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Sale 1195 — The Richard Drews Collection of United States 1861-68 Issues

Sale Date — Wednesday, 12 December, 2018

Category — Essays for Re-Use Prevention: Unknown Authors

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
185
E
Sale Number 1195, Lot Number 185, Essays for Re-Use Prevention: Unknown AuthorsUnknown Author, 8c Orange on White, Eagle Essay (Brazer 57aEa), Unknown Author, 8c Orange on White, Eagle Essay (Brazer 57aEa)Unknown Author, 8c Orange on White, Eagle Essay (Brazer 57aEa). Design depicting an eagle surrounded by a field of stars, "Specimen" at top, "8" in each corner and "E Pluribus Unum" at bottom, two horizontal thin spots, Fine appearance and extremely rare, reportedly one of only two known and possibly the only one in this color, ex Hessel and Fekete, with 1991 P.F. certificate

E. 500-750
550
186
E
Sale Number 1195, Lot Number 186, Essays for Re-Use Prevention: Unknown AuthorsUnknown Authors and American Bank Note Co., 2c-5c Liberty and Indian Essays (73-E3 to 73-E6, 79-E11d), Unknown Authors and American Bank Note Co., 2c-5c Liberty and Indian Essays (73-E3 to 73-E6, 79-E11d)Unknown Authors and American Bank Note Co., 2c-5c Liberty and Indian Essays (73-E3 to 73-E6, 79-E11d). 25 items, including four singles each of 73-E3 thru 73-E5, all five colors represented, four of 73-E6 including one die proof in larger 51 x 46mm size, also four of 79-E11d perforated, bright colors, Fine-Very Fine group of these colorful and attractive essays, Scott Retail approximately $2,300.00

E. 500-750
400
Back to Top
187
E
Sale Number 1195, Lot Number 187, Essays for Re-Use Prevention: Unknown AuthorsUnknown Author, 2c Dull Red Violet, "U.S. Postage" Re-Use Prevention Essay (79-E1), Unknown Author, 2c Dull Red Violet, "U.S. Postage" Re-Use Prevention Essay (79-E1)Unknown Author, 2c Dull Red Violet, "U.S. Postage" Re-Use Prevention Essay (79-E1). Unfolded design for re-use prevention, original gum, single h.r., small internal tear

VERY FINE AND RARE. ONLY A HANDFUL OF INTACT EXAMPLES OF THESE RE-USE PREVENTION ESSAYS ARE RECORDED.

The inventor of these designs is unknown, but they share characteristics with essays produced by George Bowlsby (under Patent no. 51,782). The design of the stamp is such that it was intended to be affixed to a cover folded. The postmaster would then remove part of the stamp, exposing punched out or different colored numerals underneath. The background of the design is also scored so that any attempt to remove a cancel or the stamp from the cover would result in its breaking apart. This is a particularly choice example as it shows the complete unfolded design and retains the "U.S. Postage" tablet at both top and bottom. Some other examples we have seen were missing the top tablet

5,000
2,600
Back to Top
188
E
Sale Number 1195, Lot Number 188, Essays for Re-Use Prevention: Unknown AuthorsUnknown Author, 2c Dull Black & Bronze, "U.S. Postage" Re-Use Prevention Essay (79-E2a), Unknown Author, 2c Dull Black & Bronze, "U.S. Postage" Re-Use Prevention Essay (79-E2a)Unknown Author, 2c Dull Black & Bronze, "U.S. Postage" Re-Use Prevention Essay (79-E2a). U.S. 7mm high, original gum, h.r., margins clear of outer frame all around, punch out under the bronze "S", Very Fine and rare, this essay comes in two varieties, with U.S. 7mm high (offered here) and 10mm high (79-E2b), both are rare but we have encountered only one other of the 7mm height variety

5,000
2,600
Back to Top
189
E
Sale Number 1195, Lot Number 189, Essays for Re-Use Prevention: Unknown AuthorsUnknown Author, 2c Bronze & Violet, "U.S. Postage" Re-Use Prevention Essay (79-E2b), Unknown Author, 2c Bronze & Violet, "U.S. Postage" Re-Use Prevention Essay (79-E2b)Unknown Author, 2c Bronze & Violet, "U.S. Postage" Re-Use Prevention Essay (79-E2b). U.S. 10mm high, original gum, h.r., couple punch outs below bronze "U.S", small tear at upper right, Very Fine appearance and rare, unlike some other essays of this type which are folded designs, this re-use essay was pierced with "S"-shaped cuts, with the numeral cut out, this made the stamp fragile, preventing its reuse, ex Finkelburg and "Lake Shore", with 2005 P.F. certificate.

5,000
1,700
Back to Top
190
E
Sale Number 1195, Lot Number 190, Essays for Re-Use Prevention: Unknown AuthorsUnknown Author, "U S 2" (cents) in Metallic Gold on 2c Black Jack, Re-Use Prevention Essay (79-E3), Unknown Author, "U S 2" (cents) in Metallic Gold on 2c Black Jack, Re-Use Prevention Essay (79-E3)Unknown Author, "U S 2" (cents) in Metallic Gold on 2c Black Jack, Re-Use Prevention Essay (79-E3). Normal 2c Black (73) with two re-use prevention features added, including two rows of three "S" slits and bold "U S 2" overprint in metallic gold, stamp with s.e. at top and left

VERY FINE. THIS 2-CENT BLACK JACK ESSAY IS THE ONLY EXAMPLE RECORDED IN PRIVATE HANDS. AN OUTSTANDING SHOWPIECE FOR THE CLASSIC AND BLACK JACK STAMP COLLECTOR.

The "S" slits and gold overprint on this essay are similar to the those on the "U.S. Postage" prevention re-use essays offered in this sale (79-E1-E2, E4, E6). The slits and the fugitive ink overprint were designed to make the stamp impossible to lift or soak from a cover for re-use. Scott lists these as "author unknown" but they share similarities with essay material associated with George Bowlsby (under Patent no. 51,782). This particular item was long on the wish-list of several prominent Black Jack collectors. This is a wonderful opportunity for the newer Black Jack collector.

Ex Metzger

7,500
6,250
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191
E
Sale Number 1195, Lot Number 191, Essays for Re-Use Prevention: Unknown AuthorsUnknown Author, 3c Black & Bronze, "U.S. Postage" Re-Use Prevention Essay (79-E4a), Unknown Author, 3c Black & Bronze, "U.S. Postage" Re-Use Prevention Essay (79-E4a)Unknown Author, 3c Black & Bronze, "U.S. Postage" Re-Use Prevention Essay (79-E4a). Original gum, h.r., folded design similar to 79-E1 with underlying "3" punched out, fresh and intact design, Extremely Fine, due to the nature of the prevention methods used on these designs, most surviving examples are not completely intact, few are known

5,000
850
Back to Top
192
E
Sale Number 1195, Lot Number 192, Essays for Re-Use Prevention: Unknown AuthorsUnknown Author, 3c Black & Bronze, "U.S. Postage" Re-Use Prevention Essay (79-E4a), Unknown Author, 3c Black & Bronze, "U.S. Postage" Re-Use Prevention Essay (79-E4a)Unknown Author, 3c Black & Bronze, "U.S. Postage" Re-Use Prevention Essay (79-E4a). Original gum, h.r., folded design similar to 79-E1 with underlying "3" punched out, fresh and intact design, Extremely Fine, due to the nature of the prevention methods used on these designs, most surviving examples are not completely intact, few are known

5,000
650
Back to Top
193
E
Sale Number 1195, Lot Number 193, Essays for Re-Use Prevention: Unknown AuthorsUnknown Author, 3c Blue & Black on Green, "U.S. Postage" Re-Use Prevention Essay (79-E5), Unknown Author, 3c Blue & Black on Green, "U.S. Postage" Re-Use Prevention Essay (79-E5)Unknown Author, 3c Blue & Black on Green, "U.S. Postage" Re-Use Prevention Essay (79-E5). Two matching essays demonstrating and stating the "before and after" of their re-use prevention design, both with blue "POSTAGE" and overprinted "Void if Detached 3 US 3 Three Cents, Void if detached.", the first is full-size and affixed to piece with violet manuscript "Stamp Before Cancellation" at top, the essay has a slit across the upper middle for removal of the top section, second has the upper portion above the slit removed and is affixed to piece with violet manuscript "Stamp After Cancellation" at top, gum soak on piece from scotch tape on back

VERY FINE. THIS PAIR OF 1867-68 RE-USE PREVENTION ESSAYS, WHICH SHARE SIMILARITIES TO THE BOWLSBY PATENT, ARE BELIEVED TO BE UNIQUE.

The Bowlsby patent for stamp reuse prevention (no. 51,782) called for only a portion of a stamp to be gummed. After being affixed to an envelope the ungummed portion was to be removed, thus preventing reuse of either piece once separated. The essay offered here is not directly linked to Bowlsby, but very possibly represents an interpretation of his patent tried by NBNCo., similar to the other "unknown author" essays in this section (79-E1 thru 79-E6). This ties particularly to lot 190, the Black Jack essay.

Both with pencil notations on reverse from larger piece, likely patent submission papers explaining how the design was to be used. The second is ex Finkelburg and is illustrated in Scott on p. 844. Scott Retail for these is well out of date (and based on the second example's realization in our 1999 Finkelburg sale)

6,000
2,800
Back to Top
194
E
Sale Number 1195, Lot Number 194, Essays for Re-Use Prevention: Unknown AuthorsUnknown Author, 3c Bronze over Violet, "U.S. Postage" Re-Use Prevention Essay (79-E6a), Unknown Author, 3c Bronze over Violet, "U.S. Postage" Re-Use Prevention Essay (79-E6a)Unknown Author, 3c Bronze over Violet, "U.S. Postage" Re-Use Prevention Essay (79-E6a). Similar to No. 79-E2 but with 3c value and Violet lettering, original gum, h.r., small repair at top right, Very Fine appearance, we are not sure why this is priced in Scott less than the others in the series, since we have offered only one other in more than 25 years we suspect it is at least as rare as the others

3,000
475
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