VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE AND SPECTACULAR BARNABAS BATES "CHEAP INLAND AND OCEAN POSTAGE" PROPAGANDA COVER.
Barnabas Bates (1785-1853) was born in England and came to the United States as a child. He became a Baptist preacher in Rhode Island, where he was also for some time collector of the port of Bristol under President Adams. He became a Unitarian and established in New York in 1825 a weekly paper called the Christian Inquirer. During the Jackson administration he received an appointment in the New York post office and was for some time acting postmaster. He became an advocate for cheap land and ocean postage and lived to see the 3c domestic rate introduced in 1851
EXTREMELY FINE. ONE OF THE FINEST EXAMPLES OF THIS RARE MOBILE "DUE WAY" MARKING.
Ex Emerson and Dr. Graves ("Argentum").
EXTREMELY FINE. THIS IS THE LATEST RECORDED USE OF THE TROY & NEW YORK STEAM BOAT MARKING WITH THE "2CTS" RATE HANDSTAMP ON A COVER WITH STAMPS.
This cover is illustrated and described in detail on pp. 232-234 of Vol. II of Ashbrook's The United States One Cent Stamp of 1851-57. The "Troy & New York Steam Boat" framed marking was used on letters received at Troy from non-contract steamboats carrying mail on the Hudson River. The 2c marking indicates the amount charged by the Troy postmaster, but as recently explained by Daniel J. Ryterband (Chronicle 263), there was no official justification for assessing this fee. In late 1851 or early 1852, the practice of collecting the additional 2c was discontinued.
Ex Richey, Malcolm and Hall.