Contact Siegel
6 West 48th Street
9th Floor
New York, NY 10036
Contact by phone:
New York: (212) 753-6421
Dallas: (214) 754-5991

Sale 1186 — The Kilbourne Collection of Confederate States Stamps and Postal History

Sale Date — Thursday, 28 June, 2018

Category — Confederate Express Mail

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
851
c
Sale Number 1186, Lot Number 851, Confederate Express Mail10c Dark Blue, Hoyer & Ludwig (2b), 10c Dark Blue, Hoyer & Ludwig (2b)10c Dark Blue, Hoyer & Ludwig (2b). Large margins to clear, small tear at top, tied by manuscript "D. H. Brooks" ("D.H." meaning free; Brooks was an Atlanta Southern Express agent) and by bold strike of grid cancel with matching "Montgomery Ala. Dec. 22, 1861" circular datestamp on cover to Col. Tennent Lomax, 3rd Regt. Ala. Volunteers, Norfolk Va., blue "Southern Express Co. Montgomery Ala. Dec. 22" double-circle datestamp and matching "Montgomery Alabama Southern Express" in circle, faint scattered toned specks

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. AN EXTREMELY RARE COVER BEARING THE "MONTGOMERY ALABAMA SOUTHERN EXPRESS" HANDSTAMP -- ONLY TWO ARE RECORDED WITH THE 10-CENT BLUE GENERAL ISSUE.

This cover was carried by the Southern Express Company to Colonel Lomax's regiment in proximity to Norfolk, Virginia. We record five Southern Express Company covers from Montgomery -- all from the Lomax correspondence -- including four with the distinctive "Montgomery Alabama Southern Express" circle, which is unlike any other marking used by express companies throughout the Confederacy. Two have 10c Hoyer & Ludwig stamps (Dec. 18 and the Dec. 22 example offered here), one has the Montgomery postmaster's handstamped provisional (Oct. 25), and the other two have 5c Green Lithograph stamps (Nov. 29 without the smaller circle and Dec. 12). The presence of post office markings on these covers, including datestamps dated the day before the Southern Express datestamp, indicates that the Southern Express agent made arrangements with the post office to carry mail after it had been properly prepaid and postmarked. The agent's endorsement "Brooks" appears on this and other express covers, all of which originated at or passed through Atlanta.

The only intra-CSA Southern Express Company covers known from Alabama are addressed to Colonel Tennent Lomax, a Confederate officer who was killed at the Battle of Seven Pines on June 1, 1862. Colonel Lomax, a resident of Montgomery, led the 3rd Alabama Regiment during the war. His regiment was detailed to defend the naval yard at Norfolk Va., which was held by Confederate forces until May 1862. While in Norfolk, Colonel Lomax received letters and express mail from his wife.

Ex Emerson, Antrim and Wiseman. Raymond Weill backstamp. Illustrated in 1986 Dietz catalog (p. 205)

E. 5,000-7,500
10,500
852
c
Sale Number 1186, Lot Number 852, Confederate Express Mail5c Green, Stone 1-2 (1), 5c Green, Stone 1-2 (1)5c Green, Stone 1-2 (1). Large margins to clear, bright shade, tied by red "Southern Express Co. Savannah Ga. Mar. 21" (1862) double-circle datestamp on folded letter to Macon Ga., large manuscript "Pd R/-" express rate notation, slight ink erosion in address, Very Fine, ex Antrim

E. 1,000-1,500
4,000
Back to Top
853
 
Sale Number 1186, Lot Number 853, Confederate Express Mail10c Rose (5), 10c Rose (5)10c Rose (5). Pastel shade, mostly large margins, frameline touched at upper left, canceled by two bold pen strokes and tied by mostly clear strike of red "Southern Express Co. Savannah Ga. Aug. (2?)8" double-circle datestamp on buff cover to Macon Ga., manuscript "Pd R/-" express rate notation, toning skillfully removed from stamp

FINE APPEARANCE. AN EXTREMELY RARE EXAMPLE OF THE 10-CENT ROSE LITHOGRAPH ON A SOUTHERN EXPRESS COMPANY COVER. THIS IS ONE OF ONLY TWO RECORDED.

The absence of a mail-registration system in the Confederacy made it necessary to use express companies to transmit valuable letters. Postage was required on all express letters, but the Act of April 1862 changed the law from allowing adhesive stamps to requiring stamped envelopes, which of course the government did not provide. The calculated effect of this regulation was a ban on private express mail, but surviving covers show that the companies continued to carry letters. This is one of only two examples we record of the 10c Rose on a Southern Express Company cover. The other is ex Dr. Brandon and dated July 1, 1862 -- the first day of the uniform 10c rate (Siegel Sale 1087, lot 521).

Ex Everett

E. 3,000-4,000
2,800
Back to Top
Copyright 2019. All rights reserved by Siegel Auction Galleries Inc. Information and images may be used with credit to Siegel Auction Galleries or siegelauctions.com subject to guidelines and restrictions.
Website Terms of Use and Privacy Policy