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Sale 1182 — United States and Confederate States Postal History

Sale Date — Tuesday, 22 May, 2018

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*A buyer’s premium of 18% of the winning bid was added as part of the total purchase price on all lots in this sale. Buyers were responsible for applicable sales tax, customs duty and any other prescribed charges. By placing a bid, bidders agreed to the terms and conditions in effect at the time of the sale.

Category — Confederate and Civil War: New Mexico, Arizona, Indian Territory

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
218
c
Sale Number 1182, Lot Number 218, Confederate and Civil War: New Mexico, Arizona, Indian TerritoryMesilla N.M. Feb. 2 (1862), Mesilla N.M. Feb. 2 (1862)Mesilla N.M. Feb. 2 (1862). Clear strike of circular datestamp on cover to Col. J. F. Word in Palestine Tex., endorsed "J. J. Word Capt., Gardner's Co., Steele's Regt., Sibley's Brigade" at left, slightly reduced at right where some professional restoration

FINE APPEARANCE. A VERY RARE COVER MAILED DURING THE CONFEDERATE OCCUPATION OF NEW MEXICO FROM THE NEWLY-FORMED TERRITORY OF ARIZONA.

In July 1861 Lt. Col. John Baylor raised the Confederate flag at Fort Bliss, later occupying Fort Fillmore and the town of Mesilla. On August 1st he issued a proclamation establishing the Confederate Territory of Arizona, naming Mesilla as its capital. On January 13, 1862 the Confederate Congress passed a bill establishing the Territory of Arizona. President Davis signed the bill in January and issued his presidential proclamation shortly thereafter.

During this period in which the Confederate Territory of Arizona was formed, Brigadier General Henry Sibley raised three regiments, designated the Army of New Mexico, comprising the 4th, 5th and 7th Texas regiments. The 4th was known unofficially as the 1st Regiment of Sibley's Brigade, to which the sender of this letter, Captain J. J. Word, belonged.

According to specialists in Arizona and New Mexico postal history, there are fewer than ten examples known of the Mesilla N.M. occupation marking.

Ex Dr. Warren and Felton. See Confederate Philatelist No. 337, Nov.-Dec. 2003, for an article on the Word correspondence. See also lots 2057 and 2058 from Siegel Sale 1104

E. 5,000-7,500
5,500
219
c
Sale Number 1182, Lot Number 219, Confederate and Civil War: New Mexico, Arizona, Indian TerritoryPine Bluff Ark. Jul. 29, 1862, Pine Bluff Ark. Jul. 29, 1862Pine Bluff Ark. Jul. 29, 1862. Double-circle datestamp with "10" and "Due" handstamps on folded cover to Colonel Peter P. Pitchlynn at Eagletown, Choctaw Nation, from Lt. J. L. Morgan of Arnold's Battalion, Chavers Camp, no contents, piece missing from back

VERY FINE AND RARE CONFEDERATE MILITARY COVER TO CHOCTAW NATION, INDIAN TERRITORY.

Colonel Peter P. Pitchlynn was the Principal Chief of the Choctaw Nation and a prominent representative of the Five Civilized Tribes located in Indian Territory. When the Civil War broke out, Col. Pitchlynn was in Washington D.C. attending a meeting with President Lincoln. Although pro-Union, Col. Pitchlynn honored the wishes of his people to join the Confederate cause. He commanded the Choctaw forces with headquarters at Fort Towson in Doakesville. Col. Pitchlynn and his contemporary, Stand Watie -- the only American Indian to attain the rank of General in the Confederate Army -- are reported to have been the last Confederates to surrender to Federal forces, on June 23, 1865. (Reference: reprint of Judge Harry J. Lemley Confederate Philatelist articles, John W. Kaufmann sale, Oct. 22, 1977).

Ex Dr. Brandon.

E. 2,000-3,000
1,700
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220
c
Sale Number 1182, Lot Number 220, Confederate and Civil War: New Mexico, Arizona, Indian Territory"Lampasas (Tex.) Apr. 17, 1865, "Lampasas (Tex.) Apr. 17, 1865"Lampasas (Tex.) Apr. 17, 1865." Manuscript postmark with "Pd 10" and "Official Business" endorsement on buff cover to Brig. Gen. Stand Watie, Comg. Div. In. Terr. at Boggy Depot, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory, reduced at left and slight soiling

VERY FINE APPEARING COVER TO THE CONFEDERATE MILITARY DEPARTMENT OF INDIAN TERRITORY, ENDORSED BY GENERAL STAND WATIE.

Stand Watie was the only Indian brigadier general in the Confederate Army and the last Confederate general to surrender a major army on June 23, 1865.

Ex Bleuler and Kramer

E. 1,500-2,000
1,600
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