLIEST KNOWN ON A COVER TO THE UNITED STATES.
After the opening of British post offices in Canada in 1763, straightline markings from Quebec and Montreal were introduced. This was the first circular datestamp used in Canada and is recorded on covers dated in 1772 and 1773. The addressee, Aaron Lopez (1731-1782), was a well-known merchant and philanthropist. After his arrival in Newport in the 1750s, he quickly built up a successful business. By the 1770s, he was by far the wealthiest individual in Newport.
(Montreal to Grand Portage, Minnesota Territory, Mar. 26, 1789). Folded cover with manuscript “James McKay - Donald McKay & Angus Shaw, fwd by ? Depot, 26 March 1789” on top flap, addressed to James McKay “au Grand Portage” (present day Minnesota), carried completely outside the mails by canoe route over the Great Lakes, some minor edge splits (one reinforced) and minor wear
FINE AND EXTREMELY RARE EARLY CROSS-BORDER FUR TRADE COVER FROM DONALD “MAD” MCKAY CARRIED BY CANOE ACROSS THE GREAT LAKES FROM MONTREAL TO MINNESOTA TERRITORY.
Grand Portage was a trading post for the North West Company. It was eventually abandoned around 1800 and moved to Fort William, as this was part of U.S. territory. Donald “Mad” McKay is part of Canadian fur trading folklore. By this time, he had signed up with Alexander (Angus) Shaw in the Nipigon area (northern Lake Superior). It is believed that the recipient was his brother, another fur trader.
Ex Steinhart, Siskin and Dr. Robertson
(Niagara, Canada to New York, May 14, 1801). Bold “NIAGARA, May” straightline handstamp with manuscript “14” date on folded cover to Roger Strong in New York, rated “25” (cents) for over-500 miles, Strong penned an answer to the letter on inside of cover (then possibly remailed inside another cover not present?), small piece of internal panel torn out, Very Fine example of this scarce marking, the office was established in 1797 as a convenience to handle U.S.-bound letters, the office forwarded mail on a biweekly basis to Fort Niagara (in the U.S.) which was less than a mile away across the Niagara River, the recipient, Roger Strong, was a lawyer in New York who studied law with Aaron Burr and ultimately became his partner
(Sandwich via Niagara, Canada to Canandaigua N.Y., Dec. 5, 1802). Large part of “SANDWICH/5 DEC 1802” two-line datestamp on bottom flap of folded cover to Canandaigua N.Y., manuscript “11d Paid to Niagara” and further charged “12-1/2” upon receipt with “NIAGARA, Dec.” straightline handstamp with manuscript “30” date applied by the U.S. Post Office in Niagara for cross-border delivery, cover with sealed vertical tear running between “Dec.” and “30”, light overall soiling, still Fine, rare combination of markings, this is the earliest recorded Sandwich postmark, ex McDonald and Sanderson
(Berthier to Champlain N.Y. via Montreal, Mar. 29, 1811). Clear “BERTHIER/MAR. 18(?)” two-line datestamp over the folds of a folded letter to Champlain N.Y., rated “4-1/2”, with manuscript “Rec’d & forwarded by your most obt. Servant James Woolwich, Montreal 30th March 1811” notation on backflap and presumably carried privately to Champlain, Very Fine
(St. Catherines to Mayville N.Y. via Lewiston, Sept. 8, 1819). Remarkably clear “ST. CATHERINES” straightline handstamp with “September 8th, 1819” date below on back of folded letter to Mayville N.Y., rated “Paid 3, Ferriage 2 (=) 5” then charged a further “12-1/2” at border with “Lewiston Sept. 11th” manuscript marking, small part of contents missing, still Very Fine, this rare St. Catherines straightline is only known used in 1819, ex Sanderson
(Cornwall to Boston Mass. via Ogdensburg, Jun. 11, 1822). Exceptional strike of “CORNWALL” straightline handstamp on folded letter to Boston Mass., sent “Free” with postmaster’s initials at bottom left, light red “Ogdensburgh N.Y. 10 June” circular datestamp and rated “18-1/2” for U.S. postage, Very Fine, enclosure in regard to ordering sheet music, the Cornwall handstamp was only in use from 1822-29, typically with a date added, ex Sanderson
(Hatley to Gardiner Me. via Derby Vt., Jul. 7, 1822 and Jul. 11, 1823). Two folded letters to Gardiner Me., each with well-struck “HATLEY” straightline handstamp and manuscript “Free” with postmaster’s initials at bottom left, first with “Hatley” crossed out and “Derby Vt, 19 July” postmark below, second with similar “Derby Vt, 8 Aug” postmark beside, each rated “18-1/2” for U.S. postage, Very Fine pair, the first ex Glassco, both ex Sanderson
(Quebec to New York, Feb. 21, 1829). Clear strike of “Quebec FE 21 29” circular datestamp with large fleuron on back of folded letter to New York, two strikes of “Quebec Paid” circular handstamp with small circles, “1N” and “18-3/4” rates in both Canadian and U.S. currency indicating full prepayment, Very Fine, sent shortly after the tightening of postal regulations issued on Jan. 12 (a photocopy is included), ex Sanderson
(New Carlisle to New York, Mar. 2, 1837). Red compass-drawn circle with “New Carlisle, Mar 17, 1837, Chaleur Bay” on folded letter datelined on Mar. 2 and addressed to New York, manuscript “paid 2N5” as fully paid, red “Montreal L.C. AP 13 1837” double-circle datestamp applied in transit and “18-1/2” credit to U.S., cover with minor edge tears incl. one at top repaired with tape, Very Fine, this marking is reminiscent of the Red River markings of the 1850s, this is the only recorded example with one other similar type used in 1838, ex Sanderson