FINE APPEARANCE. THIS IS THE ONLY OFF-COVER STRIP OF THREE FROM POSITIONS 7, 8 AND 9 FROM THE RIGHT PANE OF PLATE ONE EARLY. AN OUTSTANDING MULTIPLE CONTAINING THE RARE TYPE I AND TWO OF THE SIX POSITIONS THAT PRODUCED TYPE Ib.
The published census compiled by Jerome S. Wagshal (available at our website at https://siegelauctions.com/census/us/scott/5 ) contains at least 98 unduplicated records of Scott 5. There are probably no more than ten examples existing outside of the Wagshal census population. Therefore, the 1c 1851 Type I is the rarest of all United States stamps issued regularly prior to the 1868 Grills.
The census lists three covers bearing strips with these exact positions. The famous unused block of eight (currently in a private collection and not likely to be available for some time) also contains these positions.
Wagshal Census No. 5-MUL-067. Ex Richey and Neinken. Scott value as a strip of three with one stamp Type I is $203,000.00
EXTREMELY FINE AND EXCEEDINGLY RARE ORIGINAL-GUM EXAMPLE OF THE ONE-CENT TYPE Ia IMPERFORATE -- ONE OF THE MOST DIFFICULT CLASSIC STAMPS TO OBTAIN IN SOUND, UNUSED CONDITION.
Stamps printed from Plate 4 were issued in April, May and briefly in June 1857 before perforations were introduced. The relatively small number of imperforate Plate 4 stamps issued during this period explains the rarity and desirability of any of the imperforate stamp types produced from this plate (Ia, Ic, II, III and IIIa). The rare Type Ia, showing the full design at bottom, was furnished only by 18 of the 200 subjects on Plate 4 (the remaining two bottom-row positions were sub-type Ic).
Ex "Concord" (Dr. Charles E. Test). 1991 P.F. certificate no longer accompanies (mentioned a "faint brown spot on gum"). With 2008 P.F. certificate as "part o.g." With 2016 P.S.E. certificate (DOG, VF-XF 85; SMQ $75,000.00). This is the only unused Scott No. 6 listed in the P.S.E. Population Report
EXTREMELY FINE. A SUPERB AND EXTREMELY RARE UNUSED EXAMPLE OF THE TYPE IIIa IMPERFORATE ONE-CENT 1851 ISSUE WITH IMPRINT.
The Neinken book states "Stamps from Plate 4 showing part of the imprint are very rare. Ashbrook states that he has never seen an imperforate vertical pair with the imprint..." (p. 277). There are probably fewer than six unused Type IIIa stamps that show any part of the imprint.
Ex Vogel. With 1988, 1994 and 2018 P.F. certificates (XF 90 XQ). Scott Retail with no premium for the imprint
EXTREMELY FINE GEM. THIS MAGNIFICENT MINT NEVER-HINGED EXAMPLE OF THE 1851 ONE-CENT TYPE IV IS GRADED GEM 100 JUMBO BY P.S.E., WHICH IS THE HIGHEST GRADE ATTAINABLE. THE ESSENCE OF PERFECTION.
Many collectors have a tendency to discount how difficult it is to find imperforate classics in such superb condition. The assumption is that there are multiples which can be split to "make" perfect singles. However, one would have to find a block of nine with no hinging in the surrounding stamps that are included in order to produce the Gem offered here. For all the imperforate issues (Scott 1-17), only five stamps in total have achieved this ultimate grade in Mint N.H. condition -- two of Scott 9 and three of Scott 11.
With 2015 P.S.E. certificate (Gem 100 Jumbo; unpriced in SMQ in Mint N.H. condition). Scott 9 is priced in the grade of 100, in hinged condition, at $11,000.00. This does not take into consideration any multiplier for Mint N.H. condition or for the Jumbo grade. Scott Retail as hinged
EXTREMELY FINE GEM. THE PERFECT UNUSED EXAMPLE OF THE ONE-CENT 1851 ISSUE TYPE IV, WITH HUGE MARGINS, LIGHTLY-HINGED GUM AND RICH COLOR. THIS SUPERB STAMP HAS ACHIEVED THE ULTIMATE GRADE OF GEM 100 JUMBO FROM P.S.E.
Only 21 positions on Plate 1 Late are recut at top and twice at bottom.
With 2019 P.S.E. certificate (OGph, Gem 100 Jumbo; unpriced in SMQ above the grade of 100, SMQ $11,000.00 as 100). This is the highest grade possible and it is shared by only one other hinged stamp plus two Mint N.H. (one offered in the previous lot)
FINE. A HISTORIC COVER WITH THE EARLIEST AMERICAN PRINTED BALLOON CACHET, MAILED FROM AKRON, OHIO, BY FAMED AERONAUT JOHN WISE JUST FOUR DAYS BEFORE HIS WELL-DOCUMENTED FLIGHT FROM RAVENNA, OHIO.
John Wise, a resident of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, is well-known to historians as the aeronaut who flew the first official U.S. "airmail" in his balloon Jupiter from Lafayette, Indiana, in 1859. Wise was also involved in the Union army's balloon reconnaissance operations in the Civil War.
In the summer of 1852, Wise flew his balloon Ulysses in a series of flights in Ohio. Starting on June 3 from Portsmouth, located on the north side of the Ohio River, Wise in the Ulysses drifted over the border into Kentucky and attracted the unwanted attention of a hunter, who fired a rifle ball into the car (basket). Wise continued his ascensions, recording flights in Chillicothe (June 10), Circleville Pa., Newark (July 4), Mansfield (July 17), Wooster (July 24) and Massillon (July 31). On August 14, 1852, Wise made his 141st lifetime ascent, from Ravenna, Ohio, which he documented two days later in an account published in the Cleveland Plain Dealer (August 20, 1852). According to Wise, he rose to an altitude of 10,000 feet, where he could see the shore of Lake Erie and the city of Cleveland.
In conjunction with his ballooning exploits in Ohio, Wise had envelopes printed with a balloon illustration, probably by P. S. Duval, a Philadelphia lithographer who provided the illustrations for Wise's 1850 book. Only one example of the envelope is recorded. The cover was addressed by Wise to Charles R. Frailey, who was then a clerk in the mayor's office at Lancaster and later served as the town's first chief of police. The stamp is tied by a blue Akron, Ohio, circular datestamp dated August 10 (1852). Akron is 21 miles from Ravenna.
This cover is the earliest recorded illustrated American balloon cover by years. Most of the illustrated balloon covers were used by Wise and other aeronauts in 1859 and later years.
VERY FINE. A LOVELY 3-CENT 1851 CHICAGO PERF ON A HOTEL CONER CARD, AND VERY DESIRABLE ADDRESSED BY R.K. SWIFT, THE PROMOTER OF THE HADLEY PERFORATING MACHINE.
This cover is discussed at length by Wilson Hulme in his article in Chronicle 175, p. 167. Based on handwriting comparisons to other known R. K. Swift covers, it is apparent that this handwriting is a match. Other covers from Chicago hotels with 3c Chicago Perf stamps were probably mailed by travelers who obtained the stamps from the hotel concierge. In this case, Swift used his own supply.
Ex Grunin and Piller. With 1975 P.F. certificate and accompanied by a note from Dr. Amonette confirming the shade
VERY FINE. A STRIKING EXAMPLE OF THE 3-CENT CHICAGO PERF USED ON A MANUFACTURING CORNER CARD.
Wilson Hulme speculates in in his article in Chronicle 175 that R. K. Swift distributed Chicago perf stamps to various businesses as a trial or to strengthen the possibility of selling the perforating machine to the post office. Many of the businesses were in a straight path between Swift's bank and Elijah Hadley's (inventor of the machine) office (p. 167).
With 1980 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE UNUSED EXAMPLE OF THE 1855 10-CENT IMPERFORATE TYPE I.
Type I stamps come from the bottom 20 positions of the plate. They are the only stamps to show the design complete at bottom. For some reason the sheet margin at bottom was often trimmed away, leaving a dearth of quality copies. The Type IV stamps come from only eight positions, but we would rank the two types equally in terms of the rarity of sound four-margined unused copies.
With 1995 and 2008 P.F. certificates. Scott Retail as no gum
EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A SUPERB ORIGINAL-GUM EXAMPLE OF THE 10-CENT TYPE II 1855 ISSUE. A BEAUTIFUL STAMP IN TERMS OF WIDTH OF MARGINS, COLOR AND GUM -- GRADED XF-SUPERB 95 BY THE PHILATELIC FOUNDATION.
The prepaid transcontinental rate was raised from 6c to 10c in April 1855, which prompted the Post Office Department to add a 10c value to the current series. Toppan, Carpenter, Casilear & Company produced one plate of 200 subjects for the imperforate issue, which was also used when perforations were introduced in 1857. Although the wider spacing on the 10c plate provided more room for separation, this stamp has unusually huge margins all around.
With 1987 and 2008 P.F. certificates (XF-Superb 95).
VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE USE OF THE 10-CENT 1855 ISSUE ON A FREMONT 1856 CAMPAIGN COVER TO CANADA. PROBABLY UNIQUE.
We record only two other 10c 1855 Issue covers with a Fremont design -- both mailed domestically and with different designs than the one offered here. This is the only example we record mailed to Canada.
EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A BEAUTIFUL EXAMPLE OF THE 1855 10-CENT TYPE IV ON A FRESH WELLS FARGO FRANKED 3-CENT NESBITT PIECE.
With 2013 P.F. certificate
FINE AND RARE UNUSED EXAMPLE OF THE 1857 PERFORATED ONE-CENT TYPE Ia.
Type Ia was produced by only 18 of the 20 bottom-row positions on Plate 4. Although Plate 4 was designed with sufficient space to accommodate perforations, the height of the top row and bottom row positions resulted in the perforations often cutting into the design at either top or bottom. For this reason, stamps from the bottom row of Plate 4 with perforations into the design are still desirable -- especially with intact perfs which show the nearly full plumes.
From our 1995 Rarities sale. With 1984 and 2008 P.F. certificates. Scott Retail without gum
FINE AND RARE ORIGINAL-GUM EXAMPLE OF THE PERFORATED 1857 ONE-CENT TYPE III.
With 2008 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE. A SPECTACULAR AND RARE USE OF THE 3-CENT 1857 ISSUE ON A PATRIOTIC COVER TO ALGERIA. ONE OF THE MOST OUTSTANDING 3-CENT PATRIOTIC COVERS IN EXISTENCE.
The rates to Algeria were the same as those to France -- at this time the treaty rate was 15c. This cover, used in August 1861 from Old Point Comfort, is a remarkable and unique Civil War era artifact.
Ex Haas, Grunin and Myers. With 2004 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. THE 1857 5-CENT RED BROWN IS AN EXTREMELY RARE STAMP WITH ORIGINAL GUM.
The perforated 5c Type I stamps in any shade of Red Brown are very rare in unused or original-gum condition. The number of original-gum Scott 28 singles falls somewhere between the numbers for the Brick Red (Scott 27) and the Indian Red (Scott 28A), which catalogue $80,000.00 and $160,000.00, respectively.
With 2019 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE ORIGINAL-GUM EXAMPLE OF THE 1857 10-CENT TYPE II WITH A PROMINENT DOUBLE TRANSFER.
With 1968, 1994 and 2008 P.F. certificates
EXTREMELY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE ORIGINAL-GUM EXAMPLE OF THE 1857 5-CENT INDIAN RED ISSUE. THIS IS ONE OF THE RAREST ORIGINAL-GUM STAMPS IN UNITED STATES PHILATELY -- ONLY FIVE INDIAN RED STAMPS WITH ANY AMOUNT OF GUM ARE CONTAINED IN OUR RECORDS.
Our search of old auction catalogues and the records of The Philatelic Foundation and P.S.E. yielded only eleven unused examples of Scott 28A including this stamp. Of these, only five have been described as having any gum whatsoever. These are:
1) The stamp offered in the Whitman sale (Sale 968, lot 37), previously in the 1941 C. A. Brown sale by Harmer, Rooke & Co. where described as "full original gum", also ex 1968 Rarities sale and A. T. Seymour Collection (Sale 373, Apr. 23, 1970, lot 35) where described as "large part original gum" and 2005 Rarities sale (lot 102)
2) The "Ambassador" copy (Sale 300, Apr. 27, 1966, lot 45A), described as part original gum, also ex "Argentum" (Sale 807, Feb. 23, 1999, lot 76) where described as "unused (traces of gum)"
3) The Caspary/Lilly copy, described in both catalogues as full original gum and with light horizontal crease, offered in our auction of the Hoffman collection (Sale 956, lot 35)
4) Part original gum, light diagonal crease and two small corner creases, ex Geisler and "Laila" (Sale 972, lot 3039)
5) The example offered here, surfaced in an estate in 2009 (Sale 976, lot 1224).
Census No. 28A-OG-05. With 2009 P.S.E. certificate (POG, Fine 70; unpriced in SMQ with original gum above the grade of 50, SMQ $175,000.00 as 50). The grade of Fine 70 indicates that this should grade 90 for centering, based on the P.S.E.'s prescribed deductions for faults.