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Sale 1216 — The Ambassador J. William Middendorf II Collection

Sale Date — Tuesday, 25 February, 2020

Category — 1c 1857 Perforated Issue: Plates 11-12

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
123
og
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 123, 1c 1857 Perforated Issue: Plates 11-121c Blue, Ty. IIIa (22), 1c Blue, Ty. IIIa (22)1c Blue, Ty. IIIa (22). Positions 31/41L11, A/B Reliefs, vertical pair with “TOPPAN CARPENTER” portion of imprint and complete “No. 11” plate number at left, original gum, h.r., rich color, detailed impression, top stamp horizontal crease

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF A PLATE 11 STAMP SHOWING EITHER THE IMPRINT OR THE PLATE NUMBER. ONE OF THE KEYS TO A SPECIALIZED COLLECTION OF TOPPAN CARPENTER’S 1851-57 ISSUE.

For Plates 11 and 12, the style and placement of the imprint was altered from previous 1c plates. The Second Type imprint with negative lettering and “Toppan Carpenter & Co.” was first used in June 1860 on the 12c Plate 3, followed shortly after by its use on the 30c and 90c plates made during the summer of 1860. Its next use was on the 1c Plate 11, probably toward the end of 1860. Casilear’s name, which appeared in the imprint on earlier plates, even after he had retired, was omitted from the new Second Type imprint. The use of this imprint and the reversion to a 3-relief transfer roll (and absence of significant relief trimming) have led specialists to theorize that Plates 11 and 12 were made by different engravers than the ones who made Plates 4 through 10.

For Plate 11, no imprint copies or plate number copies are known from the right pane of the plate. Neinken notes that the discovery of this left-pane pair proved that the imprint used on Plate 12 was also used on Plate 11. This pair also confirmed much of the earlier plating work, because it tied various positions to the two stamps in this pair, which have the “No. 11” plate number.

Illustrated in Neinken book (p. 479). Ex Neinken and Wagshal. With 2011 P.F. certificate

E. 7,500-10,000
13,000
124
ogbl
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 124, 1c 1857 Perforated Issue: Plates 11-121c Blue, Ty. II-II/IIIa-IIIa (20-20/22-22), 1c Blue, Ty. II-II/IIIa-IIIa (20-20/22-22)1c Blue, Ty. II-II/IIIa-IIIa (20-20/22-22). Plate 11, block of four, T/A Reliefs from the top two rows of the plate (probably left pane), top stamps Type II, top right stamp has prominent double transfer, bottom stamps Type IIIa, original gum, h.r., rejoined along horizontal perforations, bottom pair light horizontal crease not mentioned on certificate

FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE 1857 ONE-CENT TYPE II/IIIa ORIGINAL-GUM BLOCK OF FOUR FROM THE TOP ROWS OF PLATE 11.

The top right stamp shows a very prominent double transfer, which is most noticeable to the right of the vignette. As far as we are aware, this top-row Plate 11 double transfer has not yet been assigned to a position. If our plating analysis of the blocks offered in lots 1419-1421 in our 2011 Wagshal sale is correct, then this block must come from the left pane of Plate 11, since the top two positions do not match any top-row positions from the right pane.

Ex Ashbrook, Neinken and Wagshal. With 2011 P.F. certificate. Scott Retail $12,500.00 for a block of four with Types II/IIIa

E. 2,000-3,000
1,100
Back to Top
125
og
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 125, 1c 1857 Perforated Issue: Plates 11-121c Blue, Ty. I/II (18/20), 1c Blue, Ty. I/II (18/20)1c Blue, Ty. I/II (18/20). Positions 41/51L12, C/B Reliefs, vertical pair with full “Toppan Carpenter & Co. Philadelphia” Second Type imprint and “No. 12.P.” plate number in selvage at left, top stamp Type I, bottom stamp Type II, original gum, tear in selvage only at upper left, top stamp tiny thin spots

FINE APPEARANCE. A BEAUTIFUL AND RARE ORIGINAL-GUM PAIR SHOWING THE COMPLETE IMPRINT FROM THE LEFT PANE OF PLATE 12. A WONDERFUL SHOWPIECE.

For Plates 11 and 12, the style and placement of the imprint was altered from previous

1c plates. The Second Type imprint with negative lettering and “Toppan Carpenter & Co.” was first used in June 1860 on the 12c Plate 3, followed shortly after by its use on the 30c and 90c plates made during the summer of 1860. Its next use was on the 1c Plate 11, probably toward the end of 1860. Casilear’s name, which appeared in the imprint on earlier plates, even after he had retired, was omitted from the new Second Type imprint. The use of this imprint and the reversion to a 3-subject transfer roll (and absence of significant relief trimming) have led specialists to theorize that Plates 11 and 12 were made by different engravers than the ones who made Plates 4 through 10.

Illustrated in Neinken book (p. 498). Ex Neinken and Wagshal

E. 4,000-5,000
7,000
Back to Top
126
ogbl
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 126, 1c 1857 Perforated Issue: Plates 11-121c Blue, Ty. I-I/II-II (18-18/20-20), 1c Blue, Ty. I-I/II-II (18-18/20-20)1c Blue, Ty. I-I/II-II (18-18/20-20). Positions 29-30/39-40L12, C/B Reliefs, block of four with interpane margin and centerline at right, Position 39L is a swing position and it looks as though both bottom stamps might have small breaks in the top outer lines, original gum, h.r., radiant color, well-balanced margins, few minor perf separations sensibly hinge rejoined

VERY FINE AND CHOICE. A BEAUTIFUL ORIGINAL-GUM INTERPANE MARGIN BLOCK OF THE 1857 ONE-CENT TYPES I AND II FROM PLATE 12.

Ex Neinken and Wagshal. With 2011 P.F. certificate. Scott Retail $8,750.00 as a Type I/II block

E. 2,000-3,000
2,600
Back to Top
127
ngbl
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 127, 1c 1857 Perforated Issue: Plates 11-121c Blue, Ty. I, II (18, 20), 1c Blue, Ty. I, II (18, 20)1c Blue, Ty. I, II (18, 20). Positions 66-67/76-77/86-87/96-97L12, block of eight with selvage at bottom, second and bottom rows Type I (C Relief), others Type II (B Relief), unused (traces of original gum), 67L and 86L are swing positions, rich color, choice centering, Position 77L small tear at right, P.F. certificate also mentions a small internal paper rift near center of Position 96L, which we fail to detect

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A SCARCE UNUSED BLOCK OF EIGHT OF THE 1857 ONE-CENT FROM PLATE TWELVE, COMBINING TYPES I AND II.

Ex Neinken and Wagshal. With 2011 P.F. certificate

E. 2,000-3,000
1,300
Back to Top
128
ogbl
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 128, 1c 1857 Perforated Issue: Plates 11-121c Blue, Ty. II-IIIa-IIIa-I/I-I-I-I (20-22-22-18/18), 1c Blue, Ty. II-IIIa-IIIa-I/I-I-I-I (20-22-22-18/18)1c Blue, Ty. II-IIIa-IIIa-I/I-I-I-I (20-22-22-18/18). Positions 81-84/91-94L12, block of eight, top left stamp Type II (B Relief), both top center stamps Type IIIa (B Reliefs with very small breaks), other five stamps including the entire bottom row Type I (C Relief), original gum, h.r., bright color, perfs scissors-separated at left causing s.e. at lower left, that stamp also has a large thin at left, creases affect four stamps, the two stamps at top right are choice and sound

FINE-EXTREMELY FINE CENTERING. AN EXCEEDINGLY RARE ORIGINAL-GUM BLOCK OF EIGHT FROM PLATE 12, COMBINING TYPES I, II AND IIIa.

Some of the Type IIIa positions on Plate 12 developed a small break at top resulting from wear as the plate was used. Certain positions started out as Type II and became Type IIIa. Combination blocks such as the one offered here are very rare.

Ex Neinken and Wagshal. With 2011 P.F. certificate. Scott Retail $21,000.00 as two blocks of four

E. 5,000-7,500
9,000
Back to Top
129
c
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 129, 1c 1857 Perforated Issue: Plates 11-121c Blue, Ty. I (18), 1c Blue, Ty. I (18)1c Blue, Ty. I (18). Position 22L12, C Relief, double transfer, bright color, used with

3c Dull Red, Ty. III (26), s.e. at right and cancelled by “Paid” in oval on red and blue Zouave with Waving Flag and “Washington via Baltimore” Patriotic cover to Kensington N.H., red “Boston Mass. May 20” (1861) double-circle datestamp also ties 1c, barely reduced at right, minor edgewear, Very Fine, attractive carrier use, this design refers to Union Zouaves who raced to Washington, D.C. in the spring of 1861 to protect the capital against Confederate invasion and who were attacked by an anti-Federal mob in Baltimore, ex Neinken and Wagshal

E. 400-500
950
Back to Top
130
 
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 130, 1c 1857 Perforated Issue: Plates 11-121c Blue, Ty. I-II, II (18-20, 20), 1c Blue, Ty. I-II, II (18-20, 20)1c Blue, Ty. I-II, II (18-20, 20). Positions 53-54L12 and 52L12, horizontal pair (C-B Reliefs), left stamp Type I, others Type II, rich color, cancelled by grids and tied by “Mount Holly N.J. Jul. 31, 1861” circular datestamp on cover front only to U.S.S. Union at Old Point Comfort Va., barely reduced, Very Fine, attractive combination, the Union was commissioned by the U.S. Navy in May 1861 and served in the Atlantic Blockading Squadron with some distinction during the start of the Civil War, ex Wagshal, with 1972 A.P.S. certificate

E. 400-500
400
Back to Top
131
c
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 131, 1c 1857 Perforated Issue: Plates 11-121c Blue, Ty. III (21), 1c Blue, Ty. III (21)1c Blue, Ty. III (21). Position 46L12, clear breaks in outer lines at both top and bottom, used with 3c Dull Red, Ty. III (26), straddle-pane margin and centerline at left, tied by grid cancel and “New-York Aug. 16, 1861” circular datestamp on cover to Lancaster Pa., fresh and attractive

VERY FINE. ONE OF TWO REPORTED COVERS WITH POSITION 46L12, WHICH PRODUCED THE ONLY PERFORATED TYPE III ON ANY PLATE OTHER THAN PLATE 4.

According to the Neinken book (p. 495), Position 46L12 is different from all other positions on Plate 12. Given the normal method of entering the positions, it should be a B Relief. However, the bottom left of 46L12 is more complete than it should be if the entry was made from the B Relief. Neinken states that after much study by himself and Elliott Perry, they concluded that it is an exact match for the T Relief used to enter the top row of Plate 11, which was created around the same time as Plate 12. Characteristics of the T Relief include a greater degree of completeness at the bottom left than is present on the B Relief. Neinken theorizes that the siderographer used the T-A-B transfer roll (used for Plate 11), and entered a single position on Plate 12--46L--perhaps to correct an earlier mistake in entering the position. Other students disagree with the idea that the T Relief was used, and the matter awaits resolution.

Ex Wagshal. With 2011 P.F. certificate. Accompanied by 1988 note from William Hatton stating that this example was used as the basis for the Scott listing. Scott Retail $6,000.00 for an off-cover used Position 46L12

E. 4,000-5,000
5,250
Back to Top
132
og
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 132, 1c 1857 Perforated Issue: Plates 11-121c Blue, Quasi-Type Ia (18 var), 1c Blue, Quasi-Type Ia (18 var)1c Blue, Quasi-Type Ia (18 var). Position 56L12 which shows complete design at bottom and erasures of part of the design at top, also a double transfer, original gum, small h.r., bright shade and fresh

FINE. A CHOICE AND RARE ORIGINAL-GUM EXAMPLE OF POSITION 56L12, WHICH PRODUCED A DESIGN TYPE THAT DEFIES CURRENT SCOTT CLASSIFICATION -- THE BOTTOM IS COMPLETE, BUT THE TOP IS PARTLY ERASED. WE REFER TO THIS AS A QUASI-TYPE Ia, BECAUSE IT COMES CLOSEST TO TYPE Ia FROM THE BOTTOM OF PLATE FOUR.

Position 56L12 was discussed in an article by Jerome S. Wagshal (“The One Cent Stamp of 1851-57: A Reconsideration of Types I Through IIIa”, 1973 Congress Book, pp. 113-115), in which he presented his case for reclassifying some of the 1c 1851-57 types. Regarding Position 56L12, Wagshal opined, “[it] requires separate recognition. Its characteristics are unlike those of any other position on any plate of the One Cent stamp. Judged by the standards which are the basis of the One Cent classification system, 56L12 must be given a separate status as a subtype of Type I.”

Ex Wagshal. With 2011 P.F. certificate as No. 18 var, describing the complete design at bottom and erasures at top

E. 1,500-2,000
950
Back to Top
133
 
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 133, 1c 1857 Perforated Issue: Plates 11-121c Blue, Quasi-Type Ia (18 var), 1c Blue, Quasi-Type Ia (18 var)1c Blue, Quasi-Type Ia (18 var). Position 56L12 which shows complete design at bottom and erasures of part of the design at top, also a double transfer, rich color nicely complemented by red New York City carrier datestamp

VERY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL USED EXAMPLE OF POSITION 56L12, WHICH PRODUCED A DESIGN TYPE THAT DEFIES CURRENT SCOTT CLASSIFICATION -- THE BOTTOM IS COMPLETE, BUT THE TOP IS PARTLY ERASED. WE REFER TO THIS AS A QUASI-TYPE Ia, BECAUSE IT COMES CLOSEST TO TYPE Ia FROM THE BOTTOM OF PLATE FOUR.

Position 56L12 was discussed in an article by Jerome S. Wagshal (“The One Cent Stamp of 1851-57: A Reconsideration of Types I Through IIIa”, 1973 Congress Book, pp. 113-115), in which he presented his case for reclassifying some of the 1c 1851-57 types. Regarding Position 56L12, Wagshal opined, “[it] requires separate recognition. Its characteristics are unlike those of any other position on any plate of the One Cent stamp. Judged by the standards which are the basis of the One Cent classification system, 56L12 must be given a separate status as a subtype of Type I.”

Ex Wagshal. With 2011 P.F. certificate as No. 18 var, describing the complete design at bottom and erasures at top

E. 2,000-3,000
1,800
Back to Top
134
 
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 134, 1c 1857 Perforated Issue: Plates 11-121c Blue, Quasi-Type Ia (18 var), 1c Blue, Quasi-Type Ia (18 var)1c Blue, Quasi-Type Ia (18 var). Position 56L12 which shows complete design at bottom and erasures of part of the design at top, also a double transfer, bright shade, cancelled by double-circle datestamp, Fine, with 2011 P.F. certificate as No. 18 var, describing the complete design at bottom and erasures at top

E. 1,000-1,500
1,200
Back to Top
135
 
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 135, 1c 1857 Perforated Issue: Plates 11-121c Blue, Quasi-Type Ia (18 var), 1c Blue, Quasi-Type Ia (18 var)1c Blue, Quasi-Type Ia (18 var). Position 56L12 which shows complete design at bottom and erasures of part of the design at top, also a double transfer, neat grid cancel, thin spot at center, small tear at left and reperfed at top, otherwise Very Fine, ex Wagshal, with 2011 P.F. certificate as No. 18 var, describing the complete design at bottom and erasures at top

E. 500-750
300
Back to Top
136
ng
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 136, 1c 1857 Perforated Issue: Plates 11-121c Blue, Ty. II (20), 1c Blue, Ty. II (20)1c Blue, Ty. II (20). Positions 1-5L12, A Relief, horizontal strip of five with top left corner sheet selvage, unused (no gum), rich color, choice centering, few perf separations sensibly reinforced, faint toning between Positions 2-3, still Very Fine, an impressive 1857 1c Type II top left corner-margin strip from Plate 12, ex Neinken and Wagshal, with 2011 P.F. certificate, Scott Retail $4,800.00 as original-gum strip and pair

E. 1,000-1,500
1,200
Back to Top
137
ogbl
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 137, 1c 1857 Perforated Issue: Plates 11-121c Blue, Ty. II (20), 1c Blue, Ty. II (20)1c Blue, Ty. II (20). Positions 5-6/15-16L12, B Relief, block of four, original gum with adherences covering significant portion, bright color, bottom left stamp tear at right, Fine appearance, a bright and fresh original-gum block from Plate 12, Type II blocks from Plate 12 can only come from the top row, the bottom stamps in this block have very small breaks in the top outer lines, ex Wagshal, with 2011 P.F. certificate, Scott Retail $6,000.00

E. 750-1,000
700
Back to Top
138
ogbl
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 138, 1c 1857 Perforated Issue: Plates 11-121c Blue, Ty. II (20), 1c Blue, Ty. II (20)1c Blue, Ty. II (20). Positions 1-2/11-12L12, A/B Reliefs, block of four, all Type II (11L is a swing position), large part original gum, bright color, few minor perf separations sensibly reinforced, top left stamp small faults, Fine-Very Fine, a well-centered and attractive block from Plate 12, Type II blocks from Plate 12 can only come from the top row, the bottom left stamp in this block might have a very small break in the top outer line, ex Neinken and Wagshal, with 2011 P.F. certificate, Scott Retail $6,000.00

E. 750-1,000
1,100
Back to Top
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