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Sale 1211 — The William H. Gross Collection: United States Postal History

Sale Date — Tuesday-Wednesday, 29-30 October, 2019

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Category — Civil War Postal History

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
370°
c
Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 370, Civil War Postal History, 3¢ 1857 stamp affixed over Confederate postmaster's provisional 3¢ entire from Tuscumbia, Alabama--one of approximately seven known

Tuscumbia, Alabama, United States 3¢ Rate, Red on Buff Confederate Provisional entire (6AXU1, formerly 12XU1), handstamped provisional in upper right corner of buff envelope addressed to Knoxville, Tennessee, prepared by the Tuscumbia postmaster as a provisional but used while United States 3¢ 1857 Issue stamps were still valid and available, 3¢ Dull Red, Type III (26) originally tied over provisional by "Tuscumbia Ala. May 6" (1861) circular datestamp, stamp lifted and moved to the left

Very Fine appearance; stamp with edge nicks.

No more than ten examples of the Tuscumbia 3¢ Provisional are recorded--a wonderful postal history rarity from the time of transition from U.S. to Confederate control of southern post offices.

The Tuscumbia postmaster's provisional is one of seven adhesive stamps or entires the Scott Catalogue now lists separately as "3¢ 1861 Postmasters' Provisionals." They are distinct from the 5¢ and 10¢ Confederate provisionals in that the postmasters who issued the stamps were still technically under the control of the U.S. Post Office Department, and were remitting postal receipts to the federal government. In some cases, postmasters avoided ordering new U.S. stamps in anticipation of a final change in administrative control of their offices. The 1861 provisionals are all 3¢ adhesives or handstamped entires, reflecting the then-current U.S. letter rate. The Tuscumbia entires were handstamped as 3¢ provisionals, but the postmaster evidently received (or had) a supply of U.S. stamps, as most of the few known examples bear the 3¢ 1857 Issue. This cover originates from a correspondence discovered in 1932 by William P. Snyder.

With 1994 P.F. certificate as 12XU1, when the Tuscumbia 3¢ provisional was listed with other U.S. 1845 postmasters' provisionals.

E. 5,000-7,500
Future Sale
371°
c
Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 371, Civil War Postal History, Perfectly struck "Old Stamps Not Recognized" handstamp on a Philadelphia carrier cover

3¢ Dull Red, Type III (26), wide straddle-pane margin at right, used with slightly overlapping 1¢ Blue (63), both stamps tied by bold "Philadelphia Pa. Jul. 24, 1862" circular datestamp on cover to Westchester, Pennsylvania, beautifully struck "OLD STAMPS/NOT RECOGNIZED" two-line handstamp and "Due 3" for regular postage due (1¢ carrier fee prepaid with valid stamp, so accepted), "U.S. Penny Mail Phila. Pa." carrier's octagonal datestamp on back, 3¢ with rounded corner at bottom right and 1¢ with pulled perf at bottom, otherwise Extremely Fine cover, one of two recorded handstamped "Old Stamps Not Recognized" covers with this combination of the demonetized 3¢ 1857 and new 1861 1¢ stamps, both come from the Taylor correspondence--this is the earlier; the other is a Patriotic cover dated September 26 (ex Bailar, Sale 1105, lot 2569)--ex Spring

E. 7,500-10,000
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372°
c
Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 372, Civil War Postal History, "Old Stamps Not Recognized" cover to the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron in 1863

3¢ Dull Red, Type III (26), tied by grid cancel and "Philadelphia Pa. Dec. 17, 1863" circular datestamp on cover to the acting master of the blockader Calypso of the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, via the Norfolk Navy Yard, mostly clear strike of "OLD STAMPS/NOT RECOGNIZED" two-line handstamp and "Due 6" for postage due, December 20 receipt docketing on back, some slight perf tip toning, small cover edge mends including one which barely touches the handstamp at top, Very Fine appearance, a scarce and desirable handstamped "Old Stamps Not Recognized" cover sent to a North Atlantic Squadron blockading vessel, ex Colson, Emerson and Haas, with 1976 P.F. certificate

E. 3,000-4,000
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373°
c
Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 373, Civil War Postal History, The only recorded "Southern Letter Unpaid" cover to Germany and one of five addressed to countries outside the United States

DESCRIPTION

10¢ Green, Type V (35), three slightly overlapping singles, uncancelled at originating post office in St. Francisville in the West Feliciana Parish of Louisiana, "St. Francisville La. Jun. 8" (1861) circular datestamp and "10" in circle Confederate rate handstamp on buff cover addressed to Adolf Raphael in Breslau, Prussia, received at Louisville post office on or about June 14 and held by postmaster Dr. J. J. Speed pending instructions from U.S. Post Office Department, stamps cancelled by blue "SOUTHN. LETTER/ UNPAID" two-line handstamp, matching blue "Louisville Ky. Jun. 27" double-circle datestamp with grid cancel struck over "10" rate, matching "30" in circle due handstamp for Prussian Closed Mail rate to Germany (based on postage affixed) but routed via Hamburg at New York foreign-mail office, part strike of "N. York Hamb. Pkt. 5 Jun. 29" 5¢ debit datestamp for 15¢ Bremen-Hamburg rate--carried from New York on Hamburg-American Line Bavaria, departing June 29, 1861, and arriving at Hamburg July 14--large blue manuscript "6-1/2" and "6-1/2" blue handstamped rates in silbergroschen, Hamburg (July 14) and Breslau (July 15 and 16) backstamps

PROVENANCE

Stephen D. Brown, Harmer Rooke (London) sale, 10/30-11/4/1939, lot 931

J. David Baker, Siegel Auction Galleries, 4/4/1978, Sale 526, lot 132, to Grunin

Louis Grunin, Christie's Robson Lowe sale, Part One, 3/25/1987, lot 126, to Ishikawa

Ryohei Ishikawa, Christie's Robson Lowe sale, 9/28-29/1993, lot 302, to William H. Gross

CENSUS, LITERATURE AND EXHIBITION REFERENCES

Stanley B. Ashbrook, The United States Ten Cent Stamp of 1855-1857, pp. 79-0, fig. 54

-- The United States One Cent Stamp of 1851-1857, 1938 edition, Vol. 2, pp. 33-34 and fig. 35D

Hugh J. and J. David Baker, Bakers' U.S. Classics, p. 233

Richard B. Graham, "Postal History and Stamps: A Colorful Combination, 1847-1861," The American Philatelist, April 1978

Steven C. Walske and Scott R. Trepel, Special Mail Routes of the American Civil War, census no. SLU-4

CERTIFICATION

The Philatelic Foundation (1993)

CONDITION NOTES

Fine appearance; center 10¢ stamp has small negligible repair and cover with mended edge at top not affecting stamps or markings, top backflap removed

HISTORY AND COMMENTARY

Southern Letter Unpaid Covers to Foreign Countries

The U.S. May 27, 1861, mail suspension order prohibited federal post offices from forwarding southbound mail to Southern states in rebellion. However, northbound mail from the South continued to be sent to Louisville, Kentucky. Through June 6, northbound mails were forwarded to Louisville from Memphis or Nashville. From June 7 through 12, only the Nashville office forwarded mail to Louisville, and Louisville continued to forward mail north.

With the resignation of W. D. McNish as Nashville's federal postmaster on June 12 and the withdrawal of the U.S. mail agent from this route, Louisville held the mails still being sent north by the discontinued post office at Nashville. On June 24, Dr. John J. Speed, the postmaster at Louisville, was advised to forward letters from the South to the loyal states after removing postage. With approximately 5,000 such letters held at this date, Dr. Speed employed a more practical means of invalidating stamps by creating the "Southn. Letter Unpaid" handstamp. There are 29 "Southn. Letter Unpaid" covers recorded in the Special Routes book, including five foreign-bound covers, as follows:

1 To Prussia, Louisville June 27, three 10¢ No. 35, from St. Francisville La., ex Brown, J. D. Baker, Grunin, Ishikawa, the cover offered in this sale

2 To France, Louisville June 27, 3¢ U27, from Bayou Chene La., ex Wunsch, Myers (Sale 882, lot 2001)

3 To France, Louisville June 27, 3¢ and 12¢ Nos. 26 and 36B, from New Orleans, ex Shenfield, Sweet, Judd, Kilbourne and Walske (Sale 1119, lot 564)

4 To France, no Louisville datestamp, 3¢ and 12¢ Nos. 26 and 36B, from New Orleans to France, ex Antrim and Wishnietsky (Sale 1064, lot 23)

5 To England, Louisville Jul. 11, 24¢ No. 37, from Petersburg Va., ex Matthies, Dr. Graves and Weills

This cover was mailed from St. Francisville, Louisiana, on June 8, 1861, and reached Nashville after the regular mail route to Louisville had been terminated. It was brought across the lines by express and placed in the Louisville post office on or about June 14. It was among the thousands of letters from the South that had accumulated while Dr. Speed awaited instructions from Washington. Observing the 30¢ postage, the Louisville clerk applied a 30¢ handstamp, which was the Prussian Closed Mail rate for a half-ounce letter. However, the New York foreign-mail office disregarded the 30¢ marking and postage, and sent it on the Hamburg-American Line steamer for Hamburg. It was rated with a 5¢ debit marking for the U.S. share of postage, and in Germany the 6-1/4 silbergroschen markings were applied to indicate the total amount due.

E. 50,000-75,000
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374°
c
Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 374, Civil War Postal History, A uniquely franked Adams Express Company through-the-lines cover to France, graphically demonstrating the refusal of federal postal authorities to recognize postage stamps originating from the states in rebellion

DESCRIPTION

5¢ Brown, Type II (30A), horizontal strip of three, well-centered, rich color and proof-like impression, trivial toned specks, tied over several perfs at lower left by blue "Louisville Ky. Aug. 13, 1861" duplex datestamp and grid cancel (datestamp struck again at lower right), used with 3¢ Dull Red, Type III (26) and 12¢ Black, Plate 3 (36B), 12¢ interpane margin at right, tied at upper right by "Adams Express Co. Louisville, Ky. Aug. 12, 1861" circular datestamp on blue folded letter in French to Paris, France, datelined "New Orleans, August 7, 1861" and addressed to "Monsieur G. d'Arnaud de Vitrolles", pencil "40" express rate (25¢ express fee plus 15¢ postage to France) --carried to France on the Havre Line Fulton, departing from New York on August 17, 1861, and arriving at Havre August 29--red "New York Paid 3 Aug. 17" 3¢ credit datestamp, ultramarine Havre arrival datestamp (August 29), red "PD" in frame handstamp, Paris receiving backstamp

PROVENANCE

Jamet (Paris) sale, 12/28/1955

Louis Grunin, Christie's Robson Lowe sale, Part Two, 10/7/1987, lot 136, to Dr. Martin

Dr. Alfred S. Martin, Siegel Auction Galleries, Sale 893, lot 51, to Schwartz

Barry K. Schwartz, Siegel Auction Galleries, Sale 981, lot 4123, to William H. Gross

CENSUS, LITERATURE AND EXHIBITION REFERENCES

Stanley B. Ashbrook, Special Service, #67, p. 544, photo 270

Lester G. Brookman, United States Postage Stamps of the 19th Century, Vol. I, p. 248, fig. 389

National Postal Museum, 1957 Perforation Centennial, p. 90, fig. 6

Steven C. Walske and Scott R. Trepel, Special Mail Routes of the American Civil War, census no. N-AD-65

CERTIFICATION

Signed by Stanley B. Ashbrook

The Philatelic Foundation (1991)

CONDITION NOTES

Extremely Fine

HISTORY AND COMMENTARY

Southern "Contraband' on an Adams Express Cover

This cover is remarkable in three respects: first, it is a rare Adams Express Company cover carried across the lines of war; second, it is addressed to another country; and, third, it shows how stamps from the South were considered to be contraband and were not accepted as federal postage.

The dateline inside tells us that the letter was written on August 7, 1861, in New Orleans. By then, Louisiana was a Confederate state. The steamers that carried mail to Europe departed from Boston or New York, so the writer had to send the letter north. That was a challenge, because the mail routes had been shut down by federal authorities since late May and early June. Express companies were the only ones transporting mail across the lines, for a price.

The letter was carried by Adams Express to Louisville, arriving August 13, about ten days before stamps currently in circulation were demonetized. The exchange period in Louisville began August 22 for three days; after August 24, no stamps other than the new 1861s would be accepted. Although the 3¢ and 12¢ 1857 Issue stamps were still valid when this reached Louisville, the fact that they originated on a letter from a Confederate state rendered them invalid, and the Adams office had to affix the strip of 5¢ stamps at lower left to prepay the 15¢ treaty rate to France.

At the New York foreign-mail office, the clerk bagged the letter for the Havre Line Fulton sailing on August 17 and applied a 3¢ credit to France. Later in 1861 both of the Havre Line's ships, the Fulton and Arago, were commissioned as transport ships during the war and were not returned to mail service until late in 1865.

A history of the Arnaud de Vitrolles family may be found at http://gillesdubois.blogspot.com/2007/05/arnaud-de-vitrolles.html . A cover from the same correspondence with the same August 7 dateline was sold in the Gross U.S. Treasures sale (Sale 1188, lot 62). It was carried by Adams Express, but reached Louisville on August 21 and was stamped with the new 30¢ 1861 Issue. At New York it was put on a Cunard steamer. The two covers were sold to Mr. Gross in the Siegel sale of the Barry K. Schwartz collection (Sale 981, lots 4123 and 4124). They tell a remarkable story of Civil War postal history.

E. 50,000-75,000
Future Sale
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375°
c
Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 375, Civil War Postal History, Adams Express cover carried across the lines in August 1861 after suspension of the mails

"Adams Ex. Co. * Louisville, Ky. * Aug. 12, 1861", clear strike of circular datestamp on 3¢ Red on Buff Star Die entire (U27) to New York City, 3¢ Dull Red, Type III (26) cancelled by blue grid with matching "Louisville Ky. Aug. 13, 1861" circular datestamp, receipt docketing of August 15, 1861, at left

Very Fine example of mail carried from the South to the North across the lines, after the regular transmission of mail along pre-war postal routes was suspended. This is also an unusual combination of a 3¢ adhesive and a 3¢ entire on this type of mail. The 3¢ adhesive was probably affixed by the Adams office in Louisville to avoid having the prepaid postage rejected as Southern contraband.

Ex Stephen D. Brown, Lawrence L. Shenfield and Robert W. Wiseman. Special Routes census no. N-AD-64.

E. 1,500-2,000
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376°
c
Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 376, Civil War Postal History, Perfect strike of the "Mails Suspended" oval on a corner card cover to Richmond, Virginia, with a Post Office Department return envelope and a poignant letter inquiring about a Union prisoner from the Battle of Chancellorsville

"MAILS SUSPENDED", perfectly struck oval handstamp on cover to Confederate Brigadier General John H. Winder at Richmond, endorsed "via Washington D.C.", 3¢ Rose (65), interpane margin at left, placed over coal dealer's corner card and tied by "Philadelphia Pa. May 16, 1863" circular datestamp, with original enclosure from a "Widowed Mother" inquiring as to the whereabouts of one William Shermer, she asks "...whether you have any knowledge of Wm. A. Shermer of Collis's Zouaves supposed to have been taken prisoner in the late Battle of May 3rd", this being the Battle of Chancellorsville, the woman adds a postscript "Enclosed please find 10¢", presumably for Confederate postage, also included is the original Post Office Department Return Letter Office printed envelope used to return this cover and letter (opened roughly at right), the notation "10cts" below the address refers to the money enclosure, 6¢ postage due was collected from the sender

Very Fine; a few faint toned spots on Mails Suspended cover not affecting stamp or markings, stamp with corner crease.

This extremely rare cover demonstrates "Mails Suspended" treatment of mail to the Confederate Commissary General of Prisoners, John H. Winder. It is especially desirable and unusual with the original enclosure referencing the Battle of Chancellorsville and the Post Office Department returned-letter envelope.

The sender, a self-described "Widowed Mother," was evidently not familiar with the procedure for locating Union soldiers taken prisoner by Confederate forces. Rather than follow the formal flag-of-truce mail procedure, she simply addressed her letter to Brigadier General Winder at Richmond. Despite the "Please Forward" notation, this attempt to send mail across the lines was rejected and the cover was sent to the Dead Letter Office.

Ex William F. Murphy.

E. 4,000-5,000
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377°
c
Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 377, Civil War Postal History, The only complete postally used set of Lincoln-Davis "5 Rounds" Prize Fight cartoon envelopes--with two additional "The Champion Belt" envelopes--forming one of the most outstanding Civil War Patriotic cover groups extant

"CHAMPION PRIZE ENVELOPE LINCOLN & DAVIS IN 5 ROUNDS", five envelopes with cartoon designs comprising the original "5 Rounds" prize fight between U.S. President Abraham Lincoln and C.S.A. President Jefferson Davis, in black on white, imprints at bottom left "Published by J. H. TINGLEY 152-1/2 Fulton St. N. Y." and at bottom right "Entered according to Act of Congress in the Year 1861 by T. S. Peirce in the Clerks Office of the Southern District of New York", all five from one correspondence to John E. Miller in Oxford, New York, with "Princeton N.J." circular datestamp (Rounds 1, 3-5) and "Hamilton N.Y." circular datestamp (Round 2), each with 3¢ Rose (65) tied by grid or datestamp, and two additional envelopes with variation of 5th Round "The Champion Belt" design with new caption "ARMY ENVELOPE OR THE UNION WE FIGHT FOR", one in red on white with "Port Royal S.C. Apr. 19" circular datestamp and "Due 3" straightline handstamp, and other in red on buff with "Georgetown D.C. Feb. 11" circular datestamp tying 3¢ Rose (65)

Very Fine overall condition; covers with some minor edgewear, 1st Round with small nicks from opening, not seriously affecting appearance, some hinge residue on backs, and the red on buff envelope slightly reduced.

Although unused sets of the famous Lincoln-Davis Prize Fight envelopes are offered with some frequency, there are very few used examples of any of these designs. George Walcott, the pioneering collector of Civil War Patriotics whose collection was sold in 1935, owned the 2nd through 5th Rounds and the red on white "Champion Belt" design (lots 164-168 in Walcott sale--all five offered here), but evidently he was missing the 1st Round and the red on buff "Champion Belt" variation. Katherine Matthies acquired all five of Walcott's covers and added the 1st Round to complete the set. The Matthies set was acquired by Blake Myers, and when his collection of Union Patriotics was sold by Christie's Robson Lowe (3/12-13/1991), the six Lincoln-Davis Prize Fight covers sold to Janos Gabriel, who added the "Champion Belt" red on buff cover. All seven were sold to William H. Gross in Siegel Sale 784 (lot 2126).

2nd-5th Rounds and "Champion Belt" red on white, ex George Walcott; the Walcott set plus 1st Round, ex Katherine Matthies, Blake Myers and Janos Gabriel; additional "Champion Belt" red on buff, ex Gabriel.

E. 20,000-30,000
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378°
c
Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 378, Civil War Postal History, A colorful "Angell" correspondence Patriotic cover to France with the 3¢ and 24¢ 1861 Issue

24¢ Red Lilac (70), deep rich color and well-centered, used with horizontal pair of 3¢ Rose (65), tied by neat strikes of large "Paid" grids and 24¢ tied by red "Boston Paid 12 Oct. 10" (1862) 12¢ credit datestamp on red and blue "The Union. It must be preserved." Waving Flag Patriotic cover to Paris, France, red Calais arrival datestamp also ties 24¢, red boxed "P.D." handstamp and receiving backstamp, Very Fine and fresh, an unusually beautiful 24¢ 1861 Issue Patriotic cover to France from the Angell correspondence, ex Matthies, Haas, Paliafito, Ishikawa, Gabriel and "Sevenoaks"

History and Commentary

The Angell Correspondence

Dr. Henry C. Angell was a Boston optometrist who spent considerable time traveling in Europe. Covers are known sent to him in France, Italy, England, Germany and Austria, plus a few forwarded to other destinations. Dr. Angell was an art collector and undoubtedly appreciated the wide variety of Civil War patriotic envelopes mailed to him overseas.

E. 5,000-7,500
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379°
c
Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 379, Civil War Postal HistoryAn outstanding "Angell" cover depicting General George B, An outstanding "Angell" cover depicting General George BAn outstanding "Angell" cover depicting General George B. McClellan and franked with the 24¢ 1861 Issue

24¢ Lilac (78), interpane margin at left with centerline, wonderful depth of color, single pulled perf at top not mentioned on either certificate, tied by bold grid of diamonds cancel on "Gen McClellan" Patriotic cover to London, England, red "Boston Am. Pkt. 21 Jun. 24" (1864) 21¢ credit datestamp, credit portion struck out in red by postal clerk who applied "Boston Am. Pkt. 3 Paid Jun. 24" 3¢ credit datestamp, red "London Paid' receiving datestamp (July 7), the beard and moustache have some minor contemporary enhancements in black ink, Extremely Fine, an outstanding McClellan Patriotic cover to London from the Angell correspondence, ex Matthies, Paliafito and Ishikawa, with 1993 and 2010 P.F. certificates--the former specifically stating that the manuscript embellishments in the design are contemporary

History and Commentary

The Angell Correspondence

Dr. Henry C. Angell was a Boston optometrist who spent considerable time traveling in Europe. Covers are known sent to him in France, Italy, England, Germany and Austria, plus a few forwarded to other destinations. Dr. Angell was an art collector and undoubtedly appreciated the wide variety of Civil War patriotic envelopes mailed to him overseas.

E. 5,000-7,500
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380°
c
Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 380, Civil War Postal History, An extraordinary and very rare hand-colored Magnus illustration of the Patterson Park General Hospital in Baltimore, with the overall design, the 3¢ 1861 stamp and neatly written address all on the same side--perfection

3¢ Rose (65), tied by extremely bold "Alexandria Va. Nov. 2 '64" double-circle datestamp and target cancel on overall hand-colored lithographed Magnus Patriotic cover depicting the Patterson Park General Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, an elaborate "bird's eye" view of the compound including buildings, soldiers and a horse-drawn cart, the sender apparently experienced difficulty deciding where to place the address--starting with a few letters at the top and stopping, discreetly completing the address at left and then again on the back

Very Fine; stamp with single pulled perf at right.

This is an enormously rare Magnus hospital design. It was one of the highlights of the Civil War Patriotic covers in the Kantor collection of Sanitary Fairs sold through the Siegel firm (Sale 766A).

Ex Marjorie and Alvin R. Kantor, and illustrated in their book, Sanitary Fairs: A Philatelic and Historical Study of Civil War Benevolences (fig. 220).

E. 4,000-5,000
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381°
c
Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 381, Civil War Postal HistorySuperb Leeds & Franklin patented window envelope with U.S, Superb Leeds & Franklin patented window envelope with U.SSuperb Leeds & Franklin patented window envelope with U.S. Sanitary Commission imprint

3¢ Rose (65), carefully affixed beside window of Leeds & Franklin lattice window patent envelope and tied by blue "Balto. Paid" double-circle cancel, matching "Baltimore Md. Jul. 15" circular datestamp, U.S. Sanitary Commission corner card and addressed to O. C. Bullard (Special Relief Agent of U.S. Sanitary Commission) at Philadelphia, enclosure on Sanitary Commission letterhead mentions New York draft riots of 1863, Extremely Fine, probably the finest example extant of this rare patent envelope which beautifully preserves the window lattice of the Leeds & Franklin envelope, while this is a positive for the collector, it demonstrates the sender's misunderstanding of the purpose of the envelope, which was to have the stamp and dated postmark become affixed to the enclosed letter when the letter was removed (see the following lot for an example where this occurred), ex J. S. Rich, Perry and Kantor (fig. 20 in their book)

E. 1,000-1,500
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382°
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Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 382, Civil War Postal HistoryU.S, U.SU.S. Sanitary Commission imprint on a Leeds & Franklin patented window envelope

3¢ Rose (65), affixed as intended over the window of Leeds & Franklin lattice window patent envelope and tied by blue "PAID" straightline handstamp, matching "Baltimore Md. Jul. 23" (1863) circular datestamp, with U.S. Sanitary Commission corner card, addressed to O. C. Bullard (Special Relief Agent of U.S. Sanitary Commission) at Philadelphia, enclosure on Sanitary Commission letterhead dated July 23, 1863, which bears the entire stamp and "Paid" marking, small tear above window and stamp with single pulled perf (the result of opening), still Very Fine, the purpose of the envelope, which was to have the stamp and dated postmark become affixed to the enclosed letter when the letter was removed, was apparently learned by the sender between mailings of this cover and the one in the previous lot, ex J. S. Rich, Perry and Kantor (fig. 20 in their book)

E. 1,000-1,500
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383°
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Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 383, Civil War Postal History, Rare example of the Brooklyn and Long Island Sanitary Fair Issue on cover with the Fair handstamp--one of the finest known examples of this rarity on cover

Brooklyn and Long Island Sanitary Fair, (15¢) Green (WV4), Position 11, three large margins, touched at left, affixed at opposite corner of cover with "Brooklyn & L.I. Fair 1864" circular fair handstamp, addressed to Mr. Saml. M. Welch, Sanitary Fair, Brooklyn, N.Y., sender's note "Paid" under stamp

Fresh and Extremely Fine. An immaculate and very rare cover, with the Brooklyn and Long Island Sanitary Fair stamp and handstamped marking confirming it originated.

Ex Marjorie and Alvin R. Kantor, and illustrated in their book, Sanitary Fairs: A Philatelic and Historical Study of Civil War Benevolences (fig. 76).

E. 3,000-4,000
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384°
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Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 384, Civil War Postal History, Illustrated Metropolitan Fair cover with 3¢ 1861 Issue

3¢ Rose (65), tied by circle of wedges cancel with "New-York Feb. 3, 1864" duplex double-circle datestamp on "Metropolitan Fair for the U.S. Sanitary Commission" corner card illustrated cover, depicting a wounded soldier on a stretcher with Sanitary Commission nurses in attendance, Williams imprint, addressed to Matteawan, New York, printed notice on back recommending express companies to ship donations, left stamp with small corner crease, Extremely Fine, scarce design, ex Kantor and illustrated in their book (fig. 95)

E. 400-500
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385°
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Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 385, Civil War Postal History, Beautiful Metropolitan Fair illustrated cover with 3¢ 1861 stamp and fancy cancel

3¢ Rose (65), tied by 4-point Star in Circle fancy cancel, "New-York Feb. 27, 1864" duplex double-circle datestamp on "Metropolitan Fair for the U.S. Sanitary Commission, Receiving Depot, 2 Great Jones Street New York" corner card illustrated cover, depicting a wounded soldier on a stretcher with Sanitary Commission nurses in attendance, Williams imprint, printed notice on back recommending express companies to ship donations, addressed to Patent Office in Washington D.C., stamp with clipped perfs at bottom, Very Fine example of this scarce design, ex Kantor and illustrated in their book (fig. 96)

E. 400-500
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386°
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Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 386, Civil War Postal History, Citizens Volunteer Hospital illustrated cover with 3¢ 1861 Issue

3¢ Rose (65), tied by grid cancel with "Philadelphia Pa. Feb. 26, 1863" circular datestamp on overall lithographed Citizen's Volunteer Hospital cover, wonderful design in purple with panel depicting hospital building flying an American flag, soldiers, mounted rider and civilians, Duval & Son Ltd. imprint, addressed to Wilmington, Delaware, backflap mostly missing, Extremely Fine and beautiful example of this rare hospital design, the Citizens Volunteer Hospital was situated opposite the Philadelphia, Wilmington, & Baltimore Railroad depot at the corner of Broad Street and Washington Avenue in Philadelphia, the hospital provided critical care to the most seriously wounded Civil War soldiers before their reassignment to other hospitals, it was operated until August 11, 1865, this cover wonderfully conveys the scope of its activity and appearance, ex Kantor and illustrated in their book (fig. 262)

E. 1,000-1,500
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387°
c
Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 387, Civil War Postal History, Union Volunteer Refreshment Saloon and Hospital illustrated cover with 3¢ 1861 Issue

3¢ Rose (65), tied by grid cancel and "Philadelphia Pa. Jan. 10, 1864" circular datestamp on overall Union Volunteer Refreshment Saloon and Hospital illustrated cover to Roxbury, Massachusetts, exceptional design in purple depicting view of building, soldiers and civilians, immaculate condition, Extremely Fine, a superb Civil War illustrated design and one of the finest examples extant, the Union Volunteer and Refreshment Saloon was a privately funded way station, where troops traveling to and from the war could find a home-cooked meal, a place to rest and wash up, and could write a letter--tables were provided with writing materials and letters were sent without charge, the hospital provided care primarily for the wounded and sick who were on their way back to their families, ex Kantor and illustrated in their book (fig. 259)

E. 1,000-1,500
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388°
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Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 388, Civil War Postal History, Cooper Shop Volunteer Refreshment Saloon Patriotic cover with 3¢ 1861 Issue

3¢ Rose (65), cancelled by dotted cork cancel with "Philadelphia Pa. Aug. 25, 1861" octagonal datestamp on Cooper Shop Volunteer Refreshment Saloon Patriotic cover, design depicts a red and blue 34-star flag with imprint, addressed to Lynn, Massachusetts, with matching flag letterhead original enclosure, stamp with small tear at left, Extremely Fine appearing and very rare Patriotic soldier relief design, a marvelous exhibition pair, ex Kantor and illustrated in their book (fig. 254)

E. 750-1,000
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389°
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Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 389, Civil War Postal History, Great Central Fair illustrated cover printed in red with 2¢ Black Jack

2¢ Black (73), tied by "Philadelphia Pa. Apr. 18, 1864" double-circle datestamp on unsealed Great Central Fair for the Sanitary Commission cover to Salem, New Jersey, with illustrated battlefield scene in red depicting fallen soldier and "From Office of the Committee on Labor, Income and Revenues, 118 So. Seventh St. Phila" imprint, Extremely Fine and beautiful example of this Sanitary Fair design in red, bearing the 2¢ Black Jack, ex Kantor and illustrated in their book (fig. 134)

E. 750-1,000
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390°
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Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 390, Civil War Postal History, 2¢ Black Jack on an immaculate Great Central Fair illustrated cover

2¢ Black (73), tied by "Philada. Pa. Post Office Mar. 11 1st '64" double-circle datestamp on Great Central Fair for the Sanitary Commission cover to Philadelphia street address, with illustrated battlefield scene in black depicting fallen soldier, slightly reduced at right, Very Fine example of this Sanitary Fair design in black, bearing a matching 2¢ Black Jack, ex Kantor and illustrated in their book (fig. 132)

E. 500-750
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391°
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Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 391, Civil War Postal History, One of only two full covers bearing a complete set of the Great Central Fair stamps

Great Central Fair, Philadelphia, 10¢ Blue, 20¢ Green, 30¢ Black (WV11-WV13), complete set neatly affixed together on cover addressed to "Mr. Bispham, Central Fair P.O.", "Great Central Fair. June 11, 1864" circular datestamp ties 20¢ at right, second clear strike to the left of 10¢ stamp (10¢ and 30¢ uncancelled)

Very Fine overall; light soiling, vertical fold just barely affects 10¢ stamp.

This outstanding rarity of Civil War postal history is one of only two recorded complete covers bearing the full set of three Great Central Fair stamps. A third set is known on backflaps trimmed from an envelope.

On June 13, 1861, President Lincoln signed a document giving the Sanitary Commission semi-official status. Its purpose was to support sick and wounded soldiers. However, funds were not provided to carry on the work, so Sanitary Commission fairs were organized as fundraisers and to enlist volunteers.

The Great Central Fair, held in Philadelphia from June 7 to 28, 1864, was the largest and best-organized of all the fairs. To raise funds, President Lincoln signed 48 copies of a special authorized edition of the Emancipation Proclamation; 26 are known to survive--Siegel sold one of the last in private hands in 2012 for $2,127,500. The Philadelphia fair was the only one attended by Lincoln, whose passionate speech caused such an outpouring of emotions among spectators that officials decided it would be dangerous for him to attend another.

Eight Sanitary Fairs issued stamps, but the Philadelphia fair produced stamps that exceed all others in their complexity and beauty. They were printed by Butler and Carpenter of Philadelphia (Carpenter was a member of the Post Office Committee of the fair). It depicts an eagle at center, similar to the James A. Clark Match stamp (Scott RO62). 34 stars were added to the background, for each of the states in the Union prior to the onset of the Civil War. These are also the only perforated Sanitary Fair stamps.

Three denominations were printed--10¢, 20¢ and 30¢--and the stamps were valid for use within the fair. Additional postage stamps were required for delivery within or beyond Philadelphia. The stamps were sold by young ladies at the fair's post office booth, who would write a poem or note to the addressee--the length depended on the denomination purchased. Four thousand such enclosures were prepared in advance. We record only two covers bearing a complete set of the Great Central Fair stamps, plus a back panel of a cover bearing a set.

Ex Marjorie and Alvin R. Kantor, and illustrated in their book, Sanitary Fairs: A Philatelic and Historical Study of Civil War Benevolences (fig. 113).

E. 5,000-7,500
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392°
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Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 392, Civil War Postal History, Great Central Fair 20¢ Green on a superb cover

Great Central Fair, Philadelphia, 20¢ Green (WV12), well-centered, rich color, tied by "Great Central Fair. June 28, 1864" circular datestamp on the last day of the fair, second strike also ties stamp on immaculate cover addressed to "Mr. Kline, Central Fair", probably A. C. Kline, a pioneering Philadelphia stamp and coin dealer who must have been keenly interested in the Sanitary Commission post office at the Great Central Fair, Extremely Fine, easily one of the finest of the fewer than 20 recorded covers bearing stamps of the Great Central Fair, ex White (1937 sale), Steele and Kantor (illustrated in their book, fig. 114)

E. 2,000-3,000
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393°
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Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 393, Civil War Postal History, Northern Ohio Sanitary Fair corner card cover addressed to Brazil

Northern Ohio Sanitary Fair, Cleveland, Ohio, 22d February, 1864, three-line imprint in truncated frame on buff cover addressed to Hon. James Monroe (nephew of President Monroe) at U.S. Consul in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, "Cleveland O. Feb. 8" double-circle datestamp, matching "15" in oval handstamp stating unpaid rate to France, "New York 9 Feb. 13" debit circular datestamp, endorsed "Pr. French Packet via Bordeaux", red Calais transit datestamp (February 25), Bordeaux "F/23" handstamp and red pencil "540" reis Brazilian postage due below imprint, Extremely Fine, the Northern Ohio Sanitary Fair envelopes are scarce in any form and this use to a foreign destination is believed to be unique, ex Kantor and illustrated in their book (fig. 179)

E. 750-1,000
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394°
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Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 394, Civil War Postal History, Magnificent bicolored Confederate advertising cover mailed within Texas

"Dallas Tex. Aug. 20", clear strike of circular datestamp and manuscript "pd 5" Confederate rate on John Gooch's Law & Collection Exchange overall illustrated advertising cover, lovely design in pink with woodcut vignette in green, showing farmer, livestock, Indian, train and mountains in background, text in frame at left in green reads "Claims collected in Eastern and Middle Texas. Remittances Promptly Made in Sight Drafts on Galveston, New Orleans, or New York", additional printing on flap, 1861 docketing at right, original 4-page enclosure in a peculiar but readable script, mostly regarding a controversy over land, though towards the end the war intrudes: "Don't entertain the idea of going off to the wars. We have duties to perform at home as well as abroad, there are enough who are prepared & willing to go, & when our state is invaded or about to be, thens the time for us. I have a first rate shot gun for my wife who can load & shoot as well as I can & as fast. She can beat me a long ways shooting Mr. Prairie Chicken." There is also talk of a Colonel Stone raising "a Regiment for Mo.", etc.

Very Fine; cover slightly reduced at left just touching outer frame of design.

This is one of the most stunning Confederate illustrated designs in existence--reminiscent of obsolete currency of the period as well as the Confederate Montgomery $500 note. Only a handful are known.

E. 4,000-5,000
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395°
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Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 395, Civil War Postal History, Bicolored Confederate advertising cover from Texas with a pair of the 5¢ Blue Local Print

5¢ Blue, Local (7), horizontal pair, clear to large margins, tied by "Palestine Tex. Mar. 9" circular datestamp on John Gooch's Law & Collection Exchange overall illustrated advertising cover, lovely design in gray with woodcut vignette in green, showing farmer, livestock, Indian, train and mountains in background, text in frame at left in green reads "Claims collected in Eastern and Middle Texas. Remittances Promptly Made in Sight Drafts on Galveston, New Orleans, or New York"

Very Fine appearance; cover reduced at top with staining along a small tear, also a small tear at right and right stamp with creases.

One of the most stunning Confederate illustrated designs in existence--reminiscent of obsolete currency of the period as well as the Confederate Montgomery $500 note. This is the only example we have encountered among the tiny population with this design that is franked with Confederate adhesive stamps. It would make the perfect "page" with the cover in lot 394, the same design in different colors.

Ex Van Dyk MacBride and Rex H. Felton.

E. 3,000-4,000
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