AN EXTREMELY RARE UNUSED EXAMPLE OF THE ONE-CENT 1851 TYPE I, POSITION 7R1E, SCOTT 5. THIS IS THE ONLY ONE OF THE 1,000 POSITIONS USED TO PRINT IMPERFORATE ONE-CENT STAMPS THAT SHOWS THE COMPLETE DESIGN. ONLY THREE UNUSED EXAMPLES ARE RECORDED.
The published census compiled by Jerome S. Wagshal contains 90 unduplicated records of Scott 5. There have been one or two additions to the Wagshal census, and there are probably no more than a few examples existing outside of the census population. Therefore, the 1c 1851 Type I is the rarest of all United States stamps regularly issued prior to the 1868 Grills.
Only three are recorded in unused condition:
5-UNC-01 -- Single, without gum, clear margins at top and left (no sheet margin at top), in to clear at left and bottom, sound, reattached to pair of Positions 8 and 9R1E, ex Ferrary, Hind and Burrus (as strip of three), Waterhouse (who separated the single), Heathcoate, Wunderlich, Dr. Test and Gross;
5-OG-02 -- Included in irregular block of eight (Positions 4-9/14-15R1E), with original gum, Position 7R1E affected by vertical crease ending in small tear and also light diagonal crease, ex Lapham and Dr. Kapiloff;
5-UNC-03 -- The stamp offered here, single, without gum, clear margins at top and left with top sheet margin, just in but identifiable margins at right and bottom, small surface scrape has been improved, few creases, discovered in 1998.
This extremely rare unused stamp was discovered in 1998 in an album of otherwise negligible value. It was certified and auctioned by the Kelleher firm in Boston, where it realized $55,000 hammer. It was then offered in a November 2000 Bennett sale, where it realized $80,000 hammer.
With 1998 P.F. certificate
EXTREMELY FINE UNUSED APPEARANCE. ONLY POSITION 7R1E--THE SEVENTH STAMP IN THE RIGHT PANE OF PLATE 1 EARLY--FURNISHED IMPERFORATE 1851 ONE-CENT STAMPS SHOWING THE COMPLETE DESIGN (TYPE I). VERY FEW EXAMPLES OF THIS STAMP HAVE MARGINS AS LARGE AS THE ONE OFFERED HERE. OF THE RAREST AND MOST DESIRABLE CLASSIC UNITED STATES STAMPS.
The published census compiled by Jerome S. Wagshal contains at least 98 unduplicated records of Scott 5. There have been one or two additions to the Wagshal census, and there are probably no more than a few examples existing outside of the census population. Therefore, the 1c 1851 Type I is the rarest of all United States stamps regularly issued prior to the 1868 Grills.
With the 1998 discovery of another unused Scott 5, there are now three unused examples of this stamp, of which one is sound. Prior to 1930, the stamp offered here was owned by Henry C. Gibson, who regarded it as unused. Subsequently, a debate arose as to whether or not it had been cancelled, due to the presence of a few tiny, very faint spots. The same sort of spotting is found on the original-gum multiple containing Scott 5. We believe it is quite possible that this stamp is unused, although a 1996 P.F. certificate stated "faintly cancelled with a small thin spot." (certificate was lost before 1999 auction) and 1999 P.F. certificate states "faint manuscript cancellation" in the "submitted as" portion of the certificate.
Census No. 5-CAN-004. Ex Gibson, Lawrence and Dr. Graves ("Argentum" Collection). With 1999 P.F. certificate
FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE UNUSED EXAMPLE OF THE 1851 ONE-CENT TYPE Ib IMPERFORATE. THIS IS WITHOUT QUESTION ONE OF THE RAREST OF ALL UNITED STATES CLASSICS IN UNUSED CONDITION.
Type Ib was produced only as an imperforate stamp. Six positions on Plate 1 Early furnished stamps qualifying as Type Ib--Positions 3-6R and 8-9R--distinguished by the complete design at top and nearly complete design at bottom. When first entered on the plate, these six positions (as well as 7R1E) had the complete design at top and bottom. However, unlike 7R, small portions of the bottoms were burnished away.
A thorough search of past auctions and our own extensive records produced a result that surprised us. The unique block of eight from Plate 1E contains Position 7R1E (Scott 5) and five Type Ib stamps (with faults). The famous ex-Waterhouse copy of Position 7R1E is joined with a pair of Type Ib stamps (this unused unit is currently owned by William H. Gross). The multiples, containing a total of seven Type Ib stamps, really do not fit the needs of collectors who want a single unused example of Scott 5A. We located only four other unused singles, and we were surprised at the conspicuous absence of unused Scott 5A stamps in major name sales.
With 1998 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE AND CHOICE EXAMPLE OF THE RARE 1851 ONE-CENT TYPE Ib FROM ONE OF THE TWO POSITIONS ON PLATE ONE EARLY THAT FURNISHED THE BEST EXAMPLES OF THE TYPE.
Type Ib was produced only as an imperforate stamp from Plate 1 Early. Six positions on Plate 1E furnished stamps qualifying as Type Ib -- Positions 3-6R and 8-9R -- distinguished by the complete design at top and nearly complete design at bottom. When first entered on the plate, these six positions (as well as 7R1E) had the complete design at top and bottom. However, unlike 7R, small portions of the bottoms were burnished away. Positions 6R and 8R had less of the bottom erased than the other Type Ib positions, and for this reason they are more desirable examples of the type.
Ex Floyd. With 1987 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE-EXTREMELY FINE. AN INCALCULABLY RARE STRIP OF SIX FROM THE TOP ROW OF THE RIGHT PANE OF PLATE ONE EARLY. A WONDERFUL ARTIFACT FROM THE MOST IMPORTANT ROW OF ANY ONE-CENT 1851-57 PLATE.
The top row of the right pane of Plate 1 Early has long been recognized by philatelists as a subject of special interest relating to the production of classic United States stamps. This extraordinary strip, including four of the six positions that produced Type Ib stamps, is a rarity of the highest order. It was probably removed from a transcontinental cover prepaid at the 6c rate. The mail clerk certainly took his time cancelling the stamps.
Scott Retail as two pairs of Scott 5A and a pair of Scott 7. With 2002 P.F. certificate
FINE APPEARANCE. AN EXCEEDINGLY RARE UNUSED EXAMPLE OF THE ONE-CENT TYPE Ia IMPERFORATE -- ONE OF THE MOST DIFFICULT CLASSIC STAMPS TO OBTAIN IN UNUSED CONDITION.
Stamps printed from Plate 4 were issued in April, May and briefly in June 1857 before perforations were introduced. The relatively small number of imperforate Plate 4 stamps issued during this period explains the rarity and desirability of any of the imperforate stamp types produced from this plate (Ia, Ic, II, III and IIIa). The rare Type Ia, showing the full design at bottom, was furnished only by 18 of the 200 subjects on Plate 4 (the remaining two bottom-row positions were sub-type Ic).
With 1998 P.F. certificate. Scott Retail with original gum is $45,000.00. Scott Retail as no gum
VERY FINE-EXTREMELY FINE. AN EXCEEDINGLY RARE AND CHOICE STRIP OF THREE OF THE IMPERFORATE 1851 ONE-CENT ISSUE FROM PLATE 4, SHOWING A COMBINATION OF TYPES Ia AND Ic. THE LEFT TYPE Ia IS A GEM.
The extremely rare Type Ia, showing the full design at bottom, was furnished only by 18 of the 200 subjects on Plate 4. The remaining two bottom-row positions, including Position 96R included in this strip, were sub-type Ic. 96R and 91R have the full plume at bottom left and partly complete plume at right. These two are the most desirable examples of Type Ic. The other eight Type Ic positions on Plate 4 are interior positions and are less distinct.
Frank S. Levi Jr. recorded seven used strips of three of the imperforate Type Ia and only this single strip of Types Ia-Ic-Ia (see Bakers' U.S. Classics, p. 188).
Ex Ishikawa and Floyd. With 1993 P.F. certificate
EXTREMELY FINE GEM. AN ABSOLUTELY STUNNING MINT NEVER-HINGED EXAMPLE OF THE 1851 IMPERFORATE ONE-CENT TYPE II. CERTAINBLY ONE OF THE FINEST IN EXISTENCE.
We have offered only four other singles in Mint N.H. condition since keeping computerized records. Two of those have margins either touching or just in. Though there are several large multiples known for this issue, none that we have offered contain any Mint N.H. stamps.
With 1999 P.F. certificate. Scott Retail as hinged
EXTREMELY FINE APPEARANCE. AN OUTSTANDING AND RARE ORIGINAL-GUM EXAMPLE OF THE 1851 ONE-CENT FROM POSITION 91L ON PLATE ONE EARLY, WITH TRIPLE TRANSFER, ONE INVERTED.
The inverted transfers on Positions 71L, 81L and 91L1E (offered here) were made after the top row of the right pane of Plate 1 Early was entered from the Type I single-relief transfer roll. According to Richard Celler's theory (see Siegel Encyclopedia at http://siegelauctions.com/enc/pdf/1c1851.pdf), the three inverted transfers were made from a Type I design 3-relief transfer roll as a sort of trial after the top row entries had been made and the plate was turned around 180 degrees. When another plate ("Plate 0") had to be discarded, the siderographer returned to Plate 1 and erased the three inverted transfers before completing the plate with entries surrounding 3R to 10R. Positions 71L and 81L are double transfers. Position 91L was entered a total of three times, so it is a triple transfer, one inverted. When the plate was reworked in 1852, 71L and 81L were re-entered (but not 91L), making them all triple transfers, one inverted.
With 2001 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE. THE ONE-CENT 1851 ISSUE FROM PLATE 3 IS RARE IN ANY CONDITION. THIS SUPERB STAMP IS ONE OF THE FEW ORIGINAL-GUM EXAMPLES IN EXISTENCE.
According to Ashbrook and Neinken, Plate 3 is believed to have been made in March or April 1856, possibly to replace the defective Plate 2 and/or to meet the increased demand for stamps concurrent with the April 1855 change in postal regulations requiring prepayment of postage. For an unknown reason -- possibly a severe defect that arose in the plate -- very few stamps were printed from the new Plate 3 before it was retired, and surviving examples are rare.
Plate 3 comprised Type II stamps exclusively. Early impressions are found with a distinctive mottling or ink film caused by ink remaining on the plate after it had been wiped. The stamp offered here does not have the mottling characteristic, and, therefore, it must come from a later impression after the surface became more polished and uniform. This stamp does possess the remarkable Prussian Blue color found among Plate 3 stamps, and it can be plated to Position 3L3 with absolute certainty (note the double guide dots at top right, a distinctive feature of top-row Plate 3 positions).
With respect to Plate 3 stamps such as this, which can be plated with certainty, Neinken wrote (p. 220): "The fact is that in this day and age, if a stamp has been plated as a Plate 3 position, and this plating is substantiated by a knowledgeable student or a Philatelic Foundation certificate, the Plate 3 stamp realizes far more in auction sales, or when purchased from a dealer, even though it has no definite Plate 3 characteristics. There is only one certain way to identify a stamp as being printed from Plate 3, and that is to definitely plate the position."
Plate 3 stamps have always been highly respected and enthusiastically collected, especially examples that show one or more of the distinctive features (surface cracks, mottling or Prussian Blue color).
With 1999 P.S.E. and 2001 P.F. certificates, both identifying the position as 3L3.
FINE APPEARING AND RARE ORIGINAL-GUM EXAMPLE OF THE 1851 ONE-CENT IMPERFORATE TYPE III.
Type III is defined by breaks in the outer lines at both top and bottom. Many Type III stamps have breaks that were created or enlarged by plate wear. Since the wear occurred over a period of time, a majority of stamps of this type (both unused and used) have small breaks in at least one line.
With 1997 P.S.E. certificate. Scott Retail as original gum (price for no gum is $7,500.00)
EXTREMELY FINE GEM. AN OUTSTANDING COMBINATION PAIR OF THE ONE-CENT 1851 IMPERFORATE TYPES III AND IIIA WITH BEAUTIFUL MARGINS, COLOR, CANCELLATION AND IMPRESSIONS.
The Neinken book lists the left stamp (Position 34) as being Type IIIa. However, as the plate was used the outer line at bottom wore away, and the stamp became Type III. The combination of these types from Positions 34-35L4 is extremely rare in any form, but imperforate Plate 4 stamps are much rarer than perforated stamps from this plate.
Ex Floyd. With 1999 P.S.E. and 2000 P.F. certificates
EXTREMELY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL UNUSED EXAMPLE OF THE ONE-CENT 1851 FROM POSITION 91L ON PLATE ONE LATE, SHOWING A TRIPLE TRANSFER, ONE INVERTED.
The inverted transfers on Positions 71L, 81L and 91L (offered here) were made after the top row of the right pane of Plate 1 Early was entered from the Type I single-relief transfer roll. According to Richard Celler's theory, the three inverted transfers were made from a Type I design 3-relief transfer roll as a sort of trial after the top row entries had been made and the plate was turned around 180 degrees. When another plate ("Plate 0") had to be discarded, the siderographer returned to Plate 1 and erased the three inverted transfers before completing the plate with entries surrounding 3R to 10R. On Plate 1 Early, Positions 71L and 81L are double transfers. Position 91L was entered a total of three times, so it is a triple transfer, one inverted. When the plate was reworked in 1852, 71L and 81L were re-entered (but not 91L), making them all triple transfers, one inverted.
Ex Floyd. With 1999 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE AND CHOICE APPEARANCE. A BEAUTIFUL ORIGINAL-GUM BLOCK OF THE IMPERFORATE ONE-CENT TYPE IV 1851 ISSUE.
Scott Retail with no premium for the plate crack or double transfer.
EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A SUPERB USED STRIP OF THREE OF THE ONE-CENT 1851 ISSUE FROM PLATE ONE LATE.
Ex Floyd. With 1987 P.F. certificate for a strip of four (top stamp removed)
VERY FINE-EXTREMELY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE CORNER SHEET-MARGIN BLOCK OF NINE OF THE 3-CENT TYPE I 1851 ISSUE, SCOTT 11.
With 2001 P.F. certificate. Scott Retail as block, pairs and single with gum
EXTREMELY FINE. A PARTICULARLY CHOICE UNUSED EXAMPLE OF THE 10-CENT IMPERFORATE TYPE I.
Type I stamps come from the bottom 20 positions of the plate. They are the only stamps to show the design complete at bottom. For some reason the sheet margin at bottom was often trimmed away, leaving a dearth of quality copies. The Type IV stamps come from only eight positions, but we would rank the two types equally in terms of the rarity of sound four-margined unused copies.
With 2000 P.F. certificate
EXTREMELY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL USED PAIR OF THE 10-CENT 1855 ISSUE SHOWING A COMBINATION OF TYPES I AND III.
Ex Jacobs, Cohen, Koppersmith and Floyd. With 1986 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE AND CHOICE UNUSED PAIR OF THE 10-CENT 1855 IMPERFORATE TYPE III.
1959 P.F. certificate no longer accompanies. Scott Retail for original-gum pair is $11,000.00. Scott Retail for two no-gum singles
EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A SUPERB COMBINATION PAIR OF THE 10-CENT 1855 IMPERFORATE ISSUE CONTAINING POSITION 64L1 -- THE ONLY POSITION ON THE SHEET RECUT AT BOTH TOP AND BOTTOM.
10c 1855 Type IV stamps are defined by the recut of one or both outer lines at the top or bottom of the design. Type IV stamps come from only seven scattered positions on the left pane and one position on the right pane of Plate 1. Therefore, only 4% of the stamps from Plate 1 are Type IV. Of these eight positions, 64L is the only one with recut lines at both top and bottom.
Ex Floyd. With 1990 P.F. certificate. Scott Retail as singles
VERY FINE. A RARE LARGE MULTIPLE OF THE 10-CENT 1855 ISSUE FROM THE RIGHT PANE OF PLATE ONE, INCLUDING THE ONLY TYPE IV STAMP IN THE RIGHT PANE.
The first 10c plate of 200 (left and right panes of 100) was laid down using a three-subject transfer roll with relief types A, B and C. The C Relief was used only for the bottom row (all Type I design). The A Relief (Type II design) was used to enter the entire second row, and the B Relief (Type III design) was used for the third row. This A/B alternating relief pattern was followed consistently for the fourth through ninth rows. The top row was entered with the A Relief, except for three positions: Positions 1 and 2 in the left pane, and Position 3 in the right pane. These “misplaced reliefs” are B Reliefs, and Positions 1L and 2L are Type III designs, while Position 3R was recut (Type IV). Position 3R1, one of the three misplaced relief positions on the plate, is also one of eight recut (Type IV) positions and the only recut position on the entire right pane of the plate.
Ex Koppersmith and Floyd. With 1987 P.F. certificate. Scott Retail as combination pair and two singles does not do justice to the rarity of this strip
EXTREMELY FINE APPEARANCE. A SCARCE AND REMARKABLY BEAUTIFUL BLOCK OF THE 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE.
We have offered only two other blocks with original gum since 2001. One has large part disturbed original gum with margins in on two stamps and toned spots; the other has a right sheet margin with creases, surface scuffs and a small tear.
With 2001 P.F. certificate