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Sale 1189 — The John Birkinbine II Collection of Arizona and New Mexico Postal History

Sale Date — Tuesday, 23 October, 2018

Category — Civil War and Confederate Arizona

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
1065
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1065, Civil War and Confederate Arizona, “Tubac, N.M. Mar. 31 Paid 6” (1860) Manuscript Postmark. Legal-size cover addressed to “Col. Sam. Colt, Colt’s Armory, Hartford, Connecticut, Via St. Louis”, pencil receipt docketing “J.D. Alden Mch/1860”, opening tear across top left corner through postmark

FINE APPEARANCE. THIS COVER WAS CARRIED FROM TUCSON ON THE FIRST BUTTERFIELD STAGE DEPARTURE AFTER THE APRIL 3, 1860, VOTE THAT CREATED THE PROVISIONAL TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENT OF ARIZONA.

The sender, J. Dean Alden, was one of the 31 delegates from 13 towns in the Gadsden Purchase region who met in Tucson, April 2-5, 1860, for the purpose of creating a provisional government “until Congress shall organize a territorial government...” Alden rode on Lathrop’s buckboard, which carried the mail with this cover. The vote took place on Tuesday, April 3, and the mail left on the next Butterfield stage, which was scheduled to depart at 3:00 a.m. Wednesday morning, April 4. Therefore, this is a “First Day” Arizona territorial cover.

Ex Dr. Dike

E. 2,000-3,000
0
1066
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1066, Civil War and Confederate Arizona“Fort Buchanan N.M. Jul. 17” (1860) Circular Datestamp--Senorta Valley to Fort Buchanan by Rider, to Tubac by Military Express, Lathrop’s Buckboard Mail to Tucson, and from Tucson to St. Louis by Butterfield Overland Mail, “Fort Buchanan N.M. Jul. 17” (1860) Circular Datestamp--Senorta Valley to Fort Buchanan by Rider, to Tubac by Military Express, Lathrop’s Buckboard Mail to Tucson, and from Tucson to St. Louis by Butterfield Overland Mail“Fort Buchanan N.M. Jul. 17” (1860) Circular Datestamp--Senorta Valley to Fort Buchanan by Rider, to Tubac by Military Express, Lathrop’s Buckboard Mail to Tucson, and from Tucson to St. Louis by Butterfield Overland Mail. Perfect strike of circular datestamp ties 3¢ Dull Red, Ty. III (26), tiny tear, on small cover from Orville G. Irvine to his mother in Corning, New York, sender’s directive “Via St. Louis Over Land Mail”, with original letter datelined “Senorta Valey [sic], Arizona, July 8th 1860”, great content including descriptions of Apache and Mexican attacks, stealing livestock and plundering, all summed up with the line “this is very Rough Country on account of there Being no Laws and there is nobody but Rascals here...”

EXTREMELY FINE. A COVER OF EXTRAORDINARY QUALITY WITH A WONDERFUL LETTER FROM ARIZONA DURING THE PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT PERIOD.

Ex Hall, Jarrett and Dr. Schnell

E. 3,000-4,000
2,400
Back to Top
1067
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1067, Civil War and Confederate Arizona, “Gila City N.M., April 4th /60” Manuscript Postmark. Neat pen strokes on 3¢ Dull Red, Ty. III (26) on buff cover to Alvarado, California, with original letter datelined “Fort Yuma near Arizona City, N.M., Mar. 27th 1860”, sender’s notation “Stamped” at lower left was a security measure against stamp theft in notorious Gila City, without bottom backflap, minor skillful stain removal around stamp and mends along bottom edge of cover

VERY FINE. THE ONLY RECORDED POSTMARK FROM GILA CITY, A GHOST TOWN IN CASTLE DOME COUNTY, WHERE “SWIVELER’S” STATION WAS LOCATED ON THE BUTTERFIELD OVERLAND MAIL ROUTE--DATED ON THE FIRST DAY FOLLOWING THE APRIL 3, 1860, VOTE IN TUCSON THAT CREATED THE PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT OF THE TERRITORY OF ARIZONA.

This letter was written on March 27, 1860, at Fort Yuma on the west bank of the Colorado River. Normally, mail would be put into the post office at Arizona City on the opposite side, then picked up by a Butterfield stage. In this case, although the cover is addressed to northern California (Alvarado in Alemeda County, near San Francisco), it was carried 20 miles east of the Yuma Crossing, before it was put in a westbound stage. John Birkinbine theorizes that the writer boarded the eastbound stage that left San Francisco on Thursday, March 22 (1860), which would have passed through Fort Yuma around March 28. Instead of putting the letter into the Arizona City post office, possibly because it was closed at the time, the writer carried his letter 20 miles east to “Swiveler’s” or “Snively’s” Station (listed by both names in different sources), near the Gila City post office, a trip that took about five hours at the usual pace.

Gila City became a boom town after gold was discovered in 1858. The post office was established on December 24, 1858, with the appointment of Henry Burch as postmaster. He was succeeded by Thomas J. Mastin on August 3, 1859. A clerk must have postmarked this cover on April 4, 1860, since Mastin was a delegate attending the April 2-5 convention in Tucson where the provisional government of the Territory of Arizona was created on Tuesday, April 3. This cover was put on the Butterfield stage headed west toward the Yuma Crossing, which covered the same ground the cover had traveled days earlier. Mastin was killed by Indians in 1861 and replaced as postmaster by George Martin. Gila City became a ghost town after the start of the Civil War and the great flood of winter 1861-62, and its post office was discontinued on July 14, 1863. This is the only recorded cover with a Gila City postmark.

Ex Springer

E. 4,000-5,000
8,500
Back to Top
1068
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1068, Civil War and Confederate Arizona“Arizona N.M. Nov. 21” (1860) Circular Datestamp Used in Arizona County in Recently Established Provisional Goverment of Arizona Territory, “Arizona N.M. Nov. 21” (1860) Circular Datestamp Used in Arizona County in Recently Established Provisional Goverment of Arizona Territory“Arizona N.M. Nov. 21” (1860) Circular Datestamp Used in Arizona County in Recently Established Provisional Goverment of Arizona Territory. Two clear strikes of circular datestamp, one tying 10¢ Green, Ty. V (35), well-centered, short perfs at left, on buff cover to Catherine B. Foote in Delhi, New York, sender’s directive “Overland Mail Route”, minor repair along left edge

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. AN OUTSTANDING ARIZONA TERRITORIAL COVER FROM THE TOWN OF ARIZONA CITY AT THE YUMA CROSSING, USED DURING THE PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT PERIOD. THE COUNTY NAME OF DONA ANA WAS CHANGED TO “ARIZONA” IN FEBRUARY 1860.

The town of Arizona City (or Arizona) was established in 1854 by Charles D. Poston and originally named Colorado City. Consisting of adobe dwellings, two stores and two saloons, it was situated on the bank of the Colorado River, opposite Fort Yuma, California. By 1858 the town became known as “Arizona City” or simply “Arizona” (the official post office name). John Blake Dow was appointed postmaster on March 17, 1858, but was replaced by Lansford Warren Hastings three months later, on July 17. The post office and Butterfield station were one small counter in the Hooper mercantile store. Originally part of Doña Ana County, New Mexico Territory, on February 1, 1860, Arizona City became part of Arizona County, New Mexico Territory. Arizona County comprised all the land of the Gadsden Purchase west of a line close to the current New Mexico-Arizona border. On April 2-5, 1860, 31 delegates from thirteen towns in the Gadsden Purchase region met in Tucson and voted to create a provisional government for the Territory of Arizona “until Congress shall organize a territorial government...”

E. 5,000-7,500
0
Back to Top
1069
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1069, Civil War and Confederate Arizona“Tucson N.M. Nov. 17” (1860) Circular Datestamp--Fort Buchanan to Tubac by Military Express, then by Lathrop’s Buckboard Mail to Tucson, and from Tucson to St. Louis by Butterfield Overland Mail, “Tucson N.M. Nov. 17” (1860) Circular Datestamp--Fort Buchanan to Tubac by Military Express, then by Lathrop’s Buckboard Mail to Tucson, and from Tucson to St. Louis by Butterfield Overland Mail“Tucson N.M. Nov. 17” (1860) Circular Datestamp--Fort Buchanan to Tubac by Military Express, then by Lathrop’s Buckboard Mail to Tucson, and from Tucson to St. Louis by Butterfield Overland Mail. Perfect strike of circular datestamp on 3¢ Red on White Nesbitt entire (U9) addressed in the hand of Captain Richard S. Ewell (commander 1st Dragoons, U.S. Army, later a general in C.S.A. Army), to his niece Elizabeth in Williamsburg, Virginia, negligible tiny edge tear at bottom

EXTREMELY FINE. A PERFECT STRIKE OF THE TUCSON DATESTAMP ON A COVER FROM CAPTAIN RICHARD “OLD BALDY” EWELL--SOON TO BECOME A CONFEDERATE GENERAL.

Captain Richard S. “Old Baldy” Ewell helped establish Camp Moore in 1856, which was relocated and renamed Fort Buchanan in mid-1857. This November 1860 cover was mailed by Capt. Ewell near the end of his command at Fort Buchanan. He returned east in January 1861 due to recurring malaria infections.

Illustrated in Arizona Territory Post Offices & Postmasters (page 152). Ex Theobald and Springer.

E. 3,000-4,000
3,000
Back to Top
1070
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1070, Civil War and Confederate Arizona“Tucson N.M. Feb. 12” (1861) Circular Datestamp--Tucson to San Francisco by Butterfield Overland Mail, then to Dayton, Oregon, “Tucson N.M. Feb. 12” (1861) Circular Datestamp--Tucson to San Francisco by Butterfield Overland Mail, then to Dayton, Oregon“Tucson N.M. Feb. 12” (1861) Circular Datestamp--Tucson to San Francisco by Butterfield Overland Mail, then to Dayton, Oregon. Perfect strike of circular datestamp ties 3¢ Dull Red, Ty. III (26) on yellow cover with “Crandell’s Hotel, Market Street, San Jose, 1860” corner card in patriotic shield frame, addressed to M. Crawford Jr. in Dayton, Oregon, pencil note “Fred”, right edge of cover and right quarter of stamp have been expertly restored

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. THE ONLY RECORDED TUCSON TERRITORIAL COVER WITH THIS PATRIOTIC CORNER CARD DESIGN--ALSO VERY RARE TO A PACIFIC NORTHWEST TOWN.

This San Jose hotel corner card envelope was carried to Tucson by a stage passenger traveling east, who left it at the Tucson post office for the westbound stage.

Ex Persson and Shipley

E. 1,500-2,000
0
Back to Top
1071
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1071, Civil War and Confederate Arizona“Fort Buchanan N.M. Mar. 7” (1861) Circular Datestamp--Alamos (Mexico) to Fort Buchanan by Stage, to Tubac by Military Express, Lathrop’s Buckboard Mail to Tucson, to San Francisco by Butterfield Overland Mail, and to Sacramento by River Steamboat, “Fort Buchanan N.M. Mar. 7” (1861) Circular Datestamp--Alamos (Mexico) to Fort Buchanan by Stage, to Tubac by Military Express, Lathrop’s Buckboard Mail to Tucson, to San Francisco by Butterfield Overland Mail, and to Sacramento by River Steamboat“Fort Buchanan N.M. Mar. 7” (1861) Circular Datestamp--Alamos (Mexico) to Fort Buchanan by Stage, to Tubac by Military Express, Lathrop’s Buckboard Mail to Tucson, to San Francisco by Butterfield Overland Mail, and to Sacramento by River Steamboat. Clear strike of circular datestamp ties 3¢ Dull Red, Ty. III (26) on yellow cover to Mrs. William A. Rowntree in Sacramento from her husband in Alamos, Mexico, red “FRANCO*EN ALAMOS” framed handstamp with matching “3” reales Mexican rate handstamp on back

EXTREMELY FINE. ONE OF THREE RECORDED COVERS WITH THE “FRANCO*EN ALAMOS” HANDSTAMP AND 3-CENT 1857 ISSUE--THE FINER OF TWO STRUCK IN RED. THIS WAS PREPAID IN MEXICO AND SENT THROUGH THE POST OFFICE AT FORT BUCHANAN IN THE PROVISIONAL TERRITORY OF ARIZONA.

William A. Rowntree (also spelled Rountree), a resident of Sacramento, traveled to Mexico in 1861 to prospect for silver mines near Alamos. His arrival at Guaymas with a large group of mining prospectors and surveyors on January 4, 1861, was reported in the “Letter from Guaymas,” dated January 7, 1861 (Sacramento Daily Union, February 7, 1861). While in Mexico, Rowntree wrote letters to his wife Sarah, and their correspondence is the only source of the three recorded covers from Mexico that were routed through Fort Buchanan. The covers are dated in 1861 at Fort Buchanan on February 28 (ex Dr. Dike and Shipley, Siegel Sale 803, lot 1146), March 7 (offered here) and March 23 (offered in lot 1072). At the time, Fort Buchanan was part of the provisional Territory of Arizona, created in April 1860 by delegates from the Gadsden Purchase region. Other Rowntree covers are offered in lots 1073 and 1080-1082.

The three covers were placed by Rowntree into the Mexican post office at Alamos. Each was handstamped “FRANCO*EN ALAMOS” (paid in Alamos) and prepaid 3 reales Mexican postage (the rate for 16 or more leagues), indicated with a “3” numeral handstamp. The strikes on the February 28 and March 7 covers are in red; the March 23 is in black. Rowntree also prepaid U.S. postage on each cover with a 3¢ 1857 stamp. The Mexican “FRANCO*EN ALAMOS” handstamp ties the U.S. stamps on the February 28 and March 23 covers, proving that the stamps were affixed when they were postmarked in Mexico.

The covers traveled from Alamos north to Fort Buchanan, where they were postmarked and sent by military express to Tubac. From there they were carried to Tucson on a buckboard operated by S. H. Lathrop under contract with the Tubac postmaster (see page 40 in printed catalog or pdf). The westbound Butterfield stages picked up the mail at Tucson at 1:30 p.m. on Tuesdays and Fridays. According to this schedule the February 28 cover (postmark date) was carried west on Friday, March 1; the March 7 cover on Friday, March 8; and the March 23 cover on Tuesday, March 26.

The March 23 cover is a very late use on the Southern Route. On March 2, 1861, Congress voted to move the contract mail route to the Central Route. The last eastbound Butterfield mail stage left San Francisco on Monday, April 1, 1861 (Walske-Frajola, Mails of the Westward Expansion 1803-1861, pp. 170-171). The last westbound mail left St. Louis on March 21, 1861.

Ex Hollowbush and J. David Baker

E. 15,000-20,000
0
Back to Top
1072
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1072, Civil War and Confederate Arizona“Fort Buchanan N.M. Mar. 23” (1861) Circular Datestamp--Alamos (Mexico) to Fort Buchanan by Stage, to Tubac by Military Express, Lathrop’s Buckboard Mail to Tucson, to San Francisco by Butterfield Overland Mail, and to Sacramento by River Steamboat, “Fort Buchanan N.M. Mar. 23” (1861) Circular Datestamp--Alamos (Mexico) to Fort Buchanan by Stage, to Tubac by Military Express, Lathrop’s Buckboard Mail to Tucson, to San Francisco by Butterfield Overland Mail, and to Sacramento by River Steamboat“Fort Buchanan N.M. Mar. 23” (1861) Circular Datestamp--Alamos (Mexico) to Fort Buchanan by Stage, to Tubac by Military Express, Lathrop’s Buckboard Mail to Tucson, to San Francisco by Butterfield Overland Mail, and to Sacramento by River Steamboat. Perfect bold strike of circular datestamp ties 3¢ Dull Red, Ty. III (26) on yellow cover to Mrs. William A. Rowntree in Sacramento from her husband in Alamos, Mexico, black “FRANCO*EN ALAMOS” framed handstamp also ties stamp, matching “3” reales Mexican rate handstamp

EXTREMELY FINE. ONE OF THREE “FRANCO*EN ALAMOS” AND 3-CENT 1857 ISSUE COVERS AND THE ONLY ONE STRUCK IN BLACK. THIS WAS PREPAID IN MEXICO AND SENT THROUGH FORT BUCHANAN IN THE TERRITORY OF ARIZONA FOLLOWING THE MARCH 16 VOTE TO SECEDE FROM THE UNION.

William A. Rowntree (also spelled Rountree), a resident of Sacramento, traveled to Mexico in 1861 to prospect for silver mines near Alamos. His arrival at Guaymas with a large group of mining prospectors and surveyors on January 4, 1861, was reported in the “Letter from Guaymas,” dated January 7, 1861 (Sacramento Daily Union, February 7, 1861). While in Mexico, Rowntree wrote letters to his wife Sarah, and their correspondence is the only source of the three recorded covers from Mexico that were routed through Fort Buchanan. The covers are dated in 1861 at Fort Buchanan on February 28 (ex Dr. Dike and Shipley, Siegel Sale 803, lot 1146), March 7 (offered in lot 1071) and March 23 (offered here). At the time, Fort Buchanan was part of the provisional Territory of Arizona, created in April 1860 by delegates from the Gadsden Purchase region. Other Rowntree covers are offered in lots 1073 and 1080-1082.

The three covers were placed by Rowntree into the Mexican post office at Alamos. Each was handstamped “FRANCO*EN ALAMOS” (paid in Alamos) and prepaid 3 reales Mexican postage (the rate for 16 or more leagues), indicated with a “3” numeral handstamp. The strikes on the February 28 and March 7 covers are in red; the March 23 is in black. Rowntree also prepaid U.S. postage on each cover with a 3¢ 1857 stamp. The Mexican “FRANCO*EN ALAMOS” handstamp ties the U.S. stamps on the February 28 and March 23 covers, proving that the stamps were affixed when they were postmarked in Mexico.

The covers traveled from Alamos north to Fort Buchanan, where they were postmarked and sent by military express to Tubac. From there they were carried to Tucson on a buckboard operated by S. H. Lathrop under contract with the Tubac postmaster (see page 40 in printed catalog or pdf). The westbound Butterfield stages picked up the mail at Tucson at 1:30 p.m. on Tuesdays and Fridays. According to this schedule the February 28 cover (postmark date) was carried west on Friday, March 1; the March 7 cover on Friday, March 8; and the March 23 cover on Tuesday, March 26.

The March 23 cover is a very late use on the Southern Route. On March 2, 1861, Congress voted to move the contract mail route to the Central Route. The last eastbound Butterfield mail stage left San Francisco on Monday, April 1, 1861 (Walske-Frajola, Mails of the Westward Expansion 1803-1861, pp. 170-171). The last westbound mail left St. Louis on March 21, 1861.

Illustrated in C.S.A. Catalog (p. 241). Ex Longfellow

E. 15,000-20,000
20,000
Back to Top
1073
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1073, Civil War and Confederate Arizona“Arizona N.M. Mar. 27” (1861) Circular Datestamp--Used After Arizona Secession, “Arizona N.M. Mar. 27” (1861) Circular Datestamp--Used After Arizona Secession“Arizona N.M. Mar. 27” (1861) Circular Datestamp--Used After Arizona Secession. Clear strike of circular datestamp ties 3¢ Dull Red, Ty. III (26) on yellow cover to Mrs. William A. Rowntree in Sacramento from her husband at Fort Yuma (original letter no longer accompanies), small cover repair at top

VERY FINE. THE ONLY RECORDED ARIZONA CITY COVER POSTED AFTER SECESSION.

On Mar. 16, 1861, delegates met in Mesilla and voted to secede from the Union. The secession proclamation was ratified in a separate vote in Tucson on Mar. 25. The Daily Alta California (Apr. 5, 1861) reported news from Los Angeles that the westbound stage arrived on Apr. 4, “three days behind time.” The Mar. 27 postmark date corresponds to the scheduled arrival in Arizona City, but this was picked up on April 1 by the delayed stage, three days out from Los Angeles.

Listed as unique in C.S.A. Catalog (p. 241). Ex Longfellow

E. 4,000-5,000
3,250
Back to Top
1074
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1074, Civil War and Confederate Arizona, “Tubac N.M. Apr. 4th 1861” Manuscript Postmark--Used After Arizona Secession. Postmark written by Postmaster Theodore Moohrman, pen strokes cancel 3¢ Dull Red, Ty. III (26) on buff cover from Horace C. Grosvenor to Cincinnati, sender’s directive “Via St. Louis”--to Tucson on Lathrop’s Buckboard Mail, probably carried on the March 25 eastbound Butterfield stage from San Francisco, due to arrive at Tucson April 3 but delayed--the mail from this trip was received in St. Louis around May 1--pencil “Rec’d May 4, 1861” and pen “From H. C. Grosvenor Apr. 3-1861” with notation “Mr. Grosvenor was killed by the Appacha Indians April 25, 1861--Never reached Cin. June 12, 1861”, stamp has small faults, small cover mend at top

VERY FINE. THE ONLY RECORDED TUBAC COVER POSTED AFTER SECESSION.

On Mar. 16, 1861, delegates met in Mesilla and voted to secede from the Union. The secession proclamation was ratified in a separate vote in Tucson on Mar. 25. This is the only recorded cover with a Tubac postmark applied after secession. It is also a remarkable contemporary record of the murder of Horace C. Grosvenor, a principal in the Salero Mining Company, who was killed outside Tubac by Apaches on June 25, 1861.

Listed as unique in C.S.A. Catalog (p. 242)

E. 3,000-4,000
7,000
Back to Top
1075
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1075, Civil War and Confederate Arizona1861 February-March--Butterfield Overland Mail from St. Louis to Tucson, Lathrop’s Buckboard Mail to Tubac, 1861 February-March--Butterfield Overland Mail from St. Louis to Tucson, Lathrop’s Buckboard Mail to Tubac1861 February-March--Butterfield Overland Mail from St. Louis to Tucson, Lathrop’s Buckboard Mail to Tubac. 3¢ Dull Red, Ty. III (26) cancelled by grid, “Owego N.Y. Feb. 21” (1861) circular datestamp on cover to “Mr. Raph. Pumpelly of the Santa Rita Silver Mines, Tubac, Arizona, New Mexico”, red docketing “from Mother”, small hole at left, Very Fine, carried on Feb. 25 trip from St. Louis, scheduled arrival Tucson Mar. 12, the four covers offered in lots 1075-1078 are addressed to Raphael Pumpelly, a geologist, engineer, author and later a professor at Harvard, who was associated with the Salero Mining Company, headquartered in Tubac from 1858 to 1861, Pumpelly was recruited to improve the company’s performance, but constant attacks by Apache Indians eventually led to the company’s demise, as well as the death of one of its principals, Horace C. Grosvenor (see lot 1074)

E. 1,000-1,500
0
Back to Top
1076
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1076, Civil War and Confederate Arizona1861 April--Steamer and Stage to Tucson via Confederate Texas, Lathrop’s Buckboard Mail to Tubac, 1861 April--Steamer and Stage to Tucson via Confederate Texas, Lathrop’s Buckboard Mail to Tubac1861 April--Steamer and Stage to Tucson via Confederate Texas, Lathrop’s Buckboard Mail to Tubac. 3¢ Dull Red, Ty. III (26) pair and single tied by “New-York Apr. 8, 1861” duplex datestamp and grid on cover to Raphael Pumpelly in Tubac, red docketing with note “Newspapers enclosed”, sender’s directive “Via St. Louis & Overland Mail” but the Southern Route was closed, so this traveled by steamers to New Orleans and Indianola, by stage through Confederate Texas and on to Tucson in seceded Arizona Territory, then by Lathrop’s Buckboard Mail to Tubac, stamp faults, small tear, still Fine, this cover traveled across dangerous territory--newspapers were carried free, so examples with first-class postage are rare, the four covers offered in lots 1075-1078 are addressed to Raphael Pumpelly, a geologist, engineer, author and later a professor at Harvard, who was associated with the Salero Mining Company, headquartered in Tubac from 1858 to 1861, Pumpelly was recruited to improve the company’s performance, but constant attacks by Apache Indians eventually led to the company’s demise, as well as the death of one of its principals, Horace C. Grosvenor (see lot 1074)

E. 1,500-2,000
1,100
Back to Top
1077
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1077, Civil War and Confederate Arizona1861 April--Steamer and Stage to Tucson via Confederate Texas, Lathrop’s Buckboard Mail to Tubac, 1861 April--Steamer and Stage to Tucson via Confederate Texas, Lathrop’s Buckboard Mail to Tubac1861 April--Steamer and Stage to Tucson via Confederate Texas, Lathrop’s Buckboard Mail to Tubac. 3¢ Dull Red, Ty. III (26) tied by “Owego N.Y. Apr. 12” (1861) circular datestamp on cover to “Mr. Raph. Pumpelly (Mining Engineer of the Santa Rita Silver Mining Company), Tubac, Arizona, New Mexico”, sender’s route directive “Via San Antonio Texas”, red docketing “from Mother”, carried by steamers to New Orleans and Indianola, by stage through Confederate Texas to Tucson in seceded Arizona Territory, then by Lathrop’s Buckboard Mail to Tubac, Very Fine, rare route designation, the four covers offered in lots 1075-1078 are addressed to Raphael Pumpelly, a geologist, engineer, author and later a professor at Harvard, who was associated with the Salero Mining Company, headquartered in Tubac from 1858 to 1861, Pumpelly was recruited to improve the company’s performance, but constant attacks by Apache Indians eventually led to the company’s demise, as well as the death of one of its principals, Horace C. Grosvenor (see lot 1074)

E. 1,500-2,000
1,400
Back to Top
1078
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1078, Civil War and Confederate Arizona1861 June--Steamer and Stage to Tucson, Lathrop’s Buckboard Mail to Tubac, 1861 June--Steamer and Stage to Tucson, Lathrop’s Buckboard Mail to Tubac1861 June--Steamer and Stage to Tucson, Lathrop’s Buckboard Mail to Tubac. 3¢ Dull Red, Ty. III (26) tied by “San Francisco Cal. Jun. 5” (1861) circular datestamp on cover to Raphael Pumpelly at the Santa Rita Mining Co. in Tubac, red docketing, probably carried on the steamer Panama, sailed south to Mazatlan on June 6, taken by stage from San Diego to Tucson, Very Fine and rare use to seceded Arizona Territory, the four covers offered in lots 1075-1078 are addressed to Raphael Pumpelly, a geologist, engineer, author and later a professor at Harvard, who was associated with the Salero Mining Company, headquartered in Tubac from 1858 to 1861, Pumpelly was recruited to improve the company’s performance, but constant attacks by Apache Indians eventually led to the company’s demise, as well as the death of one of its principals, Horace C. Grosvenor (see lot 1074)

E. 1,500-2,000
850
Back to Top
1079
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1079, Civil War and Confederate Arizona1861 July 11--Suspended Mail Route to Fort Buchanan, Sent to U.S. Dead Letter Office, 1861 July 11--Suspended Mail Route to Fort Buchanan, Sent to U.S. Dead Letter Office1861 July 11--Suspended Mail Route to Fort Buchanan, Sent to U.S. Dead Letter Office. “Corning N.Y. Jul. 11, 1861” circular datestamp on cover addressed to Orville G. Irvine in Fort Buchanan “Care of Boyle & Marshall Esq.”, signed and free franked by his father, U.S. Representative William Irvine, “Dead Letter Office P.O. Dept. No. -- Nov. 23, 1861” oval datestamp (release date) and DUE 3cts.” straightline, reduced at left, otherwise Very Fine, Fort Buchanan was burned and abandoned by Union troops in July 1861--this might have been sent back from San Francisco (the Central Route was open in July 1861) or sent directly to the DLO without traveling west--a unique Civil War use

E. 1,500-2,000
950
Back to Top
1080
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1080, Civil War and Confederate Arizona1861 August--Guaymas (Mexico) to San Francisco by Steamer, then by Central Overland Mail to New York, 1861 August--Guaymas (Mexico) to San Francisco by Steamer, then by Central Overland Mail to New York1861 August--Guaymas (Mexico) to San Francisco by Steamer, then by Central Overland Mail to New York. Red “FRANCO EN/GUAIMAS” two-line handstamp (paid in Guaymas), matching “2” reales prepaid rate handstamp on back of 10¢ Yellow Green on Buff Nesbitt entire (U41) to Mrs. William A. Rowntree in Trumansburg N.Y., from her husband in Mexico (near the silver mines at Alamos), carried north by steamer, entered U.S. mails with “San Francisco Cal. Aug. 21, 1862” double-circle datestamp and cogwheel, carried on eastbound Central Overland stage, forwarded to Drummondville, Canada West, “Trumansburg N.Y. Sep. 17” duplex datestamp and target struck twice, “U.S. 10cts” in oval frame handstamp, “CANADA 20Cts” straightline due handstamp and manuscript 10¢ plus 10¢ notation, Drummondville backstamp (Sep. 20), Canada forwarding address crossed out so apparently returned (to Trumansburg?), part of backflap missing, sealed tear at top, still Very Fine, a rare use of the U.S. entire from Mexico to Canada via San Francisco

E. 1,500-2,000
1,600
Back to Top
1081
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1081, Civil War and Confederate ArizonaWells, Fargo & Co. 25¢ Blue Printed Frank, Wells, Fargo & Co. 25¢ Blue Printed FrankWells, Fargo & Co. 25¢ Blue Printed Frank. On 3¢ Red on Buff Star Die entire (U27) to Mrs. William A. Rowntree in Sacramento from her husband in Mexico (near the silver mines at Alamos), carried on the Holladay & Flint steamer Panama, which sailed from Mazatlan October 11, 1861, and arrived in San Francisco October 28 (Daily Alta California, Oct. 28, 1861), carried mail picked up along route including this Wells Fargo entire at Guaymas, entered U.S. mails with “San Francisco Cal. Oct. 28, 1861” double-circle datestamp and large “SHIP” handstamp with blue crayon “2” for 2¢ ship captain’s fee, backflap repaired and reattached

VERY FINE. ONE OF THREE RECORDED WELLS, FARGO & CO. BLUE FRANKED STAR DIE ENTIRES USED FROM MEXICO--ENTERED MAILS AT SAN FRANCISCO AS A SHIP LETTER WITH 2¢ DUE.

Ex Clifford

E. 2,000-3,000
1,400
Back to Top
1082
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1082, Civil War and Confederate ArizonaWells, Fargo & Co. 25¢ Blue Printed Frank, Wells, Fargo & Co. 25¢ Blue Printed FrankWells, Fargo & Co. 25¢ Blue Printed Frank. On 3¢ Red on Buff Star Die entire (U27) to Mrs. William A. Rowntree in Sacramento from her husband in Mexico (near the silver mines at Alamos), carried on the Holladay & Flint steamer Panama, which sailed from Mazatlan November 23, 1861, and arrived in San Francisco December 3 (Daily Alta California, Dec. 4, 1861), carried mail picked up along route including this Wells Fargo entire at Guaymas, entered U.S. mails with “San Francisco Cal. Dec. 3, 1861” double-circle datestamp and “SHIP 5” handstamp (no credit given for 3¢ entire), slightly reduced at right

VERY FINE. THE SECOND OF THREE KNOWN WELLS, FARGO & CO. BLUE FRANKED STAR DIE ENTIRES FROM MEXICO--ENTERED MAILS AT SAN FRANCISCO AS AN UNPAID SHIP LETTER.

E. 2,000-3,000
1,200
Back to Top
1083
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1083, Civil War and Confederate Arizona“Mesilla N.M. Nov. 3” (1861)--Earliest Recorded Use of Mesilla Confederate Postal Marking, “Mesilla N.M. Nov. 3” (1861)--Earliest Recorded Use of Mesilla Confederate Postal Marking“Mesilla N.M. Nov. 3” (1861)--Earliest Recorded Use of Mesilla Confederate Postal Marking. Unusually clear strike of circular datestamp with manuscript “Due 10c” C.S.A. rate in hand of Postmaster William D. Skillman on cover to Jonathan M. Beavers in Bastrop, Texas, with soldier’s endorsement “T. J. Beavers, Co. ‘E’ 2d Regm’t T.M.R.” (2nd Texas Mounted Rifles), minor cosmetic improvements around edges

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. AN IMPORTANT COVER IN CONFEDERATE AND ARIZONA POSTAL HISTORY, POSTMARKED ON NOVEMBER 3, 1861--THE FIRST CONFEDERATE CONTRACT MAIL OUT OF MESILLA AFTER IT BECAME THE ONLY CONFEDERATE POST OFFICE IN ARIZONA.

On July 1, 1861, Lieutenant Colonel John R. Baylor occupied Fort Bliss, near El Paso. On July 25 Baylor and his regiment of Texas mounted riflemen were welcomed by the residents of Mesilla, who had Southern sympathies and were desperate for protection against marauding Indians. After hearing of the Confederates in Mesilla, U.S. Army Major Isaac Lynde advanced with 380 regulars from Fort Fillmore to engage the enemy, but after a relatively minor battle—the First Battle of Mesilla—Lynde abruptly ordered a retreat back to the fort. On July 26 Lynde and his troops abandoned Fort Fillmore and made their way toward Fort Stanton, but the Confederates cut them off at San Augustine Pass. Without firing a shot, Lynde surrendered his command on July 27, a humiliating defeat for the Union army in the Southwest and an encouraging victory for the Confederates.

Following his success, Baylor issued a proclamation on August 1, 1861, establishing the Confederate Territory of Arizona, with Mesilla as its capital and himself as military governor. The territory was defined as all of the land south of the 34th parallel, from the Texas border to the Yuma Crossing in California. On January 13, 1862, the Confederate Congress passed the “Act to Organize the Territory of Arizona,” subject to a provision that required a Confederate presidential proclamation for it to be in full force and effect. After signing the bill on January 18, President Jefferson Davis issued his formal proclamation on February 14, 1862, which effectively created the Confederate Territory of Arizona.

On September 25, 1861, when Arizona was a Confederate territory under Lieutenant Colonel Baylor’s military governorship, the C.S.A. Postmaster General appointed William D. Skillman as postmaster at Mesilla, the westernmost and only Arizona post office in the Confederacy. Postmaster Skillman used the existing “Mesilla N.M.” datestamp with the old New Mexico designation. Mail was carried between Mesilla and San Antonio on a portion of the old Overland Mail route, which was operated by Skillman and his brother, Henry, under the familiar San Antonio & San Diego Mail Co. name. Advertisements for the mail line predate Skillman’s September 25, 1861, appointment (see below). On August 28, 1861, George H. Giddings (with the Skillmans) received a contract from the C.S.A. Post Office Department to carry mail between Mesilla and Texas, commencing November 1, 1861. Mail on the first C.S.A. contract trip from Mesilla was postmarked on Sunday, November 3, 1861.

The Battle of Glorietta Pass on March 26-28, 1862, decisively turned the tide against the Confederate hold on Arizona. Mesilla was occupied by Union forces in July 1862, following the Second Battle of Mesilla, and the U.S. post office was reestablished.

E. 15,000-20,000
25,000
Back to Top
1084
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1084, Civil War and Confederate Arizona1861 December--Confederate Military Express from Fort Bliss, Texas, to Camp Cottonwood and Camp Willow Bar, 1861 December--Confederate Military Express from Fort Bliss, Texas, to Camp Cottonwood and Camp Willow Bar1861 December--Confederate Military Express from Fort Bliss, Texas, to Camp Cottonwood and Camp Willow Bar. Legal-size buff cover endorsed “Official Business, HdQrs. Army of N.M.” (Army of New Mexico) and addressed to “Commanding Officer, 4th Regt. T.M.V., Camp on Rio Grande, Arizona” (4th Regiment, Texas Mounted Volunteers), all in the hand of Major Alexander Jackson, Assistant Adjutant General to Brigadier General Henry H. Sibley

VERY FINE. A RARE AND SIGNIFICANT CONFEDERATE MILITARY EXPRESS COVER FROM ARIZONA AFTER INVASION BY SIBLEY’S ARMY OF NEW MEXICO.

In late 1861 Gen. Sibley ordered Col. James Reily—a prominent Texas attorney, diplomat, military officer and former U.S. Minister to Russia (1841-44)—to proceed south on a diplomatic mission to obtain the cooperation of Mexican authorities in Chihuahua to supply the Confederate army. Col. Reily departed Camp Cottonwood on December 25. Camp Willow Bar was in existence for only one week in late December—the regiment marched to Mesilla under Reily’s appointed successor, Maj. Henry Raguet, on December 27. The official military express covers offered in this and the following lot were intended for the commanding officer of the 4th Regiment, Texas Mounted Volunteers. However, because Gen. Sibley’s adjutant, Maj. Alexander Jackson, did not know who would replace Col. Reily after he left for Chihuahua, this cover is addressed simply to the “Commanding Officer.” The cover in the following lot is addressed to Major Raguet. They date from late December 1861 and followed the regiment from Camp Cottonwood to Camp Willow Bar. Maj. Raguet was commander for only about one week, making these covers very rare.

This official military express cover was addressed to the “Commanding Officer” of the 4th Regiment, Texas Mounted Volunteers, because Major Jackson did not know who would replace Col. Reily after he left for Chihuahua. It dates from late December 1861 and followed the regiment from Camp Cottonwood to Camp Willow Bar.

E. 2,000-3,000
4,750
Back to Top
1085
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1085, Civil War and Confederate Arizona1861 December--Confederate Military Express from Fort Bliss, Texas, to Camp Willow Bar, 1861 December--Confederate Military Express from Fort Bliss, Texas, to Camp Willow Bar1861 December--Confederate Military Express from Fort Bliss, Texas, to Camp Willow Bar. Legal-size buff cover endorsed “Official Business, HdQrs. Army of New Mexico” and addressed to “Major H. W. Raguet, Comdg. 4th Regt. T.M.V., Camp on Rio Grande, Arizona” (4th Regiment, Texas Mounted Volunteers), all in the hand of Major Alexander Jackson, Assistant Adjutant General to Brigadier General Henry H. Sibley

VERY FINE. AN IMPORTANT AND VERY RARE CONFEDERATE MILITARY EXPRESS COVER TO MAJOR RAGUET AS COMMANDER OF THE 4TH REGIMENT, TEXAS MOUNTED VOLUNTEERS.

In late 1861 Gen. Sibley ordered Col. James Reily—a prominent Texas attorney, diplomat, military officer and former U.S. Minister to Russia (1841-44)—to proceed south on a diplomatic mission to obtain the cooperation of Mexican authorities in Chihuahua to supply the Confederate army. Col. Reily departed Camp Cottonwood on December 25. Camp Willow Bar was in existence for only one week in late December—the regiment marched to Mesilla under Reily’s appointed successor, Maj. Henry Raguet, on December 27. The official military express covers offered in this and the previous lot were intended for the commanding officer of the 4th Regiment, Texas Mounted Volunteers. However, because Gen. Sibley’s adjutant, Maj. Alexander Jackson, did not know who would replace Col. Reily after he left for Chihuahua, the cover in the previous lot is addressed simply to the “Commanding Officer.” The cover in this lot is addressed to Major Raguet. They date from late December 1861 and followed the regiment from Camp Cottonwood to Camp Willow Bar. Maj. Raguet was commander for only about one week, making these covers very rare.

This official military express cover is addressed to Major Henry W. Raguet as commander of the 4th Regiment of Texas Mounted Volunteers after Col. Reily left for Chihuahua. It chronologically follows the cover offered in lot 1084 and shows that Gen. Sibley had been notified of the name of the new commanding officer. This reached Major Raguet at Camp Willow Bar.

Ex “Camina” and Walske

E. 2,000-3,000
4,500
Back to Top
1086
 
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1086, Civil War and Confederate Arizona1861 August 9--Letter Describing First Battle of Mesilla, Confederate Invasion of New Mexico and Union Surrender, 1861 August 9--Letter Describing First Battle of Mesilla, Confederate Invasion of New Mexico and Union Surrender1861 August 9--Letter Describing First Battle of Mesilla, Confederate Invasion of New Mexico and Union Surrender. 2-page letter datelined “Fort Bliss, El Paso Co. Texas, August 9th, 1861” from Dabney W. Lewis, Co. A, 2nd Regiment, 2nd Mounted Rangers, C.S.A., to his parents, Meriwether and Amanda Lewis in Turkey Cove, North Carolina (same correspondence as lot 1089), no address panel or markings, small erosion spot and splits, but intact and readable, a rare account of the First Battle of Mesilla:

“I have just returned from the battle field of Mesilla, although it can scarcely be termed a battle as we whipped them so easily only firing 32 shots. They retreated 600 of them and we took them all prisoners the next day with our company of 85 men... Arizona is one of the finest countries I have ever beheld. We have cleared it of all troops and now have it under our protection. The people are happy, contented and free again... Col. Baylor speaks of going and if he does Company A will be sure to follow him... not one of us have been wounded at the battle of Mesilla the balls went between our heads as we stood behind the wall a ball glanced the wall within 6 inches of my nose, grazed my hat and went 30 feet farther & through a panelled door 5 in. thick. The enemy has fatal minie rifle. We have them in our possession now....I was one night so close to the walls of Fillmore that I could see the sentinel...”

E. 1,500-2,000
0
Back to Top
1087
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1087, Civil War and Confederate Arizona1862 January 29-February 13--C.S.A. Military Express to Major Henry W. Raguet, 1862 January 29-February 13--C.S.A. Military Express to Major Henry W. Raguet1862 January 29-February 13--C.S.A. Military Express to Major Henry W. Raguet. Buff cover endorsed “Official” and addressed “Major H. W. Raguet, 1st Rt S Bde [Sibley’s Brigade] 2d Rt T.M.R. [Texas Mounted Rangers], in the hand of Col. James Reily, carried to Maj. Raguet as he advanced with the Texas Rangers from Fort Thorn toward Fort Craig--Col. Reily returned to Mesilla from his diplomatic mission to Chihuahua on Jan. 29, 1861, and left on a second special assignment Feb. 13, which establishes the date range for this cover--John Birkinbine reports this is the only C.S.A. military express cover from Mesilla; pencil field notes on back and vertical folds (suggesting this was carried by Maj. Raguet in his pocket), flap reinforced

E. 1,500-2,000
800
Back to Top
1088
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1088, Civil War and Confederate Arizona“Mesilla N.M. Jan. 5” (1862), “Mesilla N.M. Jan. 5” (1862)“Mesilla N.M. Jan. 5” (1862). Exceptionally clear strike of circular datestamp with manuscript “Due 10” C.S.A. rate in hand of Postmaster William D. Skillman on buff cover with soldier’s endorsement “John Collins Soldier, Co. I, 1st Regt. Sibleys Brigade & 4th Regt T.M.V.”, addressed to sender’s cousin, Robert L. Bliss Jr. at Florence, Alabama, contemporary notations on cover (humorous on back--“Procrastination, Florence, Ala.”), original letter datelined “Camp on the Rio Grande (Willow Bend) New Mexico--33 miles above Fort Bliss Tex. & about 25 miles below Mesilla (pronounced Mesea) Arizona, Dec. 23d 1861” with good content including mention of Sibley’s strategy, “scouting for Indians” and news of other military activity, mentions postal procedures (see below), cover opened a bit roughly at right with minor edge mend

VERY FINE. A RARE SOLDIER’S COVER AND LETTER FROM THE CONFEDERATE MILITARY TERRITORY OF ARIZONA AND POSTMARKED AT MESILLA.

On September 25, 1861, when Arizona was a Confederate territory under Lieutenant Colonel Baylor’s military governorship, the C.S.A. Postmaster General appointed William D. Skillman as postmaster at Mesilla, the westernmost and only Arizona post office in the Confederacy. Postmaster Skillman used the existing “Mesilla N.M.” datestamp with the old New Mexico designation. Mail was carried between Mesilla and San Antonio on a portion of the old Overland Mail route, which was operated by Skillman and his brother, Henry, under the familiar San Antonio & San Diego Mail Co. name. Advertisements for the mail line predate Skillman’s September 25, 1861, appointment (see page 75). On August 28, 1861, George H. Giddings (with the Skillmans) received a contract from the C.S.A. Post Office Department to carry mail between Mesilla and Texas, commencing November 1, 1861. Mail on the first C.S.A. contract trip from Mesilla was postmarked on Sunday, November 3, 1861.

Enlisted soldiers were not permitted to use military expresses to carry their mail, so this letter was carried by Private Collins as his company marched from Camp Willow Bar to Fort Thorn. He placed it in the post office at Mesilla on December 27, and it was postmarked January 5, 1862, the date of the Skillman express trip to El Paso. He was not permitted to prepay postage, as the letter explains: “You must excuse me Rob’t for not paying the postage. I have the means & would have but our Adj’t will not receive it.”

Illustrated in C.S.A. Catalog (p. 242). Ex Walske (Siegel Sale 980, lot 2829)

E. 15,000-20,000
15,500
Back to Top
1089
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1089, Civil War and Confederate Arizona“Mesilla N.M. Feb. 16” (1862) Circular Datestamp--First Day Postmark from the Confederate Territory of Arizona, “Mesilla N.M. Feb. 16” (1862) Circular Datestamp--First Day Postmark from the Confederate Territory of Arizona“Mesilla N.M. Feb. 16” (1862) Circular Datestamp--First Day Postmark from the Confederate Territory of Arizona. Mostly clear strike of circular datestamp and manuscript “Due 10c” C.S.A. rate in hand of Postmaster William D. Skillman on 2-page blue folded letter datelined “La Mesilla, Territory of Arizona, February 13th 1862” from Dabney W. Lewis, Co. A, 2nd Regiment, 2nd Mounted Rangers, C.S.A., to his parents, Meriwether and Amanda Lewis in Turkey Cove, North Carolina (same correspondence as lot 1086), soldier’s endorsement, describes beauty of region, mentions Col. Baylor, directs parents to address letters to Fort Bliss, notation on back “Direct Care Capt. John T. Aycock” (Capt. Aycock was located at Mesilla), some splits along folds, otherwise in excellent condition

VERY FINE. A HISTORIC FIRST DAY COVER FROM THE CONFEDERATE TERRITORY OF ARIZONA.

On January 13, 1862, the Confederate Congress passed the “Act to Organize the Territory of Arizona,” subject to a provision that required a Confederate presidential proclamation for it to be in full force and effect. After signing the bill on January 18, President Jefferson Davis issued his formal proclamation on February 14, 1862, which effectively created the Confederate Territory of Arizona. The first mail trip from Mesilla after the Davis proclamation was on Monday, February 16; therefore, this date is the official First Day of the Confederate Territory of Arizona.

E. 15,000-20,000
25,000
Back to Top
1090
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1090, Civil War and Confederate Arizona“Mesilla N.M. Feb. 16” (1862) Circular Datestamp--First Day Postmark from the Confederate Territory of Arizona, “Mesilla N.M. Feb. 16” (1862) Circular Datestamp--First Day Postmark from the Confederate Territory of Arizona“Mesilla N.M. Feb. 16” (1862) Circular Datestamp--First Day Postmark from the Confederate Territory of Arizona. Unusually clear strike of circular datestamp and manuscript “Paid 10c” C.S.A. rate in hand of Postmaster William D. Skillman on buff cover addressed to “Miss Jettie Word, Care of Col. T. J. Word, Palestine, Texas”, sent by Dr. Henry J. Hunter, who later married Jettie, the sister of Private John J. Word, both Hunter and Word were members of Gardner’s Division, Company I, 7th Texas Mounted Volunteers, cover expertly cleaned with some minor cosmetic edge improvements

VERY FINE. A HISTORIC FIRST DAY COVER FROM THE CONFEDERATE TERRITORY OF ARIZONA AND REPORTED TO BE THE ONLY KNOWN PREPAID COVER FROM MESILLA.

On January 13, 1862, the Confederate Congress passed the “Act to Organize the Territory of Arizona,” subject to a provision that required a Confederate presidential proclamation for it to be in full force and effect. After signing the bill on January 18, President Jefferson Davis issued his formal proclamation on February 14, 1862, which effectively created the Confederate Territory of Arizona. The first mail trip from Mesilla after the Davis proclamation was on Monday, February 16; therefore, this date is the official First Day of the Confederate Territory of Arizona.

Dr. Henry J. Hunter, a member of Company I, 7th Regiment, Texas Mounted Volunteers, was detached as assistant surgeon at Mesilla from December 14, 1861, to April 21, 1862. He was appointed 2nd assistant surgeon on March 11, 1862. Dr. Hunter was taken prisoner and exchanged June 6, 1862.

It is reported that ten Confederate Mesilla covers are known, but all of the others were sent postage due (a note on back from Brian M. Green states “Paid 10 [only one known]”). The letter in lot 1088 states that the sender wished to pay postage, but the adjutant refused to accept payment.

Illustrated in C.S.A. Catalog (p. 242)

E. 15,000-20,000
25,000
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1091
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1091, Civil War and Confederate Arizona1862 March--C.S.A. Military Express from Tucson to Major Henry W. Raguet at Albuquerque, 1862 March--C.S.A. Military Express from Tucson to Major Henry W. Raguet at Albuquerque1862 March--C.S.A. Military Express from Tucson to Major Henry W. Raguet at Albuquerque. Cover endorsed “Col. J. Reily, 1st Rt. S. Bde” (1st Regt., Sibley’s Brigade) addressed “Major H. W. Raguet, 1st Rt Sibly Bde Ft Thorne, in the hand of Col. James Reily, re-used envelope with earlier address to Dr. Jon Thuirth, Doña Ana, small piece of backflap missing, Very Fine, John Birkinbine dates this to March 2, 1861, when Col. Reily was in Tucson en route to Hermosillo, Mexico, on a special mission to negotiate with Gov. Ignacio Pesqueira for cooperation with the Confederate government, the use of a previously addressed envelope reflects shortages of basic supplies at Tucson--reported to be the only known C.S.A. military express cover from Tucson, which was received by Maj. Raguet at Albuquerque

E. 1,500-2,000
1,300
Back to Top
1092
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1092, Civil War and Confederate Arizona1862 May--Mesilla to Palestine, Texas, via El Paso, 1862 May--Mesilla to Palestine, Texas, via El Paso1862 May--Mesilla to Palestine, Texas, via El Paso. Cover endorsed “Private J. J. Word A.G.Q. Hd. Qrs. Army NM” from Assistant Quartermaster General John J. Word to Jeff Word in Palestine, Texas, blurry partly readable strike of “El Paso Tx. May 18” circular datestamp, red crayon “due 10”, repaired along edges and cleaned, part of one flap missing

FINE APPEARANCE. THE ONLY RECORDED COVER FROM MESILLA IN CONFEDERATE ARIZONA TERRITORY THAT WAS POSTMARKED IN TEXAS.

John Birkinbine records this as the latest Confederate cover known from Mesilla--the post office was inoperative, so mail was carried by Skillman to El Paso and postmarked there.

E. 2,000-3,000
3,250
Back to Top
1093
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1093, Civil War and Confederate Arizona1862 March--Soldier’s Mail from California Volunteers, U.S. Army, at Fort Yuma to Camp Drum and Los Angeles by Military Express and Courier, U.S. Mail to San Francisco and Michigan, 1862 March--Soldier’s Mail from California Volunteers, U.S. Army, at Fort Yuma to Camp Drum and Los Angeles by Military Express and Courier, U.S. Mail to San Francisco and Michigan1862 March--Soldier’s Mail from California Volunteers, U.S. Army, at Fort Yuma to Camp Drum and Los Angeles by Military Express and Courier, U.S. Mail to San Francisco and Michigan. Buff cover to Memphis, Michigan, with soldier’s endorsement “Soldiers Letter, D. C. Vestal, Ast. Adjt.”, red manuscript re-endorsement “Soldiers Letter C.O.D., Ben C. Cutler, 1st Lt. & Adjt., 1st Inf CV”, carried from Fort Yuma by military express to Camp Drum, California, then by military courier to Los Angeles where it entered the mails with “Los Angeles Cal. Mar. 30” (1862) circular datestamp and “DUE 10 CTS” oval handstamp (manuscript rate), slightly reduced at left

VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE COVER FROM FORT YUMA, THE STAGING AREA FOR UNION TROOPS PREPARING TO INVADE THE CONFEDERATE TERRITORY OF ARIZONA.

E. 2,000-3,000
5,500
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1094
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1094, Civil War and Confederate Arizona1862 July--Vedette Mail from Los Angeles to Tucson via Fort Yuma, 1862 July--Vedette Mail from Los Angeles to Tucson via Fort Yuma1862 July--Vedette Mail from Los Angeles to Tucson via Fort Yuma. Yellow cover addressed to “Mr. Julius C. Hall, Co. K, 1st Regt. Cal. Vol., Fort Yuma, California”, 1¢ Blue and three 3¢ Rose (63, 65), 1¢ small fault top right, 3¢ at right blunted perfs, two with manuscript “X” cancels, two tied by “Williamsport Md. Jun. 3” (1862) circular datestamp, carried from Los Angeles to Fort Yuma by Vedette, then by another Vedette to Tucson, where the 1st Regiment was located in July 1862, reduced at left, half of backflap missing, still a Fine appearing and rare Vedette Mail cover to Military District of Arizona

E. 1,000-1,500
1,600
Back to Top
1095
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1095, Civil War and Confederate Arizona1862 July--Vedette Mail from Tucson to Los Angeles via Fort Yuma, 1862 July--Vedette Mail from Tucson to Los Angeles via Fort Yuma1862 July--Vedette Mail from Tucson to Los Angeles via Fort Yuma. Cover endorsed “Soldier’s letter, 1st Lt. J. P. Hargrave, Act. Adjt.” (Lt. Joseph Priestly Hargrave, Co. F, 1st Regiment, California Volunteers), addressed to Memphis, Michigan, in the hand of De Witt Vestal (see lot 1093 for another from this soldier), carried by Vedette Mail from Tucson to Fort Yuma, then by another Vedette rider to Los Angeles where it entered mails with “Los Angeles Cal. Aug. 1” circular datestamp and “10” in oval due handstamp, which replaced the earlier device requiring manuscript rate, slight edgewear, still Very Fine, a rare Vedette Mail cover from Union-occupied Tucson in Military District of Arizona

E. 1,000-1,500
1,000
Back to Top
1096
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1096, Civil War and Confederate Arizona, “Gila river, Arizona Territory, May 4th 1862”--Soldier’s Letter from California Volunteers on Gila River, Vedette Mail to Fort Yuma and San Diego, U.S. Mail to San Francisco and New York City. Blue folded letter with clear dateline and soldier’s endorsement “Soldiers Letter, Chas. W. Smith, Capt. Co. B, 2nd Infty. Cal Vols”, red manuscript re-endorsement “C.O.D., Ben C. Cutler, 1st Lt. & Adjt., 1st Inf. C.V.” (Captain Benjamin C. Cutler--see photo on page 83), carried from a temporary supply depot on the Gila River near Pima Villages, halfway between Fort Yuma and Tucson (named Fort Barrett on May 10), Vedette rider to Fort Yuma, then by another rider to San Diego military depot, and from there to the post office at San Diego, “10” due handstamp (style used at San Diego), letter mentions prisoners captured at Battle of Picacho Pass in Arizona, “All I have seen of them was about a dozen prisoners in a fort in California and three that had been captured 100 miles from here, and were being escorted to safe post in Cal. They looked like Arkansas horse thieves”, faint dampstains and minor splits in letter portion, but not affecting address leaf

VERY FINE. PROBABLY A UNIQUE EXAMPLE OF SOLDIER’S MAIL FROM THIS REMOTE GILA RIVER OUTPOST ESTABLISHED BY THE CALIFORNIA VOLUNTEERS ADVANCING THROUGH ARIZONA--DAYS AFTER THIS WAS WRITTEN, FORT BARRETT WAS ESTABLISHED AT THIS LOCATION.

In April 1862 Brigadier General James H. Carleton ordered the establishment of a regular express to carry soldiers’ mail in areas occupied by Union forces (Special Orders No. 49). The bravest and most skilled cavalry riders, called Vedettes, and the finest horses were selected for this service. They rode relays along the old Butterfield Overland Mail route. On April 21, 1862, General Carleton reported, “I have established, as you see by the inclosed order, a chain of vedettes to bring and to carry information. While they will exercise surveillance upon the route, and in some places guard sub-depots of supplies necessarily deposited here and there upon the road, they will keep me informed of all that transpires in my rear; all that relates to the approach of supplies, and keep me in open communication with the general.” On June 8, 1862, General Carleton declared martial law in Tucson and established the Military District of Arizona.

The Battle of Picacho Pass, fought about 60 miles from Tucson on April 15, resulted in the Union army’s temporary retreat westward to the Pima Villages, where they established a supply depot and started construction on Fort Barrett, named in honor of Lt. James Barrett, who was killed in the battle. This letter was written on May 4, 1862, from an officer with the California Volunteers, who was located at the site of Fort Barrett. Following the capture of Tucson later in May, the construction of Fort Barrett was stopped, and it was abandoned except as a post for Vedette and military express riders.

E. 3,000-4,000
3,250
Back to Top
1097
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1097, Civil War and Confederate Arizona, “Mesilla Dec. 7” (1862) Manuscript Postmark--Earliest Reported Post Office Marking after Union Occupation of Arizona. 3¢ Rose (65) with manuscript “X” cancel on yellow cover to Cornville, Maine, postmark applied by Postmaster George W. Frazier, carried on Cottrill, Vickroy & Co.’s Santa Fe and Colorado Stage Co. line from Mesilla to Kansas City via Santa Fe (this became U.S. Post Office Route 14465 on January 1, 1863), stamp has faults, cover slightly soiled, still Fine, an important cover postmarked at Mesilla after Union forces occupied Arizona and established the Military District of Arizona--one of two known

E. 1,500-2,000
900
Back to Top
1098
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1098, Civil War and Confederate Arizona, “Mesilla Jany 25” (1863) Manuscript Postmark--Earliest U.S. Post Office Contract Mail from Arizona after Union Occupation. Four 3¢ Rose (65) with manuscript “X” cancels on buff cover to Capt. W. L. Parvin, Co. F, 1st Infantry, California Volunteers, in San Francisco, postmark applied by Postmaster Francis De Ryther, carried on U.S. Post Office Route 14465 from Mesilla to Kansas City via Santa Fe (contract effective January 1, 1863), stage operated by Cottrill, Vickroy & Co.’s Santa Fe and Colorado Stage Co., pencil “Resigned” (Capt. Parvin resigned at Mesilla on Nov. 26, 1862), “San Francisco, Cal. Advertised Mar. 11” circular datestamp on back, stamps have faults, cover reduced at right, still Fine, an important cover postmarked at Mesilla after Union occupation of Arizona and carried on the first contract mail route in the Military District of Arizona--one of two known

E. 1,500-2,000
1,600
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1099
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1099, Civil War and Confederate Arizona, “Arizona City A.T. March 3” (1863) Manuscript Postmark--The Earliest Recorded Arizona Territory Postmark. Buff cover to James M. Reynolds, S.F. Canal Office, in Placerville, California, 3¢ Rose (65) with squiggle pen cancels and tied by postmark, wide interpane margin and nicked corner, half of backflap missing

VERY FINE. THE EARLIEST RECORDED COVER FROM THE TERRITORY OF ARIZONA.

In late January 1862, a flood at the confluence of the Gila and Colorado Rivers destroyed Arizona City. The Hooper mercantile store, including the post office, records, equipment and cancelling device washed away. The post office was discontinued June 8, 1863 (later reestablished as Yuma), which proves the 1863 year date of this cover. The postmaster used the “A.T.” designation for provisional Arizona Territory, but he did not yet know that Arizona Territory was officially established by Congress on February 24, 1863.

E. 2,000-3,000
2,000
Back to Top
1100
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1100, Civil War and Confederate Arizona1863 July 21--Vedette Mail from Tucson to Los Angeles via Fort Yuma, U.S. Mail to Sacramento, 1863 July 21--Vedette Mail from Tucson to Los Angeles via Fort Yuma, U.S. Mail to Sacramento1863 July 21--Vedette Mail from Tucson to Los Angeles via Fort Yuma, U.S. Mail to Sacramento. Buff cover endorsed “Soldier’s letter C.O.D., Lt. Zabriskie, Adjt. 5th Infy CV” from Corporal Edward A. Chamberlain (Co. H., 5th Infantry, California Volunteers) to Sacramento, California, originated at Tucson and carried by Vedette Mail to Fort Yuma, then by second Vedette trip from Fort Yuma to Los Angeles, entered mails with “Los Angeles Cal. Jul. 25” circular datestamp and “DUE 3 CTS” in oval handstamp (manuscript rate at new 3¢ rate, effective July 1, 1863), piece of backflap missing, Very Fine

E. 1,000-1,500
1,700
Back to Top
1101
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1101, Civil War and Confederate Arizona1863 November 1--Only Reported Vedette Mail Cover to a Foreign Destination, 1863 November 1--Only Reported Vedette Mail Cover to a Foreign Destination1863 November 1--Only Reported Vedette Mail Cover to a Foreign Destination. Yellow cover to F. B. Parker in Stirling, Canada West, with original letter datelined “Fort Yuma Cal, November 1st 1863” from newly appointed Assistant Surgeon Robert Parker (4th Infantry, California Volunteers) who writes that he has been waiting three months to reach Fort Mohave due to low water level in Colorado River (upon arrival he was discharged due to non-reporting), carried by Vedette Mail from Fort Yuma to Los Angeles where 5¢ Red Brown (75) pair and single paying 15¢ rate were cancelled by grid and tied by “Los Angeles Cal. Nov. 15” circular datestamp, partly clear Canadian backstamp (Dec. 15, 1863), stamps at left and right have faults, right edge reduced with mended nick at bottom right, otherwise Fine, the Vedettes carried mail for soldiers, of which a very small amount was addressed beyond the borders of the United States--John Birkinbine reports this as the only known example

E. 1,500-2,000
800
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1102
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1102, Civil War and Confederate Arizona1863 December--Civilian Mail Carried by Vedette Riders, 1863 December--Civilian Mail Carried by Vedette Riders1863 December--Civilian Mail Carried by Vedette Riders. Cover to Mrs. J. H. Howard in New York City from her brother, Andrew Glover, a gold miner, with original letter datelined “Fort Mohave, N.M., December 1863”, carried by Vedette Mail to Los Angeles where “Los Angeles Cal. Jan. 1” (1864) circular datestamp was applied and 3¢ Rose (65) cancelled by grid, stamp has faults and is tied by vertical crease in cover, otherwise Fine, the Vedettes typically carried mail for soldiers, but evidently also handled some small amount of civilian mail (the Union command supported gold prospecting in the area around Fort Mohave)--letter states “There is no mail to this place. A Gov. Express connects with San Pedro carrying letters for persons in the employ of the Gov’mt.”--John Birkinbine reports this as the only known example of a civilian letter carried by Vedette Mail

E. 500-750
550
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1103
 
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1103, Civil War and Confederate Arizona1863 November-December--France to Arizona Territory, 1863 November-December--France to Arizona Territory1863 November-December--France to Arizona Territory. Blue front only addressed in French to “Mecille Arizona” and “per Santa Fée”, France 1853 80c Rose (20), large margins all around, tied by diamond of dots cancel, “Ustaritz 7 Nov 63” double-circle datestamp, red “PD” in frame and “Am Service” in frame handstamps, part strike of different red “PD” in frame (with “D” in manucript), red “Boston Nov. 24 Paid 15” 15¢ credit datestamp, mounted on card with piece of flap showing French transit datestamp, sealed tear at right, still Fine and presentable, carried on the Inman City of Baltimore (depart Nov. 12, arrive New York Nov. 24, 1863), sent by train to Kansas City, Missouri, then by stage on Route 10547 to Santa Fe and another stage to Mesilla on Route 12851--John Birkinbine reports this is the only cover from France addressed to Arizona during Civil War

E. 500-750
0
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1104
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1104, Civil War and Confederate Arizona“Mesilla, N.M. Jan. 23” (1864) Rimless Circular Datestamp--Only Reported Example of the First Mesilla Datestamp after Union Occupation, “Mesilla, N.M. Jan. 23” (1864) Rimless Circular Datestamp--Only Reported Example of the First Mesilla Datestamp after Union Occupation“Mesilla, N.M. Jan. 23” (1864) Rimless Circular Datestamp--Only Reported Example of the First Mesilla Datestamp after Union Occupation. 3¢ Rose (65) cancelled by segmented cork, clear and mostly complete strike of circular datestamp on yellow cover to Teresa C. Sculy in New York City, reduced at left, otherwise Fine, carried on stagecoaches to Santa Fe (Route 12851) and Kansas City, Missouri (Route 10547)--John Birkinbine reports this is the only example of the first Mesilla datestamp after U.S. occupation, ex Dr. Dike

E. 500-750
550
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