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Sale 1182 — United States and Confederate States Postal History

Sale Date — Tuesday, 22 May, 2018

Leave Absentee Bids
*A buyer’s premium of 18% of the winning bid was added as part of the total purchase price on all lots in this sale. Buyers were responsible for applicable sales tax, customs duty and any other prescribed charges. By placing a bid, bidders agreed to the terms and conditions in effect at the time of the sale.

Category — Confederate and Civil War: Postmasters' Provisionals (New Orleans La. thru Tellico Plains Tenn.)

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
261
ng
Sale Number 1182, Lot Number 261, Confederate and Civil War: Postmasters' Provisionals (New Orleans La. thru Tellico Plains Tenn.)New Orleans La., 2c Blue (62X1), New Orleans La., 2c Blue (62X1)New Orleans La., 2c Blue (62X1). Position 35, large bottom sheet margin with part three-line imprint, clear margins other sides, unused (no gum), small thin spot near top, Very Fine appearance and extremely rare, this and the unused pair offered in our Sale 1104 (lot 2232) are the only two recorded examples of the 2c Blue with bottom imprint, ex Grant, Caspary, Skinner and Pegram, with 2006 C.S.A. certificate

E. 1,000-1,500
1,200
262
 
Sale Number 1182, Lot Number 262, Confederate and Civil War: Postmasters' Provisionals (New Orleans La. thru Tellico Plains Tenn.)New Orleans La., 2c Blue (62X1), New Orleans La., 2c Blue (62X1)New Orleans La., 2c Blue (62X1). Ample margins to touching frameline at lower left, bold strike of New Orleans circular datestamp cancel, fresh and Fine

800
275
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263
 
Sale Number 1182, Lot Number 263, Confederate and Civil War: Postmasters' Provisionals (New Orleans La. thru Tellico Plains Tenn.)New Orleans La., 2c Blue (62X1), New Orleans La., 2c Blue (62X1)New Orleans La., 2c Blue (62X1). Large margins to clear at top, New Orleans circular datestamp cancel, Fine

800
225
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264
og
Sale Number 1182, Lot Number 264, Confederate and Civil War: Postmasters' Provisionals (New Orleans La. thru Tellico Plains Tenn.)New Orleans La., 2c Red (62X2), New Orleans La., 2c Red (62X2)New Orleans La., 2c Red (62X2). Original gum, large margins to full, bright color, Very Fine, with 2000 C.S.A. certificate

190
425
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265
c
Sale Number 1182, Lot Number 265, Confederate and Civil War: Postmasters' Provisionals (New Orleans La. thru Tellico Plains Tenn.)New Orleans La., 2c Blue (62X1), New Orleans La., 2c Blue (62X1)New Orleans La., 2c Blue (62X1). Ample margins to touching frameline at upper left, tied by "New Orleans La. 31 Aug." (1861) circular datestamp on buff circular-rate cover to Acona Miss., part of one side flap missing

VERY FINE EXAMPLE OF THE NEW ORLEANS 2-CENT BLUE PROVISIONAL ON A CIRCULAR-RATE COVER.

Approximately 30 covers are known with the 2c Blue (27 in Crown census), including circular rates and drop-rate uses. More than half of the covers have stamps without four margins or faults in the stamp or cover.

Ex Cipolla. With 2006 P.F. certificate

5,000
0
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266°
c
Sale Number 1182, Lot Number 266, Confederate and Civil War: Postmasters' Provisionals (New Orleans La. thru Tellico Plains Tenn.)New Orleans La., 2c Red (62X2), New Orleans La., 2c Red (62X2)New Orleans La., 2c Red (62X2). Full to large margins except where frameline just shaved at upper right, tied by "New Orleans La. 25 Jan." (1862) circular datestamp on manila wrapper to Memphis Tenn. with original printed circular

VERY FINE. AN OUTSTANDING CIRCULAR-RATE USE OF THE RARE NEW ORLEANS 2-CENT RED PROVISIONAL. ONLY TEN COVERS ARE RECORDED IN OUR CENSUS.

New Orleans postmaster J. L. Riddell prepared provisional stamps in June 1861 and advertised them for sale on June 12th. The 2c Red stamps were printed without the marginal inscription "Usable exclusively in the New Orleans Post Office". The 5c and subsequent 2c Blue printings all have the imprint. It is the accepted theory that the 2c Red stamps were printed first, before Riddell added the imprint, and were withheld from use until January 1862 when the supply of 2c Blue stamps was exhausted. The Crown book lists six 2c Red covers, while Dr. Hubert C. Skinner (Congress Book, 1978) recorded eight covers. We have located ten covers.

Ex Kilbourne.

25,000
20,000
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267
c
Sale Number 1182, Lot Number 267, Confederate and Civil War: Postmasters' Provisionals (New Orleans La. thru Tellico Plains Tenn.)New Orleans La., 5c Ocher (62X3b), New Orleans La., 5c Ocher (62X3b)New Orleans La., 5c Ocher (62X3b). Position 10, ample to large margins, horizontally creased and folded over, then tied by "Paid" cancel and "New Orleans La. 3 Sep." (1861) circular datestamp on yellow cover to Gaines Landing Ark., cover with repaired opening tears clear of stamp and postmarks, stamp has sealed tear (not surprising considering half of it has been dangling off the cover for 152 years), still Very Fine and quite remarkable, ex Dr. Skinner, with 2012 P.S.A.G. certificate

2,750
300
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268
 
Sale Number 1182, Lot Number 268, Confederate and Civil War: Postmasters' Provisionals (New Orleans La. thru Tellico Plains Tenn.)New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4), New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4)New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4). Large to huge margins, neat strike of "PD 5 CTS./N.O.P.O." two-line handstamp (which was also used to make provisional envelopes), small corner crease at top right, Very Fine appearance and wonderful strike of the two-line handstamp

E. 300-400
250
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269
 
Sale Number 1182, Lot Number 269, Confederate and Civil War: Postmasters' Provisionals (New Orleans La. thru Tellico Plains Tenn.)New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4), New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4)New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4). Horizontal pair, Positions 35-36, huge to large margins including part imprint at bottom, neat New Orleans circular datestamp, Extremely Fine, a handsome pair and scarce with bottom imprint, with 1953 Miro certificate

475
550
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270
 
Sale Number 1182, Lot Number 270, Confederate and Civil War: Postmasters' Provisionals (New Orleans La. thru Tellico Plains Tenn.)New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4), New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4)New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4). Horizontal strip of three, large margins to in, neat strikes of "Paid" handstamps, few flaws including left stamp sealed tear at top, Fine appearance, ex Boshwit, Scott Retail as pair and a single

675
200
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271
c
Sale Number 1182, Lot Number 271, Confederate and Civil War: Postmasters' Provisionals (New Orleans La. thru Tellico Plains Tenn.)New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4), New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4)New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4). Horizontal pair, ample to large margins, rich color on deeply blued paper, tied by "New Orleans La. 22 Oct." (1861) circular datestamp on fresh cover to Griffin Ga., two flaps with small pieces out, still Very Fine, ex Caspary, Kilbourne and Gimelson, with 1999 P.F. certificate

700
600
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272
c
Sale Number 1182, Lot Number 272, Confederate and Civil War: Postmasters' Provisionals (New Orleans La. thru Tellico Plains Tenn.)New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4), New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4)New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4). Two horizontal pairs, large margins to just touched at bottom of lefthand pair, tied by two clear strikes of "New Orleans La. 26 Oct." (1861) circular datestamp on legal-size courthouse cover with fancy printed address from Arthur Saucier, 3rd Judicial District Court, to clerk of the 5th Judicial District Court in East Baton Rouge La., wax seal, slightly reduced at left

VERY FINE. A STRIKING QUADRUPLE-RATE USE WITH TWO PAIRS OF THE NEW ORLEANS 5-CENT PROVISIONAL.

Ex Haas, Hill, Corwin, Sharrer and Gimelson. With 2002 P.F. certificate

E. 3,000-4,000
5,500
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273
 
Sale Number 1182, Lot Number 273, Confederate and Civil War: Postmasters' Provisionals (New Orleans La. thru Tellico Plains Tenn.)New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish, Printed on Both Sides (62X4a), New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish, Printed on Both Sides (62X4a)New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish, Printed on Both Sides (62X4a). Full margins, reverse with split impression in same orientation as front, cancelled by "PD 5 CTS/N.O.P.O." two-line handstamp applied at wharf office, cancelled side with minor scuff at top

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. THIS IS THE ONLY KNOWN EXAMPLE OF THE RARE PRINTED-ON-BOTH-SIDES VARIETY CANCELLED WITH THE PROVISIONAL HANDSTAMP APPLIED AT THE WHARFSIDE POST OFFICE.

Probably fewer than a dozen examples of the printed on both sides variety exist on either White or Bluish paper. In addition, only 12-15 examples of the 5c adhesive are known cancelled with the provisional handstamp. The combination of the two makes this an important Confederate States and New Orleans rarity.

Ex Dr. Graves, D.K. Collection and Pegram

3,250
1,100
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274
 
Sale Number 1182, Lot Number 274, Confederate and Civil War: Postmasters' Provisionals (New Orleans La. thru Tellico Plains Tenn.)New Orleans La., 5c Red-and-Brown on White (62X6), New Orleans La., 5c Red-and-Brown on White (62X6)New Orleans La., 5c Red-and-Brown on White (62X6). Large margins, mixture of Red and Brown inks, bold strike of New Orleans circular datestamp, torn in half and thinned (repaired)

VERY FINE AND ATTRACTIVE APPEARANCE DESPITE REPAIRS. THIS IS THE DISCOVERY COPY OF THE HYBRID RED AND BROWN ERROR, WHICH PROVES THAT THE 5-CENT RED COLOR ERRORS RESULTED FROM COMPLICATIONS IN MIXING INKS.

There is only one true color error among all Southern Postmasters' Provisionals: the New Orleans 5c Red, which is found on both White and Bluish papers.

In his 1978 Congress Book article, Dr. Hubert C. Skinner theorized that either "too much red ink was introduced onto the platen in blending the brown ink or the components of the ink separated while the press was idle for a time." This, he speculated, "produced a mottled impression on a very few sheets" and "would have been corrected as soon as the rollers passed across the platen a few times re-mixing or blending the ink." The discovery of the hybrid Red-and-Brown stamp (the stamp offered here) confirmed Dr. Skinner's theory. The ink mixture error had to have occurred more than once, because the stamps on White paper were printed in June, and the stamps on Blue paper were printed in August.

Our records contain the following examples of the 5c Red error: White Paper (62X6): 1) Unused with traces of gum, ex Ferrary, Hind, Brooks (not seen publicly since 1943); 2) "DUE (3cts)" straightline, partly rebacked over thins, ex Caspary, Lilly, Kilbourne and D.K.; 3) Cut in at bottom, tied by "Paid" straightline on part of cover to Mrs. Wm. Reynaud, Baton Rouge, photo by Hiram Deats in P.F. files; 4) Mixture of Red and Brown, corner strike of circular datestamp, partly rebacked over thins and tear, ex D.K., the stamp offered here; Blue Paper (62X7): 5) Dec. 4 circular datestamp, thin spots and small repair, ex Crocker, Felton and D.K.; 6) Sep. 17 circular datestamp, small faults, ex Ferrary, Hind, Lilly and D.K.; 7) Position 1, "Paid" and part datestamp, thinned with small nicks at left, ex Caspary, Dr. Skinner and D.K.

Ex D.K. Collection. With 2015 P.S.A.G. certificate. Scott value as the normal 62X6

14,000
1,100
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275
c
Sale Number 1182, Lot Number 275, Confederate and Civil War: Postmasters' Provisionals (New Orleans La. thru Tellico Plains Tenn.)Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1), Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1)Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1). Position 6 with missing comma after "Petersburg", large margins including bottom sheet margin, tied by blue "Petersburg Va. Feb. 11" (1862) circular datestamp on buff cover to Goldsboro N.C., backflap tear from opening, Extremely Fine, a superb quality stamp on a fresh and attractive cover, ex Gimelson

2,500
1,100
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276°
c
Sale Number 1182, Lot Number 276, Confederate and Civil War: Postmasters' Provisionals (New Orleans La. thru Tellico Plains Tenn.)Pine Level Ala. Paid 5, Pine Level Ala. Paid 5Pine Level Ala. Paid 5. Negative letters in circular ornamental brass handstamp, complete and bold strike -- the "5" and "ALA" at center showing little detail, but "PINE LEVEL" and "PAID" are clearly defined -- on buff cover to Madisonville Tenn., manuscript "Nov 18" (1861) date, small faint stain spots

VERY FINE EXAMPLE OF THIS EXTREMELY RARE HANDSTAMPED "PAID", WHICH IS ONE OF THE FEW NEGATIVE TOWN MARKINGS USED IN THE CONFEDERACY.

The extreme rarity of the Pine Level handstamp -- only three are believed to exist -- makes it impossible to draw any definite conclusions regarding its status; however, it is possible that the marking was applied to envelopes in advance of sale and, if so, they can be classified as a postmaster's provisional.

Ex MacBride

E. 3,000-4,000
2,900
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277
c
Sale Number 1182, Lot Number 277, Confederate and Civil War: Postmasters' Provisionals (New Orleans La. thru Tellico Plains Tenn.)Savannah Ga., 5c Black entires (101XU1-101XU2), Savannah Ga., 5c Black entires (101XU1-101XU2)Savannah Ga., 5c Black entires (101XU1-101XU2). First with partly clear strike of provisional marking, "Savannah Geo. Sep. 30" (1861) circular datestamp with stars to Tallahassee Fla., Fine, second with clear "Paid" and "5" provisional markings, clear strike of control marking, "Savannah Ga. Jun. 18, 1861" circular datestamp on cover to Marietta Ga., small tear and ink stain at top, still Very Fine first month use, also includes two handstamp paid uses, one a 10c due rate with star circular datestamp (soldier's endorsement), other a 5c paid rate, Very Fine, Scott Retail for the Provisional covers only

1,000
500
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278°
c
Sale Number 1182, Lot Number 278, Confederate and Civil War: Postmasters' Provisionals (New Orleans La. thru Tellico Plains Tenn.)Spartanburg S.C., 5c Black on Bluish (78X2), Spartanburg S.C., 5c Black on Bluish (78X2)Spartanburg S.C., 5c Black on Bluish (78X2). Cut to shape, part of stamp missing (most likely prior to use), tied by neat "Paid" cancel, "Spartanburg S.C. Sep. 2, 1861" double-circle datestamp on cover to "Company K, Spartan Rifles, 5th Palmetto Regt. So. Sar. Volunteers, Col. M. Jenkins Commander, Tudor Hall Near Manassas Junction Virginia", missing top flap

THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF THE 5-CENT SPARTANBURG PROVISIONAL ON BLUISH PAPER, ON OR OFF COVER.

This 5c Spartanburg provisional (Type C as listed in C.S.A. Catalog) has a smaller and thicker "5" handstamped inside the undated town double-circle postmark. It is known on blue paper with horizontal ruled lines (offered here) and on brown wove paper. Our records contain only one example of each, both ex Caspary.

John A. Lee was a prominent merchant who served as postmaster of Spartanburg from 1850 through the end of the war. Residents of Spartanburg remembered him as the "Wartime Postmaster" (John B. O. Landrum, History of Spartanburg County, available at Google Books -- thanks to Vince King for this citation).

Postmaster Lee created his provisional stamps by applying the "5" numeral rate marking inside the "Spartanburg S.C." double-circle datestamp on a sheet of paper. The stamps are known cut square and cut to shape. As one might imagine, the stamps come on a variety of papers. Two types of "5" markings were used, and one example is known with the denomination omitted. Most of the paper and numeral varieties are listed separately in the C.S.A. and Scott catalogues.

Spartanburg S.C. takes its name from the "Spartan Rifles," a group of militia soldiers during the Revolutionary War. The name was adopted by Confederate soldiers from Spartanburg during the Civil War.

Corporal Edward J. Dean and the Dean correspondence were the subjects of an article by the late Daniel M. Gilbert, published in the Confederate Philatelist.

Joseph Walker was enrolled as captain of the Spartan Rifles on April 13, 1861. Micah Jenkins, a resident of Yorkville, South Carolina, was mustered into service as colonel of the 5th South Carolina Volunteer Infantry Regiment in June 1861. He was elected colonel of the Palmetto Sharpshooters Regiment, South Carolina Volunteers, on April 13, 1862, and promoted to brigadier general in July 1862.

Ex Emerson and Caspary.

15,000
7,500
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279
 
Sale Number 1182, Lot Number 279, Confederate and Civil War: Postmasters' Provisionals (New Orleans La. thru Tellico Plains Tenn.)Spartanburg S.C., 5c Black (78X1), Spartanburg S.C., 5c Black (78X1)Spartanburg S.C., 5c Black (78X1). Cut to shape and showing most of rim, cancelled by "PAID" handstamp on back of envelope piece

VERY FINE. A RARE EXAMPLE OF THE 5-CENT SPARTANBURG POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL.

Ex Powell. With 1991 P.F. certificate. "W.H.C." Colson handstamp in corner. The footnote to the Scott Catalogue listing states that all but three of the recorded Spartanburg Provisionals (78X1-78X3) are cut round and our records confirm this. However, they do not price it off-cover cut round. It is priced at $20,000.00 cut round on cover.

E. 3,000-4,000
2,000
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280
ng
Sale Number 1182, Lot Number 280, Confederate and Civil War: Postmasters' Provisionals (New Orleans La. thru Tellico Plains Tenn.)Tellico Plains Tenn., 5c Red (81X1), Tellico Plains Tenn., 5c Red (81X1)Tellico Plains Tenn., 5c Red (81X1). Setting A with period after "Johnson", unused (no gum), huge margins right and bottom, full to touched other sides, paper with clear laid lines

FINE EXAMPLE OF THE 5-CENT TELLICO PLAINS POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL.

The Rheatown and Tellico Plains provisionals were printed by the same printer, using a typeset form of three subjects. The Tellico Plains postmaster, M.F. Johnson, reported that the printer was located in Knoxville and named "Hawes Lea." For the Tellico Plains provisional, which probably followed the Rheatown, the post office and postmaster's names were changed, and the third subject at right was reset with a 10c denomination. Only two are known used, including one on cover (both are December 1861 dates).

Ex Hessel, Gallagher and Dr. Brandon

2,500
800
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281
 
Sale Number 1182, Lot Number 281, Confederate and Civil War: Postmasters' Provisionals (New Orleans La. thru Tellico Plains Tenn.)Postmasters' Provisionals, Off-Cover Balance, Postmasters' Provisionals, Off-Cover BalancePostmasters' Provisionals, Off-Cover Balance. Six stamps, including Memphis Nos. 56X1 (unused) and 56X2 (used), Mobile 58X2 (used), New Orleans Nos. 62X1 (unused), 62X3 (unused) and 62X4 (used), faults to be found including some thins, Fine appearing group

1,525
650
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