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Sale 1191 — United States and CSA Postal History

Sale Date — Thursday, 25 October, 2018

Leave Absentee Bids
*A buyer’s premium of 18% of the winning bid was added as part of the total purchase price on all lots in this sale. Buyers were responsible for applicable sales tax, customs duty and any other prescribed charges. By placing a bid, bidders agreed to the terms and conditions in effect at the time of the sale.

Category — Virginia City Pony Express

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
2092
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2092, Virginia City Pony ExpressWells, Fargo & Co. Virginia City Pony Express, 25c Blue (143L8), Wells, Fargo & Co. Virginia City Pony Express, 25c Blue (143L8)Wells, Fargo & Co. Virginia City Pony Express, 25c Blue (143L8). Large margins to barely touched at top left, rich color, tied by blue "Wells, Fargo & Cos. Express S. Frco. 1 Jun" (1863) double-circle datestamp on 3c Pink on Buff entire (U35) with printed frank to Gold Hill, Nevada Territory, small tear at top just touches Wells, Fargo printed frank

VERY FINE. A CHOICE VIRGINIA CITY PONY EXPRESS COVER FROM SAN FRANCISCO TO GOLD HILL, NEVADA TERRITORY, WITH THE 25-CENT BLUE HORSE & RIDER ISSUE.

Ex Walske. With 2007 P.F. certificate

E. 3,000-4,000
3,500
2093
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2093, Virginia City Pony ExpressWells, Fargo & Co. Virginia City Pony Express, 25c Blue (143L8), Wells, Fargo & Co. Virginia City Pony Express, 25c Blue (143L8)Wells, Fargo & Co. Virginia City Pony Express, 25c Blue (143L8). Large margins to full, tied by blue "Wells, Fargo & Co. Express, Sonora" oval datestamp with second strike canceling indicia of 3c Pink entire (U34) with printed frank to Mrs. C. C. Crittenden, San Francisco, with original letter enclosure datelined "Aurora April 24th" (1863) from her son Howard, accompanying certificate states stamp with "small faults" but they consist only of a tiny tear and crease in right margin

VERY FINE EXAMPLE OF THE WELLS, FARGO & COMPANY 25-CENT BLUE VIRGINIA CITY PONY EXPRESS STAMP ON A COVER FROM THE CELEBRATED CRITTENDEN CORRESPONDENCE.

This cover and letter were sent to Clara C. Crittenden by her son Howard, from Aurora in April 1863. Clara's husband, Alexander Parker Crittenden, was a prominent West Coast attorney, who also resided in Virginia City. The move to Nevada became necessary after California passed a law prohibiting the practice of law by anyone who would not take the loyalty oath. “Parker” Crittenden was a pro-Southerner who chose to relocate to Virginia City, rather than swear allegiance to the Federal government. His wife stayed in San Francisco for some time, and the two corresponded frequently while he was away. A few years later he was shot dead by his mistress in front of his wife and son.

Illustrated in Gamett's Nevada Express: Wells, Fargo & Co. and Other Letter Expresses 1857-1895 on p. 38. Ex Reinhart, Gamett and Walske. With 2007 P.F. certificate

E. 3,000-4,000
3,500
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2094
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2094, Virginia City Pony ExpressWells, Fargo & Co. Pony Express, 25c Red (143L9), Wells, Fargo & Co. Pony Express, 25c Red (143L9)Wells, Fargo & Co. Pony Express, 25c Red (143L9). Large margins to barely in at top right, tied by blue "Wells Fargo & Co. Austin N.T. (Jan.) 30" (1865) oval datestamp on 3c Pink on Buff entire (U35) with Wells, Fargo & Co. black printed frank to Philadelphia Pa., carried westward to San Francisco by Pony Express via Carson City, probably arrived Jan. 31 or Feb. 1, stamp additionally tied by blue "Wells, Fargo & Cos. Express S. Frco. 3 Feb." double-circle datestamp, carried on the PMSS Golden Age to Panama, which sailed from San Francisco on Feb. 3, the absence of postal markings indicates this was delivered outside the mails to the addressee in Philadelphia, stamp with light soiling

VERY FINE. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED VIRGINIA CITY PONY EXPRESS COVER THAT WAS CARRIED TO THE EAST COAST, EITHER BY OVERLAND MAIL OR, IN THIS CASE, BY STEAMER VIA PANAMA. AN IMPORTANT POSTAL HISTORY RARITY.

This cover originated in Austin, Nevada Territory, and was datestamped by the Wells, Fargo & Company office on January 30, 1865 (the “0” of date is readable). It traveled west on the Virginia City Pony Express route to San Francisco, a 24-hour express trip, which probably arrived on January 31 or February 1. The San Francisco office applied the large double-circle datestamp with a February 3 date, which is the day the PMSS steamer Golden Age sailed for Panama, carrying $1,222,311.85 in "treasure." This cover was handled by Wells, Fargo & Co. without ever entering the government mail stream. It is the only recorded Virginia City Pony Express cover that was carried to the East Coast.

Ex Dale-Lichtenstein and Walske. With 2006 P.F. certificate

E. 10,000-15,000
12,000
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2095
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2095, Virginia City Pony ExpressWells, Fargo & Co., Virginia City Pony Express, 25c Red (143L9), Wells, Fargo & Co., Virginia City Pony Express, 25c Red (143L9)Wells, Fargo & Co., Virginia City Pony Express, 25c Red (143L9). Ample to large margins including right sheet margin, tied by blue "Wells Fargo & Co. Sac. Messenger Jan. 25" (1865) oval datestamp on 3c Pink on Buff entire (U35) with black printed frank and lithographed Gould and Curry Silver Mining Company advertisement, addressed to Carson City, Nevada, with original January 25, 1865 enclosure on Gould Co. printed letterhead, couple inconsequential tiny edge tears not mentioned on accompanying certificate, letter is pristine

EXTREMELY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL WELLS, FARGO & CO. FRANKED ADVERTISING COVER WITH THE 25-CENT RED VIRGINIA CITY PONY EXPRESS ISSUE.

Although the Crittenden correspondence added at least 18 25c Red Virginia City Pony Express covers to the available supply, none had any form of advertisement. This handsome lithographed cover from San Francisco to Carson City is an exceptional and scarce use of the Horse & Rider issue. Wells Fargo sold franked overall advertising envelopes for an extra penny, or 11c each.

Ex Walske. With 1997 P.F. certificate

E. 10,000-15,000
8,500
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2096
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2096, Virginia City Pony ExpressWells, Fargo & Co. Pony Express, 25c Red (143L9), Wells, Fargo & Co. Pony Express, 25c Red (143L9)Wells, Fargo & Co. Pony Express, 25c Red (143L9). Large margins all around including sheet margin at left, bright color, tied by blue "Wells, Fargo & Co. Virginia Cty. N.T. Feb. 9" (1865) oval datestamp on 3c Pink entire (U35) with printed frank, to Clara C. Crittenden in San Francisco, tiny nicks at top

EXTREMELY FINE. A SUPERB EXAMPLE OF THE VIRGINIA CITY PONY EXPRESS 25-CENT RED ON COVER FROM THE FAMOUS CRITTENDEN CORRESPONDENCE. THE RED PONY STAMP IS MUCH SCARCER ON COVER THAN THE BLUE.

This cover was sent to Clara C. Crittenden by her husband, Alexander Parker Crittenden, a prominent West Coast attorney, while he was residing in Virginia City. The move to Nevada became necessary after California passed a law prohibiting the practice of law by anyone who would not take the loyalty oath. “Parker” Crittenden was a pro-Southerner who chose to relocate to Virginia City, rather than swear allegiance to the Federal government. His wife stayed in San Francisco for some time, and the two corresponded frequently while he was away. A few years later he was shot dead by his mistress in front of his wife and son.

Ex Dr. Martin and Walske. With 1990 P.F. certificate

E. 7,500-10,000
6,250
Back to Top
2097
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2097, Virginia City Pony ExpressWells, Fargo & Co. Virginia City Pony Express, 10c Red on 3c Pink No. U34 entire (143LU1), Wells, Fargo & Co. Virginia City Pony Express, 10c Red on 3c Pink No. U34 entire (143LU1)Wells, Fargo & Co. Virginia City Pony Express, 10c Red on 3c Pink No. U34 entire (143LU1). Cancelled by two strikes of “Wells, Fargo & Cos. Express, S.Frco. 21 Apr.” (1863) double-circle datestamp on 3c entire with Wells, Fargo & Co. frank, unaddressed as this was a paste-up usage

VERY FINE. ONLY FIVE EXAMPLES OF THIS RARE WELLS FARGO & CO. VIRGINIA CITY PONY EXPRESS 10-CENT HORSE & RIDER FRANKED ENVELOPE ARE RECORDED.

The 10c Horse & Rider stamp design was printed directly on envelopes with the Wells Fargo & Co. standard printed frank and U.S. 3c embossed stamp (Scott U34). Only five printed in Red and two printed in Blue are recorded, as follows:

10c Red (143LU1):

1) San Francisco, Apr. 12 (1863), unaddressed paste-up, ex Kramer (R. G. Kaufmann, Sep. 15, 1990, lot 1131), Gamett census no. 2;

2) San Francisco, Apr. 16 (1863) to Virginia City N.T., paste-up, ex Dale-Lichtenstein and Twigg-Smith (Siegel Sale 979, lot 61), unlisted in Gamett census;

3) San Francisco, Apr. 21 (1863) unaddressed paste-up, unlisted in Gamett census, the cover offered here;

4) San Francisco, Apr. 25 (1863) to San Jose, unaddressed paste-up, Gamett census no. 1;

5) San Francisco, date unknown, unaddressed paste-up, Frajola sale, Jan. 25, 1991, ex Kuphal (Siegel Sale 925, lot 1068), Gamett census no. 3.

10c Blue (143LU2):

1) San Francisco, Mar. 29 (1863), Gould & Curry lithographed ad, front only, ex Kramer (R. G. Kaufmann, Sep. 15, 1990, lot 1132), Gamett census no. 2;

2) San Francisco, Apr. 3 (1863), Gould & Curry lithographed ad, front only, ex Dale-Lichtenstein (HRH, Sep. 25, 1997, lot 257), Golden (Siegel Sale 817, Nov. 1999, lot 1584), Gamett census no. 1.

The pattern of use--all paste-ups in March and April 1863--indicates that the envelopes were used exclusively on oversize mail within a brief time span. The 10c denomination corresponds to the first rate period, which was in effect from August 1862 until sometime shortly after January 1863, when the rate was increased to 25c. It is possible that Wells Fargo & Co. sold the 10c envelopes for 25c, or that a few slipped through after the rate change. Envelopes were printed with the 25c Horse & Rider in Red, but none of these has been found in used condition.

Ex Irwin Vogel and Walske

E. 5,000-7,500
6,250
Back to Top
2098
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2098, Virginia City Pony ExpressWells, Fargo & Co. Carson City Dec. 12 (1863), Wells, Fargo & Co. Carson City Dec. 12 (1863)Wells, Fargo & Co. Carson City Dec. 12 (1863). Clear strike of blue oval datestamp on 3c Pink on Buff entire (U34) with Wells, Fargo & Co. printed frank and "PAID 25 Cts." to San Francisco, opened slightly unevenly at right, tiny nick at bottom, still Very Fine, this was carried by the Virginia City Pony Express, the rate for carriage by pony during this period was 25c, ex Walske

E. 750-1,000
0
Back to Top
2099
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2099, Virginia City Pony ExpressA. J. Oliver & Co.'s Bannock and Salt Lake City Express, A. J. Oliver & Co.'s Bannock and Salt Lake City ExpressA. J. Oliver & Co.'s Bannock and Salt Lake City Express. Clear strike of oval express company handstamp, 3c Rose (65) tied by "St. Louis Mo. Oct. 31" (1863) double-circle datestamp on cover to Bannack City Idaho, original letter datelined "Washington City DC Sept. 23, 1863", carried to St. Louis where it entered the mails, stamp with light corner crease, missing part of backflap with couple tiny mends at top

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE EXAMPLE OF THE A. J. OLIVER & CO. BANNOCK AND SALT LAKE EXPRESS HANDSTAMP.

This express company was founded by partners A. J. Oliver, E. A. Conover and Ed House in 1862. The tri-weekly stage and mail service operated between Salt Lake City, Bannack City and Virginia City. In 1864 the base of operations was changed to Virginia City and in 1867 the business was sold to Holladay's Overland Mail and Express Co. (source: Thomas, The Western Express Companies).

Ex Risvold and Walske

E. 2,000-3,000
2,200
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