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Sale 1216 — The Ambassador J. William Middendorf II Collection

Sale Date — Tuesday, 25 February, 2020

Category — 1c 1857 Perforated Issue: Plate 1 Late, Plate 2

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
96
c
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 96, 1c 1857 Perforated Issue: Plate 1 Late, Plate 21c Blue, Ty. IV (23), 1c Blue, Ty. IV (23)1c Blue, Ty. IV (23). Position 84R1L, recut once at top and twice at bottom, tied by red “Paid/U.S. Mail/City Delivery/1” New York City carrier datestamp on small cover to local street address, small piece of flap missing, Very Fine, ex Dr. Graves (“Argentum”) and Vogel, Scott Retail $1,100.00

E. € 300-400
250
97
c
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 97, 1c 1857 Perforated Issue: Plate 1 Late, Plate 21c Blue, Ty. IV (23), 1c Blue, Ty. IV (23)1c Blue, Ty. IV (23). Recut once at top and bottom, used with horizontal strip of three of 3c Rose, Ty. I (25) and single of 10c Green, Ty. II (32), 3c strip with selvage at right, tied by three strikes of “Chicago Ill. Nov. 10, 1857” circular datestamp on buff cover to Montreal, Canada, red “U. States” in arc handstamp with matching “20” and “PAID” handstamps, transit and receiving backstamps, opened roughly at top which eliminates most of backflap and causes small nicks and a tear at top not affecting stamps, 1c and right 3c stamps lightly creased, otherwise Fine and scarce use of better types of the perforated 1c and 3c 1857 Issues on a double-rate cover to Canada

E. 750-1,000
400
Back to Top
98
ngbl
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 98, 1c 1857 Perforated Issue: Plate 1 Late, Plate 21c Blue, Ty. II, Major Plate Crack (20 var), 1c Blue, Ty. II, Major Plate Crack (20 var)1c Blue, Ty. II, Major Plate Crack (20 var). Block of 17 containing Positions 3-5/12-15/21-25/31-35L2, plus Position 2L2 hinged in place at top left (original gum), block is unused (no gum), with part imprint selvage at left, showing all positions of the plate crack, rich color, detailed impression which clearly shows the plate flaw, few perf separations sensibly reinforced, couple faults including one stamp at right with perf flaws, Position 21 surface scrape, light crease at top right and tiny thin specks, Position 2L2 lightly toned

FINE APPEARANCE. THE ONLY RECORDED UNUSED BLOCK OF THE 1857 PERFORATED ONE-CENT SHOWING THE “BIG CRACK” IN PLATE 2. ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT PERFORATED ONE-CENT MULTIPLES IN EXISTENCE. A MAGNIFICENT SHOWPIECE.

The fracture on Plate 2 began above Position 2 on the left pane and continued downward in a “lightning bolt” jagged line across Positions 12-13L, 23L and at a later stage just into 33L (as seen in this block). It was probably caused by an inherent flaw created during the manufacture of the steel plate.

Regarding this block, Ashbrook wrote (personal letter to Neinken): “It is not only very rare but so far as I am aware it is unique... In all my years with the One-Cent I never even heard of a block of four which included any of the Plate 2 crack positions.” It is also described and illustrated by Morris Fortgang in his article “The One Cent Stamp of 1857: Types–Varieties–Rarities” (1957 Congress Book, p. 126) and by Neinken in his book (p. 196).

Ex Neinken and Wagshal. Position 2L2 with 1978 P.F. certificate

E. 10,000-15,000
10,500
Back to Top
99
 
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 99, 1c 1857 Perforated Issue: Plate 1 Late, Plate 21c Blue, Ty. II (20), 1c Blue, Ty. II (20)1c Blue, Ty. II (20). Position 41L2 with “er, Casilear & Co. BANK NOTE E” part imprint and “No. 2” plate number in selvage at left, rich color on bright paper, light strike of blue circular datestamp, perfs rejoined between selvage and stamp, light crease in selvage, stamp with small thin spot at bottom, still Very Fine, an elusive perforated plate number single from Plate 2 (Neinken on p. 191 states “Perforated imprint copies are extremely rare”), ex Neinken and Wagshal

E. 750-1,000
950
Back to Top
100
og
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 100, 1c 1857 Perforated Issue: Plate 1 Late, Plate 21c Blue, Ty. II, Major Plate Crack (20 var), 1c Blue, Ty. II, Major Plate Crack (20 var)1c Blue, Ty. II, Major Plate Crack (20 var). Position 2L2, rich color which clearly shows the lightening bolt “Big Crack”, centered to bottom, face-free cork cancels, couple unpunched perfs at right, Very Good example of this distinctive variety

1,400
900
Back to Top
101
 
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 101, 1c 1857 Perforated Issue: Plate 1 Late, Plate 21c Blue, Ty. III, Position 99R2 (21), 1c Blue, Ty. III, Position 99R2 (21)1c Blue, Ty. III, Position 99R2 (21). Rich color, face-free strike of circular datestamp, light diagonal crease at bottom left

VERY FINE APPEARING EXAMPLE OF THE EXTREMELY RARE PERFORATED ONE-CENT 1857 ISSUE FROM POSITION 99R2.

On Plate 2, 198 of the 200 positions were Type II. Position 100R was Type II in the early stage of the plate, but as wear began to weaken the bottom line, it became Type IIIa with a small break at bottom. Positions 89R and 99R on Plate 2 have been the focus of special attention, because of their unusual nature. Ashbrook states: “A study of the double transfers of 89R2 and 99R2 is most interesting, because here in a vertical pair of positions we have two distinct varieties... The 99R2 stamp is a fresh entry that was short transferred both at top and bottom over an original entry that had been erased... The stamp, 89R2, is a re-entry, but not in the proper sense of this term, because the re-entry on the lower part of this position was an error, as it was not made to correct an existent fault of the original 89R transfer.”

Plate 2 stamps were issued imperforate from December 1855 through June 1857. Beginning in July 1857 stamps from Plates 1 Late, 2 and 4 were issued with perforations, and Plates 2 and 4 continued to produce stamps through late 1857. Plate 2 stamps are rarer perforated than in imperforate form; conversely, Plate 4 stamps are rarer imperforate than in perforated form. However, perforated 99R2 stamps are of extreme rarity.

Our census, which incorporates the records of noted student Jerome S. Wagshal, The Philatelic Foundation, the Levi records and our own work, is available at our website at https://siegelauctions.com/census/us/scott/21-99R2 . Only two unused examples are known--the better known is in a block of nine in our 2019 William H. Gross Multiples sale. 13 used singles are recorded, as are three on covers and two in strips, for a total of 20 known in any form. Virtually all have faults or are very off-center--only three off-cover singles and one on cover are confirmed as sound and not all have decent centering.

Census no. 21(99R2)-CAN-04. Ex Wagshal. With 1986 P.F. certificate

8,000
2,100
Back to Top
102
 
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 102, 1c 1857 Perforated Issue: Plate 1 Late, Plate 21c Blue, Ty. Ia (19), 1c Blue, Ty. Ia (19)1c Blue, Ty. Ia (19). Position 92R4, F Relief, rich color and proof-like impression, wide-spaced perforations at top and bottom, light strike of circular datestamp, thin spots top left and along lower left

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. AN EXCEEDINGLY RARE EXAMPLE OF THE 1857 ONE-CENT TYPE Ia WITH WIDE-SPACED PERFORATIONS. EXAMPLES WITH WIDE-SPACED PERFORATIONS ARE EXTREMELY RARE AND DESIRABLE.

The exceptions to the normal cut-into condition of top-row and bottom-row Plate 4 stamps are those with wide-spaced perforations. It has been assumed for years that the pins of the bottom row of the perforator were reset to create more space, but some students of the 1851-57 Issue have begun to reexamine this aspect of Plate 4 production to seek alternative explanations for wide-spaced perforations. Whatever the cause, wide-spaced stamps are extremely rare and highly desirable, because they exhibit all of the features that define their respective types.

Ashbrook states: “I consider perforated Type Ia stamps that are not touched by perforations as the rarest stamps in the 1857 perforated issue.” (Neinken book, p. 279). The Scott Catalogue contains a footnote to the basic price quotes: “Copies of this stamp exist with perforations not touching the design at any point. Such copies command very high prices.”

Illustrated in Neinken book (p. 281). Ex Neinken and Wagshal. With 2011 P.F. certificate. Scott Retail for normal Type Ia

9,000
3,500
Back to Top
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