VERY FINE APPEARANCE. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED COVER WITH A POSITION 7R1E ONE-CENT 1851 ISSUE COMBINATION PAIR PAYING THE SHORT-LIVED 2-CENT PRINTED MATTER RATE FOR 500 TO 1,500 MILES.
The published census compiled by Jerome S. Wagshal (available at our website at https://siegelauctions.com/census/us/scott/5), contains at least 98 unduplicated records of Scott 5. There are probably no more than ten examples existing outside of the Wagshal census population. Therefore, the 1c 1851 Type I is the rarest of all United States stamps issued regularly prior to the 1868 Grills.
The use of this pair is particularly scarce and desirable. The 2c postage pays the 500-1,500 mile unsealed circular rate, examples of which are rare with stamps of any kind. Printed circulars were frequently discarded, and most circulars were mailed within a 500-mile radius, which required only 1c postage. This is the only recorded cover bearing Position 7R1E paying the 2c rate.
Wagshal census no. 5-COV-078. Ex Schenck, Neinken and Wagshal. With 2010 P.F. certificate. Unpriced in Scott as a pair on cover. Scott Retail as an off-cover pair of Ty. I-Ib is $110,000.00
THE UNIQUE PANE OF THE ONE-CENT 1851 ISSUE -- THE FIRST SCOTT-LISTED POSTAGE STAMP THAT EXISTS IN A COMPLETE SHEET. AN OUTSTANDING CLASSIC RARITY AND THE HIGHLIGHT OF THE AMBASSADOR MIDDENDORF ONE-CENT 1851-57 ISSUE COLLECTION.
Complete sheets of early United States stamps are exceedingly rare, because they represent significant unredeemed value from the time they were valid for postage; and, as stamp collecting grew in popularity, surviving multiples were usually cut apart to supply the market for singles and smaller blocks.
The pane of 100 offered here is the first United States postage stamp listed in the Scott Catalogue that exists as a complete sheet. It comes from the period when stamps were imperforate. Since it was printed from Plate 1 (in the Late state), there are very few plates that could precede it. For the record, there are two panes of the 3c 1851 from plates that have slightly earlier documented dates of use.
In its early state, before 199 of the 200 subjects were recut, there was no imprint on Plate 1. At the time of reworking the plate, the Toppan, Carpenter, Casilear & Co. imprint with the plate number (“No. 1”) was added at the sides, which makes this the first plate number in United States stamp production.
In his 1938 two-volume work on the 1c 1851-60 stamps, Stanley B. Ashbrook showed a photograph of this pane (figure 16-Q, page 143) and made special mention of its importance (page 141): “Mr. Samuel W. Richey of Cincinnati possesses what is the finest of all Type IV pieces, a block of 100 including the 4R1L, being a sheet of 100 of the entire right pane, showing not only the whole Imprint at the right but the Center Line as well.”
The Plate 1 Late pane was later acquired by Mortimer L. Neinken, who at one point owned both this and the 1c 1851 pane from Plate 2 (ex Hind). In the early 1970s, Neinken sold a group of large multiples to Ryohei Ishikawa, who was actively building his collection of 1c 1851-60 Issues with an eye toward winning the Grand Prix National at INTERPHIL in 1976. When he lost to Louis Grunin’s 1847-1869 Classics exhibit, Ishikawa set out to form his own 1847-1869 exhibit and in 1980 sold his 1851-60 collection through Sotheby Parke Bernet’s stamp division, then managed by Andrew Levitt.
After the Plate 1 and 2 panes were offered in the June 24, 1980, Sotheby’s auction, the Plate 1 pane was acquired by Roland Cipolla for his specialized 1c 1851-60 exhibit collection, but the Plate 2 pane, containing the rare Position 99R2 Type III, was cut apart, destroying what had long been regarded as one of the most important pieces in classic philately. Its decimation left the Plate 1 pane as the last 1c 1851 Issue pane extant.
Illustrated in Ashbrook’s The United States One Cent Stamp of 1851-1857 (1938 edition, Vol. 1, p. 141 and fig. 16-Q, p. 143). Illustrated in Neinken’s The United States One Cent Stamp of 1851 to 1861(fig. 11-P, p. 128). Ex Samuel L. Richey, Mortimer L. Neinken, Ryohei Ishikawa, Roland H. Cipolla II and William H. Gross.
6-7R recut once at bottom, 8R recut twice at bottom, bottom row recut once at top and bottom, Position 7R1L is the recut version of Type I on Plate 1 Early (Scott 5) and in this state still shows much of the bottom right plume, large margins including part of top sheet margin, deep shade, bright and fresh, vertical crease along left side, small bit of toning top right stamp
EXTREMELY FINE APPEARANCE. EXCEEDINGLY RARE UNUSED BLOCKS OF FOUR AND SIX OF THE ONE-CENT 1851 ISSUE FROM THE TOP ROW OF PLATE ONE LATE, ORIGINALLY FORMING A BLOCK OF TEN -- CONTAINING THE ONLY TYPE II POSITION ON THE PLATE AS WELL AS POSITION 7R, WHICH IN ITS EARLIER STATE FURNISHED THE ONLY TYPE I IMPERFORATE ONE-CENT STAMP.
The top row of Plate 1 Late was, with the exception of Position 4R1L (the only Type II position on the plate), recut and transformed into Type IV’s. However, the top row right pane positions still retained many of their fascinating features from Plate 1 Early. Among these is Position 7R, which on the early state of the plate produced the only imperforate Type I, Scott No. 5. On Plate 1 Late, most of 7R’s unique characteristics are still present: the design is complete at top and still shows the distinctive double transfer at top right; it is almost complete at bottom with only a small part of the balls erased; and the plumes are essentially intact, especially on early printings.
Ex Vogel. Both blocks with 2011 P.F. certificates
VERY FINE. AN EXCEEDINGLY RARE BLOCK OF SIX FROM PLATE ONE LATE WITH A SIGNIFICANT PORTION OF THE IMPRINT AND THE ENTIRE PLATE NUMBER. A MARVELOUS SHOWPIECE OF THE “FIRST” PLATE NUMBER.
This block is rare for a number of different reasons. The positions show a wide variety of recuts, including the rarest (51L and 52L, see Neinken page 112). The recuts are as follows: Position 41L once at top and twice at bottom with a shift, 42L once at top and twice at bottom, 43L once at top, 51L twice at top and once at bottom (only four such recuts on plate), 52L is recut twice at top and twice at bottom (only two such recuts on plate), and 53L recut once at top and twice at bottom. The plate number position is especially desirable, because it was not present on the early state of the plate.
Ex Neinken and Wagshal. Illustrated and described in Neinken book on pages 125-126. With 2010 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL AND VERY RARE PAIR FROM PLATE ONE LATE WITH A PORTION OF THE IMPRINT AND THE PLATE NUMBER “1”.
Positions 51-52L1L show the two rarest recuts on Plate 1 Late. (see Neinken page 112). Position 51L is recut twice at top and once at bottom (only four such recuts on plate), while Position 52L is recut twice at top and twice at bottom (only two such recuts on plate). The presence of the sheet margin with part imprint and the complete “1” portion of plate “No. 1” makes this pair a spectacular artifact of the issue.
With 1975 P.F. certificate
FINE-VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE LARGE UNUSED MULTIPLE FROM PLATE ONE LATE WITH A SIGNIFICANT PORTION OF THE IMPRINT AND SHOWING THE PLATE NUMBER.
The plate number part of the imprint did not exist on the early state of Plate One. It was added when the plate was reworked.
VERY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL AND RARE LARGE MULTIPLE OF THE ONE-CENT 1851 TYPE IV FROM PLATE ONE LATE.
Ex Senchuk. Scott Retail as two blocks of four and three pairs with gum is $11,950.00.
EXTREMELY FINE GEM. AN ABSOLUTELY STUNNING USED EXAMPLE OF THE ONE-CENT TYPE IV FROM POSITION 7R1L. THIS POSITION IN THE EARLY STATE OF THE PLATE IS THE ONLY SUBJECT ON ANY ONE-CENT PLATE TO PRODUCE THE IMPERFORATE TYPE I, SCOTT 5. THIS IS ONE OF THE FINEST EXAMPLES IN EXISTENCE.
The top row of Plate 1 Late was, with the exception of Position 4R1L, recut and transformed into Type IV’s. However, the top row right pane positions still retained many of their fascinating features from Plate 1 Early. Among these is Position 7R, which on the early state of the plate produced the only imperforate Type I, Scott No. 5. On Plate 1 Late, most of 7R’s unique characteristics are still present: the design is complete at top and still shows the distinctive double transfer at top right; it is almost complete at bottom with only a small part of the balls erased; and the plumes are essentially intact, especially on early printings. The example offered here is a later impression, but it still shows the plumes at bottom.
Ex Wagshal. With 2010 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE. A RARE AND BEAUTIFUL “COMPLETE SET” 1851 ISSUE FRANKING ON AN UNUSUAL BREMEN CLOSED MAIL COVER THAT WAS POSTMARKED AT LE HAVRE, FRANCE.
Although the 1851 Issue comprises five values, only three were released in 1851--the 1c, 3c and 12c. The 5c and 10c stamps were issued in 1856 and 1855, respectively. This franking is an outstanding “complete set” use of the three 1851 stamps. The postage paid the 20c Closed Mail rate to Bremen, but for some reason this was postmarked in transit at Le Havre.
Ex Neinken and Wagshal. With 2010 P.F. certificate stating “genuine usage.”