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Sale 1191 — United States and CSA Postal History

Sale Date — Thursday, 25 October, 2018

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*A buyer’s premium of 18% of the winning bid was added as part of the total purchase price on all lots in this sale. Buyers were responsible for applicable sales tax, customs duty and any other prescribed charges. By placing a bid, bidders agreed to the terms and conditions in effect at the time of the sale.

Category — Western Mails -- Utah Territory

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
2045
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2045, Western Mails -- Utah Territory, "Salt Lake Cal. Oct. 11" (1849)--Babbitt's Special Contract Mails. Manuscript postmark with "Paid 10" on folded letter datelined "Great Salt Lake City Sept. 22, 1849", addressed to Edina, Missouri, letter is from a gold miner passing through and includes "I intend staying at this place until spring than I am going on to the gold diggins...600 miles from this place there is a range of mountains called the ser-en-a-vade, there is where fremonts men perished in snow", some minor bleaching and small edge tear

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE SALT LAKE CITY GOLD MINER'S LETTER TO MISSOURI, CARRIED IN BABBITT'S SPECIAL CONTRACT MAILS.

Babbitt's Special Contract Mails was established in 1849 by Almon Babbitt, a Mormon expressman, to carry mails between Salt Lake City and Kanesville, Iowa (which lacked a regular postal route). This letter was carried on the John Taylor trip of October 19, 1849, from Salt Lake City, arriving Kanesville December 10. While there is no express fee indicated, the sender likely paid an additional 40c for the Babbitt's service.

Illustrated in Mails of the Westward Expansion on p. 87. Ex Walske

E. 2,000-3,000
0
2046
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2046, Western Mails -- Utah Territory, "Salt Lake Cal. July 16" (1849)--Babbitt's Special Contract Mails. Manuscript postmark with "10" cent rate in the hand of Thomas Bullock on folded letter from William Suceree datelined "Great Salt Lake City Upper California July 14 1849", addressed to Richmond, Indiana, contents include "as the mail will leave in few days -- you can write to us now and it will come direct as there is a post office established here and contract for the mail through to the bay once in three months...", the reference to the "bay" must be San Francisco, but there was no westbound contract at this time, this letter was carried on Babbitt's Special Contract service, leaving Salt Lake City on July 27 and arriving in Kanesville on September 3, neither of the two letters carried on this trip has an indication of express fee, but it was 40c in addition to the 10c postage, letter with wear and silked edge splits, Fine appearance, ex Risvold and Walske

E. 750-1,000
0
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2047
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2047, Western Mails -- Utah Territory, "Great Salt Lake City, July 25, 1850"--Babbitt's Special Contract Mails. Dateline on folded letter from Ursulia Hascall to North New Salem, Mass., carried on the August 2 Babbitt's Special Contract trip by John Green and B. Holladay, arriving Kane, Iowa, on September 12, partly clear strike of "Kane Iowa Sep. 12" circular datestamp and "10" struck partly off top of cover, lengthy letter to sister regarding personal matters and also mentions throngs of gold miners on their way to California, red crayon receipt docketing "No. 9" on back, couple inconsequential edge nicks

VERY FINE. A WONDERFUL AND RARE 1850 LETTER FROM SALT LAKE CITY TO MASSACHUSETTS, CARRIED BY MORMON EXPRESS COURIER UNDER BABBITT'S SPECIAL CONTRACT MAIL.

This cover, besides representing a rare Babbitt's Express carriage, is also unusual as it did not enter the Salt Lake City post office. After carriage by Mormon courier John Green under the Babbitt's service, it entered the regular mails with the Kane, Iowa, postmark and 10c due in Massachusetts. The 40c additional express charge was no doubt paid, but is not noted on the cover. Babbitt's Special Contract Mails was established in 1849 by Almon Babbitt, a Mormon expressman, to carry mails between Salt Lake City and Kanesville, Iowa (which lacked a regular postal route).

Illustrated in Mails of the Westward Expansion on p. 88. Ex Risvold and Walske

E. 4,000-5,000
0
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2048
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2048, Western Mails -- Utah Territory, "Salt Lake Deseret Nov. 19, 1850"--Woodson Contract Mail. Clear manuscript postmark with "10" rate on folded letter to Sabula, Iowa, carried on the first U.S. contract mail route between Salt Lake City and Independence, Missouri, run by Samuel Woodson, intended for the third eastbound trip but forced back due to severe snow and held over until the May 1, 1851 departure, which arrived Independence May 31 (six moths after mailing), some wear and silked splits along folds

FINE. THIS IS THE EARLIEST RECORDED CONTRACT MAIL COVER FROM SALT LAKE CITY AND THE ONLY SALT LAKE CITY COVER POSTMARKED WITH THE "DESERET" MORMON PROVISIONAL STATE.

This lengthy letter is from Andrew McFarlane, a gold prospector who stopped in Salt Lake City on his way west to mines in California. Contents include an interesting account of his journey, including his high opinion of the Mormon people he has encountered.

The Woodson contract was the first established between Salt Lake City and Missouri by the U.S. Post Office on the Central Route and was run from August 1, 1850, to June 1854. Woodson and his partners encountered severe difficulties adhering to the agreed upon 30-day schedule, largely due to snow in the winters of 1850-51 and 1851-52. This letter, which is the earliest recorded from the Woodson service, demonstrates these difficulties, as it took six months to get to its destination.

This is the only recorded Salt Lake City cover with the "Deseret" state designation. Deseret was a provisional state proposed by the LDS Church, with Brigham Young as governor, but it was never recognized by the U.S. Government. The creation of Utah Territory on Sep. 9, 1850, ended hopes for the State of Deseret.

Illustrated in Mails of the Westward Expansion on p. 123. Ex Risvold and Walske

E. 5,000-7,500
5,000
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2049
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2049, Western Mails -- Utah TerritorySalt Lake City, Utah Territory, to Ayr, Scotland (1855), Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, to Ayr, Scotland (1855)Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, to Ayr, Scotland (1855). Bold strike of blue "Salt Lake City Utah T. Sep. 1" (1855) circular datestamp with equally bold matching "Paid 24" in circle handstamp on cover to Ayr, Scotland, red "3" cents credit handstamp to England, red Liverpool tombstone entry handstamp of Oct. 28, Ayr arrival backstamp, minor edgewear, still Very Fine and scarce use, this left Salt Lake City with the Magraw Contract Mail on September 1, 1855, and arrived at Independence, Missouri, on September 30, after transiting St. Louis to New York it was carried on the Collins Line's Pacific on October 17, arriving Liverpool October 28, Magraw was the replacement contractor for Woodson, whose contract was terminated in June 1854 due to performance issues, but Magraw's performance proved to be no better, illustrated in Mails of the Westward Expansion on p. 126, ex Risvold and Walske

E. 500-750
650
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2050
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2050, Western Mails -- Utah TerritorySalt Lake City, Utah Territory, to Honolulu, Hawaii (1856), Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, to Honolulu, Hawaii (1856)Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, to Honolulu, Hawaii (1856). Clear strike of blue "Salt Lake City Utah T. Feb. 1" (1856) circular datestamp on 6c Green on Buff Nesbitt entire (U12) to Honolulu, Hawaii, pencil receipt docketing of April 14, additional receipt docketing on back, couple inconsequential edge tears

VERY FINE. AN IMPORTANT AND RARE COVER FROM SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH TERRITORY, TO HAWAII, CARRIED ON THE CHORPENNING MAIL ROUTE VIA LOS ANGELES, SAN PEDRO AND SAN FRANCISCO.

This cover was carried on the February 1, 1856 departure of the Chorpenning Mail (second contract), prepaid at the double 3c U.S. domestic rate. Chorpenning's carrier arrived in Los Angeles on February 27. The mails left San Pedro on the February 29 Independent Line steamer that arrived in San Francisco around March 3. From San Francisco it was carried on American Clipper ship Resolute, departing on March 25 and arriving Honolulu on April 14. The recipient paid the 5c Hawaiian postage (not noted on cover).

Illustrated in Mails of the Westward Expansion on p. 139. Ex Risvold and Walske

E. 3,000-4,000
3,250
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2051
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2051, Western Mails -- Utah TerritorySalt Lake City, Utah Territory, to Liverpool, England (1857), Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, to Liverpool, England (1857)Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, to Liverpool, England (1857). Bold strike of blue "Salt Lake City Utah T. Jan. 2" (1857) circular datestamp with "PAID" straightline and "29" in manuscript (29c West Coast rate to England) on buff cover to Liverpool, England, red "19" credit handstamp, endorsed "Via California", red Liverpool arrival datestamp of Mar. 28, some restoration at top where silked, Very Fine appearance, this was carried on the Chorpenning Mail route via Nevada and over the Old Spanish Trail to Los Angeles, steamer from San Pedro to San Francisco, then by steamers to Panama and New York and on the Cunarder Persia to Liverpool, the sender wisely chose to send the cover via California, as the January 7 eastbound mail from Salt Lake City to Independence was forced to return due to snow, illustrated in Mails of the Westward Expansion on p. 129, ex Walske

E. 750-1,000
550
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2052
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2052, Western Mails -- Utah TerritorySalt Lake City, Utah Territory, to Liverpool, England (1860), Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, to Liverpool, England (1860)Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, to Liverpool, England (1860). Bold strike of "Salt Lake City U.T. Jul. 6" (1860) circular datestamp with "24" cents due handstamp on cover to Liverpool, England, New York exchange office datestamp of Aug. 1, Liverpool Aug. 12 arrival circular datestamp and "1/-" shilling due handstamp, Very Fine, this was carried in the Hockaday/COC&PP Mail on July 6 to St. Joseph, after rail to New York it sailed on the Cunarder Africa, departing August 1 and arriving Liverpool August 11, overall a 37-day transit, demonstrating how much more efficient the Central Overland Mails had become by 1860, illustrated in Mails of the Westward Expansion on p. 133, ex Risvold and Walske

E. 500-750
0
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2053
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2053, Western Mails -- Utah TerritoryFrance to Salt Lake City, Utah Territory (1863), France to Salt Lake City, Utah Territory (1863)France to Salt Lake City, Utah Territory (1863). Blue cover originating in Paris, France, addressed to Captain George Wallace at Salt Lake City, posted on Aug. 4, 1863, with 1862, 80c Rose (28; Yvert 24) tied by diamond grid cancel and also by red "New York Paid 15 Aug. 17" credit datestamp, carried on Inman Line's City of Washington form Liverpool on August 5, arriving New York August 17, then by Central Overland Mail from St. Joseph Mo. to Salt Lake City (departing St. Joseph August 21), upon arrival forwarded to San Francisco with 3c Rose (65), grid cancel and "Salt Lake City U.T. Sep. 3" circular datestamp, minor edge nicks, slightly reduced at left, still Very Fine and attractive combination, ex Semsrott and Walske

E. 1,000-1,500
1,000
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2054
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2054, Western Mails -- Utah Territory, "Fort Bridger Dec. 6" (1857). Manuscript postmark, pair of 3c Dull Red, Ty. II (11A) with matching "X" cancels on legal-size cover from Captain Jesse Grove to his wife in Concord N.H., pencil manuscript receipt docketing of Jan. 16 (1858), left stamp with tear at bottom, sides refolded for easier display, Very Fine appearance, a rare Utah Territory postmark (now part of Wyoming), the Fort Bridger postmark during this period was used by Salt Lake City Postmaster Hiram Morrell, he was prevented from assuming his office in Salt Lake City until June 1858 due to the Utah War (or Utah Expedition) and was forced to use a temporary post office at Camp Scott (where Salt Lake City mail was diverted until June 1858), while there he used the Fort Bridger postmarks, this was carried under the eastbound Stephen B. Miles Contract Mail, illustrated in Mails of the Westward Expansion on p. 130, ex Risvold and Walske

E. 750-1,000
550
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2055
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2055, Western Mails -- Utah TerritoryCamp Floyd, Utah Territory, to Panama (1859), Camp Floyd, Utah Territory, to Panama (1859)Camp Floyd, Utah Territory, to Panama (1859). Manuscript "Camp Floyd U.T. Feby. 7" (1859) postmark ties 3c Dull Red, Ty. III (26) on cover to Assistant Surgeon L. C. Lane aboard the USS Decatur in care of the U.S. consul at Panama, endorsed "Via California", 3c was insufficient postage for the rate to Panama so cover was held for additional postage which was paid in cash, manuscript "Paid 20c" and additionally struck with the new "Camp Floyd April 18" rimless arc datestamp, gently cleaned to remove band of toning at left

VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE COMBINATION OF MANUSCRIPT AND HANDSTAMP POSTAL MARKINGS FROM CAMP FLOYD, UTAH TERRITORY, ON A COVER TO PANAMA SENT VIA THE CHORPENNING MAIL ROUTE.

This was carried by the weekly Chorpenning Mail stagecoach that left Salt Lake City (northeast of Camp Floyd) on April 18, 1859. The stage arrived in Placerville, California, around April 30 and the cover then went to San Francisco for the May 5 sailing of the PMSS steamer Golden Gate, arriving Panama around May 15. The cover is addressed to an officer on the 16-gun sloop-of-war USS Decatur, which ironically had been ordered back to San Francisco on March 23. Although the cover lacks a forwarding notation, it no doubt made its way back to San Francisco. The Decatur had a storied career with service in both the Mexican and Civil Wars and was also the ship that evacuated U.S. citizens connected with the filibustering expedition of William Walker.

Illustrated in Mails of the Westward Expansion on p. 142. Ex Risvold and Walske

E. 5,000-7,500
0
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2056
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2056, Western Mails -- Utah Territory"Ft. Kearny O.R." (1852)--Woodson Contract Mail, "Ft. Kearny O.R." (1852)--Woodson Contract Mail"Ft. Kearny O.R." (1852)--Woodson Contract Mail. Clear strikes of fancy oval pictorial Eagle handstamp, one tying 3c Dull Red, Ty. II (11A), second strike of fancy cancel at bottom of 1852 buff cover to Parsippany N.J., manuscript "June 22/52" also ties stamp and is an indication of the expected departure date of the Woodson Contract mail for Independence, Missouri, manuscript "mail direct" at left, original contents, stamp with small faults and cover with some light creasing and edgewear

FINE APPEARANCE. AN EXTREMELY RARE COVER WITH THE FANCY FORT KEARNY "OREGON ROUTE" EAGLE HANDSTAMP, CARRIED ON THE WOODSON CONTRACT MAIL ROUTE BETWEEN SALT LAKE CITY AND INDEPENDENCE, MISSOURI. THE ONLY EXAMPLE OF THIS MARKING RECORDED IN BLACK.

The letter enclosure to this cover is datelined at Fort Kearny (modern-day Nebraska) on June 15, 1852. The Woodson Contract mail left Salt Lake City on June 13 (two weeks late) and picked up this cover en route, before arriving at Independence, Missouri, around July 8. The "O.R." in the handstamp stands for "Oregon Route", which was a postal designation for the Platte River Road. Post offices along the route used "O.R." in their postmarks and mail to the Oregon Route was often misdirected to Oregon. Only four examples of the fancy Fort Kearny "O.R." Eagle handstamp are recorded--this is the only example in black.

Illustrated in Mails of the Westward Expansion on p. 125. Ex Risvold and Walske

E. 4,000-5,000
5,250
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2057
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2057, Western Mails -- Utah Territory"Fort Laramie O.R." (1852)--Woodson Contract Mail, "Fort Laramie O.R." (1852)--Woodson Contract Mail"Fort Laramie O.R." (1852)--Woodson Contract Mail. Clear strike of crude circular handstamp with negative "5" in circle handstamp on buff cover to Albany N.Y., original letter (no longer present) was datelined "Nebraska Territory eight miles above Fort Laramie July 5th, 1852", some minor edge wrinkling, Very Fine and rare "Fort Laramie O.R." postmark on a cover carried on the Woodson Contract route to Independence, Missouri, fewer than ten are known, the "O.R." in the handstamp stands for "Oregon Route", which was a postal designation for the Platte River Road, post offices along the route used "O.R." in their postmarks and mail to the Oregon Route was often misdirected to Oregon, ex Risvold and Walske

E. 1,000-1,500
1,400
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2058
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2058, Western Mails -- Utah Territory"Fort Laramie N T Jun. 15" (1853), "Fort Laramie N T Jun. 15" (1853)"Fort Laramie N T Jun. 15" (1853). Clear strike of blue circular datestamp with matching "5" cents due handstamp on folded letter to Unity, Maine, datelined "26 miles below Fort Laramie, June 4, 1854", with nice content including "there are a great many cattle going through this season the roads on both sides of the River are crowded with stock, we passed Chimney Rock June the 1st we are now amongst the Sou (Sioux) Indians...", inconsequential closed tear at left below the postmark, Very Fine Nebraska Territory cover, ex Vogel, Risvold and Walske

E. 400-500
600
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2059
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2059, Western Mails -- Utah Territory"Fort Laramie N T Dec. 26" (1858), "Fort Laramie N T Dec. 26" (1858)"Fort Laramie N T Dec. 26" (1858). Clear strike of blue circular datestamp with matching "FREE" straightline on folded letter from Lt. George Hazzard of the 4th Artillery to Ordnance Department, U.S. Army, Washington D.C., endorsed "Official Business", receipt docketing of Jan. 22, 1859, Very Fine Nebraska Territory cover, this was carried on the Hockaday Mail route (little of which survives), which left Salt Lake City on December 25, 1858 and traveled via Fort Laramie to St. Joseph, arriving around January 15, Hazzard later became a colonel in the Union Army and was killed in action at the 1862 Battle of White Oak Swamp, illustrated in Mails of the Westward Expansion on p. 132, ex Risvold and Walske

E. 300-400
225
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2060
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2060, Western Mails -- Utah Territory, "Socorro NM Nov. 7" (1860)--Butterfield Route. Manuscript New Mexico Territory postmark with pen cancel on 3c Dull Red, Ty. III (26) on buff cover addressed in the hand of Harriet L. Shaw, the wife of Rev. John Milton Shaw, a Baptist schoolteacher who served as military chaplain at Fort Defiance from 1853 to 1856, to her mother in Hannibalville N.Y., manuscript "Via Texas" directive, stamp with light corner crease and cover with rounded corner at bottom right where reduced, still Very Fine and very rare, in 1860 Butterfield ran a branch line from El Paso to Santa Fe, with Socorro in the middle, this cover was routed south "Via Texas" which is unusual as normally such mail would have been routed up the Santa Fe Trail to Independence, Missouri--after Shaw resigned as chaplain at Fort Defiance, the family moved to Socorro in 1857, Vincente St. Vrain was postmaster from Nov. 2, 1855, to Nov. 8, 1860 (this was postmarked by St. Vrain just before his term expired), ex Birkinbine, Kramer and Walske

E. 1,000-1,500
0
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2061
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2061, Western Mails -- Utah Territory10c Green, Ty. III (33), 10c Green, Ty. III (33)10c Green, Ty. III (33). Horizontal strip of three, tied by "Santa Fe N.M. Dec. 13" (1858) New Mexico territorial circular datestamp on buff cover to France, red "New York Paid 12 Jan. 15" (1859) credit datestamp, boxed "P.D." handstamp and French entry datestamp of Jan. 29, transit and arrival backstamps, Very Fine and desirable New Mexico Territory use of the 10c 1857 Issue to France, paying the double rate, this cover was carried under the Jacob Hall contract on the weekly stage, departing Santa Fe December 13, 1858, and arriving Independence, Missouri, on January 2, 1859, after transiting to New York it sailed on the Inman Line's City of Manchester on January 15, arriving Liverpool January 28, ex Vogel and Walske

E. 1,000-1,500
0
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2062
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2062, Western Mails -- Utah Territory, "Ft. Union N.M. June 4, 64". Manuscript territorial postmark with "X" cancelling 3c Rose (65) on cover to Wallingford Vt., unusual strike of "Wallingford Vt. Jul. 6" circular datestamp struck as a receiving mark, slightly reduced at right, very minor edge soiling, Very Fine, ex Walske

E. 300-400
0
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2063
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2063, Western Mails -- Utah TerritoryStockton-Kansas City Route, Santa Fe Contract Mail (1859), Stockton-Kansas City Route, Santa Fe Contract Mail (1859)Stockton-Kansas City Route, Santa Fe Contract Mail (1859). "Dutch Flat Cal. (Jan.) 21" (1859) circular datestamp with bold "10" and "Paid" in circle handstamps on cover to Albany Wis., neat manuscript directive "Overland via Stocton" and carried on the Stockton-Kansas City contract route, some edge and corner wear, couple inconsequential small stains

THE ONLY RECORDED COVER CARRIED ON THE STOCKTON-KANSAS CITY OVERLAND MAIL ROUTE. A GREAT RARITY OF WESTERN MAILS.

According to Mails of the Westward Expansion, the Post Office Department signed a four-year contract for Route 15050 with Jacob Hall on May 28, 1858, calling for monthly service between Kansas City, Missouri, and Stockton, California, via Santa Fe, Albuquerque and Ft. Mohave. Hall transferred his contract to Barrow, Porter & Crenshaw (he had been partners with Hall on another Santa Fe mail contract). Westbound service began on October 1, 1858, from Kansas City, arriving without incident in Stockton on November 24. The first eastbound trip was not so lucky. After departing Stockton with 50-60 letters on November 1, they encountered hostile Indians and were forced to return home. In total only six successful trips were completed under the contract. The cover offered here was carried on the fourth successful eastbound trip, which left on February 1, 1859, and arrived in Kansas City around March 29. This is the only surviving cover from any of the Stockton-Kansas City contract trips. The contract was terminated as of July 1, 1860.

Illustrated in Mails of the Westward Expansion on p. 183. Ex Risvold and Walske

E. 10,000-15,000
0
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