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Sale 1200 — The William H. Gross Collection: U.S. Stamp Multiples

Sale Date — Wednesday-Thursday, 8-9 May, 2019

Category — 1¢-12¢ 1851-56 Issue (Scott 5-17)

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
 
Sale Number 1200, Lot Number 9, 1¢-12¢ 1851-56 Issue (Scott 5-17), 1¢ 1851 Type Ib pair cancelled in green

DESCRIPTION

1¢ Blue, Type Ib (5A), Positions 8-9R1E, mostly ample to full margins, bright Plate 1 Early shade and sharp impression, cancelled by at least three strikes of olive green circular datestamp (we can see "Mar 24" date and a few letters, but not enough to identify the town)

PROVENANCE

Saul Newbury, Siegel Auction Galleries, Part 4, 5/16-17/1962, Sale 251, lot 54, to Chapin

John C. Chapin (collection sold privately to Shreves and then to William H. Gross, 2002)

CERTIFICATION

The Philatelic Foundation (1962)

CONDITION NOTES

Very Fine appearance; slightly toned on back, pinhole between stamps toward top, a few specks of red wax, faint vertical crease at left

SCOTT CATALOGUE VALUE (2019)

$18,000.00 for Position 8R1E and 9R1E as singles without premium for pair or green cancellation

E. 7,500-10,000
6,000
10°
 
Sale Number 1200, Lot Number 10, 1¢-12¢ 1851-56 Issue (Scott 5-17), 1¢ 1851 Type II-Ib combination pair

DESCRIPTION

1¢ Blue, Type II-Ib (7-5A), Positions 2-3R1E, horizontal pair with Type II at left and Type Ib at right, large margins all around, grid cancels, beautiful bright Plate 1 Early shade and proof-like impression

PROVENANCE

John C. Chapin (collection sold privately to Shreves and then to William H. Gross, 2002)--this pair sold by Shreves Philatelic Galleries

"Lake Shore" collection, Siegel Auction Galleries, 12/7/2004, Sale 888, lot 9, to William H. Gross

CERTIFICATION

The Philatelic Foundation (1976)

CONDITION NOTES

Type Ib (at right) Extremely Fine; Type II (at left) Very Fine

SCOTT CATALOGUE VALUE (2019)

$12,000.00 as Type Ib-II combination pair

E. 5,000-7,500
10,000
Back to Top
11°
 
Sale Number 1200, Lot Number 11, 1¢-12¢ 1851-56 Issue (Scott 5-17), A sound strip of three of the 1¢ 1851 Imperforate Type Ia--the largest size multiple recorded

DESCRIPTION

1¢ Blue, Type Ia (6), Positions 95-97L4, horizontal strip of three, full to clear margins with all of the bottom ornamentation showing (the key characteristics of Type Ia), gorgeous deep rich Plate 4 shade and proof-like impression, neatly cancelled by two pen lines, Position 97L4 at right shows the Curl on Shoulder plate variety

PROVENANCE

John C. Chapin (collection sold privately to Shreves and then to William H. Gross, 2002)

CERTIFICATION

The Philatelic Foundation (1971)

CONDITION NOTES

Very Fine

HISTORY AND COMMENTARY

The 1¢ Type Ia Comes Only from Bottom of Plate 4

The 1¢ 1851 stamp, with a bust of Franklin based on Caffieri's sculpture, was one of the workhorses of postage stamps issued during the decade it was current. To print enough 1¢ stamps to meet demand, twelve steel plates were made--one was never used (Plate 6), and the first plate was reworked to add life to it (thus, the Early and Late states).

The 1¢ Franklin stamps printed from Plate 4 were issued in April, May and briefly in June 1857, shortly before perforations were introduced into the stamp production process.

Two 1¢ types listed as major Scott Catalogue numbers were produced exclusively from Plate 4--Type Ia (6 or 19) and Type Ic (6b or 19b). Type Ia shows the complete ornamentation at bottom, including the plumes at bottom left and right. That makes it instantly recognizable among imperforate 1¢ 1851 stamps (Type Ic is nearly complete).

Plate 4 stamps were issued both imperforate and perforated, but the relatively smaller production of imperforate stamps explains the great rarity of imperforate versions of Types Ia and Ic from Plate 4. Type Ia stamps were furnished by only 18 of the 200 positions on Plate 4 (the remaining two bottom-row positions are sub-type Ic). Therefore, statistically, Type Ia positions represent 9% of all Plate 4 production, either imperforate or perforated, and only 1.8% of all imperforate stamp production from all plates.

Frank S. Levi, Jr., recorded seven used strips of three of the imperforate 1¢ in which all stamps are Type Ia (see Bakers' U.S. Classics, page 188). There is no larger multiple of Type Ia positions.

E. 5,000-7,500
15,000
Back to Top
12°
ngbl
Sale Number 1200, Lot Number 12, 1¢-12¢ 1851-56 Issue (Scott 5-17), The finer of only two imprint and plate number blocks of eight of the 1¢ 1851 Imperforate from Plate 2

DESCRIPTION

1¢ Blue, Type II (7), Positions 38-40/48-50/58-60/68-70R2, unused block of twelve (no gum) from the right pane of Plate 2 with "Toppan, Carpenter, Casilear & Co. BANK NOTE ENGRAVERS. Phila. New York, Boston & Cincinnati" imprint and "No. 2." plate number at right, Positions 48R, 49R and 58R are significant double transfer varieties, full to large margins, rich color

PROVENANCE

As part of pane of 100: Arthur Hind, Phillips-Kennett sale, 11/20-24/1933, lot 119, to Klein

Mortimer L. Neinken (sold privately to Ishikawa)

Ryohei Ishikawa, Sotheby Parke Bernet sale, 6/24/1980, Sale 46, lot 106

As plate block of 12: Siegel Auction Galleries, 1988 Rarities of the World, 4/23/1988, Sale 692, lot 57, to Wampler

Dr. J. Paul Wampler, Shreves sale, 4/24-25/1998, lot 3, to Mr. Gross

CENSUS, LITERATURE AND EXHIBITION REFERENCES

Stanley B. Ashbrook, The United States One Cent Stamp of 1851-1857, 1938 edition, Vol. 1, page 208 and fig. 18-V, page 209

John C. Chapin, A Census of United States Classic Plate Blocks 1851-1882, census no. 4, note on page 6: "4) The cutting-up in 1980 of the only known pane of the 1 cent blue, Type II, of 1851 (Scott 7), which had been in the Hind, Neinken and Ishikawa collections"

Mortimer L. Neinken, The United States One Cent Stamp of 1851 to 1861, page 188, fig. 13-T (page 189) and detail in fig. 13-V (page 192)

CONDITION NOTES

Very Fine appearance; some faults, including creases, thins, light toning at center and small tear in sheet margin at upper right

SCOTT CATALOGUE VALUE (2019)

Plate block of eight listed at $37,500.00

HISTORY AND COMMENTARY

The Earliest Plate Number Blocks

Plate number strips and blocks have been popular with collectors for many years, but the presence of an imprint or plate number on a stamp or multiple issued prior to 1888 is unusual. The simple reason is classic issues rarely survived in sheets or multiples with intact imprints.

When Toppan, Carpenter, Casilear & Company made the first plates used to print the 1851 Issue stamps, they did not bother to add imprints or plate numbers until 1852. Very few plate number blocks of the 1851 Issue exist, and only two full plate blocks (of eight or twelve stamps) are recorded for the 1¢ Type II, and they both come from Plate 2. The plate block offered here is the finer of the two (the other has ink spots).

For the first 129 years of its existence, this block was part of a full pane of 100, which was owned in succession by Arthur Hind, Mortimer L. Neinken and Ryohei Ishikawa. Soon after the 1980 Ishikawa 1¢ 1851-57 sale, the pane was cut into smaller blocks, including the Position 99R2 block that was resold to Ishikawa (see lot 15 in this Gross sale) and the plate block offered here. Many philatelists then and now regard the decimation of the Plate 2 pane as a wanton act of vandalism.

E. 30,000-40,000
40,000
Back to Top
13°
 
Sale Number 1200, Lot Number 13, 1¢-12¢ 1851-56 Issue (Scott 5-17), Superb 1¢ 1851 strip of three with Plate 2 imprint and number

DESCRIPTION

1¢ Blue, Type II (7), Positions 58-60R2, horizontal strip of three from the right pane of Plate 2 with "(Toppan, Carpen)ter, Casilear & Co. BANK NOTE EN(GRAVERS. Phila. New York, Boston & Cincinnati)" portion of imprint and full "No. 2." plate number at right, mostly large to huge margins showing parts of adjoining stamps at top, lightly cancelled by neat pen strokes

PROVENANCE

Saul Newbury, Siegel Auction Galleries, Part 4, 5/16-17/1962, Sale 251, lot 202

John C. Chapin (collection sold privately to Shreves and then to William H. Gross, 2002)

CERTIFICATION

The Philatelic Foundation (1982)

CONDITION NOTES

Extremely Fine

E. 1,500-2,000
3,250
Back to Top
14°
og
Sale Number 1200, Lot Number 14, 1¢-12¢ 1851-56 Issue (Scott 5-17), Magnificent corner-margin pair of 1¢ 1851 Imperforate with the striking Plate 2 "Big Flaw"

DESCRIPTION

1¢ Blue, Type II (7), Positions 1-2L2, horizontal pair from the top left corner of left pane of Plate 2 with major plate crack appearing as a lightning bolt through right stamp, original gum, deep shade and fine impression, large to huge margins showing parts of adjoining stamps at bottom

PROVENANCE

Alfred H. Caspary, H. R. Harmer sale, 1/16-18/1956, lot 205

John C. Chapin (collection sold privately to Shreves and then to William H. Gross, 2002)

CERTIFICATION

The Philatelic Foundation (1957)

CONDITION NOTES

Extremely Fine appearance; slight vertical crease in left stamp, tiny thins in selvage

E. 3,000-4,000
7,500
Back to Top
15°
ngbl
Sale Number 1200, Lot Number 15, 1¢-12¢ 1851-56 Issue (Scott 5-17), One of four available blocks of the 1¢ 1851 Imperforate containing Position 99R2, the Type III with the widest breaks in the outer lines at top and bottom

DESCRIPTION

1¢ Blue, Types II and III, Position 99R2 (7, 8), Positions 78-80/88-90/ 98-100R2, unused block of nine (no gum) containing Type III, Position 99R2, others Type II, huge margins to just touched at top, including parts of adjoining stamps at left and bottom right corner sheet margins, Position 89R2 with pronounced double transfer, rich color and an early impression with Position 100R2 showing complete bottom line (thus Type II, not IIIa)

PROVENANCE

As part of pane of 100: Arthur Hind, Phillips-Kennett sale, 11/20-24/1933, lot 119, to Klein

Mortimer L. Neinken (sold privately to Ishikawa)

Ryohei Ishikawa, Sotheby Parke Bernet sale, 6/24/1980, Sale 46, lot 106

As block of 9: Ryohei Ishikawa (bought after pane was divided), Christie's Robson Lowe sale, 9/28-29/1993, lot 91, to William H. Gross

CENSUS, LITERATURE AND EXHIBITION REFERENCES

Stanley B. Ashbrook, The United States One Cent Stamp of 1851-1857, 1938 edition, Vol. 1, page 208 and fig. 18-V, page 209

Mortimer L. Neinken, The United States One Cent Stamp of 1851 to 1861, page 188, fig. 13-T (page 189) and detail in fig. 13-V (page 192)

CERTIFICATION

The Philatelic Foundation (1993)

CONDITION NOTES

Extremely Fine appearance; small internal tear in Positions 78-79 in top row, slight thins in bottom three stamps, light stains on back of sheet margin at bottom do not show through

HISTORY AND COMMENTARY

The 1¢ 1851 Imperforate Type III Position 99R2

Plate 2 was made in late 1855, and produced 198 stamps that are Type II, one position that is Type III (99R) and one that can be either Type II or Type IIIA (100R), depending on plate wear. The creation of the Type III (99R2) and the 89R2 major double transfer is a story of human error.

To lay out the plate, the siderographer used a tool to make tiny dots in the plate that served to guide him in rocking in entries from the transfer roll. Positions 79 and 89 were transferred perfectly using their guide dots. However, the guide dot to the southeast of Position 88R2, which was used to align the single B Relief for Position 99R2, was placed far out of line. The misplaced dot caused the siderographer to transfer the 99R entry far out of alignment and rock the adjoining A Relief on the transfer roll into the bottom part of Position 89 (and in the margin below this position).

The first 99R entry was erased and re-entered, but the parts of the A Relief transferred into the bottom of Position 89R remained. When the fresh entry was made in Position 99R, a full transfer of the design was not possible without running into the error in Position 89R. The position was therefore short transferred at top, and apparently also at bottom, creating the finest example of Type III found on any plate (see pages 183-184 of Neinken book).

There are five recorded imperforate blocks with 99R2:

1) Block of 18, Positions 82-90/92-100R2, corner margins, original gum, creases, ex Newbury (Siegel Sale 251, lot 526), unavailable to collectors, ex Hirzel, currently in the Swiss Museum of Communications

2) Block of 9, Positions 78-80/88-90/98-100R2, corner margins, no gum, small faults, cut from the ex-Hind pane of 100, offered in this sale

3) Block of 6, Positions 79-80/89-90/99-100R2, corner margins, original gum, creased, Siegel Sale 1037, lot 1406, currently in the Eubanks collection

4) Block of 4, Positions 88-89/98-99R2, original gum, faults including tear in 99R2, Siegel Sale 788, lot 55

5) Block of 4, Positions 89-90/99-100R2, corner margins, original gum, creased, probably cut from the Duveen block of 8, ex Hind, Ward, Siegel Sale 660, lot 25

A sixth block, ex Hessel and Klein, was reduced to a pair after the 1988 Klein sale. The perforated block is unique.

For the first 129 years of its existence, this block was part of a full pane of 100, which was owned in succession by Arthur Hind, Mortimer L. Neinken and Ryohei Ishikawa. Soon after the 1980 Ishikawa 1¢ 1851-57 sale, the pane was cut into smaller blocks, including the plate block offered as lot 12 in this sale and this 99R2 block that was resold to Ishikawa. Many philatelists then and now regard the decimation of the Plate 2 pane as a wanton act of vandalism.

E. 30,000-40,000
37,500
Back to Top
16°
ngbl
Sale Number 1200, Lot Number 16, 1¢-12¢ 1851-56 Issue (Scott 5-17), An attractive and rare imprint and plate number block of the 1¢ 1851 Imperforate from Plate 1 Late

DESCRIPTION

1¢ Blue, Type IV (9), Positions 31-33/41-43/51-53L1L, unused block of nine (no gum) from the left pane of Plate 1 Late with "Toppan, Carpenter, Casilear & Co. BANK NOTE ENGRAVERS. Phila. New York, Bosto(n & Cincinnati)" nearly complete imprint and "No. 1" plate number at left, five of the seven recut varieties are represented (lacking only once at bottom, and twice at bottom), Positions 31 and 41 are double transfer varieties, ample margins to slightly in, rich color

PROVENANCE

Saul Newbury, Siegel Auction Galleries, Part 4, 5/16-17/1962, Sale 251, lot 529

John A. Fox sale, 3/11/1964, lot 170

Siegel Auction Galleries, 6/22/1967, Sale 319, lot 82

John C. Chapin (collection sold privately to Shreves and then to William H. Gross, 2002)

CENSUS, LITERATURE AND EXHIBITION REFERENCES

John C. Chapin, A Census of United States Classic Plate Blocks 1851-1882, census no. 8

CONDITION NOTES

Fine-Very Fine appearance; faint horizontal crease at top, Position 33L thin spot, 43L tiny tear--very minor faults for a plate block of this era

E. 3,000-4,000
8,000
Back to Top
17°
ng
Sale Number 1200, Lot Number 17, 1¢-12¢ 1851-56 Issue (Scott 5-17), 1¢ 1851 Imperforate plate number strip from Plate 1 Late

DESCRIPTION

1¢ Blue, Type IV (9), Positions 50/60/70/80/90R1L, unused strip of five (no gum) from the right pane of Plate 1 Late with "Toppan, Carpenter, Casilear & Co. BANK NOTE ENGRAVERS. Phila. New York, Bost(on & Cincinnati)" nearly complete imprint and "No. 1" plate number at left, full to large margins

PROVENANCE

Frank A. Hollowbush, Part 2, John A. Fox sale, 1/4-5/1966, lot 637

Rudolph G. Wunderlich, Siegel Auction Galleries, 1/29/1976, Sale 484, lot 166

Leonard Sheriff, Siegel Auction Galleries, 12/11-12/1985, Sale 655, lot 78

John C. Chapin (collection sold privately to Shreves and then to William H. Gross, 2002)

CENSUS, LITERATURE AND EXHIBITION REFERENCES

Chapin census no. 5

CONDITION NOTES

Stamps Very Fine or similar appearance; light diagonal crease, some thins mainly in sheet margin, paper erosion in margin but not the stamps

E. 1,000-1,500
2,000
Back to Top
18°
ogbl
Sale Number 1200, Lot Number 18, 1¢-12¢ 1851-56 Issue (Scott 5-17), A superb original-gum block of the 3¢ Orange Brown

DESCRIPTION

3¢ Orange Brown, Type II (10A), block of four, original gum, lightly hinged, rich "copperish" shade, large margins to ample for this narrowly spaced plate

PROVENANCE

Alfred H. Caspary, H. R. Harmer sale, 1/16-18/1956, lot 329, to Cole (for Lilly)

Josiah K. Lilly, Jr., Siegel Auction Galleries, 2/7-8/1968, Sale 327, lot 11, to Robinson (for Klein)

Walter C. Klein, Christie's Robson Lowe sale, 9/27/1988, lot 55

Siegel Auction Galleries, 1995 Rarities of the World, 6/5/1995, Sale 767, lot 53, to William H. Gross

CONDITION NOTES

Extremely Fine; bottom left stamp has slight crease (ending in tiny break) and small toned speck

SCOTT CATALOGUE VALUE (2019)

$20,000.00

E. 10,000-15,000
9,500
Back to Top
19°
og
Sale Number 1200, Lot Number 19, 1¢-12¢ 1851-56 Issue (Scott 5-17), A magnificent 3¢ 1851 Orange Brown imprint pair

DESCRIPTION

3¢ Orange Brown, Type II (10A), Positions 50/60R5E, vertical pair with 13.5mm sheet margin at right showing "(Toppan, Carpen)ter, Casilear & Co. BANK NOTE ENGRAVERS. Phila. New York, Bos(ton & Cincinnati)" portion of imprint and no plate number, which was not present on Plate 5 Early, other margins large to just barely touching frameline, original gum, rich color and excellent impression

PROVENANCE

Stanley M. Piller, Siegel Auction Galleries, 3/25/1993, Sale 748, lot 71

John C. Chapin (collection sold privately to Shreves and then to Mr. Gross, 2002)

CENSUS, LITERATURE AND EXHIBITION REFERENCES

Thomas J. Alexander, "3¢ 1851, Plate 5 Early," Chronicle 104, page 256 (illustrated)

CERTIFICATION

The Philatelic Foundation (2000)

CONDITION NOTES

Extremely Fine; small scissors cut in bottom stamp at upper left

SCOTT CATALOGUE VALUE (2019)

$7,500.00 for normal pair without imprint

E. 7,500-10,000
15,000
Back to Top
20°
ngbl
Sale Number 1200, Lot Number 20, 1¢-12¢ 1851-56 Issue (Scott 5-17), The only recorded 3¢ 1851 plate block from Plate 4

DESCRIPTION

3¢ Orange Red, Type I (11), Positions 39-40/49-50/59-60/69-70R4, unused block of eight (no gum) from right pane of Plate 4 with "Toppan, Carpenter, Casilear & Co. BANK NOTE ENGRAVERS. Phila. New York, Boston & Cincinnati" imprint and "No. 4" plate number at right, full to ample margins, light shade

PROVENANCE

As block of 16: John N. Luff

As block of 8: Siegel Auction Galleries, 8/9/1966, Sale 304, lot 146

Siegel Auction Galleries, 1975 Rarities of the World, 3/25/1975, Sale 468, lot 28

Stanley M. Piller, Siegel Auction Galleries, 3/25/1993, Sale 748, lot 71, to Chapin

John C. Chapin (collection sold privately to Shreves and then to Mr. Gross, 2002)

CENSUS, LITERATURE AND EXHIBITION REFERENCES

Chapin census no. 27

CONDITION NOTES

Very Fine appearance; two horizontal creases ending in closed tears in margin, which has been slightly reduced

SCOTT CATALOGUE VALUE (2019)

$4,500.00

E. 3,000-4,000
6,500
Back to Top
21°
ogbl
Sale Number 1200, Lot Number 21, 1¢-12¢ 1851-56 Issue (Scott 5-17), 3¢ 1851 plate block of 16 from Plate 3

DESCRIPTION

3¢ Dull Red, Type II (11A), Positions 37-40/47-50/57-60/67-70R3, block of 16 from right pane of Plate 3 with "Toppan, Carpenter, Casilear & Co. BANK NOTE ENGRAVERS. Phila. New York, Boston & Cincinnati" imprint and "No. 3." plate number at right, original gum, large margins to just clear

PROVENANCE

Siegel Auction Galleries, 4/28/1965, Sale 286, lot 16, to Chapin

John C. Chapin (collection sold privately to Shreves and then to Mr. Gross, 2002)

CENSUS, LITERATURE AND EXHIBITION REFERENCES

Chapin census no. 21 (illustrated on page 23)

CERTIFICATION

The Philatelic Foundation (1965)

CONDITION NOTES

Fine appearance; mostly minor faults including tears

SCOTT CATALOGUE VALUE (2019)

$8,500.00 for plate block of eight and two blocks of four

E. 4,000-5,000
7,000
Back to Top
22°
ngbl
Sale Number 1200, Lot Number 22, 1¢-12¢ 1851-56 Issue (Scott 5-17), One of two 3¢ 1851 plate blocks from Plate 2 Late

DESCRIPTION

3¢ Rose Red, Type II (11A), Positions 31-32/41-42/51-52/61-62L2L, block of eight (no gum) from left pane of Plate 2 Late with "Toppan, Carpenter, Casilear & Co. BANK NOTE ENGRAVERS. Phila. New York, Boston & Cincinnati" imprint and "No. 2" plate number at left, mostly full to large margins except slightly in at top right

PROVENANCE

Siegel Auction Galleries, 1974 Rarities of the World, 3/27/1974, Sale 448, lot 33

Stanley M. Piller, Siegel Auction Galleries, 3/25/1993, Sale 748, lot 80, to Chapin

John C. Chapin (collection sold privately to Shreves and then to Mr. Gross, 2002)

CENSUS, LITERATURE AND EXHIBITION REFERENCES

Chapin census no. 17

CONDITION NOTES

Fine-Very Fine appearance; one stamp slightly creased, thins in bottom pair and one with small tear

SCOTT CATALOGUE VALUE (2019)

$4,500.00

E. 2,000-3,000
2,900
Back to Top
23°
ng
Sale Number 1200, Lot Number 23, 1¢-12¢ 1851-56 Issue (Scott 5-17), Please note that lots 23, 24 and 25 will be offered in the following order in the live auction: 25, 23, 24

The largest recorded multiple of the 10¢ Type I Imperforate

DESCRIPTION

10¢ Green, Type I (13), Positions 96-100R1, unused horizontal strip of five (no gum) from the bottom right corner of the sheet with full to large margins at top and bottom, which show the full shells at bottom (the distinguishing characteristic of Type I), Position 100R with double transfer variety, slightly in at ends, rich color and sharp impression

PROVENANCE

Discovered as part of a group of six strips of five 10¢ 1855 stamps adhering to an 1857 letter, found by Alexander Drysdale Gage and first reported in Stamps 8/30/1941

Probably sold to Philip G. Rust soon after discovery

Siegel Auction Galleries, 1987 Rarities, 5/2/1987, Sale 679, lot 108

Siegel Auction Galleries, 1989 Rarities, 4/15/1989, Sale 708, lot 85

Siegel Auction Galleries, 1992 Rarities, 10/3/1992, Sale 745, lot 364

Traded by Michael Perlman to William H. Gross

CENSUS, LITERATURE AND EXHIBITION REFERENCES

Stamps 8/30/1941 article reporting discovery

CERTIFICATION

The Philatelic Foundation (1989)

CONDITION NOTES

Very Fine-Extremely Fine; right stamp has small tear at bottom

SCOTT CATALOGUE VALUE (2019)

$42,500.00 as five singles without gum (a pair valued at $42,500.00)

HISTORY AND COMMENTARY

Stuck Together in 1857

The 10¢ Type I strip offered here--the largest multiple of Scott 13--was found in 1941 in a group of six strips of five, $3 face value, cut from the same sheet and included in a letter mailed on May 30, 1857, from Sacramento to an eastern publisher to pay for a subscription. When the publisher received them, the stamps had become stuck down, so he wrote a note on the letter and returned it with the unusable stamps, asking the sender to replace them with currency. About 84 years after these events, the letter with the stamps still attached was found by Alexander D. Gage (1905-1986), of Pasadena, a stamp dealer and partner in Higgins & Gage. The stamps were plated by Stanley B. Ashbrook, and the discovery was reported in the 8/30/1941 Stamps magazine.

Following their discovery, at least three were eventually acquired by Philip G. Rust, a chemical engineer by training and the husband of Eleanor Francis du Pont, a fifth generation heiress to the family fortune. On his farm in Georgia, Rust quietly formed a spectacular collection of classic U.S. stamps and covers, buying in sales throughout the 1940s, 50s and 60s. It is believed that he consigned three strips (61-65R, 76-80R and 96-100R) to the 1987 Rarities of the World sale. The Type I strip remained intact and was eventually sold again in the 1992 Rarities of the World sale, where it was acquired by Michael Perlman. Prior to the Washington 2006 exhibition, Mr. Gross traded a cover for the strip, so it could be shown among other largest known multiples.

1857 letter as discovered with six 10¢ strips stuck together

Digital reconstruction of six strips in their positions in sheet

E. 20,000-30,000
25,000
Back to Top
24°
og
Sale Number 1200, Lot Number 24, 1¢-12¢ 1851-56 Issue (Scott 5-17), Please note that lots 23, 24 and 25 will be offered in the following order in the live auction: 25, 23, 24

The 10¢ 1855 Type II Imperforate in a dazzling interpane sheet-margin pair

DESCRIPTION

10¢ Green, Type II (14), Positions 9-10L1, horizontal pair from the top right of the left pane of Plate 1, huge sheet margin at top and interpane margin at right showing the full centerline, large margins all around, original gum with slight disturbance, beautiful rich color and sharp impression

PROVENANCE

Louis Grunin, H. R. Harmer sale, 12/14-15/1976, lot 2320

Michael Lea, Sotheby Parke Bernet sale, 1/11/1978, Sale 10, lot 42

Siegel Auction Galleries, 1985 Rarities of the World, 4/20/1985, Sale 645, lot 77

John C. Chapin (collection sold privately to Shreves and then to William H. Gross, 2002)

CERTIFICATION

The Philatelic Foundation (1983)

CONDITION NOTES

Extremely Fine; horizontal crease in top margin

SCOTT CATALOGUE VALUE (2019)

$11,000.00 as an ordinary pair

E. 5,000-7,500
16,000
Back to Top
25°
og
Sale Number 1200, Lot Number 25, 1¢-12¢ 1851-56 Issue (Scott 5-17), Please note that lots 23, 24 and 25 will be offered in the following order in the live auction: 25, 23, 24

This original-gum strip of eight is the largest recorded unused multiple of the 10¢ 1855 Imperforate and the most outstanding unused multiple containing Type IV

DESCRIPTION

10¢ Green, Types II and IV (14, 16), Positions 71-78L1, horizontal strip of eight from the left pane of Plate 1, comprising six Type II and two Type IV--Positions 74L recut at top and 76L recut at bottom--large part original gum, three large margins including parts of adjoining stamps at top and an enormous 19mm left sheet margin, rich color, fresh and bright

PROVENANCE

Alfred H. Caspary, H. R. Harmer sale, 1/16-18/1956, lot 508, to Weill

Siegel Auction Galleries, 1969 Rarities of the World, 3/25/1969, Sale 350, lot 36

Louis Grunin, H. R. Harmer sale, 12/14-15/1976, lot 2353

Ryohei Ishikawa, Christie's Robson Lowe sale, 9/28-29/1993, lot 171, to William H. Gross

CENSUS, LITERATURE AND EXHIBITION REFERENCES

Lester G. Brookman, United States Postage Stamps of the 19th Century, Vol. I, fig. 235, page 157

ANPHILEX 1971 "Aristocrats of Philately"

CERTIFICATION

The Philatelic Foundation (1977)

CONDITION NOTES

Very Fine-Extremely Fine appearance; two vertical scissors-cuts between the sheet margin and left stamp and between Positions 73 and 74 (third and fourth stamps from left), light vertical bend/crease between Positions 76 and 77 (sixth and seventh stamps from left)

SCOTT CATALOGUE VALUE (2019)

$107,000.00 as two Type II-IV combination pairs and two Type II pairs

HISTORY AND COMMENTARY

The Rare 10¢ 1855 Type IV Recuts

The 10¢ Green Imperforate was issued in mid-1855, the second denomination of its kind after the 1847 Issue. The need for 10¢ stamps was revived in 1855 when Congress created a new prepaid "over 3,000 miles" rate for letters to and from the West Coast. They also gave the postmaster general discretionary power to require prepayment by stamps.

The 10¢ stamps were printed by Toppan, Carpenter, Casilear & Co. from steel plates of 200 subjects, divided into panes of 100. 10¢ Type IV stamps are defined by recut outer curved lines at the top or bottom of the design, or both in one position (64L). Recutting was done on only seven scattered positions in the left pane and one position in the right pane. Therefore, only 4% of the stamps from Plate 1 are Type IV. The strip of eight offered here, containing two Type IV positions with a recut line at top (74L) and at bottom (76L), is the largest unused multiple of the 10¢ 1855 Issue and the largest unused multiple with Type IV stamps.

This strip was one of the featured items in the 1956 sale of the Alfred H. Caspary collection, where it sold to the Weills for $3,100. While many outstanding items bought by the Weills in the Caspary sales went directly to Bejamin D. Phillips, their closely guarded client, this strip is not listed in the Phillips inventory. However, after the Weills acquired the entire Phillips collection in 1968 for $4.07 million, they began consigning items to auctions. This strip appeared in the 1969 Rarities of the World sale, along with several other pieces from the Phillips collection, so perhaps it was part of the collection at one point, but not listed in the inventory.

After the Rarities sale, the strip next appeared in Louis Grunin's 1847-1869 exhibit, which won the Grand Prix National at INTERPHIL in 1976. Following the sale of Grunin's 1847-1869 off-cover material in 1976, the strip was acquired by Ryohei Ishikawa for his own 1847-1869 exhibit, which earned him three Grand Prix awards in exhibitions from 1981 to 1987. At the 1993 sale of Ishikawa's collection, Mr. Gross captured the 10¢ 1855 strip for his own collection.

E. 40,000-50,000
90,000
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26°
 
Sale Number 1200, Lot Number 26, 1¢-12¢ 1851-56 Issue (Scott 5-17), Extremely rare 10¢ 1855 Type I-IV combination pair

DESCRIPTION

10¢ Green, Types IV/I (16/13), Positions 86/96L1, vertical pair from the only two positions on the plate of 200 subjects with Types IV and I adjoining one another, Position 86 top line recut and recut curved lines over both "X" ovals, Position 96 from bottom row with full shells at bottom, full margins, rich color, clear strike of St. Louis circular datestamp

PROVENANCE

Saul Newbury, Siegel Auction Galleries, Part 1, 5/17-18/1961, Sale 240, lot 233

Louis Grunin, H. R. Harmer sale, 12/14-15/1976, lot 2364

John C. Chapin (collection sold privately to Shreves and then to Mr. Gross, 2002)

CENSUS, LITERATURE AND EXHIBITION REFERENCES

Lester G. Brookman, United States Postage Stamps of the 19th Century, Vol. I, fig. 242, p. 161

CERTIFICATION

The Philatelic Foundation (1977)

CONDITION NOTES

Very Fine-Extremely Fine

SCOTT CATALOGUE VALUE (2019)

$5,000.00

E. 5,000-7,500
16,500
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27°
ogbl
Sale Number 1200, Lot Number 27, 1¢-12¢ 1851-56 Issue (Scott 5-17), Superb 12¢ 1851 block on Part India paper

DESCRIPTION

12¢ Black, Part India Paper (17 variety), Positions 64-65/74-75L1, block of four, large part original gum with slight disturbance, full margins all around, proof-like impression on bright paper with fibrous surface

PROVENANCE

Siegel Auction Galleries, 1992 Rarities of the World, 10/3/1992, Sale 745, lot 385

CERTIFICATION

The Philatelic Foundation (2019)

CONDITION NOTES

Very Fine

SCOTT CATALOGUE VALUE (2019)

$45,000.00 for block on normal paper

HISTORY AND COMMENTARY

The 3¢ and 12¢ 1851 Issue are both found on Part India paper, which is a handmade silky paper that varies in thickness within the same sheet. The Neinken 12¢ 1851-57 book (pp. 61-64) quotes from earlier publications by Ashbrook, Chase and Jaeger, which describe the look and feel of Part India stamps as "undoubtedly from the very first impressions from the Twelve Cent plate. The engravings are very sharp and resemble die proofs or plate proofs on India. The shades of both these items are of the earliest known, the distinctive grayish." This block from Positions 64-65/74-75L1 was joined with the block of nine on Part India paper from Positions 61-63/71-73/81-83L1, which was cut up after it was last sold (Siegel Sale 989, lot 61, 2005 P.F. certificate).

E. 15,000-20,000
17,500
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