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Sale 1151 — The Civil War and Confederate States

Sale Date — Friday, 3 March, 2017

Category — Postmasters Provisionals: Abingdon Va. thru Jackson Miss.

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
1560
c
Sale Number 1151, Lot Number 1560, Postmasters Provisionals: Abingdon Va. thru Jackson Miss.Abingdon Va., 5c Black entire (2XU2), Abingdon Va., 5c Black entire (2XU2)Abingdon Va., 5c Black entire (2XU2). Clear strike of provisional handstamp, "Abingdon Jul. 9, 1861" circular datestamp on buff cover to Kingston, Tenn., Jul. 8 docketing at left, Fine and a very early use, the C.S.A. Catalogue lists Jul. 8 as the earliest known use for any Abingdon Provisional, we are not sure if they are referring to the docketing on this cover or to a datestamp from Jul. 8

1,750
400
1561
c
Sale Number 1151, Lot Number 1561, Postmasters Provisionals: Abingdon Va. thru Jackson Miss.Athens Ga., 5c Purple (5X1), Athens Ga., 5c Purple (5X1)Athens Ga., 5c Purple (5X1). Horizontal pair, left stamp Ty. I, right stamp Ty. II, full to large margins except right stamp just touched at top, tied by grids with "Athens Ga. Paid Dec. 17" circular datestamp on cover to Howell Cobb as Col. of the 16th Ga. Regiment at Camp Bryan in Yorktown, Va., we mentioned a small skillful repair at right center of right stamp when we offered this cover in 1997 but it is all but impossible to detect and is not mentioned on accompanying certificate, which does mention a replaced backflap

VERY FINE DOUBLE-RATE FRANKING WITH A PAIR OF THE ATHENS POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL.

The Athens provisionals issued by Postmaster Crawford were printed from two woodcut typographic engravings. An impression from the plate normally shows the small "Paid" (Type I) at left and the large "Paid" (Type II) at right.

Ex Judd. With 1997 C.S.A. certificate

7,500
1,400
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1562
c
Sale Number 1151, Lot Number 1562, Postmasters Provisionals: Abingdon Va. thru Jackson Miss.Atlanta Ga., 5c Black entire (6XU2), Atlanta Ga., 5c Black entire (6XU2)Atlanta Ga., 5c Black entire (6XU2). Bold strike of provisional handstamp with "Atlanta Ga. Jul. 24, 1861" circular datestamp struck partly off edge of buff cover to Georgia town, with J. H. Lovejoy Wholesale Dealer in Groceries, Liquors, Cigars & Tobacco corner card, Jul. 23 datelined original contents, slightly reduced at left into chain link border of corner card, Fine and rare, only six or seven Atlanta Provisional entires are recorded with corner cards

1,000
275
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1563
c
Sale Number 1151, Lot Number 1563, Postmasters Provisionals: Abingdon Va. thru Jackson Miss.Atlanta Ga., 5c Black entire (6XU2), Atlanta Ga., 5c Black entire (6XU2)Atlanta Ga., 5c Black entire (6XU2). Clear strikes of provisional handstamp and "Atlanta Ga. Jul. 4, 1861" circular datestamp on red and blue 11-Star Confederate Flag Patriotic cover (F11-1) to Dawson County Ga., T. S. Reynolds Atlanta imprint at left, manuscript "in hast" at bottom, couple small tears at top and missing most of backflap, Fine and rare, fewer than a dozen Patriotic covers are known with the Atlanta Postmaster's Provisional handstamp and most we have seen have the hand-held flag design (F11-9), we have encountered only one other with this design, from the Dr. Brandon collection

3,500
2,000
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1564
c
Sale Number 1151, Lot Number 1564, Postmasters Provisionals: Abingdon Va. thru Jackson Miss.Baton Rouge La., 5c Green & Carmine (11X2), Baton Rouge La., 5c Green & Carmine (11X2)Baton Rouge La., 5c Green & Carmine (11X2). Position 4, large margins to touched at right with top sheet margin, tied by "Baton Rouge La. Dec. 16, 1861" circular datestamp on folded letter to New Orleans, stamp very slightly gum toned at bottom, couple minor bleached spots on letter

EXTREMELY FINE. A CHOICE TOP SHEET-MARGIN EXAMPLE OF THE BATON ROUGE 5-CENT PROVISIONAL WITH MALTESE CROSS BORDER ON COVER.

Signed Dietz. With 2002 C.S.A. certificate

5,000
1,700
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1565
c
Sale Number 1151, Lot Number 1565, Postmasters Provisionals: Abingdon Va. thru Jackson Miss.Bluffton S.C., 5c Black entire (124XU1), Bluffton S.C., 5c Black entire (124XU1)Bluffton S.C., 5c Black entire (124XU1). Clear strike of provisional handstamp with "Bluffton S.C. Oct. 8" (1861) circular datestamp on yellow cover to Col. E. M. Seabrook in Charleston S.C., manuscript "To the care of George Bryan" at bottom, cover tears into both handstamps

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. THIS IS THE UNIQUE EXAMPLE OF THE BLUFFTON S.C. POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL ENTIRE.

The Crown survey, C.S.A. and Scott catalogs all state that this is the only recorded example of the Bluffton Postmaster's Provisional.

Ex Mueller, Bogg and Dr. Brandon. Accompanied by a handstamped Paid rebacked cover front from Bluffton to Charleston dated Nov. 2 with "5" rate handstamp. Both covers with 1995 C.S.A. certificates

4,250
4,000
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1566
c
Sale Number 1151, Lot Number 1566, Postmasters Provisionals: Abingdon Va. thru Jackson Miss.Canton Miss., 5c Black entire (14XU1), Canton Miss., 5c Black entire (14XU1)Canton Miss., 5c Black entire (14XU1). Absolutely perfect bold strike of “PAID/5/P” Star in Circle provisional handstamp, light strike of "Canton Miss. Aug. 8, 1861" circular datestamp on cover to Carroll Hoy & Co. in New Orleans, usual filing pinholes, expertly restored at bottom, still an Extremely Fine strike of this fancy provisional handstamp, the "P" in center of the star is the initial of Postmaster William Priestly, ex Matz

4,000
0
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1567
c
Sale Number 1151, Lot Number 1567, Postmasters Provisionals: Abingdon Va. thru Jackson Miss.Canton Miss., 5c Black entire (14XU1), Canton Miss., 5c Black entire (14XU1)Canton Miss., 5c Black entire (14XU1). Bold strike of “PAID/5/P” Star in Circle provisional handstamp, “Canton Miss. Nov. 30, 1861” circular datestamp on cover to Carroll, Hoy & Co. in New Orleans, usual filing pinholes, Very Fine with a darker strike than many we have seen, the "P" in center of the star is the initial of Postmaster William Priestly, with 1997 C.S.A. certificate

4,000
650
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1568
c
Sale Number 1151, Lot Number 1568, Postmasters Provisionals: Abingdon Va. thru Jackson Miss.Chapel Hill N.C., 5c Black entire (15XU1), Chapel Hill N.C., 5c Black entire (15XU1)Chapel Hill N.C., 5c Black entire (15XU1). Bold strikes of provisional handstamp, "Paid" and "Chapel-Hill N.C. Sep. 26" (1861) circular datestamp on buff cover to Raleigh N.C., minor corner wrinkling

VERY FINE. FEWER THAN TEN EXAMPLES OF THE CHAPEL HILL POSTMASTER'S 5-CENT PROVISIONAL ENTIRE ARE RECORDED -- A MUCH UNDERRATED RARITY.

Our records contain only seven examples of Scott 15XU1, including three on patriotic covers.

4,000
3,750
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1569
c
Sale Number 1151, Lot Number 1569, Postmasters Provisionals: Abingdon Va. thru Jackson Miss.Charleston S.C., 5c Blue (16X1), Charleston S.C., 5c Blue (16X1)Charleston S.C., 5c Blue (16X1). Large margins to just in at bottom left, tied by partly clear strike of "Charleston S.C. Jan. 3, 1862" double-circle datestamp on buff cover to Petersburg Va., opened at bottom with small corner tear at bottom right, still Very Fine and attractive use

2,500
700
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1570
c
Sale Number 1151, Lot Number 1570, Postmasters Provisionals: Abingdon Va. thru Jackson Miss.Charleston S.C., 5c Blue on Orange entire (16XU3), Charleston S.C., 5c Blue on Orange entire (16XU3)Charleston S.C., 5c Blue on Orange entire (16XU3). "Charleston S.C. Sep. 5, 1861" double-circle datestamp, addressed to Camden S.C., half of bottom flap removed, tiny erosion holes in address, still Very Fine, ex Dr. Brandon

2,250
400
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1571
c
Sale Number 1151, Lot Number 1571, Postmasters Provisionals: Abingdon Va. thru Jackson Miss.Charleston S.C., 5c Blue on Buff entire (16XU4), Charleston S.C., 5c Blue on Buff entire (16XU4)Charleston S.C., 5c Blue on Buff entire (16XU4). Bold strike of "Charleston S.C. Aug. 28, 1861" circular datestamp, addressed to Columbia S.C., missing backflap, fresh and Extremely Fine, ex Hollowbush, with 2000 P.S.E. certificate, C.S.A. Catalogue value $4,000.00

1,500
650
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1572
c
Sale Number 1151, Lot Number 1572, Postmasters Provisionals: Abingdon Va. thru Jackson Miss.Columbia S.C., 5c Blue entire (18XU1), Columbia S.C., 5c Blue entire (18XU1)Columbia S.C., 5c Blue entire (18XU1). Clear strike on small buff cover to Charleston S.C., used in combination with 5c Green, Stone 1-2 (1), full margins to barely touched, tied by blue "Columbia S.C. 1 Jan." (1862) circular datestamp, some restoration at lower and top right corners just outside the provisional handstamp, sealed flap tear, staining removed from bottom and small amount of address drawn in

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. ONE OF THREE RECORDED COVERS WITH CONJUNCTIVE USE OF A COLUMBIA S.C. PROVISIONAL ENTIRE AND A GENERAL ISSUE STAMP.

Another cover from a different correspondence, dated Jan. 4, 1862, exists with the 5c Green Lithograph used in combination with the provisional oval. While an argument can be made that the adhesive paid the entire postage (accompanying C.S.A. certificate states this is the case) they could also have been uprated for weight, prior to the 1862 rate change. A third combination cover, offered in our Sale 810, shows a combination of the provisional and 5c Richmond Local Print to make the new 10c rate. A fourth cover exists with the 5c Green Lithograph affixed over the provisional handstamp -- more clearly a 5c rate, using an old provisional entire. In addition to the three mentioned above, we record only six other conjunctive uses of a Confederate provisional and adhesive on cover.

Illustrated in Crown Survey on p. 80. Ex. Dr. Brandon. With 2009 C.S.A. certificate stating the opinion that it is not a conjunctive use

E. 1,500-2,000
0
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1573
c
Sale Number 1151, Lot Number 1573, Postmasters Provisionals: Abingdon Va. thru Jackson Miss.Columbia S.C., 5c Blue entire (18XU1), Columbia S.C., 5c Blue entire (18XU1)Columbia S.C., 5c Blue entire (18XU1). Clear strike of provisional handstamp, "Columbia S.C. 17 Oct." circular datestamp and "PAID" straightline on Southern Mutual Life Insurance Company imprint cover to Sumter S.C., expertly repaired tears at top and flap reattached, Very Fine appearance, a rare example of the Columbia S.C. Postmaster's Provisional handstamp on an insurance cover, we have encountered only two others, ex Kohn, Scott Retail for normal

900
700
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1574
c
Sale Number 1151, Lot Number 1574, Postmasters Provisionals: Abingdon Va. thru Jackson Miss.Columbia S.C., 5c Blue entire, Seal on Front (18XU4), Columbia S.C., 5c Blue entire, Seal on Front (18XU4)Columbia S.C., 5c Blue entire, Seal on Front (18XU4). Clear strike of oval provisional seal at upper right corner of buff cover, provisional overstruck by “5” numeral handstamp and "Paid" in circle, “Columbia S.C. 5 cts. 10 Aug. 28” pre-war integral-rate circular datestamp, all markings in blue, addressed to "Mr. Robert Beaty, Santuc, Sou. R.Rd., S.C.," missing backflap and slightly reduced at top

VERY FINE AND RARE. ONLY EIGHT EXAMPLES OF THE COLUMBIA S.C. 5-CENT PROVISIONAL ENVELOPE WITH THE OVAL SEAL STRUCK ON FRONT ARE RECORDED.

Harry L. McDowell records eight Columbia provisional entires with the oval seal struck on front and not on the flaps, all dated in August and September 1861 with the pre-war integral-rate datestamp. The oval and "5" were applied to the empty envelope (provisional), and the Columbia circular datestamp and “Paid" were applied after mailing.

Ex Hessel and Dr. Brandon

7,500
1,000
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1575
c
Sale Number 1151, Lot Number 1575, Postmasters Provisionals: Abingdon Va. thru Jackson Miss.Dalton Ga., 5c Black entire (20XU1), Dalton Ga., 5c Black entire (20XU1)Dalton Ga., 5c Black entire (20XU1). Clear strike with "Dalton Ga. Sep. 30, 1861" circular datestamp on buff cover to Griffin Ga., Extremely Fine, an unusually fresh and choice example of this provisional with clear strikes of both the control mark and the postmark, most we have encountered are plagued either by weak strikes or cover flaws

750
850
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1576
c
Sale Number 1151, Lot Number 1576, Postmasters Provisionals: Abingdon Va. thru Jackson Miss.Dalton Ga., 5c Black Entire (20XU1), Dalton Ga., 5c Black Entire (20XU1)Dalton Ga., 5c Black Entire (20XU1). Clear strike with Apr. 17, 1862 circular datestamp on adversity cover made from bank checks with tiny illustration of dog's head, to Rural Hall, N.C., age speckles, still Very Fine and attractive use, ex Dr. Brandon

E. 400-500
350
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1577
c
Sale Number 1151, Lot Number 1577, Postmasters Provisionals: Abingdon Va. thru Jackson Miss.Danville Va., 5c Black on Yellow entire (21XU1 var), Danville Va., 5c Black on Yellow entire (21XU1 var)Danville Va., 5c Black on Yellow entire (21XU1 var). Press-printed illustrated design on right side of envelope with Flippen, Redd & Co. Tobacco Manufacturers, Danville Va. corner card, addressed to Mrs. Jno. H. Redd in Talcott (West) Virginia, docketing at left erased but "1861" still visible, no other postmarks, backflap tears from opening

VERY FINE. A RARE EXAMPLE OF THE DANVILLE TYPOGRAPHED POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL ON YELLOW ENTIRE.

The Danville post office issued provisional adhesive and press-printed envelopes in close proximity. William D. Coleman, editor of the Democratic Appeal newspaper, had been Danville's postmaster from September 14, 1860, to March 12, 1861. William B. Payne was appointed by the U.S. Post Office on March 12, 1861, but he served a very short term (Richard L. Calhoun, The Confederate Postmaster Provisionals of Virginia). Coleman enlisted in the army, but served only a few months before he was asked to replace Payne as Danville's Confederate postmaster. Coleman was officially appointed on August 2, 1861, but his recollection was that he took over in October 1861 (Crown book, pages 85-87).

The press-printed provisional envelopes bear Payne's name, and the adhesive bears Coleman's name. Coleman stated that his stamps were printed at the offices of the Democratic Appeal. Philatelic authors have reported that the envelopes were also printed at the newspaper offices, but no proof of that claim has been offered. Postmaster Payne also sold handstamped envelopes with his initials.

The Danville press-printed envelopes are among the most unusual of all Postmasters' Provisionals. A stock typographic engraving was used with loose type set inside the blank oval. The illustration depicts a shoe fitting for an Antebellum lady. She is seated, while another woman kneels before her with shoe in hand, and a gentleman stands over her, also holding a shoe. It is reported that this engraving was used in advertisements for ladies' shoes and boots. Another unusual feature of this provisional is the use of the slogan "Southern Confederacy" in addition to the post office and postmaster names, and the denomination. The word "Southern" is set in either a nearly straight line or slightly curved line.

The envelopes were printed with two different denominations: the 5c in Black, and the 10c in Red. The 5c envelopes properly used as provisionals are datestamped in July, August and early September. None of the 10c press-printed envelopes has been found properly used in that period. Both the 5c and 10c envelopes are found with later dates, sometimes with General Issue stamps affixed for postage (or removed), but these envelopes were used as stationery and not as provisional postage.

The Calhoun census lists 24 envelopes, but nearly half are not proper provisional uses (either lacking a Danville postmark or used with adhesive postage). While this cover lacks the postmark, the docketing clearly indicates an 1861 use and there is no indication that a General Issue stamp has been removed. The classification of envelope colors, including Buff versus Amber, is also questionable. We think it is quite probable that all of the other genuine July-September envelopes are more or less the same shade of Dark Buff (21XU3). While clearly not Buff, this envelope is closer to Lemon than Amber (which is listed as 21XU2 in Scott, but questioned by the editors in a footnote). We classify it here as Yellow (21XU1 var). It is the same shade as another example we offered, mailed in 1862 with a General Issue stamp applied to pay the postage (Siegel Sale 787, lot 3212).

Ex Dr. Brandon. With 2014 P.F. certificate

9,000
1,000
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1578
c
Sale Number 1151, Lot Number 1578, Postmasters Provisionals: Abingdon Va. thru Jackson Miss.Danville Va., 5c Black on Dark Buff entire (21XU3), Danville Va., 5c Black on Dark Buff entire (21XU3)Danville Va., 5c Black on Dark Buff entire (21XU3). Style with "SOUTHERN" curved, press-printed illustrated design on dark buff cover to Greensboro N.C., "Danville Va. Jul. 15" (1861) circular datestamp, scattered toned specks and slightly worn as virtually all are

VERY FINE EXAMPLE OF THE RARE DANVILLE VIRGINIA PRESS-PRINTED PICTORIAL PROVISIONAL.

The Calhoun census lists 24 envelopes, but nearly half are not proper provisional uses (either lacking a Danville postmark or used with adhesive postage). There are only eleven or twelve properly used and postmarked envelopes (all 5c). The classification of Buff versus Amber is also questionable, and we think it is quite probable that all of the genuine July-September envelopes are more or less the same shade of Dark Buff (21XU3).

Ex Dietz, Weatherly and Everett

9,000
0
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1579
c
Sale Number 1151, Lot Number 1579, Postmasters Provisionals: Abingdon Va. thru Jackson Miss.Danville Va., 10c Black entire (21XU4), Danville Va., 10c Black entire (21XU4)Danville Va., 10c Black entire (21XU4). Bold strikes of provisional handstamps at right, "Danville Va. Jan. 12" (1862) circular datestamp on homemade cover to Hugh Hamilton in Union Mills Va., some minor staining and backflap tear, otherwise Very Fine and extremely rare, the Calhoun census records only three examples (one with a General Issue stamp), only two are recorded in Crown which illustrates this example on p. 420, the other example in Crown has the provisional handstamp struck partly off the cover, ex Mueller and Dr. Brandon

2,500
475
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1580
c
Sale Number 1151, Lot Number 1580, Postmasters Provisionals: Abingdon Va. thru Jackson Miss.Galveston Tex., 10c Black entire (98XU2), Galveston Tex., 10c Black entire (98XU2)Galveston Tex., 10c Black entire (98XU2). Mostly clear strike of provisional marking, faint Galveston Tex. double-circle datestamp on brown cover to Brenham Tex., slightly reduced at top and missing part of backflap, Fine, with clear 1975 P.F. certificate issued to Raymond H. Weill

2,000
400
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1581
 
Sale Number 1151, Lot Number 1581, Postmasters Provisionals: Abingdon Va. thru Jackson Miss.Houston Tex., 5c Red entire (40XU1), Houston Tex., 5c Red entire (40XU1)Houston Tex., 5c Red entire (40XU1). Clear strike of provisional handstamp with overlapping "Houston Tex. ? 6, 1861" circular datestamp on cover to San Antonio with J.M. Smith Attorney corner card in bold circle, Very Fine and unusual, ex "Camina", with 1994 C.S.A. certificate

750
850
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1582
c
Sale Number 1151, Lot Number 1582, Postmasters Provisionals: Abingdon Va. thru Jackson Miss.Jackson Miss., 5c Black entire (43XU1), Jackson Miss., 5c Black entire (43XU1)Jackson Miss., 5c Black entire (43XU1). Clear strike with "Jackson Miss. Mar. 1" (1862) circular datestamp on all-over gray lithographed advertising cover for Adams & Horne Bankers, small mended corner tear at bottom left and some minor wrinkling, Fine and attractive, Power Search contains only two other advertising covers with the Jackson Miss. Postmaster's Provisional (one 5c and one 10c), Scott Retail for normal

750
400
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1583
c
Sale Number 1151, Lot Number 1583, Postmasters Provisionals: Abingdon Va. thru Jackson Miss.Jackson Miss., 5c Black entire (43XU1), Jackson Miss., 5c Black entire (43XU1)Jackson Miss., 5c Black entire (43XU1). Beautifully bold strike of provisional handstamp, "Jackson Miss. Jun. 5" (1861) circular datestamp on buff cover to New Orleans, Carroll Hoy correspondence, couple small filing holes as typical for this correspondence including one in datestamp, Very Fine, ex Dr. Brandon

750
200
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