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Sale 1189 — The John Birkinbine II Collection of Arizona and New Mexico Postal History

Sale Date — Tuesday, 23 October, 2018

Category — Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
1164
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1164, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont., “Prescott A.T. Aug. 17” (1864). Manuscript postmark with target cancel on 3¢ Pink on Buff entire (U35) to Miss Mary D. Cheney in Charles City, Iowa, from her future husband Tisdale Hand, carried by military express to Tucson, Vedette rider to Las Cruces, and Santa Fe stage to Kansas City, sealed tears and edge nicks, Fine, this is the earliest recorded official (or legal) postmark from Prescott after the post office was created on June 10, 1864, and Postmaster Hiram Read was appointed postmaster (see lot 1133 for illegal use)--Prescott was created by the Union during the Civil War and twice served as the capital of Arizona Territory, it was an illegal town for eight years due to failure to obtain permission of Secretary of Interior or Government Land Office

E. 500-750
650
1165
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1165, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.Prescott--Earliest Inbound Mail, Prescott--Earliest Inbound MailPrescott--Earliest Inbound Mail. Cover addressed to Governor John N. Goodwin at Prescott, pair of 3¢ Rose (65) tied by blue “Wells, Fargo & Cos. Express, New-York Aug. 1” (1865) double-circle datestamp, sender’s directive “Per California Steamer”, carried in Wells Fargo pouch by steamer from New York to California via Panama, entered mails with “San Bernardino Cal. Aug. 29” circular datestamp and carried on Route 14466 and wagon to Prescott, Very Fine, this is reported to be the earliest known cover into Prescott, which was the capital of Arizona Territory when this was sent, John N. Goodwin was the first Territorial Governor, a post he held in between stints in the U.S. House of Representatives (as a member from Maine and then as a non-voting delegate from Arizona Territory)

E. 750-1,000
400
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1166
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1166, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.Prescott to Barbacoas, New Granada (Colombia), Prescott to Barbacoas, New Granada (Colombia)Prescott to Barbacoas, New Granada (Colombia). Two 10¢ Green (68), right stamp small tears at top and bottom, tied by target cancels with bold strike of “Prescott Arizona Sep. 20, 1866” double-circle datestamp on buff cover to James Scott in Barbacoas, New Granada, sender’s directive “via Panama & Tumaco”, handstamped at New Granada with red “PANAMA DEBE” in oval (“Panama Owes”) and “DE ULTRAMAR.” in frame (“From Overseas”), matching large red “10” (centavos) due handstamp ties left stamp, some minor soiling

VERY FINE. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED COVER FROM ARIZONA TERRITORY TO SOUTH AMERICA.

This cover, originating in Prescott, was carried on the Hardy Toll Road (Route 17201) to Hardyville, then to San Bernardino and Los Angeles. From California it was carried by American steamer to Panama City, then by British steamer to Tumaco, New Granada (Colombia), and finally overland to Barbacoas.

James Scott was one of the prospectors who ventured to Barbacoas, the site of a small-scale gold rush in 1865. One of the prospectors reported it as a great disappointment in the Daily Alta California (Apr. 28, 1866).

E. 4,000-5,000
3,750
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1167
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1167, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.Prescott to Inverness, Scotland, Prescott to Inverness, ScotlandPrescott to Inverness, Scotland. 2¢, 3¢ (two) and 10¢ 1861 Issue (65, 68, 73) tied together by pen cancels, additional stamps missing from left (likely a 1c and 2¢), “Prescott Arizona Oct. 11, 1866” double-circle datestamp on buff cover to Inverness, Scotland, red New York Nov. 26 credit datestamp ties two stamps, missing part of backflap and overall soiling, 2¢ stamp with crease ending in a small tear, appears Fine, despite the missing stamps this is still an extremely rare cover, the only recorded Arizona Territory cover to Scotland, carried from New York by the Cunarder Persia on Nov. 28

E. 400-500
450
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1168
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1168, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.“Prescott AT Sep. 18” (1865), “Prescott AT Sep. 18” (1865)“Prescott AT Sep. 18” (1865). Circular datestamp with malformed “S” and space between “S” and “C”, cork cancel on 3¢ Rose (65) on “Territory of Arizona, Governor’s Office” imprint cover to Capt. W. A. Winder, commander of post at San Diego, small backflap repair extends just to front at top, Very Fine appearance

E. 400-500
400
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1169
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1169, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.Prescott, PrescottPrescott. Three covers with early circular datestamps from Prescott, ca. 1866-1869, two bearing single 3¢ 1861-67 Issue (65 or 94) and one a 3¢ Pink on White entire (U58), one shows the “Arizoa” replacement cancel error from 1866 (approximately five recorded), second is the earliest recorded use of the fifth Prescott double-circle datestamp (Mar. 24, 1868), entire with original letter contents from 1869, a couple small stamp or cover flaws, Fine trio

E. 400-500
300
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1170
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1170, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.“Prescott Arizona Jun. 18, 1866, “Prescott Arizona Jun. 18, 1866“Prescott Arizona Jun. 18, 1866.” Bold strike of circular datestamp with partial inner line, target cancel ties 3¢ Rose (65) on cover to Cincinnati O., stamp with tiny pinhole, still fresh and Very Fine, this Prescott datestamp replaced the earlier devices which had defects (including the version with “Arizoa”), this is the earliest recorded use of this replacement device

Also see lots 1125 and 1171

E. 500-750
550
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1171
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1171, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.“Prescott, A.T./June 16, 1867”, “Prescott, A.T./June 16, 1867”“Prescott, A.T./June 16, 1867”. Clear strike of two-line datestamp with year in pencil ties 3¢ Rose (65) on cover to Carrie Young in Cincinnati, with original letter from Sam to his sweetheart, datelined “Fort Whipple A.T. June 16/67”, Sam complains about mail irregularities causing delays of up to four weeks, cover edgewear and stamp with small faults at bottom including tear, otherwise Very Fine, this Prescott straightline datestamp is exceedingly rare--despite Sam’s best efforts to keep the flame lit, Carrie married another man in 1867

Also see lots 1125 and 1170

E. 750-1,000
400
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1172
 
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1172, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.“Prescott, A.T./June 21?, 1867”, “Prescott, A.T./June 21?, 1867”“Prescott, A.T./June 21?, 1867”. Two-line datestamp with blurry date, second part strike of “A.T.” below on 10¢ Green (68), Fine strike, the only recorded example of this Arizona Territory datestamp on the 10¢ 1861 Issue

E. 200-300
110
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1173
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1173, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.“Prescott Arizona Aug. 4, 1867, “Prescott Arizona Aug. 4, 1867“Prescott Arizona Aug. 4, 1867.” Circular datestamp with partial inner line ties 3¢ Rose (65) on yellow cover from General John Irvin Gregg, 9th Cavalry Commander at Fort Whipple to General James F. Rusling, Inspector General, War Department, Washington D.C., forwarded with address overwritten Trenton N.J. and blurry strike of small circular datestamp, contents notation at left in the hand of General Rusling with the interesting comment “says (General) McDowell bothers him”, slightly reduced at right, Very Fine use of the “found” Prescott circular datestamp just prior to the relocation of the capital to Tucson, there are reports of friction between General Gregg and Department of the Pacific Commander General Irvin McDowell (he of Civil War infamy), the comment on this cover bears this out

E. 500-750
0
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1174
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1174, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.3¢ Ultramarine (114), 3¢ Ultramarine (114)3¢ Ultramarine (114). Deep rich color, tied by target cancel with “Prescott Ariz. Jan. 22” (1870) circular datestamp on small neat cover to Washington D.C., Very Fine and rare use of the 3¢ 1869 Pictorial from Prescott, only a handful are known as the stamps had to be brought in by travelers, reportedly the postmaster, George Washington Barnard, refused to order this stamp which he felt promoted the new railroad through Utah, to the detriment of the stagecoach business through Arizona Territory, ex Jarrett

E. 300-400
0
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1175
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1175, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.“Agency Papago Indians. Official Business, “Agency Papago Indians. Official Business“Agency Papago Indians. Official Business.” Green label in the style of Wells, Fargo & Co. on thick cardboard document envelope with tie strings, wear around edges of cover but the label itself is Very Fine, rare, the Papago Indian Agency is still in existence today, the people are called the Tohono O’odham and most reject the English name Papago, the Tohono O’odham Indian Reservation encompasses portions of Pima, Pinal and Maricopa Counties

E. 750-1,000
400
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1176
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1176, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.“Tucson A T 23 Mar.” (1867), “Tucson A T 23 Mar.” (1867)“Tucson A T 23 Mar.” (1867). Circular datestamp ties 3¢ Rose (65) on cover to Providence R.I., stamp with faults including tear and small piece out of margin, Fine strike for this which is only found with worn, weak impressions, this is the earliest recorded Tucson postmark after the re-establishment of the post office after the Civil War (June 5, 1866), the Tucson, New Mexico Territory datestamp, was modified by substituting “AT” for “NM”

E. 400-500
0
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1177
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1177, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.“Tucson A T (day?) Nov.” (1867), “Tucson A T (day?) Nov.” (1867)“Tucson A T (day?) Nov.” (1867). Typical part strike of circular datestamp ties 3¢ Rose (65) on yellow cover to Gertrude Cranston in Lima N.Y., stamp with s.e. at right and cancelled by pen, sender’s directive “Via Santa Fe” (Route 17203 to Prescott, then Santa Fe), original letter enclosure from Camp Tubac datelined “Tubac Nov. 3rd 1867”, Fine, this datestamp is only found with worn, weak impressions, the Tucson, New Mexico Territory datestamp, was modified by substituting “AT” for “NM” -- also see lots1122-1124

E. 750-1,000
0
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1178
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1178, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.1867 November--Wells, Fargo & Co. Way Mail to Tucson, 1867 November--Wells, Fargo & Co. Way Mail to Tucson1867 November--Wells, Fargo & Co. Way Mail to Tucson. 3¢ Pink on White entire (U58) to Mr. L. M. Jacobs in Tucson, blue “Wells, Fargo & Co. Express San Bernardino” oval handstamp struck over embossed stamp, this way cover was picked up by Wells Fargo between Los Angeles and San Bernardino, it was handstamped at the express office in San Bernardino and put into the post office there (because there was no receiving office in Tucson) and carried on Route 17212 Hardy Toll Road to Prescott, then Route 17203 to Tucson, “San Bernardino Cal. Nov. 19” circular datestamp and target cancel, minor edgewear and sealed flap separation at bottom, Very Fine, Tucson became the capital of Arizona Territory only 18 days before this was mailed

E. 750-1,000
0
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1179
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1179, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.“Tucson Ari. Aug. 21” (1868), “Tucson Ari. Aug. 21” (1868)“Tucson Ari. Aug. 21” (1868). Blue circular datestamp with matching target cancelling 3¢ Red, F Grill (94) on “Territory of Arizona Office of the Governor” imprint cover to Governor Andrew J. Faulk at Yankton, Dakota Territory, marked “Personal”, answer docketing of Sep. 27, 1868, stamp with slightly blunted perfs at top, still Very Fine and desirable use between the governors of Arizona and Dakota Territories, the second governor of Arizona Territory, Richard C. McCormick, was in office from July 1866–March 1869

E. 750-1,000
0
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1180
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1180, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.3¢ Ultramarine (114), 3¢ Ultramarine (114)3¢ Ultramarine (114). Tied by blue cork cancel, matching “Tucson Ari. May 5” (1869) circular datestamp on small cover to West Chester Pa., stamp with light diagonal creases, cover barely reduced at left, still Very Fine and scarce use of the 3¢ 1869 Pictorial from Tucson, reportedly the postmaster refused to order this stamp (similar to the postmaster of Prescott and other Arizona towns), which he felt promoted the new railroad through Utah, to the detriment of the stagecoach business through Arizona Territory

E. 750-1,000
0
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1181
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1181, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.3¢ Ultramarine (114), 3¢ Ultramarine (114)3¢ Ultramarine (114). Cancelled by cork with “Tucson Ariz. Apr. ?” (1869) circular datestamp on cover to West Chester Pa., sender’s directive “Via San Francisco Cal”, stamp with minor perf toning, Fine and scarce use of the 3¢ 1869 Pictorial from Tucson, reportedly the postmaster refused to order this stamp (similar to the postmaster of Prescott and other Arizona towns), which he felt promoted the new railroad through Utah, to the detriment of the stagecoach business through Arizona Territory

E. 750-1,000
0
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1182
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1182, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.2¢ Black (73), 2¢ Black (73)2¢ Black (73). Horizontal pair, small margin faults, tied by dotted grid cancels with “Tucson Ariz. Sep. 2” (1869) circular datestamp on buff cover to Saco, Maine, Fine appearance and extremely rare use of the 2¢ Black Jack from Arizona Territory, overpaying the 3¢ rate as there were apparently no 3¢ stamps available at this time, reportedly the postmaster refused to order the 3¢ 1869 Locomotive Pictorial stamp (similar to the postmaster of Prescott and other Arizona towns), which he felt promoted the new railroad through Utah, to the detriment of the stagecoach business through Arizona Territory, ex Dr. Rorke, with 1979 P.F. certificate

E. 1,500-2,000
0
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1183
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1183, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.10¢ Yellow (116), 10¢ Yellow (116)10¢ Yellow (116). Tied by “Tucson Ari.” dateless circular handstamp on May 1870 buff cover to Dr. Reuben A. Wilbur in Altar, Sonora, Mexico, original letter datelined “Tucson May 21/70”, manuscript “2” (reales) due in Mexico, corner of cover bearing the stamp was torn off when this correspondence was discovered (as all were), but the original stamp remained with the correspondence and this was expertly restored, the stamp itself is sound, some cover edge mends (covers in the correspondence also had rough opening edges)

FINE APPEARANCE. THIS IS ONE OF ONLY THREE RECORDED COVERS BEARING THE 10-CENT 1869 PICTORIAL FROM ARIZONA TERRITORY TO MEXICO VIA OVERLAND MAIL.

The Wilbur correspondence was the subject of an article by John Birkinbine in the 1869 Pictorial Research Associates 1978 Register. It is also discussed in Michael Laurence’s 10-Cent 1869 Covers: A Postal Historical Survey. Five 10¢ 1869 covers to Dr. Wilbur in Altar, Mexico were included in the find, each with the stamps torn off. Three have been restored with the original stamps and two remain stampless.

The postmaster at Tucson, Charles H. Lord, may have believed the published 10¢ rate by steamship applied in this case, but the overland rate to Mexico consisted only of U.S. postage to the border (3 cents) and Mexican postage to the destination (2 reales). Thus, the 10¢ 1869 stamp overpaid the correct U.S. postage by 7¢, which accounts for the extreme rarity of this stamp on an overland cover to Mexico from Arizona Territory.

E. 2,000-3,000
0
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1184
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1184, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.10¢ Yellow (116), 10¢ Yellow (116)10¢ Yellow (116). Tied by two blurry strikes of "Tucson Ari." dateless circular handstamp on May 1870 buff cover to Dr. Reuben A. Wilbur in Altar, Sonora, Mexico, manuscript "4" (reales) due in Mexico, corner of cover bearing the stamp was torn off when this correspondence was discovered (as all were), but the original stamp remained with the correspondence and this was expertly restored, irregular opening edge and reduction at right could also be restored to great visual benefit, Fine appearance and extremely rare, one of only three recorded 10¢ 1869 Pictorial covers from Arizona Territory to Mexico, the Wilbur correspondence was the subject of an article by John Birkinbine in the 1869 Pictorial Research Associates 1978 Register. It is also discussed in Michael Laurence’s 10-Cent 1869 Covers: A Postal Historical Survey. Five 10¢ 1869 covers to Dr. Wilbur in Altar, Mexico were included in the find, each with the stamps torn off. Three have been restored with the original stamps and two remain stampless. The postmaster at Tucson, Charles H. Lord, may have believed the published 10¢ rate by steamship applied in this case, but the overland rate to Mexico consisted only of U.S. postage to the border (3 cents) and Mexican postage to the destination (2 reales). Thus, the 10¢ 1869 stamp overpaid the correct U.S. postage by 7¢, which accounts for the extreme rarity of this stamp on an overland cover to Mexico from Arizona Territory.

E. 750-1,000
0
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1185
c
Tucson, Arizona Territory to Altar, Mexico, Dr. Reuben A. Wilbur Correspondence. Three covers and three letters, two covers carried in the overland mails with 10¢ 1869 Pictorial (116) but with stamps torn off and irregular edges (one cover retains about half a stamp, the other no stamp), third cover with blue Lord & Williams Tucson May 12, 1870 backstamp (Lord was Tucson postmaster) and without any postal markings, the three letters accompanied the May 1870 covers from the original find (see previous two lots for examples of full covers), dated May 16, 23 and 30 and relate in part to the potential for Dr. Wilbur to become Indian agent for the Pima Indians (he did in fact receive the appointment and moved to Tucson--see lot 1127), a fascinating group which was discussed by John Birkinbine in the 1869 Pictorial Research Associates 1978 Register

E. 500-750
275
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1186
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1186, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.3¢ Ultramarine (114), 3¢ Ultramarine (114)3¢ Ultramarine (114). Cancelled by pen and tied by cork cancel, manuscript “Berkley Mass. Dec. 16” (1869) postmark on small cover to Dr. Reuben A. Wilbur, care of Lord & Williams in Tucson, Arizona Territory, Postmaster Charles H. Lord was an associate and friend of Dr. Wilbur and forwarded the cover to Altar, Mexico, this is confirmed by other covers in the correspondence and by the manuscript “2” due marking (2 reales Mexican postage), original letter enclosure dated Dec. 10 with some interesting content, slightly rough opening at right, still Very Fine and rare, illustrated and discussed by John Birkinbine in the 1869 Pictorial Research Associates 1978 Register

E. 750-1,000
0
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1187
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1187, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.3¢ Ultramarine (114), 3¢ Ultramarine (114)3¢ Ultramarine (114). Tied by target cancel and “East Taunton Mass. May 24” (1870) circular datestamp on cover to Dr. Reuben A. Wilbur in Tucson, Arizona Territory, Postmaster Charles H. Lord was an associate and friend of Dr. Wilbur and forwarded the cover to Altar, Mexico, this is confirmed by other covers in the correspondence and by the manuscript “2” due marking (2 reales Mexican postage), Lord also struck the cover with “Tucson Ari.” dateless circular handstamp as a forwarding marking, original letter enclosures, long repaired tear from top center to right edge, Fine appearance and rare, illustrated and discussed by John Birkinbine in the 1869 Pictorial Research Associates 1978 Register

E. 400-500
0
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1188
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1188, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.Tucson, TucsonTucson. Balance of three covers, 1867-69 uses, each bearing 3¢ 1861-67 Issue, one with two stamps on a 3¢ Pink entire, each with Tucson circular datestamp including “Ari.” and “Ariz.” styles, the 9c cover with faulty edges, few other small stamp flaws, Fine appearing trio

E. 400-500
0
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1189
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1189, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont., “Wickenburg A.T. 14/6 68” (Jun. 14, 1868). Manuscript postmark with European date format on 3¢ Pink on White entire (U58) to Caledonia, Vermont, slightly reduced at right, seams reinforced, still Very Fine and extremely rare Arizona Territory postmark, this post office was established on June 9, 1865, Fred Leimbach was postmaster when this was mailed, only four are recorded (three without faults), ex Dr. Chase

E. 1,000-1,500
0
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1190
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1190, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.3¢ Ultramarine (114), 3¢ Ultramarine (114)3¢ Ultramarine (114). Misperfed capturing part of adjoining stamp at left, small corner tear at top right, tied by target cancel with “Wickenburg Ariz. Sep. 11” (1869) circular datestamp on cover to Attica, Indiana, missing part of backflap, Very Fine appearance, the earliest recorded handstamped town marking from Wickenburg, Aaron Barnett was postmaster at this time

E. 750-1,000
0
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1191
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1191, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.“Wells, Fargo & Co. Fort Yuma Nov. 23” (1865), “Wells, Fargo & Co. Fort Yuma Nov. 23” (1865)“Wells, Fargo & Co. Fort Yuma Nov. 23” (1865). Clear and bold strike of blue oval datestamp on Wells, Fargo & Co. franked 3¢ Pink on White entire (U58) to San Francisco, fresh and Very Fine, Wells Fargo established an office across the Colorado River at Arizona City (renamed Yuma) and used the Fort Yuma handstamp

E. 1,000-1,500
900
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1192
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1192, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont., “Yuma Aty May 31/67”. Bold manuscript cancel ties 3¢ Rose (65) on yellow cover to Miss L. A. Tobey in Providence R.I., stamp with small perf flaws at bottom left, missing part of backflap, still fresh and Very Fine, the earliest recorded eastbound cover from Yuma, Arizona Territory (Francis Hinton was postmaster), the writer, Lt. Thomas Fry Tobey, was post adjutant at Camp McDowell in 1868

E. 750-1,000
425
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1193
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1193, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont., “Yuma A.T. June 21.67.” Neat manuscript postmark, 3¢ Rose (65) cancelled by pen “#” on yellow cover to Auburn Cal., Slade correspondence, slightly reduced at right touching the address, Very Fine, the earliest recorded westbound cover from Yuma, Arizona Territory (Francis Hinton was postmaster)

E. 750-1,000
0
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1194
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1194, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.Yuma, Arizona Territory, “Flood Mail” Military Express to Los Angeles, Yuma, Arizona Territory, “Flood Mail” Military Express to Los AngelesYuma, Arizona Territory, “Flood Mail” Military Express to Los Angeles. Yellow cover originating in Yuma, Arizona Territory, and addressed to Mrs. C. V. Slade in Auburn Cal., 3¢ Rose (65) cancelled by cork with “Los Angeles Cal. Jan. 6” (1867) circular datestamp struck upon entering the mails, slightly reduced at right, Very Fine and rare, this is the earliest recorded “Flood Mail” cover, from January through April 1867, severe flooding disrupted mails on the San Bernardino route. The Fort Yuma military express carried civilian mail from Yuma as a courtesy during this period, departing on Saturday nights and arriving in Los Angeles or Wilmington, California, approximately seven days later. From December 1867 through April 1868 more severe flooding, as well as the resignation of the mail contractor, caused further disruption, and the express was used again. The origin of these covers is known from the Slade correspondence, located in the University of Arizona Library Special Collections.

E. 750-1,000
0
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1195
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1195, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.Yuma, Arizona Territory, “Flood Mail” Military Express to Los Angeles, Yuma, Arizona Territory, “Flood Mail” Military Express to Los AngelesYuma, Arizona Territory, “Flood Mail” Military Express to Los Angeles. 3¢ Pink on White entire (U58) originating in Yuma, Arizona Territory, and addressed to Mrs. C. V. Slade in Auburn Cal., fancy quartered wedges inside double circle cancel and “Wilmington Cal. Apr. 17, 1867” double-circle datestamp struck upon entering mails, “DUE” with manuscript “3” for weight, Very Fine and rare, this is a very late “Flood Mail” use in April as the rains were ending, from January through April 1867, severe flooding disrupted mails on the San Bernardino route. The Fort Yuma military express carried civilian mail from Yuma as a courtesy during this period, departing on Saturday nights and arriving in Los Angeles or Wilmington, California, approximately seven days later. From December 1867 through April 1868 more severe flooding, as well as the resignation of the mail contractor, caused further disruption, and the express was used again. The origin of these covers is known from the Slade correspondence, located in the University of Arizona Library Special Collections.

E. 750-1,000
0
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1196
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1196, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.Yuma, Arizona Territory, “Emergency” Military Express to Los Angeles, Yuma, Arizona Territory, “Emergency” Military Express to Los AngelesYuma, Arizona Territory, “Emergency” Military Express to Los Angeles. Cover originating in Yuma, Arizona Territory and addressed to Mrs. C. V. Slade in Auburn Cal., 3¢ Rose (65) tied by cork cancel with “Los Angeles Cal. Feb. 21” (1868) circular datestamp struck upon entering mails, blue crayon “Rec’d Feb. 28”, opened roughly at right where slightly reduced, a few perfs affected, otherwise Very Fine and rare, the letter from this cover (which no longer accompanies) states “contract thrown up, no mails received for approximately two months”, from January through April 1867, severe flooding disrupted mails on the San Bernardino route. The Fort Yuma military express carried civilian mail from Yuma as a courtesy during this period, departing on Saturday nights and arriving in Los Angeles or Wilmington, California, approximately seven days later. From December 1867 through April 1868 more severe flooding, as well as the resignation of the mail contractor, caused further disruption, and the express was used again. The origin of these covers is known from the Slade correspondence, located in the University of Arizona Library Special Collections.

E. 500-750
0
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1197
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1197, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.Yuma, Arizona Territory, “Emergency” Military Express to Los Angeles, Yuma, Arizona Territory, “Emergency” Military Express to Los AngelesYuma, Arizona Territory, “Emergency” Military Express to Los Angeles. Cover originating in Yuma, Arizona Territory and addressed to Mrs. C. V. Slade in Auburn Cal., 3¢ Rose (65) with fancy quartered wedges inside double circle cancel and “Wilmington Cal. Apr. 17” (1868) double-circle datestamp struck upon entering mails, manuscript “Rec’d Apr. 24, 1868”, stamp with rounded corner, Very Fine and rare, the letter from this cover (which no longer accompanies) indicates that this was to have been carried on the March 30, 1868 trip, but that was cancelled due to rain so it was carried on the April 6 trip

E. 500-750
0
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1198
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1198, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.“Yuma A.T. Apr. 19” (1868)--Termination of Military Express, “Yuma A.T. Apr. 19” (1868)--Termination of Military Express“Yuma A.T. Apr. 19” (1868)--Termination of Military Express. Bold strike of circular datestamp with quartered cork cancel on 3¢ Rose (65), s.e. at right, on buff cover to Mrs. C. V. Slade in Auburn Cal., the writer attempted to send the cover via Fort Yuma military express (as with the covers in the previous four lots), however normal mail service had resumed so this was sent back through the Yuma post office, small red manuscript “via La Paz” written by Army clerk, reduced at left, Very Fine, the earliest recorded cover sent after restoration of Yuma mail service

E. 400-500
0
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1199
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1199, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.“Yuma A.T. May 19” (1869), “Yuma A.T. May 19” (1869)“Yuma A.T. May 19” (1869). Duplex circular datestamp and target cancel 3¢ Pink on White entire (U58) with red “Paid Pacific Union Express Co.” in ribbon frank, addressed to Mrs.

C. V. Slade in Auburn Cal., reduced at left with small repair top left not affecting the frank

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED PACIFIC UNION EXPRESS COMPANY FRANK USED FROM ARIZONA TERRITORY.

Pacific Union Express briefly expanded their service territory to Yuma. Their office was located in the Hooper & Whiting Mercantile Co. store.

E. 3,000-4,000
0
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1200
 
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1200, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.Wells, Fargo & Co’s Express from Yuma, A.T, Wells, Fargo & Co’s Express from Yuma, A.TWells, Fargo & Co’s Express from Yuma, A.T. Black on orange label affixed to small piece, Very Fine, extremely rare Wells, Fargo & Co. label from Arizona Territory

E. 150-200
100
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1201
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1201, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.“Yuma A.T. Nov. 12” (1867), “Yuma A.T. Nov. 12” (1867)“Yuma A.T. Nov. 12” (1867). Perfect strike of blue circular datestamp, matching fancy circular grid ties 3¢ Rose (65) on buff cover to Mrs. C. V. Slade in Auburn Cal., reduced at left, fresh and Very Fine, reportedly the earliest known use of this fancy killer cancellation from Yuma

E. 400-500
225
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1202
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1202, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.“Yuma A.T. Sep. 5” (1867), “Yuma A.T. Sep. 5” (1867)“Yuma A.T. Sep. 5” (1867). Two strikes of blue circular datestamp, one ties 3¢ Rose (65) on cover to Charles L. Slade in Auburn Cal., stamp with tiny tear at top, still Very Fine, the earliest recorded handstamp cancel from Yuma, Arizona Territory, also a second cover with clear strike of Sep. 17 (1867) blue circular datestamp over indicia of 3¢ Pink on White entire (U58) to Philadelphia Pa., reduced at left and small corner nick at top right, still Very Fine

E. 400-500
0
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1203
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1203, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.“Yuma A.T. June 7” (1868), “Yuma A.T. June 7” (1868)“Yuma A.T. June 7” (1868). Clear strike of blue circular datestamp, matching cork cancel on 3¢ Rose, E Grill (88), natural s.e. at left, on buff cover to Mrs. C. V. Slade in Auburn Cal., fresh and Very Fine, the earliest recorded use of the 3¢ E Grill from Yuma, Arizona Territory

E. 400-500
0
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1204
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1204, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.“Yuma A.T. Mar. 22” (1869), “Yuma A.T. Mar. 22” (1869)“Yuma A.T. Mar. 22” (1869). Clear strike of blue circular datestamp, matching cork cancel on 3¢ Red, F Grill (94) on cover to Mrs. C. V. Slade in Auburn Cal., stamp with corner crease at top left and tiny flaws bottom corners, appears Very Fine, the earliest recorded use of the 3¢ F Grill from Yuma

E. 300-400
0
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1205
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1205, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.3¢ Ultramarine (114), 3¢ Ultramarine (114)3¢ Ultramarine (114). Tied by blue target cancel with matching “Yuma A.T. Oct. 30” (1869) circular datestamp on cover to Mrs. C. V. Slade in Auburn Cal., stamp with large vertical tear at right, Very Fine appearance, the earliest recorded use of the 3¢ 1869 Pictorial from Arizona Territory, James M. Barney was postmaster at this time and was one of only four Arizona Territory postmasters to order the 3¢ 1869 Pictorial, the locomotive design apparently offended other postmasters who saw it as a threat to the stagecoach business

E. 500-750
325
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1206
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1206, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.3¢ Ultramarine (114), 3¢ Ultramarine (114)3¢ Ultramarine (114). Cancelled by blue target with matching “Arizona City Ariz. Sep. 19” (1870) circular datestamp on cover to Mrs. Sarah Stacey in Chester Pa., stamp with creases, Very Fine appearance, Yuma was changed to Arizona City on Oct. 28, 1869 (before being changed back to Yuma in 1873), the postmaster at this time was still James M. Barney, he was one of only four Arizona Territory postmasters to order the 3¢ 1869 Pictorial, the locomotive design apparently offended other postmasters who saw it as a threat to the stagecoach business

E. 500-750
0
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1207
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1207, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.Yuma, YumaYuma. Balance of five covers, each with “Yuma A.T.” circular datestamp, 1867-69, three bear 3¢ Rose (65) though one stamp is missing bottom of design, two are on 3¢ Pink entires (U58), four cancels in blue and one in black, a few small flaws, Very Fine appearing group

E. 500-750
0
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1208
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1208, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.3¢ Ultramarine (114), 3¢ Ultramarine (114)3¢ Ultramarine (114). Horizontal pair and single, pair with small edge flaws and creasing from being folded over the edge of cover, used with 2¢ Proprietary, Perforated (R13c), tied by blue target cancels with matching “Arizona City Ariz. Aug. 21” (1870) circular datestamp on buff cover to Ures, Sonora, Mexico, stamps additionally cancelled by black small squares cancels applied in transit at Tucson, revenue stamp tied by “ALTAR” in fancy frame transit handstamp, manuscript “2” reales due for Mexican postage, slightly reduced at left

VERY FINE. A SPECTACULAR AND UNIQUE ARIZONA TERRITORY COVER TO MEXICO. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED ARIZONA USE OF A REVENUE STAMP TO PAY (OR OVERPAY) REGULAR POSTAGE.

This cover combines a number of fascinating and unique elements. The overland rate to Mexico was only 3¢, which paid postage to the border. Mexican postage was due from the recipient. The postmaster of Arizona City (James Barney) was apparently unfamiliar with this rate and had the cover franked for the 10¢ ocean mail rate. He compounded that mistake by allowing a 2¢ revenue stamp to be used to make up the last 1¢ of the 10¢ rate (overpaid by 1¢). Perhaps there were no 1¢ or 2¢ U.S. stamps available in Arizona City. In any event, this created a unique piece of Arizona Territory postal history.

Ex Knapp and Jarrett

E. 7,500-10,000
0
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1209
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1209, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont., “Wickenburg A.T. Nov. 7/65”. Manuscript postmark ties 3¢ Rose (65) on buff cover to Vernon, Vermont, handstamp “3” due for weight, manuscript directive “Per Steamer” in same hand as address, receipt docketing “Received from Alfred, Wickenburg, Arizona Territory, Dec. 22, 1865”, slightly reduced at right with cover nick, stamp with small faults, otherwise Very Fine, a rare Colorado River steamboat cover from Wickenburg, carried on the Mohave I to Yuma, then to Port Isabel, Sonora, Mexico, and by ocean to New York via Panama, this is also the earliest recorded Wickenburg postmark (post office established on June 9, 1865--four recorded), except for a duplicate that was sold to another collector, the covers offered in lots 1209-1214 are the only Colorado steamboat covers that John Birkinbine was able to acquire in more than 60 years of collecting.

E. 1,500-2,000
1,200
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1210
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1210, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.“Prescott Arizona Aug. 16, 1866”, “Prescott Arizona Aug. 16, 1866”“Prescott Arizona Aug. 16, 1866”. Circular datestamp with target cancel tying 3¢ Rose (65) on cover to New York City street address, manuscript “Per Steamship”, Very Fine, rare Colorado River steamboat cover from Prescott, carried by steamer to Yuma, then to Port Isabel, Sonora, Mexico, and by ocean to New York via Panama, except for a duplicate that was sold to another collector, the covers offered in lots 1209-1214 are the only Colorado steamboat covers that John Birkinbine was able to acquire in more than 60 years of collecting.

E. 1,000-1,500
0
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1211
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1211, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont., “Yuma A.T. July 26/67”. Manuscript postmark ties 3¢ Rose (65), wildly misperfed capturing portion of adjoining stamp, on cover to Miss L. A. Tobey in Providence, Rhode Island, manuscript directive “pr Steamer”, pencil Aug. 1867 receipt docketing, stamp with a couple short perfs at bottom, Very Fine Colorado River steamboat cover from Yuma, Arizona Territory, placed on a steamer in Yuma, then by steamer to Port Isabel, Sonora, Mexico, and by ocean to New York via Panama, ex Longfellow, except for a duplicate that was sold to another collector, the covers offered in lots 1209-1214 are the only Colorado steamboat covers that John Birkinbine was able to acquire in more than 60 years of collecting.

E. 1,000-1,500
2,200
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1212
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1212, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.“La Paz Arizona Dec. 4” (1867), “La Paz Arizona Dec. 4” (1867)“La Paz Arizona Dec. 4” (1867). Mostly clear strike of circular datestamp, target cancels 3¢ Rose (65) on cover to San Francisco, carried by Colorado River steamboat Colorada II to Yuma where “Yuma A.T. Dec. 7” circular datestamp struck, rebagged for land route to San Francisco, with original letter datelined at La Paz, Very Fine, a rare Arizona Territory cover with the La Paz circular datestamp spelling out “Arizona” (two known) and carried via Colorado River steamboat, except for a duplicate that was sold to another collector, the covers offered in lots 1209-1214 are the only Colorado steamboat covers that John Birkinbine was able to acquire in more than 60 years of collecting.

E. 1,000-1,500
0
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1213
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1213, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.3¢ Ultramarine (114), 3¢ Ultramarine (114)3¢ Ultramarine (114). Tied by blue target cancel with matching “Arizona City Ariz. Apr. 10” (1870) circular datestamp on yellow cover addressed to Mrs. C. V. Slade in Auburn Cal., blue “Geo. A. Johnson & Co. Fort Yuma Apr. 9, 1870” double-oval merchant’s handstamp, Very Fine and rare, Fort Yuma did not have a post office so this was carried across the river to Arizona City (newly renamed from Yuma, Arizona Territory) and then by Colorado River steamer to Port Isabel, by steamer around Baja California to San Diego, then by land to Auburn Cal., except for a duplicate that was sold to another collector, the covers offered in lots 1209-1214 are the only Colorado steamboat covers that John Birkinbine was able to acquire in more than 60 years of collecting.

E. 1,500-2,000
0
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1214
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1214, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.3¢ Ultramarine (114), 3¢ Ultramarine (114)3¢ Ultramarine (114). Tied by blue target cancel, matching “Wilmington Cal. Dec. 28” (1869) circular datestamp on yellow legal-size “Headquarters Department of California Official Business” imprint cover to “2nd Lieutenant James Bassell, 2¢d Artillery, Camp Toll Gate Arizona”, manuscript “Via Los Angeles” indicating coastal steamer around Baja California, transited Port Isabel, Sonora, Mexico and then carried by Colorado River steamboat, transited La Paz with “La Paz Ariza Feb. 12” (1870) circular datestamp, carried via Prescott and then by military express to Camp Tollgate (which had no post office), Very Fine, a wonderful and rare 3¢ 1869 cover to Arizona Territory, this is the only recorded cover to Camp Tollgate, which was a U.S. Army camp established in 1869 at the close of the Hualapai Indian War, initially called Camp Devin, it was renamed Camp Tollgate as it was built along the Hardyville-Prescott Toll Road, it was renamed Camp Hualapai in 1870 and abandoned in 1873, except for a duplicate that was sold to another collector, the covers offered in lots 1209-1214 are the only Colorado steamboat covers that John Birkinbine was able to acquire in more than 60 years of collecting.

E. 1,500-2,000
0
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1215
 
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1215, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.Arizona Territory Revenue Stamp Uses, Arizona Territory Revenue Stamp UsesArizona Territory Revenue Stamp Uses. Five documents from Arizona Territory bearing U.S. Revenue stamps, including 2¢ U.S.I.R. (R15c), 5¢ Express (R25c) and 25¢ Bond (R43c), documents include $200.00 check from Arizona City in Aug. 1870 with 2¢ stamp, promissory note from Prescott in Sep. 1869 with three 5¢, bill to Tucson from July 1870 with 2¢, agreement from La Paz in April 1866 with two 5¢ (missing part of right edge not affecting stamps), finally merchandise invoice Arizona City in June 1870 with 25¢, a few small flaws but overall Fine-Very Fine, a very rare group

E. 750-1,000
375
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1216
 
Arizona Territory, Engravings. Seven items, engravings depicting forts and scenes in Arizona Territory during the 1860s-70s, several are in color, including Fort Yuma, Fort Defiance, Colorado River near Mojave Villages (two different), Pima Indian women, Mission Church of San Xavier Del Bac, Maricopa Wells, Very Fine and attractive group

E. 400-500
0
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1217
 
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1217, Arizona Territory Post Offices, cont.Arizona Territory, Documents, Arizona Territory, DocumentsArizona Territory, Documents. Six printed items, including California broadside advertising for “Capitalists and Working Men” to come to the mines of Arizona, Congressional Record speech of Dec. 27, 1860 by Senator James R. Doolittle of Wisconsin on a “Bill to Organize the Territory of Arizona,” resolutions of the Legislature of Arizona, Jan. 25, 1865 on organizing the mails, U.S. Senate document of Mar. 22, 1860 with letter from Postmaster General regarding Butterfield contract for overland mails, portion of debate from Provisional Government of Arizona Apr. 5, 1860, mentioning Gadsden Purchase and demanding the approval of slavery, finally an unused Union Patriotic cover with map of U.S. over flag showing incorrect boundaries between New Mexico and Arizona territories (which were used by the Provisional Government of Arizona, and by the Confederate Congress when forming the Confederate Territory of Arizona), Very Fine and fascinating group

E. 300-400
190
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