1¢ Blue, Type I (18), Plate 12, remarkably choice centering with wide top and bottom margins, tied by blue "Clarksville Ten. Apr. 24, 1861" circular datestamp on 1¢ Blue on Buff Star Die entire (U19) to Henderson, Kentucky, fresh and beautiful
Extremely Fine and rare combination of the 1¢ 1857 Type I Franklin stamp and 1861 1¢ Franklin Star Die entire paying the circular rate, mailed 12 days before Tennessee's secession referendum.
Ex Henry C. Gibson, Sr., Louis Grunin, Robert Zoellner, Jonathan W. Rose and "Sevenoaks."
1¢ Blue, Type Ia (19), Position 94R4, extraordinarily well-centered with perforations just barely touching bottom plumes, bright shade and proof-like impression, tied by single clear strike of "New-York Aug. 1" circular datestamp on blue July 10, 1857 folded prices current from Chillington Iron Works, Liverpool, England, to Providence, Rhode Island, printed circular states "Per Steamer Asia" (sailed July 11, 1857) but probably carried under cover on the next Cunard sailing of the Europa, departing Liverpool on July 18, 1857, and arriving at Boston July 31
Extremely Fine Gem stamp on an immaculate cover. This beautiful Type Ia cover was featured prominently in the William West and Saul Newbury sales and is regarded by many as the finest single known on cover.
Type Ia stamps were produced from 18 of the 20 bottom-row positions on Plate 4. After perforations were introduced in mid-1857, sheets on hand printed from Plates 1 Late and 2 were fed through the new perforating machine, but the narrow spaces between stamps made perforating difficult to accomplish without cutting into the designs. Plate 4 was produced in early 1857 when the introduction of perforations was anticipated; thus, it was entered from a new six-relief transfer roll, and the spaces between stamps were enlarged to allow for perforations. Some Plate 4 sheets were issued in imperforate form (April to June 1857), while the greater portion was issued perforated beginning in July 1857, along with perforated sheets from Plates 1L and 2.
Plate 4's most distinctive feature is that the top row (Positions 1-10L and 1-10R) was entered with the designs complete at top (Type II) and the bottom row (Positions 91-100L and 91-100R) was entered with designs complete or nearly complete at bottom (Types Ia and Ic). Although the plate layout provided sufficient space for perforations, the height of the top-row and bottom-row designs was larger than others in the sheet, which resulted in perforations cutting into either the top or bottom rows, depending on which direction the sheet was fed into the perforator. Type Ia and Ic stamps from the bottom row are almost always cut into at bottom, an unfortunate situation for collectors because the bottom part of the design is what makes Type Ia and Ic stamps desirable.
The example offered here, showing the full type characteristics at bottom, is a true condition rarity. The stamp on this cover was considered by Ashbrook to be one of the finest examples of the perforated Type Ia in existence (the West catalogue states "Stanley Ashbrook stops for about an hour to gloat over this piece which he considers the finest 1¢ 1857 cover known to American Philately").
Ex William West, Saul Newbury, Louis Grunin and Robert Zoellner. Illustrated in Brookman, United States Postage Stamps of the 19th Century, Vol. I (p. 186).
1¢ Blue, Type II (20), Positions 9-10R4, horizontal pair from the top row of Plate 4, right stamp shows distinctive double transfer, extraordinary wide-spaced perforations, stamps centered to right, used with horizontal pair of 3¢ Dull Red, Type III (26) and cancelled by "New Haven Ct." circular datestamp on folded brown wrapper to New York City
Very Fine and almost certainly a unique use of the 1¢ perforated Type II from the top row of Plate 4 with wide-spaced perforations on a newspaper wrapper.
The wide-spacing perforations occurred infrequently during the perforating of Plate 4, either along the top row (Type II) or bottom row (Type Ia), depending on the direction of the printed sheet as it was run through the perforating machine. The Scott Catalogue footnote after No. 19 (Type Ia) describes this characteristic, but it is not noted after No. 20 from Plate 4.
Ex Louis Grunin and "Sevenoaks."
1¢ Blue, Type II (20), horizontal pair from the top row of Plate 4, choice centering with full design at top, dark shade, fine impression, tied by "New Orleans La." circular datestamp on (December?) 1858 blue folded cover to Genoa, Italy, manuscript "Open Circular" and "Per Steamer", manuscript "15" due marking, red "Genova" backstamp dated January 24, 1859, Extremely Fine pair of the 1857 Perforated Type II on a pristine circular-rate cover to Italy, multiples of top-row Plate 4 stamps, perforated or imperforate, are extremely rare, and this superb perforated pair on a circular-rate cover to Italy ranks among the very finest examples, ex "Sevenoaks", with 1998 P.F. certificate
1¢ Blue, Type III, IIIa (21, 22), three singles from Plate 4, left stamp Type III, other two Type IIIa, deep rich color, tied by "Milwaukee Wis. May 25" circular datestamps on orange-buff cover to Middlebury, Vermont, also bearing beautifully clear strike of "Middlebury R. & B. R. R., 1858, Jun. 4" oval datestamp, fresh and Very Fine cover with a combination of Types III and IIIa, the recipient was a postmaster and station agent for the railroad and probably applied the oval datestamp to record the date of arrival, ex Grunin and "Sevenoaks", with 1988 P.F. certificate
1¢ Blue, Type IIIa (22), Plate 4, horizontal strip of three, deep rich color, tied by neat "South Dedham Ms. Feb. 22" circular datestamp on yellow cover to New York City, small spindle hole at bottom, fresh and Very Fine strip of the 1¢ Type IIIa on cover, ex Caspary and "Sevenoaks"
1¢ Blue, Type IV (23), Plate 1L, recut once at top and bottom, rich color nicely contrasted by vivid red "Providence R.I. Feb. 3, 1858" circular datestamp on diminutive cover to local addressee, fresh and Very Fine, a beautiful and colorful use of the perforated 1¢ 1857 from Plate 1 Late, with 1991 P.F. certificate
1¢ Blue, Type V (24), three singles affixed slightly overlapping, cancelled by bold red grids, matching "Vernon Vt. Oct. 31" circular datestamp on illustrated Fremont 1860 campaign cover to Amherst Massachusetts, J.E. Tilton imprint, some trivial edgewear, Very Fine and rare Fremont campaign design, showing a cavalry charge against Indians, ex "Sevenoaks"
1¢ Blue, Type V (24), three singles, bright shade, each has straight edge at right, tied by two clear strikes of "Saint Louis Mo. Apr. 21, 1860" circular datestamps on orange-buff cover with Coach Body Polishing illustrated corner card to New York City, design depicts a wooden barrel, right stamp minor corner wrinkles at top left, fresh and Very Fine use of three 1¢ Type V stamps on an illustrated cover, ex Jacobs and "Sevenoaks"
1¢ Blue, Type V (24), two horizontal strips of three arranged as a strip of six, tied by three strikes of "San Francisco Cal. Apr. 20, 1859" circular datestamp on light yellow cover to Santa Cruz, California, fresh and Very Fine, an unusual double-rate intra-West Coast use of the 1¢ Type V, ex Newbury and "Sevenoaks"
1¢ Blue, Type V (24), vertical block of eight, near perfect centering, tied by "Harrington N.C. Aug. 1" circular datestamps on 3¢ Red on Buff Nesbitt entire (U10) to New York City, Extremely Fine, a remarkably fresh and sound large multiple of the 1¢ Type V on cover, ex "Sevenoaks", with 1991 P.F. certificate
3¢ Rose, Type I (25), pre-printing paper fold, tied by "Schenectady N.Y. Mar. 24" (1859) circular datestamp on forwarded cover originating in Canada with horizontal pair of Canada, 1852, 3p Red on Wove (4; SG 18), large margins to in at right, bottom left corner clipped, tied by "18" in concentric circles cancel from Kingston, red "CANADA" in framed arc with matching "Kingston U.C. Mr. 20 '59" circular datestamp, forwarded to Painted Post, New York, small edge nicks and tears at left and right have been skillfully mended, Very Fine and beautiful appearance, a remarkable and very rare combination of the 3¢ Type I Perforated 1857 Issue and Canadian 1852 3p Imperforate issue, ex Piller, with 1994 B.P.A. certificate
3¢ Dull Red, Type III (26), tied by "Holmes Hole Ms. Nov. 2" (1857) circular datestamp on buff cover to Kema, Isle of Celebes, East Indies, addressed to Captain James L. Smith of the whaling ship Newark, in care of the governor of Kema, with part of rate paid in cash, "PAID" straightline handstamp, red "New-York Br. Pkt. Nov. 3" circular datestamp, red "London Paid" transit datestamp (November 17), manuscript rates including "73" crossed out and "56" magenta credit--carried on the Cunarder Europa, departing Boston November 4, 1857, arriving Liverpool November 16--manuscript "30" Dutch cents due from addressee, overall toning and slight crease, Fine and attractive, a rare and unusual use of the 3¢ 1857 Issue on cover to Indonesia, ex Piller, with 1993 P.F. certificate
3¢ Dull Red, Type IV, Imperforate Vertically (26Af), horizontal strip of three, no trace of perforations in the vertical direction, centered slightly to bottom, tied by large "Paid" grid cancels and red "Boston Ms. Apr. 20, 1859" circular datestamp on cover to St. Louis, Missouri, accompanied by February 9, 1859 enclosure
Very Fine appearance; left stamp has sealed tear, minor cover edge nicks and tears have been expertly improved--these trivial flaws are immaterial.
This is the unique example of the 3¢ 1857 Type IV Imperforate Vertically. One of the great rarities of this foundational stamp of United States classics collecting.
The 3¢ 1857 Type IV (Scott 26A) is distinguished by its non-continuous or broken vertical framelines between entries. It comes only from Plates 10 and 11 and is the result of individual recutting of the framelines. All other 3¢ plates (9 and 12-28) show continuous vertical framelines and produced the far more common Type III stamps (Scott 26).
The 3¢ Imperforate Vertically variety is a great rarity for both the Type III and Type IV stamps. Only two or three examples are recorded of the Type III Imperforate Vertically--a used single with imprint and plate no. (ex Piller and Hulme), a single on cover on which the P.F. declined to opine the last time it was submitted in 2015 (ex Chase), and an unused pair (ex Piller and Wagshal). This is the only recorded example of the 3¢ Type IV Imperforate Vertically. Prior to 1997 specialists were unaware that this strip is Type IV, not Type III so at one time it was identified as the old Scott 26b (and offered as such in our 1966 Rarities sale). It has been correctly identified and is now listed in Scott with the footnote "unique."
Ex Dr. John L. Robertson and William S. Floyd. With copy of 1950 and 1997 P.F. certificates (the latter issued under the old Scott 26a variety).
5¢ Brick Red (27), block of four, brilliant color, intact perfs at right with part of adjoining straddle-pane margin, centered a bit to left but better than usual centering, faint pre-use crease in right pair ending in a tear at bottom of upper right stamp, manuscript cancels and tied by fancy "Stoneham Mass. Sep. 26, 1859" circular datestamp with scroll on cover to Stanbridge, Canada, red "United States 6d" double-line oval handstamp, Montreal and West Farnham backstamps
A Very Fine cover which bears the only recorded used block of the 5¢ Brick Red. A wonderful showpiece and one of the outstanding examples of classic perforated multiples.
Many collectors know this issue by type and shade, but few are aware of the order of production (or release). This state of confusion is partly due to the Scott Catalogue. The distinctive Brick Red shade of the 5¢ 1857 Issue comes first in the series of Scott-listed perforated 5¢ issues, but its true release date comes later in the sequence.
Based on dated covers, the 5¢ Type I shades were released in the following order: 1) Red Brown, Scott 28, EDU 8/23/1857; 2) Indian Red, Scott 28A, EDU 3/31/1858; 3) Brick Red, Scott 27, EDU 10/6/1858; and 4) Brown, Scott 29, EDU 3/21/1859, almost certainly the last printing from the first 5¢ plate. The second 5¢ plate was made from a new six-relief transfer roll with the design projections cut away at top and bottom, to varying degrees. The Type II Brown was issued first (Scott 30A, EDU 5/4/1860), and the Orange Brown printing from the same plate followed about one year later (Scott 30, EDU 5/8/1861).
We record only two blocks of the 5¢ Brick Red, this used block on cover and the original-gum block last sold in our 2018 William H. Gross United States Stamp Treasures sale (Sale 1188, lot 47). This double-rate cover to Canada is accompanied by a matching 10¢ Green, Type V (35) on cover from the same correspondence.
Ex Stephen D. Bechtel (1993 Rarities of the World sale). Illustrated in Hill, United States Five Cent Stamp of 1856-1861 (p. 55). With 1994 P.F. certificate.
5¢ Red Brown (28), horizontal strip of six, well-centered, rich color, tied by clear strikes of "Charleston S.C. Apr. 16, 1858" circular datestamp on blue folded cover to Lille, France, red "Boston 21 Apr. Paid 24" 24¢ credit datestamp--carried on the Cunarder America, departing Boston on April 21, 1858, and arriving at Liverpool May 4--French arrival datestamp (May 4) and "P.D." in frame struck twice, receiving backstamps
Very Fine strip and cover. No strip larger than six is recorded on cover, and this is the finest of the few known 5¢ 1857 multiple uses.
Illustrated in Hill, United States Five Cent Stamp of 1856-1861 (p. 45) and Bakers' U.S. Classics (p. 141). Ex Howard Lehman, J. David Baker, Walter C. Klein (where it was illustrated on the front cover of the postal history sale) and "Sevenoaks."
5¢ Indian Red (28A), three pairs and two singles, the two pairs at left arranged in block form, well-centered, rich color, three stamps with interpane margins and centerline, four stamps have negligible faults, used with 1¢ Blue, Type V (24) and tied by "New Orleans La. Jan. 19, 1859" circular datestamp struck five times on folded letter to Brussels, Belgium, paying the 42¢ French mail rate for one ounce (a second 1¢ is missing to left), "Boston Am. Pkt. Jan. 28" circular datestamp on back--carried on the Inman Line City of Washington, departing New York January 29, 1859, and arriving at Liverpool February 11--French arrival datestamp (February 12) and framed "P.D." handstamp, transit and receiving backstamps
Very Fine appearance and unique. This wonderful artifact of the 1857 Perforated issue bears the largest number of 5¢ Indian Red stamps known on one cover.
Ex Alfred H. Caspary, Philip G. Rust, Dr. Leonard Kapiloff and from our 1987 Rarities of the World sale (consigned by Rust). Signed by Stanley B. Ashbrook with his notes on back. Illustrated in Rose, The First United States Perforated Stamps--The 1857 Issue (p. 40). With 1992 P.F. certificate. The total Scott value of the 5¢ Indian Red stamps off cover is $29,500.00.
5¢ Brown (29), vertical pair, rich color and attractive centering, bottom stamp couple short perfs at bottom, tied by "Hallowell Me. Oct. 3, 1859" circular datestamp on orange-buff cover to Nevada, California, barely reduced at left, Very Fine and attractive use of a pair of the 5¢ 1857 Type I in the Brown shade on a transcontinental cover to California, ex Gibson, Krug and Haas
5¢ Orange Brown, Type II (30), two, beautiful rich color, tied by neat grid cancels, red "N. York Br. Pkt. 7 Paid Sep. 11" (1861) 7¢ credit datestamp on folded invoice for staves to Cadiz, Spain, endorsed "Via England", blue "8Rs" due handstamp, red London transit (Sep. 23) and Spanish receiving backstamps, trivial edgewear and left stamp with two short perfs at bottom not mentioned on certificate, Very Fine and beautiful cover--a rare and late use of the 5¢ Orange Brown printed from Plate 2 in 1861, the last stamps of the 1857 Issue before all circulating stamps were demonetized beginning in August 1861, this September 11 use occurred nearly a month after the new 5¢ 1861 Issue was released--ex Grunin and Myers, with 1967 P.F. certificate
5¢ Orange Brown, Type II (30), vertical pair and single, radiant color, tied by red grid cancels with matching "New York Paid 12 Jul. 31" (1861) 12¢ credit datestamp on blue folded cover to Lyon, France, red boxed "P.D." handstamp and Calais arrival datestamp (August 13), Extremely Fine, a beautiful and rare example of the 5¢ Type II Orange Brown on cover--the last published update of the census of 5¢ Orange Brown covers by Dr. Richard M. Searing showed a total of 38 covers, there are probably fewer than 50 covers extant and three stamps is the largest number recorded on cover--with 1967 P.F. certificate
5¢ Brown, Type II, 10¢ Green, Type V (30A, 35), two of each, affixed at left of cover and partly covering red and blue Waving Flag Patriotic design, tied by "San Francisco Cal. Sep. 2, 1861" circular datestamps and addressed to Bremen, Germany, red "N. York Am. Pkt. Sep. 28 7 Paid" 7¢ credit datestamp, slightly reduced at top and missing backflap, fresh and Very Fine, rare use of a Patriotic cover from the West Coast to a foreign destination, ex Matthies and "Sevenoaks"
10¢ Green, Type V (35), used with 3¢ Dull Red, Type III (26) and 5¢ Brown, Type II, (30A), vertical pair of 3¢, singles of 5¢ and 10¢, tied by large "Paid" grid cancels, "Boston Am. Pkt. May 24" (1861) circular datestamp on back of blue folded letter to Calcutta, India, addressed to Caleb Ladd at the Ice House, manuscript directives "Via Marseilles" and "pr Steamer fr N York", red London transit backstamp (June 8), manuscript "1/" one-shilling debit, "Calcutta Steamer Letter" backstamp with "8" annas due, 5¢ single pulled perf at right, missing one leaf of letter but front and back are complete, Very Fine, a beautiful three-color 1857 Issue franking to the Ice House in Calcutta, India, paying the 21¢ British Open Mail via Marseilles rate via American Packet, ex Newbury
10¢ Green, Type I (31), Position 100L1, bottom right corner position of left pane with perforated interpane margin at right showing centerline, superb centering and margins, rich color, proof-like impression, tied by well-struck "Iowa City Iowa. May 3, 1859" circular datestamp on small cover to Sharon, Canada, red "U.STATES" and "PAID 10" Detroit cross-border exchange office handstamps, receiving backstamps, Extremely Fine Gem stamp and attractive cover, ex Newbury, Grunin, Zoellner and "Sevenoaks"
10¢ Green, Type I (31), horizontal strip of three from the bottom row of Plate 1 with extra wide-spaced perforations at bottom showing the key complete shells, perfs well clear other sides, pretty pastel color, tied by two light strikes of New Orleans circular datestamp on blue 1858 folded letter to Paris, France, red "Boston Nov. 17 Paid 24" 24¢ credit datestamp, French arrival datestamp (November 30), receiving backstamp, trace of manuscript on center stamp, Extremely Fine, a rare and choice strip of the 10¢ 1857 Type I with wide-spaced perforations--10¢ Type I stamps are found only on the 20 bottom-row positions of Plate 1; due to narrow spacing on the plate and difficulties in perforating, stamps at the bottom of the plate usually have perforations cutting into the bottom portion of the design where the Type I characteristics are located; wide-spaced bottom-row stamps showing the full shells are particularly rare and desirable--ex Haas, Grunin and "Sevenoaks"
10¢ Green, Type II (32), horizontal strip of six, extraordinarily choice centering for a multiple of this size, bright color, tied by three bold strikes of "New Orleans La. Feb. 15, 1858" circular datestamp on blue folded cover to Vera Cruz, Mexico, from the Hargous correspondence, bold "7" reales due handstamp, fifth stamp with trivial small sealed tear at bottom, Extremely Fine, a rare multiple franking to Mexico paying the six-times rate, ex Caspary, Rust and Klein, from our 1981 and 1996 Rarities of the World sales, with 1988 P.F. certificate
10¢ Green Type II, III (32, 33), 22 stamps comprising three blocks of six and two vertical pairs, one 10¢ is Position 31R1 showing double transfer, used with vertical pair of 1¢ Blue, Type V (24) from Plate 5, tied by multiple strikes of "Washington City D.C. May 4, 1858" circular datestamp on large "Treasury Department, Official Business, First Comptroller" imprint cover to St. Petersburg, Russia, signature of William Medill, First Comptroller, "Boston Br. Pkt. 5 May" circular datestamp on back--carried on the Cunarder Canada from Boston on that date, arriving Liverpool May 17--the stamps paid six-times the 37¢ Prussian Closed Mail rate as confirmed by the red crayon "84/6" credit, red "AACHEN 18/5 FRANCO" (May 18) framed datestamp, Prussian blue manuscript "f18" silbergroschen rate marking indicates postage paid beyond German-Austrian Postal Union, St. Petersburg receiving backstamp (May 12, Gregorian calendar)
Fine appearance; some stamps with faults including trimmed perfs or creasing, one 1¢ with small scrape, cover with several skillfully pressed out creases and repaired right edge, these are inconsequential faults on such an artifact, which is otherwise intact and unusually fresh.
A unique and spectacular classic United States franking. This is arguably one of the greatest 10¢ 1857 Issue covers in existence.
Ex Philip G. Rust. Illustrated in Neinken, United States Ten Cent Stamps of 1855-1859 (p. 178) and Rose, The First United States Perforated Stamps--The 1857 Issue (p. 55). With Stanley B. Ashbrook's notes and signature on back. With 1996 P.F. certificate noting only the trimmed perforations and small faults on stamps.
10¢ Green, Type IV/II/III (34/32/33), Positions 3/13/23R1, vertical strip of three with Type IV (recut at top) from the "misplaced relief" Position 3R1, showing breaks in lines above each "X", tied by neat grid cancels, "Savannah Ga. Jul. 22, 1858" circular datestamp on cover to Paris, France, red "New York Paid 24 Jun. 27" 24¢ credit datestamp, bold French arrival datestamp (August 10) and Paris receiving backstamp, minor light waterstain at top left edge, the stamps are sound and choice, Extremely Fine, a choice strip of the 10¢ 1857 containing Position 3R1, the misplaced B Relief instead of A, with 1991 P.F. certificate
10¢ Green, Type V (35), vertical pair, interpane margin with centerline at left, used with two 1¢ Blue, Type II (20), Plate 12, tied by bold 5-bar rectangular grid cancel on red and blue Waving Flag Patriotic cover to Lima, Peru, Davis correspondence, "Portchester N.Y. Jul. 10" (1861) circular datestamp, red "12" credit handstamp, "Panama JY22 1861 A" transit datestamp, small disturbance in area of Portchester datestamp (a few letters touched up), Very Fine and colorful, a rare use of a Civil War Patriotic cover to South America, mailed during the beginning of the Civil War with the soon-to-be-demonetized 1857 Issue paying the 22¢ American-British Packet rate, ex Matthies and Ishikawa, with 1981 P.F. certificate
12¢ Black, Plate 1 (36), five singles, arranged slightly overlapping and used with 3¢ Dull Red, Type III (26), tied by "New Orleans La. Mar. 21, 1859" circular datestamps on blue folded letter to Lisbon, Portugal, sender's directive "British Steamer Via Southampton", red "New-York Br. Pkt. Mar. 30" circular datestamp on back--carried on the Cunarder Asia on that day, arriving Liverpool April 10--magenta manuscript "58" credit, red "London Paid" transit datestamp (April 11), bold "210" reis due handstamp also ties 3¢, Lisbon receiving backstamp (April 23), vertical file fold barely affects two stamps, stamps scissors-separated affecting perfs at top of 3¢, Very Fine appearance and beautiful cover to Portugal bearing five copies of the 1857 12¢ Perforated Issue from Plate 1, paying the 63¢ rate via Southampton, ex Ishikawa and "Sevenoaks"
12¢ Black, Plate 3 (36B), horizontal strip of seven, second and third stamps from left show double framelines, remarkably choice centering, used with two singles of 3¢ Dull Red, Type III (26) and tied by "Philadelphia Pa. Jul. 9"(1860) circular datestamps on buff cover to Paris, France, red "Philadelphia Pa. Paid 1860 Jul. 9" exchange office circular datestamp also ties strip, French arrival datestamp (July 23), receiving backstamp, light vertical file fold barely affects strip (mostly between stamps), left stamp perfs slightly affected from placement at edge of cover, missing part of backflap and a few minor cover flaws, Very Fine, this is one of the largest multiples of the 1859 12¢ issue from Plate 3 recorded, a wonderfully rare franking paying the six-times 15¢ rate to France, ex Grunin, Kapiloff and "Sevenoaks", illustrated in Brookman Vol. I (p. 248) and Rose, The First United States Perforated Stamps--The 1857 Issue (p. 67)
24¢ Gray Lilac (37), exceptional centering and margins, intense color and proof-like impression, tied by well-struck blue grid cancel on orange-buff cover to Glasgow, Scotland, clear strike of red "Chicago Am. Pkt. 3 Paid Mar. 13" (1861) credit datestamp, four-line "Glasgow Packet/Paid/MR 28, 1861" datestamp, Extremely Fine Gem stamp on a fresh cover with clear markings in red and blue, also a rare example of mail sent through the Chicago exchange office with the Glasgow Packet marking, ex Baker, Grunin, John R. Hill and "Sevenoaks"
24¢ Gray Lilac (37), used with 1¢ Blue, Type V (24), 3¢ Dull Red, Type III (26), and two 10¢ Green, Type V (35) with right part imprints, tied by open grid cancels, red "N. York Br. Pkt. 38 Jul. ?" (1860) 38¢ credit datestamp on double-rate blue folded cover to Dublin, Ireland, manuscript directive "P. Steamer Europa" and carried on that Cunarder on July 11 from Boston, arriving Queenstown July 21, dark blue Dublin receiving backstamp (July 21), Very Fine, a remarkable and extremely rare four-color combination of 1857-60 Issue stamps paying the double British treaty rate to Ireland, a spectacular 24¢ 1860 Issue cover, ex Seybold, Baker and Klein, illustrated in Bakers' U.S. Classics (p. 217), with 1989 P.F. certificate
30¢ Orange (38), vivid color, used with 5¢ Brown, Type II (30A) and 10¢ Green, Type V (35), tied by red grid cancels and 5¢ and 10¢ by "New York Paid 36 Nov. 27" (1860) 36¢ credit datestamp on blue folded cover to Lyon, France, from the Payen correspondence with beautiful calligraphic address, sender's ship-name directive "Steamer by Canada"--carried on that Cunarder, departing Boston on November 28, 1860, and arriving at Liverpool December 9--French arrival datestamp (December 11), boxed "P.D." handstamp, receiving backstamp
Very Fine and immaculate. A colorful franking paying the 45¢ rate to France from the Payen correspondence.
Ex Alfred H. Caspary.
30¢ Orange (38), horizontal pair, well-centered with vibrant color, used with two 3¢ Dull Red, Type III (26), tied by large "Paid" grid cancels, red Boston American Packet circular datestamp on back (about half of marking missing due to a tear), on May 1861 blue folded cover to Port Elizabeth, Cape of Good Hope, red crayon "24" double-rate credit, sender's ship-name directive "Via England per Hammonia"--carried on that HAPAG steamer, departing New York on May 18, 1861, and arriving at Southampton May 30--red "London Paid" transit datestamp (May 31), manuscript "2" British Colonial credit marking, Capetown (July 19) and Port Elizabeth (July 21) receiving backstamps, small pieces of back missing affecting Boston and Cape of Good Hope markings
Extremely Fine. A colorful and rare 30¢ 1860 Issue franking paying the double 33¢ rate to the Cape of Good Hope via Southampton.
Ex Stephen D. Brown, Edward S. Knapp, Charles A. Shierson, Philip G. Rust and Dr. Leonard Kapiloff.
90¢ Blue (39), bright color, well-centered, used with 12¢ Black, Plate 3 (36B) and 30¢ Orange (38), tied by New York City red grid cancels on bluish gray cover addressed to Mackillop, Stewart & Company in Calcutta, India, sender's directive "p Overland Mail via Marseilles", red "E. Pavenstedt & Co. New-York" sender's oval handstamp on back, clear strike of red "New York Am. Pkt. Jan. 26" (1861) circular datestamp, red London transit backstamp (February 8), manuscript "2/11" 2sh11p debit marking, "Calcutta Steam Letter" framed backstamp (March 16) with manuscript "1/8/9" total due in Indian currency, half of this marking was on top flap, which is no longer present
Carried on the Inman Line Edinburgh from New York on January 26, 1861, arriving Liverpool February 7; from Marseilles February 13 on the Peninsular & Oriental Vectis, arriving Alexandria February 19; from Suez February 21 on the Peninsular & Oriental Nemesis, arriving Galle, Ceylon, March 9; finally arriving by steamer at Calcutta March 16
Letter weighed 1 to 1.25 ounces, requiring $1.62 postage for this weight increment via Marseilles route (the progression was 39¢, 45¢, 84¢, 90¢, $1.62); $1.32 in stamps based on 4 x 33¢ rate for British Mail via Southampton, but directed to go via Marseilles, thus underpaid; treated as fully prepaid for British Open Mail by American Packet, with 72¢ due from addressee for British postage charges; British post office debited 36p and only deducted the single-rate 1p British Colonial credit (36p-1p=35p=2sh11p, manuscript "2/11"); the Calcutta office added the full 2p to 35p and marked the cover due 1 rupee, 8 annas, 9 pies, which is approximately 37p (74¢)
Sefi, Pemberton & Co., London (sold privately to Armitage, 1920s)
George W. Armitage, the British collector for whom the cover is named (sold privately to Lapham through Frank Godden, 1930)
Henry G. Lapham (and his son, Raymond)
Warren H. Colson (bought and sold privately)
Reportedly Jack Dick (bought and sold privately)
Steven C. Walske (bought privately)
Bennett sale, 11/13/2004, lot 2048, to William H. Gross
CENSUS, LITERATURE AND EXHIBITION REFERENCES
TIPEX 1936 (Lapham)
Jonathan W. Rose, The First United States Perforated Stamps--The 1857 Issue (p. 95)
The Philatelic Foundation (1955 and 1998)
Very Fine; top backflap removed
Small "W.H.C." handstamp at lower right (Warren H. Colson)
HISTORY AND COMMENTARY
The Rare 90¢ 1860 Issue Covers
The presence of a 90¢ 1860 stamp on a cover has been recognized as something extraordinary since the early 1900s and possibly before that by a few prescient philatelists. To date, only six intact covers and one front are recorded:
1 September 11, 1860, Boston to Shanghai, China, to Augustine Heard & Co., single for double 45¢ rate, stamp has sealed tears, ex Gibson, Hindes, Dr. Kapiloff
2 November 3, 1860, New York to Barcelona, Spain, used with 5¢ and 10¢ for 5-times 21¢ rate, ex Caspary, Rust, Dr. Kapiloff
3 November 9, 1860, Boston to Shanghai, China, to Augustine Heard & Co., used with 3¢, 5¢, 10¢ and 30¢ pair, $1.68 rate, 90¢ reperfed on all four sides, ex Needham, Paliafito, Ishikawa, Myers
4 January 8, 1861, Cincinnati, Ohio, to Peoria, Illinois, single on legal-size cover to Circuit Court, 30 times 3¢ rate, ex Filstrup, Grunin, "Lake Shore," Kramer
5 January 16, 1861, Richmond to Amelia C.H., Virginia, to Saml. R. Seay, used with 1¢ (two), 3¢, 12¢ (two) on package wrapper front only, total $1.19, stamps and front have faults, Rumsey Auctions, Sale 76, lot 79
6 January 26, 1861, New York to Calcutta, India, to Mackillop Stewart & Co., used with 12¢ and 30¢, ex Armitage, Lapham, Colson, Dick, Walske, the cover offered in this sale
7 July 16, 1861, Boston to Cape of Good Hope, to Edwin Howland, used with 1¢ pair, 3¢, 10¢ and 30¢ for quadruple 33¢ rate, ex Jacobs, Ashbrook, Emerson, Newbury, Phillips, Ishikawa, Gross
Pavenstedt & Co. (sender) was a merchant firm in New York City, and Mackillop, Stewart & Co. (addressee) was located at 13 Old Court House Street in Calcutta. The letter was directed to go by the faster Marseilles route, requiring 39¢ for a quarter-ounce letter. The sender evidently misread the rate chart and affixed $1.32 postage, which fits the quadruple 33¢ rate via Southampton, not Marseilles.
The New York foreign-mail office, noting the Marseilles routing, treated this as a British Open Mail letter and did not credit Great Britain with any of the postage. If sent by American Packet, the Open Mail via Marseilles rate was 21¢ per quarter-ounce, with the British postage for transport to India collected from the addressee. The British post office routinely deducted 1p per half-ounce from the amount due on letters to Asia as a means of applying the British Colonial credit. In this instance, they only deducted the single-rate 1p credit, marking the cover 2sh11p, but the Calcutta office added 2p to the 2sh11p debit amount and collected the equivalent of 37p (74¢) from the addressee.