Contact Siegel
6 West 48th Street
9th Floor
New York, NY 10036
Contact by phone:
New York: (212) 753-6421
Dallas: (214) 754-5991

Sale 1196 — United States Postal History

Sale Date — Monday-Wednesday, 11-13 March, 2019

Category — 1844-45 Independent Mails

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
953
c
Sale Number 1196, Lot Number 953, 1844-45 Independent MailsCollect 6-1/4 cts. New York Office, Collect 6-1/4 cts. New York OfficeCollect 6-1/4 cts. New York Office. Clear strike of red framed handstamp on Jul. 7, 1844 folded letter from New York to Boston, carried by American Letter Mail Co., file folds well away from marking, Very Fine, ex Schwartz

E. 500-750
275
954
c
Sale Number 1196, Lot Number 954, 1844-45 Independent MailsForwarded by Brainard's Express, 125 Fulton St., N. York, Forwarded by Brainard's Express, 125 Fulton St., N. YorkForwarded by Brainard's Express, 125 Fulton St., N. York. Clear strikes of red oval handstamp and "Collect/3/Cents" box on cover to New York City street address, fresh and Very Fine, choice example of the first 3c rate in the U.S., ex Middendorf and Schwartz

E. 750-1,000
700
Back to Top
955
c
Sale Number 1196, Lot Number 955, 1844-45 Independent MailsForwarded by Brainard & Co. from Troy, Forwarded by Brainard & Co. from TroyForwarded by Brainard & Co. from Troy. Red oval handstamp and "Collect Six Cents for Hale & Co." box on June 17, 1845 folded letter from Troy to New York City street address, manuscript "Hale" at bottom, Very Fine, scarce conjunctive use, ex Schwartz

E. 500-750
500
Back to Top
956
c
Sale Number 1196, Lot Number 956, 1844-45 Independent Mails(Hale & Co. NEW YORK N.Y.) 6-1/4, (Hale & Co. NEW YORK N.Y.) 6-1/4(Hale & Co. NEW YORK N.Y.) 6-1/4. Bold red rate handstamp on Mar. 9, 1844 folded letter from New York City to Boston, file folds, Extremely Fine strike of this early rate handstamp, Gutman records only nine examples in his Hale book, ex Schwartz

E. 300-400
250
Back to Top
957
c
Sale Number 1196, Lot Number 957, 1844-45 Independent Mails(Hale & Co. NEW YORK N.Y, (Hale & Co. NEW YORK N.Y(Hale & Co. NEW YORK N.Y.) "MAILED LATE FOR THE". Red straightline handstamp in caps with pencil "11th", matching red Collect box on Nov. 11, 1844 folded letter to Boston, file fold does not affect markings, Very Fine, this marking indicated the letter missed that day's northbound mail, ex Schwartz

E. 300-400
275
Back to Top
958
c
Sale Number 1196, Lot Number 958, 1844-45 Independent Mails(Hale & Co. NEW YORK N.Y, (Hale & Co. NEW YORK N.Y(Hale & Co. NEW YORK N.Y.) "Mailed LATE for the". Red straightline handstamp with only "LATE" in caps and pencil Oct. 31 (1844) date, clearly struck with red Collect box on cover to Providence R.I., also with red New York oval handstamp, Very Fine, this marking indicated the letter missed that day's northbound mail, ex Hahn, with 2008 P.F. certificate

E. 300-400
450
Back to Top
959
c
Sale Number 1196, Lot Number 959, 1844-45 Independent MailsForwarded by Hale & Co. from Courier & Enquirer Building, New York, Forwarded by Hale & Co. from Courier & Enquirer Building, New YorkForwarded by Hale & Co. from Courier & Enquirer Building, New York. Red oval handstamp and matching Collect box on Dec. 3, 1844 folded letter from Birmingham, England, to Hartford Conn., "Forwarded by John A. Newbould New-York" black oval handstamp on flap, Very Fine, scarce transatlantic use, ex Hall

E. 300-400
275
Back to Top
960
c
Sale Number 1196, Lot Number 960, 1844-45 Independent MailsForwarded by Overton & Co., 29-1/2 State Street, Boston, Forwarded by Overton & Co., 29-1/2 State Street, BostonForwarded by Overton & Co., 29-1/2 State Street, Boston. Clear strike of oval handstamp with matching small "5" express rate handstamp on Aug. 13, 1844 folded letter from Boston to New York City street address, red "Forwarded by Overton & Co. 3 Broad Street, New York" oval, manuscript "2" (local delivery charge) and "7" total, light file folds, one thru the Boston marking, Very Fine and scarce, ex Schwartz

E. 750-1,000
800
Back to Top
961
c
Sale Number 1196, Lot Number 961, 1844-45 Independent MailsPOMEROY'S MAIL, POMEROY'S MAILPOMEROY'S MAIL. Red straightline handstamp applied at Buffalo, matching truncated "Pomeroy & Cos. Express" handstamp and large "PAID" straightline applied on arrival at Albany on Jul. 22, 1844 folded letter from New York City to Albany N.Y., central file fold, Very Fine, a desirable combination of Pomeroy markings applied at different offices along the route, ex Schwartz

E. 500-750
550
Back to Top
962
c
Sale Number 1196, Lot Number 962, 1844-45 Independent MailsBoyd's City/Express Post/July 5 9 O'C, Boyd's City/Express Post/July 5 9 O'CBoyd's City/Express Post/July 5 9 O'C. Clear strike of red rectangular framed datestamp with small "PAID" straightline applied by Pomeroy & Co., on Jul. 3, 1844 folded letter from Utica N.Y. to New York City street address, Extremely Fine conjunctive use, we have recorded this "Paid" on a Pomeroy off-cover Yellow paper stamp, ex Schwartz

E. 500-750
550
Back to Top
963
c
Sale Number 1196, Lot Number 963, 1844-45 Independent MailsBoyd's City/Express Post/July 10 9 O'C, Boyd's City/Express Post/July 10 9 O'CBoyd's City/Express Post/July 10 9 O'C. Perfect bold strikes of red rectangular framed datestamp and matching "FREE" handstamp on July 8, 1844 folded letter from Buffalo N.Y. to New York City, pencil street address, sender's manuscript endorsement "Pomeroy's Express", "Paid" and red "PAID" handstamp applied by Pomeroy, file folds, Very Fine conjunctive use, ex Golden

E. 750-1,000
1,000
Back to Top
964°
c
Sale Number 1196, Lot Number 964, 1844-45 Independent MailsU.S. City Despatch Post, New York N.Y., 2c on 3c Black on Blue Green Glazed, Red Surcharge (6LB7), U.S. City Despatch Post, New York N.Y., 2c on 3c Black on Blue Green Glazed, Red Surcharge (6LB7)U.S. City Despatch Post, New York N.Y., 2c on 3c Black on Blue Green Glazed, Red Surcharge (6LB7). Ample to large margins, deep shade, uncancelled, originally affixed on back of folded printed invitation from American Agricultural Association of New York University to W.A. Seeley at 213 Fulton Street, the stamp torn in half on opening, it has subsequently been repaired and affixed to the front of the circular on which it originated, red "U.S. City Despatch Post, Mar. 2 4 O'Clock" circular datestamp, vertical file folds at sides including one reinforced with scotch tape

ONE OF ONLY THREE RECORDED COVERS BEARING THE WORLD'S FIRST GOVERNMENT-ISSUED OVERPRINTED STAMP. A COVER OF TREMENDOUS PHILATELIC SIGNIFICANCE AND APPEAL.

The world's first government-issued, overprinted stamp is the 2c on 3c U.S. City Despatch Post carrier issue, Scott 6LB7. It was overprinted in late 1845 or early 1846 to meet the need for a 2c stamp to prepay the carrier fee after the drop-letter rate was modified on July 1, 1845. Only four stamps are recorded, including three genuinely used on covers.

To understand why it was necessary to revalue U.S. City Despatch Post stamps from 3c to 2c, it is helpful to look at the effects of the July 1, 1845, postal reform (as per the Act of March 3, 1845). As is well-known to most U.S. stamp collectors, the July 1st reforms created the simplified 5c and 10c postage rates and laid the foundation for adhesive stamps to be used in this country. The postmasters' provisionals appeared first, followed in 1847 by the first General Issue (Scott 1 and 2). However, at the same time inter-city rates were lowered, Congress raised the drop-letter rate from 1c to 2c. A drop letter is one brought to a post office that is not transmitted to another post office. Congress raised the drop-letter rate out of fear that the new postage structure would cause a severe decline in postal revenues. By raising the intra-city rate, Congress hoped to offset some of the anticipated losses.

The consequences of this legislation for the U.S. City Despatch Post were immediate and dire. Prior to July 1, 1845, a drop letter could be taken by the carrier to or from the post office for 3c, which included 2c for the carrier department and 1c for the post office (drop postage). Beginning July 1, an extra cent was required for the drop postage, making the total amount equal to 4c. Although other classes of mail were unaffected by the drop-rate increase (including carrier letters that by-passed the main post office), the U.S. City Despatch found itself at a severe disadvantage competing with local posts, who generally charged 2c for a city letter. In the post-July 1 period, not only did Boyd flourish, but many smaller local posts entered the scene, hoping to capture a share of the market for intra-city letter delivery. By November 1846, the U.S. City Despatch Post was closed. Government carrier service would not appear again in New York City until 1849 under Robert Roberts' supervision.

The three recorded 6LB7 covers were mailed during the first eight months of the 2c drop-rate period. The covers are listed chronologically as follows: 1) Jan. 9, 1846 (red "New York 2 cts"), stamp cut in and tied by filing crease, addressee's name crossed out, no carrier markings, ex Ferrary, Hind, Waterhouse and Middendorf; 2) Feb. 14, 1846 (red "New-York 2 cts" and red carrier datestamp), stamp tied by filing crease, to Rev. R. S. Cook, Tract House, ex Hunter, Caspary, Boker, Golden and D.K. (Siegel Sale 862, lot 40, realized $65,000 hammer); and 3) Mar. 2, 1846 (red carrier datestamp), stamp originally affixed on back over folds and torn in half upon opening, to W. A. Sesley, 213 Fulton St., no other markings, ex Caspary, the cover offered here. In addition to the three stamps on covers, there is a stamp off cover, previously affixed to a cover dated Oct. 29 (1845 or 1846), but which did not originate.

The rarity of the 2c on 3c stamp suggests that it was used on a very limited basis, during a period of decline for the U.S. City Despatch Post. By overlaying the "2" overprint on the "2" in the drop-rate datestamp, we have determined that they are identical in size and shape. The overprint was probably made from a modified integral-rate marker and struck by hand on each stamp.

Ex Caspary. Accompanied by 1965 letter from Ezra Cole describing it as "absolutely genuine". With 1985 P.F. certificate. Accompanied by folded letter of Feb. 24, 1846 bearing same circular datestamp and red "New-York Feb. 24 2cts." circular datestamp showing the "2" which was used to surcharge the stamp. Scott Retail as on cover, not tied $70,000.00

E. 5,000-7,500
5,000
Back to Top
Copyright 2019. All rights reserved by Siegel Auction Galleries Inc. Information and images may be used with credit to Siegel Auction Galleries or siegelauctions.com subject to guidelines and restrictions.
Website Terms of Use and Privacy Policy