FRESH AND FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE PAIR OF THE ONE-CENT 1851 FROM THE BOTTOM ROW OF PLATE FOUR -- CONTAINING TYPE Ia AND ONE OF ONLY TWO TYPE Ic POSITIONS FOUND IN THE BOTTOM ROW.
The identifying characteristic of Type Ic from the bottom row of Plate 4 is similar to that of Type Ia, Scott 6, which has the design complete at bottom and partly complete at top. The difference between the two types is that the bottom right plume on the Type Ic is incomplete. Neinken classifies it as a sub-type of Scott 6 (or 19), and the Scott Catalogue gives it a separate listing (6b). Neinken notes that only eight or nine positions on Plate 4 yield this type. Of these, only two are found on the bottom row of the plate (Positions 91R4 and 96R4). The other six or seven Type Ic positions were created either by burnishing of the plate or by plate wear. Neinken states that Position 91R4, the position of the left stamp in the pair offered here, yields the best example of the rare Type Ic.
With 1983 P.F. certificate calling the pair Type Ia (Scott 6)
A SPECTACULAR ORIGINAL-GUM STRIP FROM THE TOP LEFT CORNER OF PLATE 2, SHOWING ONE OF THE "BIG FLAW" PLATE CRACK POSITONS.
Unlike plate cracks resulting from stress fractures during the course of printing, the Plate 2 crack is believed to have been caused by an integral flaw in the steel. As Plate 2 was used, the crack widened and extended downward into the fourth row. Due to the nature of this unusually large crack, Ashbrook preferred to call it the "Plate 2 Flaw."
With 2003 P.F. certificate
EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A SUPERB JUMBO ORIGINAL-GUM EXAMPLE OF THE 1851 IMPERFORATE ONE-CENT TYPE IV.
With 2015 P.S.E. certificate (OGph, XF-Superb 95 Jumbo; SMQ $5,000.00).
VERY FINE APPEARANCE AND EXTREMELY RARE EXAMPLE OF THE ONE-CENT 1851 ISSUE WITH THE "paid" PRECANCEL.
Little is known about the lower-case "paid" and upper-case "PAID" precancels on the 1c 1851 Issue. The Ashbrook book illustrates several varieties of actual and supposed precancels. Ashbrook surmises that "the markings... were printed from newspaper type. In all probability the overprinting was done in a newspaper printing plant, and the stamps were used on wrappers enclosing newspapers or more than probable, on the newspapers themselves." Ashbrook's theory was borne out by the discovery of a wrapper containing The American Eagle of Cleveland, dated Feb. 2, 1857 (sold in our 2004 Rarities sale).
The example offered here was purchased by John Hall, Jr. in 1932 and is offered to the market for only the second time