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Sale 1216 — The Ambassador J. William Middendorf II Collection

Sale Date — Tuesday, 25 February, 2020

Category — 1c 1851 Imperforate Issue: Plates 1 Early, 1 Late

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
37
c
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 37, 1c 1851 Imperforate Issue: Plates 1 Early, 1 Late10c Black (2), 10c Black (2)10c Black (2). Large even margins, wonderful proof-like impression and intense shade, tied by black grid cancel with “Louisville Ky. Aug. 15/10” integral-rate circular datestamp also struck in black on folded cover to Philadelphia, 1850 docketing on flap, lightly toned along file folds, Extremely Fine, ex “Sevenoaks” and Schwartz, with 2009 P.F. certificate

E. 1,000-1,500
700
38
c
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 38, 1c 1851 Imperforate Issue: Plates 1 Early, 1 Late1c Blue, Types I-Ib (5-5A), 1c Blue, Types I-Ib (5-5A)1c Blue, Types I-Ib (5-5A). Positions 7-8R1E, horizontal pair, large margins to just barely in at top, showing complete design at bottom and mostly complete ornaments at top, brilliant Plate 1 Early color, tied by two strikes of “New Haven Conn. ? Mar.” circular datestamp on February 25, 1852 folded printed circular soliciting contributions to the Linonian Society of Yale University, to Columbus, Ohio, light crease between stamps barely touches Type Ib, Type I with couple tiny flaws including a faint diagonal crease

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED COVER WITH A POSITION 7R1E ONE-CENT 1851 ISSUE COMBINATION PAIR PAYING THE SHORT-LIVED 2-CENT PRINTED MATTER RATE FOR 500 TO 1,500 MILES.

The published census compiled by Jerome S. Wagshal (available at our website at https://siegelauctions.com/census/us/scott/5), contains at least 98 unduplicated records of Scott 5. There are probably no more than ten examples existing outside of the Wagshal census population. Therefore, the 1c 1851 Type I is the rarest of all United States stamps issued regularly prior to the 1868 Grills.

The use of this pair is particularly scarce and desirable. The 2c postage pays the 500-1,500 mile unsealed circular rate, examples of which are rare with stamps of any kind. Printed circulars were frequently discarded, and most circulars were mailed within a 500-mile radius, which required only 1c postage. This is the only recorded cover bearing Position 7R1E paying the 2c rate.

Wagshal census no. 5-COV-078. Ex Schenck, Neinken and Wagshal. With 2010 P.F. certificate. Unpriced in Scott as a pair on cover. Scott Retail as an off-cover pair of Ty. I-Ib is $110,000.00

E. 40,000-50,000
42,500
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39
ogbl
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 39, 1c 1851 Imperforate Issue: Plates 1 Early, 1 Late1c Blue, Types II and IV (7, 9), 1c Blue, Types II and IV (7, 9)1c Blue, Types II and IV (7, 9). The complete unused (no gum) pane of 100 from the right of Plate 1 Late, with “Toppan, Carpenter, Casilear & Co. BANK NOTE ENGRAVERS. Phila. New York, Boston & Cincinnati” imprint and “No. 1” plate number at right and interpane margin and centerline at left, Position 4R is Type II--the only subject on the plate that was not recut--and the other 99 positions are Type IV with recut lines at top and/or bottom, the top row includes all of the former Type I (7R1E) and Ib positions (3, 4, 5, 6, 8 and 9R1E) that were transformed into Type IV when the plate was reworked, Position 89R is another interesting plate variety with a wide break in the bottom curved line, choice condition for such a pane with faults that are insignificant in this unique artifact (including two creases between rows, some stamps thinned where the pane was apparently stuck down, patched hole in Position 81R, small piece missing from sheet margin at upper left and stains in three stamps)

THE UNIQUE PANE OF THE ONE-CENT 1851 ISSUE -- THE FIRST SCOTT-LISTED POSTAGE STAMP THAT EXISTS IN A COMPLETE SHEET. AN OUTSTANDING CLASSIC RARITY AND THE HIGHLIGHT OF THE AMBASSADOR MIDDENDORF ONE-CENT 1851-57 ISSUE COLLECTION.

Complete sheets of early United States stamps are exceedingly rare, because they represent significant unredeemed value from the time they were valid for postage; and, as stamp collecting grew in popularity, surviving multiples were usually cut apart to supply the market for singles and smaller blocks.

The pane of 100 offered here is the first United States postage stamp listed in the Scott Catalogue that exists as a complete sheet. It comes from the period when stamps were imperforate. Since it was printed from Plate 1 (in the Late state), there are very few plates that could precede it. For the record, there are two panes of the 3c 1851 from plates that have slightly earlier documented dates of use.

In its early state, before 199 of the 200 subjects were recut, there was no imprint on Plate 1. At the time of reworking the plate, the Toppan, Carpenter, Casilear & Co. imprint with the plate number (“No. 1”) was added at the sides, which makes this the first plate number in United States stamp production.

In his 1938 two-volume work on the 1c 1851-60 stamps, Stanley B. Ashbrook showed a photograph of this pane (figure 16-Q, page 143) and made special mention of its importance (page 141): “Mr. Samuel W. Richey of Cincinnati possesses what is the finest of all Type IV pieces, a block of 100 including the 4R1L, being a sheet of 100 of the entire right pane, showing not only the whole Imprint at the right but the Center Line as well.”

The Plate 1 Late pane was later acquired by Mortimer L. Neinken, who at one point owned both this and the 1c 1851 pane from Plate 2 (ex Hind). In the early 1970s, Neinken sold a group of large multiples to Ryohei Ishikawa, who was actively building his collection of 1c 1851-60 Issues with an eye toward winning the Grand Prix National at INTERPHIL in 1976. When he lost to Louis Grunin’s 1847-1869 Classics exhibit, Ishikawa set out to form his own 1847-1869 exhibit and in 1980 sold his 1851-60 collection through Sotheby Parke Bernet’s stamp division, then managed by Andrew Levitt.

After the Plate 1 and 2 panes were offered in the June 24, 1980, Sotheby’s auction, the Plate 1 pane was acquired by Roland Cipolla for his specialized 1c 1851-60 exhibit collection, but the Plate 2 pane, containing the rare Position 99R2 Type III, was cut apart, destroying what had long been regarded as one of the most important pieces in classic philately. Its decimation left the Plate 1 pane as the last 1c 1851 Issue pane extant.

Illustrated in Ashbrook’s The United States One Cent Stamp of 1851-1857 (1938 edition, Vol. 1, p. 141 and fig. 16-Q, p. 143). Illustrated in Neinken’s The United States One Cent Stamp of 1851 to 1861(fig. 11-P, p. 128). Ex Samuel L. Richey, Mortimer L. Neinken, Ryohei Ishikawa, Roland H. Cipolla II and William H. Gross.

E. 75,000-100,000
0
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40
c
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 40, 1c 1851 Imperforate Issue: Plates 1 Early, 1 Late1c Blue, Ty. II (7), 1c Blue, Ty. II (7)1c Blue, Ty. II (7). Positions 98-100R1E, horizontal strip of three, margins to just into design in places, beautiful bright early Robin’s Egg shade, tied by vivid red grid cancels, matching “Cleveland O. Jul. 16” (1851) first month circular datestamp on blue folded letter to New York City, light file fold affects right stamp, still Very Fine, a colorful and scarce first-month use from Cleveland, the righthand position on later impressions yields a Type IIIA stamp, it is only known as Type II from early impressions, ex Hackmey and Gross, signed Ashbrook, with 2005 P.F. certificate

E. 750-1,000
600
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41
ngbl
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 41, 1c 1851 Imperforate Issue: Plates 1 Early, 1 Late1c Blue, Ty. II-IV (7-9), 1c Blue, Ty. II-IV (7-9)1c Blue, Ty. II-IV (7-9). Blocks of four and six which originally formed a block of ten, later separated and are here rejoined, block of four on left Positions 4-5/14-15R1L, unused (no gum), Type II at top left (4R), others Ty. IV (5R recut once at bottom, 14-15R recut once at top and bottom), large to huge margins including parts of adjoining stamps at left and part of top sheet margin, deep shade, tiny thin spot in top left stamp (4R), tiny margin tear top right stamp, few ink spots on back, block of six at right Positions 6-8/16-18R1L, unused (no gum), all Type IV, Positions

6-7R recut once at bottom, 8R recut twice at bottom, bottom row recut once at top and bottom, Position 7R1L is the recut version of Type I on Plate 1 Early (Scott 5) and in this state still shows much of the bottom right plume, large margins including part of top sheet margin, deep shade, bright and fresh, vertical crease along left side, small bit of toning top right stamp

EXTREMELY FINE APPEARANCE. EXCEEDINGLY RARE UNUSED BLOCKS OF FOUR AND SIX OF THE ONE-CENT 1851 ISSUE FROM THE TOP ROW OF PLATE ONE LATE, ORIGINALLY FORMING A BLOCK OF TEN -- CONTAINING THE ONLY TYPE II POSITION ON THE PLATE AS WELL AS POSITION 7R, WHICH IN ITS EARLIER STATE FURNISHED THE ONLY TYPE I IMPERFORATE ONE-CENT STAMP.

The top row of Plate 1 Late was, with the exception of Position 4R1L (the only Type II position on the plate), recut and transformed into Type IV’s. However, the top row right pane positions still retained many of their fascinating features from Plate 1 Early. Among these is Position 7R, which on the early state of the plate produced the only imperforate Type I, Scott No. 5. On Plate 1 Late, most of 7R’s unique characteristics are still present: the design is complete at top and still shows the distinctive double transfer at top right; it is almost complete at bottom with only a small part of the balls erased; and the plumes are essentially intact, especially on early printings.

Ex Vogel. Both blocks with 2011 P.F. certificates

E. 4,000-5,000
2,800
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42
ngbl
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 42, 1c 1851 Imperforate Issue: Plates 1 Early, 1 Late1c Blue, Ty. IV (9), 1c Blue, Ty. IV (9)1c Blue, Ty. IV (9). Positions 41-43/51-53L1L, horizontal block of six with “(Toppan, Carpe)nter, Casilear & Co. BANK NOTE ENGRAVERS. Phila. New York, Bosto(n & Cincinnati)” imprint and “No. 1” plate number at left, large margins to just in at bottom right, small part original gum, deep rich color, tiny margin nicks at top left and lower right

VERY FINE. AN EXCEEDINGLY RARE BLOCK OF SIX FROM PLATE ONE LATE WITH A SIGNIFICANT PORTION OF THE IMPRINT AND THE ENTIRE PLATE NUMBER. A MARVELOUS SHOWPIECE OF THE “FIRST” PLATE NUMBER.

This block is rare for a number of different reasons. The positions show a wide variety of recuts, including the rarest (51L and 52L, see Neinken page 112). The recuts are as follows: Position 41L once at top and twice at bottom with a shift, 42L once at top and twice at bottom, 43L once at top, 51L twice at top and once at bottom (only four such recuts on plate), 52L is recut twice at top and twice at bottom (only two such recuts on plate), and 53L recut once at top and twice at bottom. The plate number position is especially desirable, because it was not present on the early state of the plate.

Ex Neinken and Wagshal. Illustrated and described in Neinken book on pages 125-126. With 2010 P.F. certificate

E. 7,500-10,000
8,000
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43
og
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 43, 1c 1851 Imperforate Issue: Plates 1 Early, 1 Late1c Blue, Ty. IV (9), 1c Blue, Ty. IV (9)1c Blue, Ty. IV (9). Positions 51-52L1L, horizontal pair with “(Toppan, Carpenter, Casilear & Co. BANK NOTE E)NGRAVERS. Phila. New York, Bost(on & Cincinnati)” imprint and “(No). 1” plate number in left sheet margin, the left stamp recut twice at top and once at bottom, the right stamp recut twice at top and bottom (see below for discussion of the rarity of these recuts), original gum, h.r., large margins to just touched, deep rich color, couple insignificant toned specks on right stamp

VERY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL AND VERY RARE PAIR FROM PLATE ONE LATE WITH A PORTION OF THE IMPRINT AND THE PLATE NUMBER “1”.

Positions 51-52L1L show the two rarest recuts on Plate 1 Late. (see Neinken page 112). Position 51L is recut twice at top and once at bottom (only four such recuts on plate), while Position 52L is recut twice at top and twice at bottom (only two such recuts on plate). The presence of the sheet margin with part imprint and the complete “1” portion of plate “No. 1” makes this pair a spectacular artifact of the issue.

With 1975 P.F. certificate

E. 3,000-4,000
1,600
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44
ngbl
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 44, 1c 1851 Imperforate Issue: Plates 1 Early, 1 Late1c Blue, Ty. IV (9), 1c Blue, Ty. IV (9)1c Blue, Ty. IV (9). Positions 18-20/28-30/38-40/48-50R1L, consisting of block of eight with (E)NGRAVERS, Phila. New York. Bost(on & Cincinnati)” part imprint and “(No.) 1” plate number and vertical strip of four at left hinged in place, unused (no gum), deep rich colors, few flaws including creases and some soiling at left, internal tear affects Position 50

FINE-VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE LARGE UNUSED MULTIPLE FROM PLATE ONE LATE WITH A SIGNIFICANT PORTION OF THE IMPRINT AND SHOWING THE PLATE NUMBER.

The plate number part of the imprint did not exist on the early state of Plate One. It was added when the plate was reworked.

Ex Frelinghuysen

E. 2,000-3,000
1,500
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45
ngbl
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 45, 1c 1851 Imperforate Issue: Plates 1 Early, 1 Late1c Blue, Ty. IV (9), 1c Blue, Ty. IV (9)1c Blue, Ty. IV (9). Block of 14, consisting of Positions 8-10/18-20/28-30/38-40/49-50L1L, unused (no gum), large margins including large top sheet margin and narrow sheet margin at right, other margins to touched at upper left, beautiful intense shade and impression, six stamps have small faults including a few faint creases, two small scissors-cuts in margins

VERY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL AND RARE LARGE MULTIPLE OF THE ONE-CENT 1851 TYPE IV FROM PLATE ONE LATE.

Ex Senchuk. Scott Retail as two blocks of four and three pairs with gum is $11,950.00.

E. 3,000-4,000
2,000
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46
 
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 46, 1c 1851 Imperforate Issue: Plates 1 Early, 1 Late1c Blue, Ty. IV (9), 1c Blue, Ty. IV (9)1c Blue, Ty. IV (9). Position 7R1L, recut once at bottom, enormous margins all around including sheet margin at top, significant part of adjoining stamp (17R1L) at bottom and trace of adjoining stamps at sides, rich color on bright paper, detailed impression, neat strike of circular datestamp

EXTREMELY FINE GEM. AN ABSOLUTELY STUNNING USED EXAMPLE OF THE ONE-CENT TYPE IV FROM POSITION 7R1L. THIS POSITION IN THE EARLY STATE OF THE PLATE IS THE ONLY SUBJECT ON ANY ONE-CENT PLATE TO PRODUCE THE IMPERFORATE TYPE I, SCOTT 5. THIS IS ONE OF THE FINEST EXAMPLES IN EXISTENCE.

The top row of Plate 1 Late was, with the exception of Position 4R1L, recut and transformed into Type IV’s. However, the top row right pane positions still retained many of their fascinating features from Plate 1 Early. Among these is Position 7R, which on the early state of the plate produced the only imperforate Type I, Scott No. 5. On Plate 1 Late, most of 7R’s unique characteristics are still present: the design is complete at top and still shows the distinctive double transfer at top right; it is almost complete at bottom with only a small part of the balls erased; and the plumes are essentially intact, especially on early printings. The example offered here is a later impression, but it still shows the plumes at bottom.

Ex Wagshal. With 2010 P.F. certificate

120
1,900
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47
c
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 47, 1c 1851 Imperforate Issue: Plates 1 Early, 1 Late1c Blue, Ty. IV (9), 1c Blue, Ty. IV (9)1c Blue, Ty. IV (9). Position 73L1L, recut once at top and bottom, ample margins to clear, bright color and paper, neatly tied by “Albany N.Y. Oct. 17” circular datestamp on 1854 folded printed proxy from the New York Central Railroad Company, printed address to Albany, fresh and Very Fine, a choice cover which could have been prepaid as a circular or a drop letter

E. 300-400
160
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48
c
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 48, 1c 1851 Imperforate Issue: Plates 1 Early, 1 Late1c Blue, Ty. IV (9), 1c Blue, Ty. IV (9)1c Blue, Ty. IV (9). Position 97L1L, recut once at top, major double transfer which is especially noticeable at bottom, ample margins to clear, tied by “Hartford Ct. Apr. 5” circular datestamp on April 2, 1855 folded circular from Hartford Probate Court addressed locally, Very Fine cover which could have been prepaid as a circular or a drop letter

E. 200-300
100
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49
c
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 49, 1c 1851 Imperforate Issue: Plates 1 Early, 1 Late1c Blue, Ty. IV (9), 1c Blue, Ty. IV (9)1c Blue, Ty. IV (9). Position 72L1L, recut once at top and bottom, with large double transfer, large margins to full, bright shade, tied by “New-York Feb. 13” (1856) circular datestamp on folded Cyrus W. Field & Co. circular printed in magenta, addressed to Lee Mass., clear strike of red “Circular Paid” straightline handstamp, circular advertises a variety of fine rag papers, Extremely Fine, Field was a prominent businessman and financier, who among other enterprises (including paper manufacturing), created the Atlantic Telegraph Company and laid the first telegraph cable across the Atlantic Ocean in 1858.

E. 400-500
375
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50
c
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 50, 1c 1851 Imperforate Issue: Plates 1 Early, 1 Late1c Blue, Ty. IV (9), 1c Blue, Ty. IV (9)1c Blue, Ty. IV (9). Positions 22/32L1L, vertical pair, both stamps recut once at top and bottom, ample to huge margins including portion of adjoining stamp at top, deep rich color, tied by “Boston Paid 18 Mar.” (1857) circular datestamp on printed circular to Windham Maine, the message from Homer Rice & Co. concerning new business opportunities is in script and at first appears as a letter, but it is printed, Extremely Fine

E. 300-400
200
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51
c
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 51, 1c 1851 Imperforate Issue: Plates 1 Early, 1 Late1c Blue, Ty. IV (9), 1c Blue, Ty. IV (9)1c Blue, Ty. IV (9). Position 11L1L, recut once at top and bottom, huge margins all around, small scissors-cut in top margin outside the design, used with 3c Brownish Carmine, Ty. I (11), tied by double-struck “Rising Sun Ind. Jan. ?” circular datestamp on 6c Green on Buff Nesbitt entire (U14) to Coloma Cal., cover with sealed tear at top left and some minor edgewear, Very Fine appearing use for the 10c transcontinental rate

E. 400-500
400
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52
c
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 52, 1c 1851 Imperforate Issue: Plates 1 Early, 1 Late1c Blue, Ty. IV, 3c Dull Red, Ty. II, 12c Black (9, 11A, 17), 1c Blue, Ty. IV, 3c Dull Red, Ty. II, 12c Black (9, 11A, 17)1c Blue, Ty. IV, 3c Dull Red, Ty. II, 12c Black (9, 11A, 17). Vertical pair of 1c, two singles of 3c affixed slightly overlapping, tied by blue “Columbia S.C. 3 Paid Jan. 11” (1853) integral-rate circular datestamps on Jan. 8, 1853 folded letter to Bremen, Germany, carried on the Havre Line Humboldt, departing New York on Jan. 15, 1853, and arriving Le Havre Jan. 29--red “Outre-Mer Le Havre 29 Janv. 53” arrival datestamp, red crayon “18”, “T.T./2 Feb.” in circle Thurn & Taxis Bremen receiving datestamp on back, small toned spot at bottom

VERY FINE. A RARE AND BEAUTIFUL “COMPLETE SET” 1851 ISSUE FRANKING ON AN UNUSUAL BREMEN CLOSED MAIL COVER THAT WAS POSTMARKED AT LE HAVRE, FRANCE.

Although the 1851 Issue comprises five values, only three were released in 1851--the 1c, 3c and 12c. The 5c and 10c stamps were issued in 1856 and 1855, respectively. This franking is an outstanding “complete set” use of the three 1851 stamps. The postage paid the 20c Closed Mail rate to Bremen, but for some reason this was postmarked in transit at Le Havre.

Ex Neinken and Wagshal. With 2010 P.F. certificate stating “genuine usage.”

E. 3,000-4,000
3,500
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53
c
Sale Number 1216, Lot Number 53, 1c 1851 Imperforate Issue: Plates 1 Early, 1 Late1c Blue, Ty. IV (9), 1c Blue, Ty. IV (9)1c Blue, Ty. IV (9). Positions 21/31R1L, two singles originally forming a vertical pair, 21R recut once at top, twice at bottom, 31R recut once at top and bottom, large to huge margins including left interpane margin and centerline, used with 3c Dull Red, Ty. II (11A), tied by “24” in circle” and also by “1/-” one-shilling due handstamp, neat strike of “Cleveland O. Jun. 20” (1854) circular datestamp on blue folded letter to Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, England, “21” debit handstamp, Liverpool and receiving backstamps struck in green, Very Fine, unusual and striking with the stamps tied solely by the U.S. and British rate markings, with note on back that a previous owner severed the pair and offered the top stamp as an unused single, ex Vogel, with 2011 P.F. certificate

E. 750-1,000
375
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