Sale 1108 — The Robert Bowman Collection of Superb U.S. Stamps
Sale Date — Tuesday, 29 September, 2015
Category — 1857-60 Issue (Scott 18-39)
EXTREMELY FINE GEM. THIS IS WITHOUT QUESTION ONE OF THE FINEST USED EXAMPLES OF THE RARE 1857 ONE-CENT TYPE IA PERFORATED. THIS REMARKABLE STAMP HAS BEEN GRADED XF-SUPERB 95 BY P.S.E. -- APART FROM THE FAMOUS WIDE-SPACED EXAMPLE, THIS IS THE HIGHEST GRADE AWARDED.
Type Ia stamps were produced from 18 of the 20 bottom-row positions on Plate 4. After perforations were introduced in mid-1857, sheets on hand printed from Plates 1 Late and 2 were fed through the new perforating machine, but the narrow spaces between stamps made perforating difficult to accomplish without cutting into the designs. Plate 4 was produced in early 1857 when the introduction of perforations was anticipated; thus, it was entered from a new six-relief transfer roll, and the spaces between stamps were enlarged to allow for perforations. Some Plate 4 sheets were issued in imperforate form (April to June 1857), while the greater portion was issued perforated beginning in July 1857, along with perforated sheets from Plates 1L and 2.
Plate 4's most distinctive feature is that the top row (Positions 1-10L and 1-10R) was entered with the designs complete at top (Type II) and the bottom row (Positions 91-100L and 91-100R) was entered with designs complete or nearly complete at bottom (Types Ia and Ic). Although the plate layout provided sufficient space for perforations, the height of the top-row and bottom-row designs was larger than others in the sheet, which resulted in perforations cutting into either the top or bottom rows, depending on which direction the sheet was fed into the perforator. Type Ia and Ic stamps from the bottom row are almost always cut into at bottom, an unfortunate situation for collectors because the bottom part of the design is what makes Type Ia and Ic stamps desirable.
The example offered here, with perforations completely clear of the design and showing the full type characteristics at bottom, is a true condition rarity.
With 1990 and 1999 P.F. certificates, the former as on cover with two Scott 24 (cover with other stamps accompanies). With 2008 P.S.E. certificate (XF-Superb 95; SMQ $92,000.00). Only one has graded higher (the wide-setting copy, ex Eno, Zoellner, Hinrichs and Tahoe, graded 98J) and one other shares this desirable grade.
EXTREMELY FINE. A PHENOMENAL EXAMPLE OF THE 1857 ONE-CENT TYPE III.
With 1994 and 1998 P.F. certificates, the former as on piece
EXTREMELY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL USED EXAMPLE OF THE 1857 ONE-CENT TYPE IV.
Ex Golin. With 1993 and 1999 P.F. certificates
VERY FINE AND CHOICE USED EXAMPLE OF THE 1857 5-CENT RED BROWN, SCOTT 28.
With 1991 and 1997 P.F. certificates
EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A SUPERB USED EXAMPLE OF THE 1858 5-CENT INDIAN RED.
With 1981 and 1998 P.F. certificates
EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A SUPERB USED EXAMPLE OF THE 1861 5-CENT ORANGE BROWN, WHICH HAS BEEN GRADED XF-SUPERB 95 BY P.S.E. -- THIS IS THE HIGHEST GRADE AWARDED.
5c stamps in the Orange Brown shade (Scott 30) were printed from Plate 2 in 1861. They were the last stamps of the 1857 Issue distributed before the U.S. Post Office Department demonetized all circulating stamps in August 1861. For this reason, the 5c Orange Brown is much scarcer in used condition than unused.
With 2000 P.F. and 2007 P.S.E. certificates (XF-Superb 95; SMQ $10,000.00). This is the highest grade awarded and only three others share it.
EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A PHENOMENAL USED EXAMPLE OF THE 1861 5-CENT BROWN TYPE II, WHICH HAS BEEN GRADED SUPERB 98 BY P.S.E.
With 1980 and 1998 P.F. and 2007 P.S.E. certificates (Superb 98; SMQ $9,000.00). Only one has graded higher (at 100, offered in our Natalee Grace sale where it realized $18,000 hammer), and no others share this desirable grade.
EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A BEAUTIFUL USED EXAMPLE OF THE 1857 10-CENT TYPE I, WHICH CLEARLY SHOWS THE TYPE CHARACTERISTICS.
Type I is defined as having the entire design complete at bottom, and it only comes from the bottom 20 positions on the plate. Due to narrow spacing and its location on the bottom row, the defining characteristic is often cut off by the perforations. A notable exception is the stamp offered here, which has extra wide spacing at bottom. This is an excellent example of a stamp that may not receive a high numerical grade due to unbalanced margins, but ranks among the finest known.
With 1996 P.F. certificate
EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A SUPERB USED EXAMPLE OF THE 1857 10-CENT TYPE IV. A DIFFICULT ISSUE TO OBTAIN IN HIGHER GRADES.
10c 1855 Type IV stamps are defined by the recut of one or both outer lines at the top or bottom of the design. Type IV stamps come from only seven scattered positions on the left pane and one position on the right pane of Plate 1. Therefore, only 4% of the stamps from Plate 1 are Type IV.
With 1985 and 2000 P.F. and 2008 P.S.E. certificates (XF 90; SMQ $6,000.00). Only four have graded higher (all at 95) and five others share this grade.
EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A SUPERB USED EXAMPLE OF THE 12-CENT 1860 ISSUE FROM PLATE 3, WHICH HAS BEEN GRADED XF-SUPERB 95 BY P.S.E.
With 1997 P.F. and 2008 P.S.E. certificates (XF-Superb 95; SMQ $2,000.00). Only one has graded higher (at 98, offered in our Natalee Grace sale)
EXTREMELY FINE. A STUNNING USED EXAMPLE OF THE 90-CENT 1860 ISSUE, WITH GORGEOUS CENTERING AND A BLUE CIRCULAR DATESTAMP CANCEL.
The 90c stamp was issued in 1860, along with the 24c and 30c values, all of which were needed to prepay high international letter rates established by various postal treaties. The basic 24c and 30c rates to England, France and Germany created a volume of mail franked with those values. However, the 90c saw much more limited use, partly due to the rates in effect, but more because of the American Civil War. When supplies of current postage stamps were declared invalid in the South and ultimately demonetized by the Federal government, the 90c had been in use for only one year. For this reason, genuinely cancelled copies are scarce, and covers bearing the 90c are extremely rare.
Ex Saadi. With 1991 and 2014 P.F. certificates