VERY FINE APPEARANCE. AN OUTSTANDING AND EXTREMELY RARE FIRST DAY COVER OF THE 1851 3-CENT ORANGE BROWN. THIS IS ONE OF THREE EXAMPLES KNOWN FROM CINCINNATI AND ONE OF ONLY THREE KNOWN WITH CONTENTS REFERENCING THE NEW 1851 ISSUE.
In his census in the 1851 Sesquicentennial book, Wilson Hulme records a total of 43 covers used on July 1, 1851, which is the first day they were valid for postage. First day covers of the 1851 Issue rarely appear at auction.
Ex Roser, Hicks and G.B. Smith. Referenced in Chronicle Nos. 7, 16, 21. Scott value $12,500.00
VERY FINE. A PHENOMENAL USE OF SIX ONE-CENT 1851 ISSUE STAMPS ON A COVER TO HAWAII. BELIEVED TO BE A UNIQUE FRANKING, AND QUITE LIKELY THE EARLIEST RECORDED USE OF A UNITED STATES ADHESIVE STAMP TO OR FROM HAWAII.
The ship Pocahontas, a whaling vessel built at Wareham, Massachusetts, in 1821, was lost in 1857. There are several pieces of information we can use to narrow down the year of use of this cover. The United States stamps on this cover paid the 6c rate for distances over 3,000 miles. The rate was in effect from July 1851 thru April 1855. Hawaiian postage would have been paid in cash. Makee Anthon & Co. was a prominent forwarder who would hold mail for arriving ships, but the business was dissolved in 1852. That would narrow the period of use to 1851 or 1852. The New Bedford Whaling Museum is in possession of Captain Diaz's log books, from a voyage to the North Pacific from 1850-1853. According to the Dennis Woods abstracts, an exhaustive collection of voyage abstracts of Yankee whalers compiled from the newspaper The Whalemen’s Shipping List and Merchants’ Transcript (1843-1917), the Pocahontas was at Honolulu October 1851, which is positive proof that this August cover was mailed in 1851, within the first two months of the 1851 Issue's release.
Ex Haas and "Tito". With 1973 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE COVER AND AN IMPORTANT POSTAL HISTORY ARTIFACT SHOWING USE OF THE 3-CENT CHICAGO PERF BY R. K. SWIFT, THE PROMOTER OF THE HADLEY PERFORATING MACHINE.
Wilson Hulme speculates in his article in Chronicle 175 that R. K. Swift distributed Chicago perf stamps to various businesses as a trial or to strengthen the possibility of selling the perforating machine to the post office. Many of the businesses were in a straight path between Swift's bank and Elijah Hadley's (inventor of the machine) office (p. 167). Hulme recorded two covers with an R. K. Swift printed corner card and this cover with the firm's printed enclosure (there are others with signatures or writing that can be tied to Swift, discussed in lot 1231). This cover and enclosure are illustrated in Chronicle 175, page 162, where described as having "the highest degree of desirability".
VERY FINE AND RARE ON-COVER EXAMPLE OF THE 3-CENT CHICAGO PERF, WHICH CAN BE DEFINITELY TIED TO R. K. SWIFT, THE PROMOTER OF THE HADLEY PERFORATING MACHINE.
Wilson Hulme recorded two covers with the R. K. Swift corner card, the cover with Swift printed enclosure offered in lot 1230, and two with handwriting at top which included "R.K. Swift & Co.". An additional cover signed R.K. Smith was sold in our Hulme Sale 964 (lot 181) but was not recorded in his census in Chronicle 175. There is also one cover addressed to Swift not recorded in the Hulme census (Sale 964, lot 182). There are five additional covers recorded which have handwriting that ties them to Swift & Co., including one with an address written by Swift himself.
Ex Alexander and Wagshal. Illustrated in Chronicle 175, p. 166. Scott Retail $8,000.00
FINE. A RARE AND DESIRABLE COVER WITH THE 3-CENT CHICAGO PERF THAT CAN BE TIED TO R. K. SWIFT, THE PROMOTER OF THE HADLEY PERFORATING MACHINE.
Ex Wagshal. With 1972 P.F. certificate. Scott value $8,000.00
VERY FINE. THIS IS THE UNIQUE EXAMPLE OF A 3-CENT CHICAGO PERF MULTIPLE. AN IMPORTANT ARTIFACT OF EARLY PERFORATION OF UNITED STATES STAMPS.
The origin of this experiment was revealed in an article published by Jerome S. Wagshal in Chronicle 130 (May 1986). The inventor of the machine used to create the Chicago Perf stamps was Dr. Elijah W. Hadley, a Chicago dentist. He probably constructed the machine in 1854. Over a two-year period, beginning in November 1854, Dr. Hadley's device was offered for sale to the Post Office Department thru R. K. Swift, a prominent Chicago banker and businessman.
There is one strip of three of the 1c 1851 issue recorded with Chicago perfs. There is also a 3c cover with two singles of the Chicago perf, but only this pair is known as a multiple.
Ex Wagshal. With 1971 P.F. certificate. Signed Ashbrook. Discussed in Wilson Hulme's article in Chronicle 175, p. 160
EXTREMELY FINE GEM STRIP OF THREE OF THE 5-CENT 1856 ISSUE, PAYING THE 15-CENT U.S.-FRENCH TREATY RATE ON A BEAUTIFUL COVER TO NANTES, FRANCE.
This was carried on the Cunarder Arabia, departing New York Oct. 14 and arriving Liverpool Oct. 25.
VERY FINE. THIS IS THE EARLIEST DOCUMENTED USE OF A PERFORATED STAMP IN THE UNITED STATES. ONLY THREE ARE RECORDED WITH THE FEBRUARY 28, 1857, DATE -- TWO FROM NEW YORK AND ONE FROM PHILADELPHIA.
The first experimentally perforated stamps were delivered to the U.S. government on February 24, 1857. Seven cities were chosen for distribution. According to the North American and United States Gazette of February 27, "...Ninety thousand were ordered for the cities of Philadelphia and New York, and thirty thousand for New Orleans and other cities of the South and West." The earliest documented use of a perforated stamp is February 28, 1857, based on two covers from New York and one from Philadelphia. The experimental period continued until June 10, 1857, when the original six-year contract with Toppan, Carpenter expired. It was renewed on April 8, 1857, effective June 10, from which point all stamps were perforated as mandated by the new contract terms.
The cover offered here was certified in 1975 by The Philatelic Foundation for Calvet M. Hahn and offered in the Siegel 1976 Rarities sale as a "First Day Cover," based on the belief that Saturday, February 28, is the first day that perforated stamps went on sale at New York and Philadelphia. Approximately 75 covers from the experimental perforation period have been recorded by Hulme, and February 28 stands as the earliest documented use.
Ex Hulme. With 1975 and 1994 P.F. certificates.
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. AN IMPRESSIVE FRANKING INCLUDING THE 5-CENT BRICK RED TO PAY THE DOUBLE 30-CENT PRUSSIAN CLOSED MAIL RATE TO PRUSSIA.
With 2014 P.F. certificate