EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A SPECTACULAR USED EXAMPLE OF THE 5-CENT 1847 ISSUE IN THE DARK BROWN SHADE, GRADED SUPERB 98 BY BOTH THE P.F. AND P.S.E. -- THE HIGHEST GRADE AWARDED.
With 2016 P.F. certificate as Dark Brown (Superb 98). With 2009 P.S.E. certificate as Blackish Brown (Superb 98; SMQ $4,500.00 as Dark Brown). This is the highest grade awarded to a Scott 1a and it is shared by only three others.
EXTREMELY FINE APPEARANCE. A BEAUTIFUL LOOKING EXAMPLE OF THE RARE WHEELING RED GRID PRECANCELLATION ON THE 5-CENT 1847 ISSUE.
The post office in Wheeling, Virginia (later West Virginia), received its first supply of 1847 stamps on August 8, 1847--1,200 5c and 400 10c--and soon after applied a red 7-bar grid to the center of blocks of four before or at the time the stamps were sold. We do not know if the red grids were struck on all 25 blocks in a pane of 100 stamps, or if they were applied to smaller units, but all of the known examples have the red grid in one corner of the stamp. There are seven recorded covers with the Wheeling grid precancel, including three 5c and four 10c covers. In addition to the covers, a few off-cover 5c and 10c stamps are known with the red grid precancel.
Signed in pencil by Kelleher and Ashbrook. Scott value $6,350.00
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A BEAUTIFUL COMBINATION PIECE WITH THE FIRST GENERAL ISSUE STAMPS OF THE UNITED STATES.
Ex Ishikawa, Koppersmith, Saadi (who used this as the frontispiece of his exhibit) and Gross. With 1988 and 1992 P.F. certificates.
VERY FINE. A RARE AND ATTRACTIVE COMBINATION OF THE 5-CENT AND 10-CENT 1847 ISSUES ON A PIECE OF A COVER TO GREAT BRITAIN.
The 25c postage and 19c credit markings indicate this was originally a letter to Great Britain, prepaid at the 24c treaty rate with a 19c credit for Cunard packet service. Full-size covers showing the 24c treaty rate prepaid by a combination of 1847 Issue stamps are great rarities.
With 2007 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE-EXTREMELY FINE. A SPECTACULAR COMBINATION USE OF 1847 ISSUE STAMPS, INCLUDING A SCARCE VERTICAL PAIR OF THE 10-CENT.
Although there is nothing to help us reach a definite conclusion, we believe it is possible this combination of stamps paid the 34c Retaliatory Rate on a transatlantic cover (1c overpayment).
"R.H.W. Co." (Weill) backstamp
EXTREMELY FINE. A REMARKABLE COVER WITH THE 5-CENT 1847 ISSUE PAYING THE INTER-CITY POSTAGE AND THE "2 CENTS" MANUSCRIPT MARKING INDICATING A POSTAL FEE PAID OR DUE.
The 2c rate on this cover is enigmatic. The New York City postmaster reestablished carrier service in December 1848 with a 1c fee for delivery from the post office to the addressee. The "2 Cents" on this cover was applied either at the originating office (New Brunswick N.J.) or at the New York office, possibly to indicate an advertised fee.
USPCS census no. 5106. Ward backstamp. Ex "Sevenoaks" and Craveri. With 2003 P.F. certificate.
VERY FINE. AN OUTSTANDING EXAMPLE OF THE DISTINCTIVE GREEN NUMERAL "5" OF PRINCETON ON THE 5-CENT 1847 ISSUE.
Ex Eno, Arch and Craveri. With 2000 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED USE OF THIS PRE-STAMP FRAMED "10" RATE HANDSTAMP ON A COVER WITH THE 1847 ISSUE.
Ex Gibson, Sampson, Rohloff, Haas, Dr. Kapiloff, Boker and Gross
FINE APPEARANCE. AN ATTRACTIVE AND VERY RARE PIECE WITH A MIXED FRANKING OF THE FIRST ISSUES OF THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA, CANCELLED IN CANADA TO PAY THE NEW TREATY RATE.
For decades there had been no easy way to pay postage on letters between Canada and the United States. Postage on each side was calculated based on distance to the border, and letters would be delivered marked postage due for the receiving country's share. The 1851 U.S.-Canada postal treaty created a reciprocal postage rate--6 pence in Canada and 10 cents in the U.S.--without any need for cumbersome postage collection. The new agreement went into effect on April 6, 1851. On April 23, 1851, Canada's first issue of postage stamps became available--the 3p Beaver issue. At the same time in the U.S., Congress had established lower postage rates and authorized new stamps to pay them, set for release on July 1, 1851. On that day the old 1847 Issue would no longer be valid for postage, and a three-month redemption period would commence. For years before, the 1847 stamps had been supplied to Canadian post offices and used there to prepay the U.S. postage on letters addressed to the states. After the 1851 U.S.-Canada postal treaty took effect, Canadian postmasters accepted the U.S. stamps in payment of the Canada 6-pence rate (roughly equivalent to 10c U.S.), even after the 1847s were demonetized in the their own country of origin.
The time between the release date of Canada's first issue and the last day the 1847 Issue was valid for postage in the U.S. is 69 days. During this brief period, the first issues of both countries, printed by the same firm--Rawdon, Wright, Hatch & Edson--could be used on the same letter, but only under very unusual circumstances, which technically skirted the rules of the new treaty, but were nonetheless practiced and accepted by post offices on both sides. Only three full covers with 1847 and Canada mixed frankings are recorded. This piece has both stamps tied by the Canadian target cancels, which proves they were affixed and cancelled in Canada.
Illustrated in Winthrop S. Boggs, The Postage Stamps and Postal History of Canada (p. 87). Ex Dale-Lichtenstein and Dr. Robertson.
EXTREMELY FINE. A RARE MISSISSIPPI RIVER PACKET BOAT MARKING -- POSSIBLY UNIQUE WITH THE 1847 ISSUE.
John F. Bofinger was captain of the mail steamer Atlantic from April 1848 to 1854.
USPCS census no. 1807. Ex Rust, Dr. Kapiloff and Gruys. With 2002 P.F. certificate
FINE. A RARE VERTICAL BISECT OF THE 10-CENT 1847 ISSUE. PROBABLY A LAST-MONTH USE OF THE FIRST ISSUE IN JUNE 1851.
USPCS census no. 4346. From our 1987 Rarities of the World sale (probably ex Rust). With 2011 P.F. certificate. Scott value $30,000.00
VERY FINE. AN EXTRAORDINARY USE OF A 10-CENT 1847 BISECT ON AN ILLUSTRATED BILL OF LADING CARRIED FROM PHILADELPHIA TO NEW YORK CITY IN THE RAILROAD "FAVOR BAG" AND CANCELLED ON ARRIVAL ON OR CLOSE TO THE LAST DAY THE 1847 ISSUE WAS VALID.
This cover is the subject of an article by Gordon Eubanks in Chronicle 223 and a follow-up article by Ardy Callender in the U.S. Cancellation Club News (May 2018). The folded bill of lading, with a spectacular woodcut engraving of a canal steamboat tug, was sent by one of Philadelphia's largest breweries, Poultney, Collins & Massey, to Owen Byrne in New York City, who evidently arranged for reshipment of the cargo (barrels of ale) to New Orleans. The letter was carried in the "Favor Bag" of mail transported between Philadelphia and New York on the railroad (see "'Favor Bag' Mail; New York City-Philadelphia, 1845-1851", Ed Harvey, LaPosta 109, pp. 24-32). On arrival the bisected 10c stamp was cancelled and accepted for the 5c under 300-mile rate. The New York post office in practice did not apply a datestamp to mail addressed within the city limits received in the railroad mail bag. However, the June 28, 1851, dateline and June 30 receipt docketing indicate that this bisected stamp was likely cancelled on the very last day the 1847 Issue was valid--on July 1, 1851, the new rates and stamps went into effect, and the 1847s were demonetized.
Ex Seybold (with his purple backstamp, lot 44 in the Mar. 15-16, 1910 sale). With 2004 P.S.E. certificate describing this (incorrectly) as an "overpaid drop letter" -- it is actually correctly prepaid 5c for the rate from Philadelphia to New York City.
EXTREMELY FINE. AN EXCEEDINGLY RARE SET OF SHEETS OF 50 OF THE 5-CENT AND 10-CENT 1875 REPRODUCTION PLATE PROOFS ON CARD.
Clarence Brazer discussed the 1847 Issue essays and proofs in a 1947 Essay-Proof Journal article, which was reprinted as a monograph. The extensive plate scratches found on the 10c India sheet offered in our 2013 Gross sale (Siegel Sale 1041, lot 23, realized $62,500 hammer) are not found on the stamps printed in 1875 nor on the cardboard proofs produced between 1879 and 1893.
Brazer estimated in his 1947 article that "probably five or six pairs of sheets of 50 plate proofs on cardboard are known." We do not know the basis for Brazer's estimate, but we have been able to locate only three other sets.
Scott value $27,000.00 as blocks of four and singles without premium for the complete sheet format